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Washington — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

ChartIn Washington, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 34.0%1
2002: 36.2%2
2001: 33.1%3

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Washington, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004: 40.35%4

Proportion of Households with Firearms by Decade

ChartIn Washington, the percentage of households with one or more guns is estimated to be

2001/2010: 50.8%5 6
1991/2000: 57.0%
1981/1990: 54.8%

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Washington, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 7027
2013: 632
2012: 681
2011: 624
2010: 609
2009: 623
2008: 587
2007: 548
2006: 546
2005: 567
2004: 569
2003: 565
2002: 568
2001: 510
2000: 523
1999: 585

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 9.947
2013: 9.06
2012: 9.87
2011: 9.15
2010: 9.06
2009: 9.34
2008: 8.95
2007: 8.48
2006: 8.57
2005: 9.06
2004: 9.21
2003: 9.26
2002: 9.38
2001: 8.52
2000: 8.87
1999: 10.01

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Washington, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 2047
2012: 227
2011: 180
2010: 180
2009: 193
2008: 224
2007: 201
2006: 221
2005: 231
2004: 217
2003: 219
2002: 213
2001: 195
2000: 200
1999: 190

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.937
2012: 3.39
2011: 2.64
2010: 2.68
2009: 2.89
2008: 3.41
2007: 3.11
2006: 3.47
2005: 3.69
2004: 3.51
2003: 3.59
2002: 3.52
2001: 3.26
2000: 3.39
1999: 3.25

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Washington, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 1167
2012: 127
2011: 88
2010: 114
2009: 118
2008: 127
2007: 124
2006: 123
2005: 141
2004: 122
2003: 111
2002: 110
2001: 106
2000: 112
1999: 108

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.667
2012: 1.84
2011: 1.29
2010: 1.70
2009: 1.77
2008: 1.94
2007: 1.92
2006: 1.93
2005: 2.25
2004: 1.97
2003: 1.82
2002: 1.82
2001: 1.77
2000: 1.90
1999: 1.85

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Washington, according to figures8 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 479 10
2012: 71
2011: 58
2010: 73
2009: 75
2008: 82
2007: 78
2006: 90
2005: 103
2004: 82
2003: 66
2002: 81
2001: 80
2000: 77
1999: 77
1998: 84
1997: 95
1996: 105
1995: 111

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, according to figures11 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.6712
2012: 1.03
2011: 0.85
2010: 1.08
2009: 1.12
2008: 1.25
2007: 1.21
2006: 1.41
2005: 1.65
2004: 1.33
2003: 1.08
2002: 1.34
2001: 1.34
2000: 1.30
1999: 1.32
1998: 1.46
1997: 1.67
1996: 1.89
1995: 2.03

Handgun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn Washington, according to figures8 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 1313 10
2012: 15
2011: 13
2010: 19
2009: 20
2008: 14
2007: 11
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 43
2004: 45
2003: 23
2002: 16
2001: 12
2000: 34
1999: 39

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Washington, according to figures11 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13 10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.69
2004: 0.73
2003: 0.38
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.58
1999: 0.67

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Washington, according to figures14 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 79 10
2012: 7
2011: 4
2010: 6
2009: 20
2008: 12
2007: 11
2006: 15
2005: 19
2004: 14
2003: 18
2002: 4
2001: 11
2000: 26
1999: 8
1998: 11
1997: 31
1996: 21
1995: 28

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, according to figures15 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1012
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.24
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.23
2003: 0.29
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.44
1999: 0.14
1998: 0.19
1997: 0.55
1996: 0.38
1995: 0.51

Long Gun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn Washington, according to figures14 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 1013 10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 13
2006: 13
2005: 17
2004: 15
2003: 15
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 16
1999: 13

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Washington, according to figures15 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13 10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Washington, according to figures16 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 329 10
2012: 28
2011: 17
2010: 14
2009: 6
2008: 16
2007: 10
2006: 2
2005: 4
2004: 10
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 5
1998: 5
1997: 9
1996: 3
1995: 10

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, according to figures17 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.4612
2012: 0.41
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.24
2007: 0.15
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.09
1997: 0.16
1996: 0.05
1995: 0.18

Gun Homicides (Other) (CDC)

ChartIn Washington, according to figures16 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 9313 10
2012: 105
2011: 72
2010: 87
2009: 93
2008: 104
2007: 100
2006: 103
2005: 81
2004: 62
2003: 73
2002: 86
2001: 85
2000: 62
1999: 56

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Washington, according to figures17 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.3313 10
2012: 1.52
2011: 1.05
2010: 1.29
2009: 1.39
2008: 1.58
2007: 1.55
2006: 1.62
2005: 1.29
2004: 1.00
2003: 1.20
2002: 1.42
2001: 1.42
2000: 1.05
1999: 0.96

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Washington, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 1,0277
2012: 1,038
2011: 1,021
2010: 957
2009: 921
2008: 889
2007: 865
2006: 809
2005: 822
2004: 830
2003: 803
2002: 811
2001: 712
2000: 727
1999: 816

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 14.737
2012: 15.05
2011: 14.97
2010: 14.23
2009: 13.81
2008: 13.55
2007: 13.39
2006: 12.70
2005: 13.14
2004: 13.43
2003: 13.16
2002: 13.40
2001: 11.89
2000: 12.33
1999: 13.97

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Washington, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 4837
2012: 529
2011: 495
2010: 464
2009: 470
2008: 439
2007: 413
2006: 397
2005: 398
2004: 423
2003: 436
2002: 437
2001: 391
2000: 390
1999: 450

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 6.937
2012: 7.67
2011: 7.26
2010: 6.90
2009: 7.05
2008: 6.69
2007: 6.39
2006: 6.23
2005: 6.36
2004: 6.85
2003: 7.14
2002: 7.22
2001: 6.53
2000: 6.62
1999: 7.70

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Washington, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 25813
2012: 289
2011: 249
2010: 235
2009: 280
2008: 211
2007: 233
2006: 262
2005: 248
2004: 296
2003: 294
2002: 280
2001: 248
2000: 248
1999: 294

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.7013
2012: 4.19
2011: 3.65
2010: 3.49
2009: 4.20
2008: 3.22
2007: 3.61
2006: 4.11
2005: 3.96
2004: 4.79
2003: 4.82
2002: 4.63
2001: 4.14
2000: 4.21
1999: 5.03

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Washington, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 9513
2012: 102
2011: 93
2010: 97
2009: 84
2008: 104
2007: 94
2006: 79
2005: 111
2004: 115
2003: 130
2002: 105
2001: 92
2000: 89
1999: 114

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.3613
2012: 1.48
2011: 1.36
2010: 1.44
2009: 1.26
2008: 1.58
2007: 1.45
2006: 1.24
2005: 1.77
2004: 1.86
2003: 2.13
2002: 1.73
2001: 1.54
2000: 1.51
1999: 1.95

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Washington, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 13013
2012: 138
2011: 153
2010: 132
2009: 106
2008: 124
2007: 86
2006: 56
2005: 39
2004: 12
2003: 12
2002: 52
2001: 51
2000: 53
1999: 42

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.8613
2012: 2.00
2011: 2.24
2010: 1.96
2009: 1.59
2008: 1.89
2007: 1.33
2006: 0.88
2005: 0.62
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.86
2001: 0.85
2000: 0.90
1999: 0.72

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Washington, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 117
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 3
2006: 9
2005: 10
2004: 12
2003: 6
2002: 9
2001: 4
2000: 8
1999: 12

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.167
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.19
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.14
1999: 0.21

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Washington, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 11

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Washington, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Washington, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Washington, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)7
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 2
2006: 8
2005: 6
2004: 4
2003: 6
2002: 4
2001: 3
2000: 9
1999: 7

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)7
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.12

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Washington, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Washington, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Washington, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Washington, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn Washington, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 2618
2010: 29
2009: 26
2008: 419
2007: 9
2006: 14
2005: 16
2004: 0
2003: 30
2002: 25
2001: 2020
2000: 8
1999: 9
1998: 6
1997: 15
1996: 8
1995: 18

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Origin of Crime Guns

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rate)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, interstate gun traffickers had sourced their weapons from Washington at a rate of 11.921 per 100,000 inhabitants

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rank)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, Washington ranked at No. 3421 out of 51 US jurisdictions as a source of weapons for interstate gun trafficking

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Washington is categorised as permissive22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Washington includes the Revised Code of Washington and the Constitution of Washington 188923

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Washington are regulated by the State of Washington24 25 26

Right to Possess Firearms

In Washington, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,27 as limited by federal law28 and state law29 25 26

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Washington, civilians are not allowed to possess machine guns, unless possessed prior to 1 June 1994,30 but civilians are allowed to possess assault weapons,31 .50 calibre rifles32 and large capacity ammunition magazines33 25 26

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Washington, private possession of fully automatic weapons is permitted subject to federal licensing and registration30 34 25 26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Washington, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted without a licence31 25 26

Regulation of Handguns

In Washington, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted without a licence35 36 25 26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Washington, non-prohibited persons of minimum age36 35 25 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Washington is 18 years37 25 26

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Washington stipulates38 25 26 that firearm possession should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Washington, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required39 25 26

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Washington, the law requires for handguns only (records destroyed after six years)40 25 26 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Washington, licensed firearm dealers are required (for handguns and secondhand dealers only)41 25 26 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Washington, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted42 25 26

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Washington, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful43 25 26

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Washington is not obliged44 25 26 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Washington is obliged44 25 26 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Washington, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is not limited45 25 26

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Washington is reported to be

2015: 2,85746
2014: 2,89947
2013: 2,87148
2012: 2,72449
2011: 2,52950

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Washington, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 5 days (handguns)51 25 26

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Washington, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated52 25 26 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Washington do not include53 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private guns and ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Washington do not include54 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Washington include55 53 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Washington, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law56 57 58 59 25 26

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Washington, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not60 25 26 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Washington, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited61 25 26

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Washington, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit39 25 26

Hidden Handgun Permit May, or Shall Be Issued

In Washington, local licensing authorities "shall issue", without room for discretion,39 62 25 26 a hidden handgun carry permit to any non-prohibited person who applies

Reciprocity for Hidden Handgun Permit Holders

In Washington, gun owners with a permit to carry hidden handguns issued in another jurisdiction are granted (to those state that meet Washington State requirements)39 25 26 reciprocal rights

Exempting Hidden Handgun Permit Holders from Background Checks

In Washington, gun owners with a valid permit to carry a hidden handgun are exempt (concealed weapons permits issued on or after 7/22/11)63 25 26 from background checks when buying from a licensed gun dealer

Gun Free Zones

In Washington, private guns are prohibited in courthouses, mental health facilities, bars, restricted areas of airports, correctional facilities, outdoor music festivals, administrative buildings, all facilities of the Washington State School for the Blind and the Washington State School for the Deaf, horse racing association grounds,64 vehicles (loaded long guns and exposed handguns)55 and schools65 25 26

Grading US State Gun Laws

Gun Law Ranking – LCPGV

In their 'A-F' State Scorecard of US gun laws, the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence ranked Washington as ‘B-’66

Gun Law Ranking – Brady Campaign

ChartIn its annual State Scorecard, the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence scored firearm legislation in Washington on a scale of 0 points (weak) to 100 points (strong)

2011: 1567
2010: 1768
2009: 1769
2008: 1870
2007: 1871

Gun Law Ranking – Open Society Institute

In its Comparative Survey of State Firearm Laws, the Open Society Institute ranked Washington at No. 1672 among 50 US States


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