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Victoria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

For national statistics, federal law, inter-country comparisons, gun trade and international agreements, see the Australia country page

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Victoria is 494,0001

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Victoria, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 251,0002

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Victoria, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2011: 11,6003
2010: 10,5404 3
2006: 36,6555
1994: 26,000 6
1991: 31,0002
1979: 5,7007

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Victoria is reported to be

2015: 214,9368 9
2013/14: 198,3689
2009: 587,53510
2008: 185,44211
2006: 184,00012
2004: 563,17510
2001: 183,37013
1996: 227,00012
1995: 260,00014 15
1994: 258,0006

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Victoria is

2015: 3.6316
2014: 3.40
2009: 10.70
2008: 3.47
2006: 3.56
2004: 11.26
2001: 3.8213
1996: 5.0216
1995: 5.75
1994: 5.75

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Victoria is reported to be

2015: 767,3048 9
2013/14: 728,9999
2011: 642,17617 3
2009: 600,00010
2008: 586,29211
2006: 556,69512
2002: 558,00011
2001: 485,72713
1999: 660,00018
1996: 720,00012
1995: 745,00014 15
1994: 731,8606
1991: 625,0002
1975: 238,20019

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Victoria is

2015: 12.9716
2014: 12.48
2011: 11.52
2009: 10.92
2008: 10.93
2006: 10.78
2002: 11.38
2001: 10.1113
1999: 13.9216
1996: 15.79
1995: 16.48
1994: 16.31
1991: 14.15
1975: 6.27

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 5920
2013: 43
2012: 49
2011: 44
2010: 54
2009: 51
2008: 42
2007: 41
2006: 43
2005: 50
2004: 58
2003: 52
2002: 45
2001: 51
2000: 61
1999: 68

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.0121
2013: 0.75
2012: 0.87
2011: 0.79
2010: 0.99
2009: 0.95
2008: 0.80
2007: 0.80
2006: 0.85
2005: 1.00
2004: 1.18
2003: 1.07
2002: 0.93
2001: 1.07
2000: 1.30
1999: 1.46

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 5622
2013: 31
2012: 50
2011: 41
2010: 55
2009: 5822 23
2008: 4722 23 24
2007: 34
2006: 5222 24
2005: 45
2004: 33
2003: 57
2002: 66
2000/01: 5524
1999/00: 63
1998/99: 56
1997/98: 44
1996/97: 56
1995/96: 55
1994/95: 79
1993/94: 51
1992/93: 62
1991/92: 59
1990/91: 77
1989/90: 79

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.9625
2013: 0.54
2012: 0.89
2011: 0.74
2010: 1.01
2009: 1.08
2008: 0.89
2007: 0.66
2006: 1.03
2005: 0.90
2004: 0.67
2003: 1.17
2002: 1.37
2000/01: 1.15
1999/00: 1.34
1998/99: 1.20
1997/98: 0.96
1996/97: 1.23
1995/96: 1.21
1994/95: 1.76
1993/94: 1.14
1992/93: 1.39
1991/92: 1.33
1990/91: 1.74
1989/90: 1.80

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 822
2013: 7
2012: 10
2011: 8
2010: 13
2009: 6
2008: 1122 26
2007: 422 27
2006: 622 28
2005: 822 29
2004: 322 30
2003: 922 31
2002: 622 32

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1425
2013: 0.12
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.12

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 022
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 4
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0025
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 822
2013: 5
2012: 4
2011: 4
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 2
2006: 0
2005: 0
2003: 6
2002: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1425
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.04

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 022
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 0
2008: 5
2007: 2
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0025
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.06

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 64633
2013: 519
2012: 514
2011: 526
2010: 558
2009: 576
2008: 54433 34
2007: 473
2006: 485
2005: 505
2004: 521
2003: 540
2002: 528
2001: 54134
2000: 512
1999: 552

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 11.0625
2013: 9.05
2012: 9.13
2011: 9.50
2010: 10.22
2009: 10.73
2008: 10.35
2007: 9.18
2006: 9.58
2005: 10.12
2004: 10.57
2003: 11.08
2002: 10.96
2001: 11.36
2000: 10.88
1999: 11.86

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 4333
2013: 31
2012: 39
2011: 28
2010: 32
2009: 38
2008: 2633 35
2007: 37
2006: 34
2005: 30
2004: 42
2003: 34
2002: 36
2001: 4635
2000: 50
1999: 62

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7425
2013: 0.54
2012: 0.69
2011: 0.51
2010: 0.59
2009: 0.71
2008: 0.49
2007: 0.72
2006: 0.67
2005: 0.60
2004: 0.85
2003: 0.70
2002: 0.75
2001: 0.97
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.33

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 633
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 4
2002: 2

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1025
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 3333
2013: 25
2012: 32
2011: 23
2010: 28
2009: 33
2008: 21
2007: 33
2006: 31
2005: 25
2004: 26
2003: 30
2002: 31

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5625
2013: 0.44
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.51
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.40
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.61
2005: 0.50
2004: 0.53
2003: 0.62
2002: 0.64

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 433
2013: 3
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 12
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0725
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.24
2002: 0.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 436
2013: 5
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 036 35
2007: 0
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 12
2003: 8
2002: 3
2001: 535
2000: 11
1999: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0725
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.16
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.13

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 036
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 4
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2003: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0025
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.04

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 436
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 3
2009: 4
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 3
2005: 0
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0725
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 036
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 5
2004: 8
2003: 3
2002: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0025
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 437
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 5
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 7
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0725
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 337
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 4

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0525
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.08

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 137
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 2
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0225
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.06

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 037
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0025
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Victoria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence38

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law39

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Victoria is low40 41 42

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Victoria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law43

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Victoria include44 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Victoria is categorised as restrictive45

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Victoria includes the Firearms Act 1996,46 and the Firearms Regulations 200847

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Victoria are regulated by the Chief Commissioner of the Police48 49 50

Right to Possess Firearms

In Victoria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law51 52 53

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, self-loading rifles and shotguns (including pump action shotguns), military style firearms, and most handguns54 55 56 57 58 59

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions for permanently inoperable display, museum or bona fide collector's guns54 55 58

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, lookalikes included, in all but exceptional circumstances54 55 58

Regulation of Handguns

In Victoria, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is only permitted subject to stringent conditions60 56 57 61 62

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Victoria, only licensed gun owners63 60 58 48 64 65 66 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Victoria are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example sport or target shooting, hunting, primary production, narrow business, employment, and occupational requirements, official or commercial purposes, and bona fide gun collections.67 68 69 70 56 71 72 73 54 55 74 75 In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason76 77 78 79

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Victoria is 18 years,80 or as young as 12 years while under the immediate supervision of an appropriately qualified adult licence holder81

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Victoria must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction, domestic violence and other82 83 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Victoria, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required for some licence categories84 85

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Victoria stipulates82 83 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Victoria, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required80 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Victoria, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three or five years, depending on the licence category86

Licensing Records

In Victoria, authorities maintain a record49 50 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess 1 firearm per acquisition permit,64 65 and if approved, not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a rifle, and not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a shotgun48 66

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess ammunition only for those firearms for which the purchaser is licensed, with a limit on the quantity of ammunition that may be purchased in a given period87

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Victoria, the law requires49 50 88 89 90 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed firearm dealers are required91 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed gun makers are required92 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Victoria, State agencies are required93 94 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Victoria, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by a licensed firearm dealer, or in remote locations by police95

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Victoria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful96 97

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Victoria, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per acquisition permit64 65

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Victoria is reported to be

1995: 40014

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Victoria, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days98 64

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Victoria, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated99 100 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Victoria include101 102 103 104 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Victoria include105 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Victoria include94 93 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Victoria do not include99 100 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Victoria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law106 92

Firearm Tracing

In Victoria, state authorities carry out92 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not99 100 92 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Victoria, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.76 77 78 79

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Victoria, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.76 77 78 79

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Victoria, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm107 is two to seven years in prison63 60 108

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Victoria are known to have109 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Victoria, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014/15: 19110
2013/14: 10
2012/13: 1,734108 111 112
2011/12: 5111 113
2010/11: 3113 114 115 116
2009/10: 734114 117 118 119
2008/09: 847120 119
2003/04: 18,934121 119
2001: 6,000119
1999: 8,651119
1997: 265,291119 109
1995: 27,700119
1991: 1,000119
1988: 15,000119

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Victoria, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2004: 18,934121 119
1996-2001: 265,291119 109

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Victoria, it is not state policy122 123 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market


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