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Virginia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

ChartIn Virginia, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 37.0%1
2002: 35.9%2
2001: 35.1%3

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Virginia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004: 47.92%4

Proportion of Households with Firearms by Decade

ChartIn Virginia, the percentage of households with one or more guns is estimated to be

2001/2010: 57.7%5 6
1991/2000: 66.4%
1981/1990: 66.5%

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Virginia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 8897
2013: 864
2012: 840
2011: 868
2010: 875
2009: 836
2008: 817
2007: 825
2006: 816
2005: 888
2004: 817
2003: 811
2002: 806
2001: 771
2000: 794
1999: 823

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 10.687
2013: 10.45
2012: 10.25
2011: 10.70
2010: 10.94
2009: 10.55
2008: 10.43
2007: 10.64
2006: 10.63
2005: 11.72
2004: 10.93
2003: 11.01
2002: 11.06
2001: 10.71
2000: 11.22
1999: 11.76

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Virginia, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 3337
2012: 335
2011: 336
2010: 373
2009: 387
2008: 376
2007: 420
2006: 410
2005: 490
2004: 407
2003: 462
2002: 397
2001: 509
2000: 435
1999: 419

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 4.037
2012: 4.09
2011: 4.15
2010: 4.66
2009: 4.88
2008: 4.80
2007: 5.42
2006: 5.34
2005: 6.47
2004: 5.44
2003: 6.27
2002: 5.45
2001: 7.07
2000: 6.15
1999: 5.99

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Virginia, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 2337
2012: 224
2011: 231
2010: 271
2009: 272
2008: 251
2007: 308
2006: 284
2005: 353
2004: 295
2003: 336
2002: 286
2001: 275
2000: 284
1999: 280

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.827
2012: 2.74
2011: 2.85
2010: 3.39
2009: 3.43
2008: 3.20
2007: 3.97
2006: 3.70
2005: 4.66
2004: 3.95
2003: 4.56
2002: 3.92
2001: 3.82
2000: 4.01
1999: 4.00

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures8 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 1269 10
2012: 103
2011: 110
2010: 137
2009: 108
2008: 121
2007: 163
2006: 142
2005: 149
2004: 122
2003: 128
2002: 118
2001: 106
2000: 119
1999: 148
1998: 184
1997: 255
1996: 250
1995: 306

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures11 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.5212
2012: 1.26
2011: 1.36
2010: 1.71
2009: 1.36
2008: 1.54
2007: 2.10
2006: 1.85
2005: 1.97
2004: 1.63
2003: 1.74
2002: 1.62
2001: 1.47
2000: 1.67
1999: 2.11
1998: 2.67
1997: 3.73
1996: 3.70
1995: 4.59

Handgun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures8 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 7013 10
2012: 100
2011: 63
2010: 84
2009: 112
2008: 88
2007: 101
2006: 95
2005: 122
2004: 87
2003: 103
2002: 117
2001: 110
2000: 116
1999: 101

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures11 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.8513 10
2012: 1.22
2011: 0.78
2010: 1.05
2009: 1.41
2008: 1.12
2007: 1.30
2006: 1.24
2005: 1.61
2004: 1.16
2003: 1.40
2002: 1.61
2001: 1.53
2000: 1.64
1999: 1.44

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures14 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 99 10
2012: 11
2011: 25
2010: 21
2009: 15
2008: 25
2007: 15
2006: 19
2005: 24
2004: 24
2003: 22
2002: 24
2001: 20
2000: 30
1999: 36
1998: 37
1997: 42
1996: 47
1995: 31

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures15 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1112
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.31
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.19
2006: 0.25
2005: 0.32
2004: 0.32
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.33
2001: 0.28
2000: 0.42
1999: 0.51
1998: 0.54
1997: 0.62
1996: 0.70
1995: 0.46

Long Gun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures14 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 1413 10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 21
2010: 21
2009: 25
2008: 21
2007: 18
2006: 23
2005: 22
2004: 28
2003: 26
2002: 22
2001: 21
2000: 20
1999: 24

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures15 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13 10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.32
2008: 0.27
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.29
2004: 0.37
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.28
1999: 0.34

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures16 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 909 10
2012: 106
2011: 73
2010: 92
2009: 106
2008: 94
2007: 109
2006: 103
2005: 145
2004: 124
2003: 130
2002: 115
2001: 100
2000: 102
1999: 59
1998: 57
1997: 49
1996: 25
1995: 14

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures17 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.0912
2012: 1.29
2011: 0.90
2010: 1.15
2009: 1.34
2008: 1.20
2007: 1.41
2006: 1.34
2005: 1.91
2004: 1.66
2003: 1.76
2002: 1.58
2001: 1.39
2000: 1.44
1999: 0.84
1998: 0.83
1997: 0.72
1996: 0.37
1995: 0.21

Gun Homicides (Other) (CDC)

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures16 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 14913 10
2012: 115
2011: 147
2010: 166
2009: 135
2008: 142
2007: 189
2006: 166
2005: 209
2004: 180
2003: 207
2002: 147
2001: 144
2000: 148
1999: 155

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Virginia, according to figures17 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.8013 10
2012: 1.40
2011: 1.82
2010: 2.07
2009: 1.70
2008: 1.81
2007: 2.44
2006: 2.16
2005: 2.76
2004: 2.41
2003: 2.81
2002: 2.02
2001: 2.00
2000: 2.09
1999: 2.21

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Virginia, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 1,0727
2012: 1,063
2011: 1,054
2010: 963
2009: 963
2008: 948
2007: 880
2006: 87
2005: 866
2004: 828
2003: 808
2002: 799
2001: 797
2000: 768
1999: 791

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 12.987
2012: 12.98
2011: 13.00
2010: 12.04
2009: 12.15
2008: 12.10
2007: 11.35
2006: 11.42
2005: 11.43
2004: 11.08
2003: 10.97
2002: 10.96
2001: 11.07
2000: 10.85
1999: 11.30

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Virginia, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 6017
2012: 587
2011: 604
2010: 576
2009: 527
2008: 524
2007: 487
2006: 499
2005: 511
2004: 494
2003: 452
2002: 491
2001: 467
2000: 484
1999: 503

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 7.287
2012: 7.17
2011: 7.45
2010: 7.20
2009: 6.65
2008: 6.69
2007: 6.28
2006: 6.50
2005: 6.74
2004: 6.61
2003: 6.14
2002: 6.74
2001: 6.49
2000: 6.84
1999: 7.19

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Virginia, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 28513
2012: 276
2011: 249
2010: 222
2009: 203
2008: 236
2007: 168
2006: 181
2005: 166
2004: 173
2003: 152
2002: 154
2001: 168
2000: 169
1999: 158

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.4513
2012: 3.37
2011: 3.08
2010: 2.77
2009: 2.56
2008: 3.01
2007: 2.17
2006: 2.36
2005: 2.19
2004: 2.31
2003: 2.06
2002: 2.11
2001: 2.33
2000: 2.39
1999: 2.26

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Virginia, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 11813
2012: 115
2011: 105
2010: 124
2009: 116
2008: 115
2007: 101
2006: 101
2005: 120
2004: 96
2003: 79
2002: 88
2001: 74
2000: 84
1999: 95

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.4313
2012: 1.40
2011: 1.30
2010: 1.55
2009: 1.46
2008: 1.47
2007: 1.30
2006: 1.32
2005: 1.58
2004: 1.28
2003: 1.07
2002: 1.21
2001: 1.03
2000: 1.19
1999: 1.36

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Virginia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 19813
2012: 196
2011: 250
2010: 230
2009: 208
2008: 173
2007: 218
2006: 217
2005: 225
2004: 225
2003: 221
2002: 249
2001: 225
2000: 231
1999: 250

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.4013
2012: 2.39
2011: 3.09
2010: 2.87
2009: 2.62
2008: 2.21
2007: 2.81
2006: 2.83
2005: 2.97
2004: 3.01
2003: 3.00
2002: 3.42
2001: 3.13
2000: 3.26
1999: 3.57

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Virginia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 107
2012: 11
2011: 11
2010: 13
2009: 13
2008: 11
2007: 10
2006: 13
2005: 6
2004: 16
2003: 12
2002: 18
2001: 13
2000: 15
1999: 24

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.127
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.16
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.21
2003: 0.16
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.21
1999: 0.34

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Virginia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Virginia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Virginia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 17

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Virginia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 117
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 20
2007: 7
2006: 6
2005: 10
2004: 5
2003: 5
2002: 5
2001: 6
2000: 6
1999: 7

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.137
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.10

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Virginia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Virginia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Virginia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 13
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Virginia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn Virginia, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 1918
2010: 13
2009: 22
2008: 1019
2007: 13
2006: 7
2005: 7
2004: 4
2003: 9
2002: 7
2001: 1120
2000: 5
1999: 4
1998: 15
1997: 15
1996: 17
1995: 10

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Origin of Crime Guns

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rate)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, interstate gun traffickers had sourced their weapons from Virginia at a rate of 32.421 per 100,000 inhabitants

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rank)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, Virginia ranked at No. 721 out of 51 US jurisdictions as a source of weapons for interstate gun trafficking

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Virginia is categorised as permissive22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Virginia includes the Code of Virginia 1950 and the Constitution of Virginia 197123

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Virginia are regulated by the local and state governments24 25 26

Right to Possess Firearms

In Virginia, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,27 as limited by federal law28 and state law29 25 26

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Virginia, civilians are allowed to possess machine guns30 and assault weapons,31, with few exceptions, .50 calibre rifles32 and large capacity ammunition magazines33 25 26

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Virginia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is permitted subject to licensing and registration30 34 25 26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Virginia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted without a licence31 25 26

Regulation of Handguns

In Virginia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted without a licence35 36 25 26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Virginia, non-prohibited persons of minimum age36 35 25 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Virginia is 18 years for handguns, assault weapons, or shotguns which hold more than 7 rounds of ammunition (no minimum age for rifles)37 25 26

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Virginia does not stipulate38 25 26 that firearm possession should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Virginia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required for a permit to carry a hidden handgun39 25 26

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Virginia, the law does not require40 25 26 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Virginia, licensed firearm dealers are required41 25 26 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Virginia, licensed gun makers are required (for machine guns only)30 25 26 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Virginia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted42 25 26

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Virginia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is not unlawful43 25 26

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Virginia is not obliged44 42 25 26 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Virginia is obliged44 25 26 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Virginia, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is not limited45 25 26

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Virginia is reported to be

2015: 4,37446
2014: 4,50847
2013: 4,44148
2012: 4,18349
2011: 3,81350

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Virginia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined51 25 26

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Virginia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated52 25 26 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Virginia do not include53 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private guns and ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Virginia do not include54 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Virginia include (for handguns only)55 53 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Virginia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law56 57 58 59 25 26

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Virginia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not60 25 26 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Virginia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit (but can be prohibited in certain cities for loaded firearms)61 25 26

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Virginia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit39 25 26

Hidden Handgun Permit May, or Shall Be Issued

In Virginia, local licensing authorities "shall issue", without room for discretion,39 62 25 26 a hidden handgun carry permit to any non-prohibited person who applies

Reciprocity for Hidden Handgun Permit Holders

In Virginia, gun owners with a permit to carry hidden handguns issued in another jurisdiction are granted (to those state that meet Virginian requirements)39 25 26 reciprocal rights

Exempting Hidden Handgun Permit Holders from Background Checks

In Virginia, gun owners with a valid permit to carry a hidden handgun are not exempt39 25 26 from background checks when buying from a licensed gun dealer

Gun Free Zones

In Virginia, private guns are prohibited in churches (with limited exceptions), courthouses, airports, any prohibited place,63 vehicles (exposed handguns)55 and schools64 25 26

Grading US State Gun Laws

Gun Law Ranking – LCPGV

In their 'A-F' State Scorecard of US gun laws, the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence ranked Virginia as ‘D’65

Gun Law Ranking – Brady Campaign

ChartIn its annual State Scorecard, the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence scored firearm legislation in Virginia on a scale of 0 points (weak) to 100 points (strong)

2011: 1266
2010: 1667
2009: 1768
2008: 1869
2007: 1870

Gun Law Ranking – Open Society Institute

In its Comparative Survey of State Firearm Laws, the Open Society Institute ranked Virginia at No. 1771 among 50 US States


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