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Virgin Islands (US) — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In the Virgin Islands (US), the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2001: 8.3%1

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In the Virgin Islands (US), annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 532

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 49.72

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual homicides by any means total

2012: 523
2010: 564
2009: 505 4
2008: 454
2007: 434 6
2006: 43
2005: 35
2004: 37
2003: 31
2002: 41
2001: 28
2000: 24
1999: 276

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 49.43
2010: 52.64
2009: 45.55 4
2008: 42.14
2007: 40.14 6
2006: 40.0
2005: 32.5
2004: 34.2
2003: 28.54 6 7
2002: 37.84 6
2001: 25.8
2000: 22.1
1999: 24.96
1998: 22.9
1997: 27.6

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual firearm homicides total

2014: 218
2013: 14
2012: 42
2011: 31
2010: 418 2

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 20.169
2013: 13.37
2012: 39.90
2011: 29.30
2010: 38.589 2

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual handgun homicides total

2014: 178
2013: 13
2012: 28
2011: 27
2010: 36

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 16.329
2013: 12.41
2012: 26.60
2011: 25.52
2010: 33.88

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual long gun homicides total

2014: 48
2013: 0
2012: 3
2011: 0
2010: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 3.849
2013: 0.00
2012: 2.85
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.94

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 08
2013: 1
2012: 11
2011: 4
2010: 4

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.009
2013: 0.95
2012: 10.45
2011: 3.78
2010: 3.76

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), annual suicides by any means total

2012: 103
2009: 95

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 9.509
2009: 8.43

Gun Suicides

In the Virgin Islands (US), annual firearm suicides total

2010: 22

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.92

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In the Virgin Islands (US), annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 32

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.829

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2012: 453
2009: 525

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2012: 42.73
2009: 47.45

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Virgin Islands (US), the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence10 11 12 13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Virgin Islands (US) is reported by Customs to be US$31814 (1997)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the Virgin Islands (US), firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law15 16

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Virgin Islands (US), the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law17

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Virgin Islands (US) do not include17 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Virgin Islands (US) is categorised as restrictive18

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Virgin Islands (US) includes the Virgin Islands (US) Code19

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Virgin Islands (US) are regulated by the Commissioner of Police20

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Virgin Islands (US), the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,21 as limited by federal law22 and state law23

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Virgin Islands (US), only licensed gun owners10 24 25 26 27 20 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Virgin Islands (US) are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting and self-defence10

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Virgin Islands (US) is 16 years26

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Virgin Islands (US) must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, and addiction28 26 29 30 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the Virgin Islands (US), third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required10

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In the Virgin Islands (US), licensing authorities are not required17 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Virgin Islands (US) stipulates29 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Virgin Islands (US), an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required17 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Virgin Islands (US), gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years (maximum)27

Licensing Records

In the Virgin Islands (US), authorities maintain a record31 32 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Virgin Islands (US) are permitted to possess any number of firearms17

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Virgin Islands (US) are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition17

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Virgin Islands (US), the law requires31 32 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Virgin Islands (US), licensed firearm dealers are required11 16 33 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the Virgin Islands (US), licensed gun makers are required11 16 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Virgin Islands (US), the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted16 33

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Virgin Islands (US), dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful10 34 13 11 35 12

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In the Virgin Islands (US), the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 48 hours35

Regulation of Gun Shows

In the Virgin Islands (US), gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated17 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Virgin Islands (US) include36 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Virgin Islands (US) include11 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Virgin Islands (US) do not include17 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Virgin Islands (US), a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law31 37

Firearm Tracing

In the Virgin Islands (US), state authorities do not carry out17 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Virgin Islands (US), carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law10 24

Reciprocity for Hidden Handgun Permit Holders

In the Virgin Islands (US), gun owners with a permit to carry hidden handguns issued in another jurisdiction are granted (to those state that meet Virgin Islands (US) requirements)38 reciprocal rights

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Virgin Islands (US), the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm39 is seven years in prison40 41 42 43 44 45

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the Virgin Islands (US), the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 13546
2013: 16047
2012: 15848
2011: 13349
2010: 13850
2009: 7751

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Virgin Islands (US), it is state policy52 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Virgin Islands (US) are not a Member State of the United Nations53

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list54 the Virgin Islands (US) as a Participating State


Short References

1.

North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics.2002.‘Question: Are any firearms now kept in or around your home? Include those kept in a garage, outdoor storage area, car, truck, or other motor vehicle.’ BRFSS Survey Results 2001 for Nationwide.Atlanta, GA:Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System / BRFSS, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC,2 September. (Q8391)Full Citation

2.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

3.

Murphy, Sherry L, Kenneth D Kochanek, Jiaquan Xu and Melonie Heron.2015.‘Gun Deaths in Virgin Islands (US), 2012.’ National Vital Statistics Reports: Deaths, Final Data for 2012.Atlanta GA:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics / National Vital Statistics System,31 August. (Q11673)Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in the Virgin Islands (US).’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10159)Full Citation

5.

Kochanek, Kenneth D, Jiaquan Xu, Sherry L Murphy, Arialdi M Miniño and Hsiang-Ching Kung.2011.‘Gun Deaths in Virgin Islands (US), 2009.’ National Vital Statistics Reports: Deaths, Final Data for 2009.Atlanta, GA:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Center for Health Statistics / National Vital Statistics System,29 December. (Q11672)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - US Virgin Islands.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6351)Full Citation

7.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

8.

FBI.2015.‘Crime in the United States / CIUS.’ Uniform Crime Reports / UCR.Washington, DC:US Federal Bureau of Investigation,1 September. (Q1978)Full Citation

9.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Virgin Islands (US).’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,20 May. (Q11624)Full Citation

10.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Persons Who May Be Licensed to Carry Firearms.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9055)Full Citation

11.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Conditions for Dealers' Operations; Records of Transactions.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9056)Full Citation

12.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Selling Firearms and Ammunition Without a License.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9058)Full Citation

13.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Qualifications of Dealer or Gunsmith.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9065)Full Citation

14.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

15.

Virgin Islands (US).2001.‘Importation of Firearms Without a License.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),29 December. (Q9076)Full Citation

16.

Virgin Islands (US).1994.‘License to Sell Firearms and/or Ammunition; Gunsmiths; Report of Transactions; Private Transfer Sales to Minors or Aliens.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),6 April. (Q9071)Full Citation

17.

Virgin Islands (US).1957.‘General Provisions.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),1 September. (Q12078)Full Citation

18.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

19.

Virgin Islands (US).1957.‘General Provisions.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),1 September. (Q9053)Full Citation

20.

Virgin Islands (US).2003.‘Application for License; Form, Oath; Fees.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),14 July. (Q9079)Full Citation

21.

USA.1970.‘Second Amendment to the Constitution.’ Constitution of the United States, The Bill of Rights.Washington, DC:Congress of the United States of America,1 January. (Q1954)Full Citation

22.

Scalia, J.2008.‘District of Columbia et al. v. Heller.’ Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.Washington, DC:Supreme Court of the United States,26 June. (Q8502)Full Citation

23.

Virgin Islands (US).1957.‘General Provisions.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),1 September. (Q9084)Full Citation

24.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Persons Who May Lawfully Carry Firearms.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9054)Full Citation

25.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Applicability of Chapter.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9062)Full Citation

26.

Virgin Islands (US).1969.‘Qualifications of Applicant.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),19 November. (Q9063)Full Citation

27.

Virgin Islands (US).1984.‘Contents of License.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),15 June. (Q9070)Full Citation

28.

Virgin Islands (US).1984.‘Grounds for Refusing to Issue License.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),15 June. (Q9068)Full Citation

29.

Virgin Islands (US).2005.‘Persons Ineligible to Possess or Carry Firearms or Ammunition.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),5 March. (Q9080)Full Citation

30.

Virgin Islands (US).1984.‘Psychological Tests.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),14 June. (Q9067)Full Citation

31.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Firearms Register.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9059)Full Citation

32.

Virgin Islands (US).1996.‘Report of Firearms Purchased Outside or Brought into the Virgin Islands.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),22 November. (Q9074)Full Citation

33.

Virgin Islands (US).1996.‘Registration of Firearms Upon Purchase from Dealer; Registration of Firearms Transferred from Non-dealer.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),22 November. (Q9075)Full Citation

34.

Virgin Islands (US).1994.‘Application for Dealer's or Gunsmith's License.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),6 April. (Q9072)Full Citation

35.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Sales of Weapons and Ammunition Without Licenses Prohibited; Sales Slips.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9057)Full Citation

36.

Virgin Islands (US).2002.‘Safe Storage of Firearms; Penalties.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),17 June. (Q9078)Full Citation

37.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Alteration of Identifying Marks of Weapons Prohibited.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9060)Full Citation

38.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Reciprocal Recognition of Out-of-State Licenses.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9064)Full Citation

39.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
(G93) Full Citation

40.

Virgin Islands (US).2010.‘Possession or Sale of Ammunition.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),20 August. (Q9082)Full Citation

41.

Virgin Islands (US).2001.‘General Penalty Section.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),29 December. (Q9077)Full Citation

42.

Virgin Islands (US).1968.‘Illegal Use of License; Penalty.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),11 July. (Q9061)Full Citation

43.

Virgin Islands (US).1984.‘Confiscation of Illegally Held Weapons.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),1 June. (Q9066)Full Citation

44.

Virgin Islands (US).1996.‘Minimum Sentences; No Probation or Parole.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),22 November. (Q9073)Full Citation

45.

Virgin Islands (US).2013.‘Carrying of Firearms; Openly or Concealed; Evidence of Intent to Commit Crime of Violence; Definitions.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),15 October. (Q9083)Full Citation

46.

ATF.2015.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2014.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2014.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11667)Full Citation

47.

ATF.2014.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2013.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2013.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11668)Full Citation

48.

ATF.2013.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2012.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2012.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11669)Full Citation

49.

ATF.2012.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2011.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2011.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11670)Full Citation

50.

ATF.2011.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2010.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2010.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11671)Full Citation

51.

ATF.2010.‘Total Number of Firearms Recovered and Traced, 2009.’ ATF Firearms Trace Data Disclaimer: Virgin Islands (US), 2009.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q11666)Full Citation

52.

Virgin Islands (US).1984.‘Seizure and Forfeiture.’ Virgin Islands (US) Code.Charlotte Amalie:Office of the Code Revisor, Legislature of the Virgin Islands (US),15 June. (Q9069)Full Citation

53.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

54.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation