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Victoria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

For national statistics, federal law, inter-country comparisons, gun trade and international agreements, see the Australia country page

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 36,6551 handguns in civilian possession in Victoria

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Victoria is reported to be

2014/15: 202,3572
2013/14: 198,368
2001: 183,3703

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Victoria is

2015: 3.424
2014: 3.40
2001: 3.823

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Victoria is reported to be

2014/15: 764,7672
2013/14: 728,999
2001: 485,7273

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Victoria is

2015: 12.934
2014: 12.48
2001: 10.113

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 425
2012: 42
2011: 44
2010: 54
2009: 51
2008: 42
2007: 41
2006: 43
2005: 50
2004: 58
2003: 52
2002: 45
2001: 51
2000: 61
1999: 68

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.736
2012: 0.75
2011: 0.79
2010: 0.99
2009: 0.95
2008: 0.80
2007: 0.80
2006: 0.85
2005: 1.00
2004: 1.18
2003: 1.07
2002: 0.93
2001: 1.07
2000: 1.30
1999: 1.46

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 307
2012: 50
2011: 41
2010: 55
2009: 587 8
2008: 477 8 9
2007: 34
2006: 527 9
2005: 45
2004: 33
2003: 57
2002: 66
2000/01: 559
1999/00: 63
1998/99: 56
1997/98: 44
1996/97: 56
1995/96: 55
1994/95: 79
1993/94: 51
1992/93: 62
1991/92: 59
1990/91: 77
1989/90: 79

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.5210
2012: 0.89
2011: 0.74
2010: 1.01
2009: 1.08
2008: 0.89
2007: 0.66
2006: 1.03
2005: 0.90
2004: 0.67
2003: 1.17
2002: 1.37
2000/01: 1.15
1999/00: 1.34
1998/99: 1.20
1997/98: 0.96
1996/97: 1.23
1995/96: 1.21
1994/95: 1.76
1993/94: 1.14
1992/93: 1.39
1991/92: 1.33
1990/91: 1.74
1989/90: 1.80

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 77
2012: 8
2011: 8
2010: 13
2009: 6
2008: 117 11
2007: 47 12
2006: 67 13
2005: 87 14
2004: 37 15
2003: 97 16
2002: 67 17

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1210
2012: 0.14
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.12

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 07
2012: 4
2011: 2
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 4
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0010
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 57
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 2
2006: 0
2003: 6
2002: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0910
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.04

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 27
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 0
2008: 5
2007: 2
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0310
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.06

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 48818
2012: 511
2011: 526
2010: 558
2009: 576
2008: 54418 19
2007: 473
2006: 485
2005: 505
2004: 521
2003: 540
2002: 528
2001: 54119
2000: 512
1999: 552

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 8.5110
2012: 9.07
2011: 9.50
2010: 10.22
2009: 10.73
2008: 10.35
2007: 9.18
2006: 9.58
2005: 10.12
2004: 10.57
2003: 11.08
2002: 10.96
2001: 11.36
2000: 10.88
1999: 11.86

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 3218
2012: 34
2011: 28
2010: 32
2009: 38
2008: 2618 20
2007: 37
2006: 34
2005: 30
2004: 42
2003: 34
2002: 36
2001: 4620
2000: 50
1999: 62

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.5610
2012: 0.60
2011: 0.51
2010: 0.59
2009: 0.71
2008: 0.49
2007: 0.72
2006: 0.67
2005: 0.60
2004: 0.85
2003: 0.70
2002: 0.75
2001: 0.97
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.33

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 418
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 4
2002: 2

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0710
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 2518
2012: 32
2011: 23
2010: 28
2009: 33
2008: 21
2007: 33
2006: 31
2005: 25
2004: 26
2003: 30
2002: 31

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.4410
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.51
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.40
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.61
2005: 0.50
2004: 0.53
2003: 0.62
2002: 0.64

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 318
2012: 2
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 12
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0510
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.24
2002: 0.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 321
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 021 20
2007: 0
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 12
2003: 8
2002: 3
2001: 520
2000: 11
1999: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0510
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.16
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.13

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 121
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 4
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2003: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0210
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.04

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 021
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 3
2009: 4
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 3
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0010
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.06
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 221
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 5
2004: 8
2003: 3
2002: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0310
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 022
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 5
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 7
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0010
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 022
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 4

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0010
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.08

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 022
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 2
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0010
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.06

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 022
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 0
2006: 0
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0010
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Victoria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence23

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law24

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law24

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Victoria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law25

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Victoria include26 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Victoria is categorised as restrictive27

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Victoria includes the Firearms Act 1996,28 and the Firearms Regulations 200829

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Victoria are regulated by the Chief Commissioner of the Police30 31 32

Right to Possess Firearms

In Victoria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law33 34 35

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, self-loading rifles and shotguns (including pump action shotguns), military style firearms, and most handguns36 37 38 39 40 41

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions for permanently inoperable display, museum or bona fide collector's guns36 37 40

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, lookalikes included, in all but exceptional circumstances36 37 40

Regulation of Handguns

In Victoria, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is only permitted subject to stringent conditions42 38 39 43 44

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Victoria, only licensed gun owners45 42 40 30 46 47 48 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Victoria are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example sport or target shooting, hunting, primary production, narrow business, employment, and occupational requirements, official or commercial purposes, and bona fide gun collections.49 50 51 52 38 53 54 55 36 37 56 57 In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason58 59 60 61

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Victoria is 18 years,62 or as young as 12 years while under the immediate supervision of an appropriately qualified adult licence holder63

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Victoria must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental, addiction, domestic violence and other64 65 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Victoria, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required for some licence categories66 67

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Victoria stipulates64 65 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Victoria, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required62 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Victoria, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three or five years, depending on the licence category68

Licensing Records

In Victoria, authorities maintain a record31 32 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess 1 firearm per acquisition permit,46 47 and if approved, not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a rifle, and not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a shotgun30 48

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess ammunition only for those firearms for which the purchaser is licensed, with a limit on the quantity of ammunition that may be purchased in a given period69

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Victoria, the law requires31 32 70 71 72 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed firearm dealers are required73 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed gun makers are required74 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Victoria, State agencies are required75 76 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Victoria, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by a licensed firearm dealer, or in remote locations by police77

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Victoria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful78 79

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Victoria, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per acquisition permit46 47

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Victoria, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days80 46

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Victoria, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated81 82 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Victoria include83 84 85 86 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Victoria include87 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Victoria include76 75 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Victoria do not include81 82 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Victoria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law88 74

Firearm Tracing

In Victoria, state authorities carry out74 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not81 82 74 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Victoria, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.58 59 60 61

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Victoria, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.58 59 60 61

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Victoria, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm89 is 2 to 7 years prison45 42

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Victoria are known to have90 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Victoria, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 207,40990 (1996-2001)

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Victoria, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be 207,40990 (1996-2001)

Small Arms Destroyed

In Victoria, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 207,40990 (1996-2001)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Victoria, it is not state policy91 92 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market


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38.

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50.

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51.

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52.

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54.

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