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Victoria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Victoria is 844,0341 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Victoria is 14.274 5 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Victoria, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 251,0006

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Victoria, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2011: 11,6007
2010: 10,5408 7
2006: 36,6559
1994: 26,000 10
1991: 31,0006
1979: 5,70011

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Victoria is reported to be

2015: 214,93612 13
2014: 198,36813
2009: 587,53514
2008: 185,44215
2006: 184,00016
2004: 563,17514
2001: 183,37017
1996: 227,00016
1995: 260,00018 19
1994: 258,00010

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Victoria is

2015: 3.634
2014: 3.40
2009: 10.70
2008: 3.47
2006: 3.56
2004: 11.26
2001: 3.8217
1996: 5.024
1995: 5.75
1994: 5.75

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Victoria is reported to be

2015: 767,30412 13
2014: 728,99913
2011: 642,17620 7
2009: 600,00014
2008: 586,29215
2006: 556,69516
2002: 558,00015
2001: 485,72717
1999: 660,00021
1996: 720,00016
1995: 745,00018 19
1994: 731,86010
1991: 625,0006
1975: 238,20022

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Victoria is

2015: 12.974
2014: 12.48
2011: 11.52
2009: 10.92
2008: 10.93
2006: 10.78
2002: 11.38
2001: 10.1117
1999: 13.924
1996: 15.79
1995: 16.48
1994: 16.31
1991: 14.15
1975: 6.27

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Victoria there are estimated to be 76,73023 2

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Victoria there are estimated to be 1.304 illicit firearms per 100 people

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 3824
2014: 59
2013: 41
2012: 42
2011: 38
2010: 55
2009: 46
2008: 43
2007: 43
2006: 46
2005: 50
2004: 58
2003: 52
2002: 45
2001: 51
2000: 61
1999: 68

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6425
2014: 1.01
2013: 0.72
2012: 0.75
2011: 0.69
2010: 1.01
2009: 0.86
2008: 0.82
2007: 0.83
2006: 0.91
2005: 1.00
2004: 1.18
2003: 1.07
2002: 0.93
2001: 1.07
2000: 1.30
1999: 1.46

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 5626
2014: 56
2013: 31
2012: 5026 27
2011: 41
2010: 5526 28
2009: 5826 29
2008: 4726 29 30
2007: 34
2006: 5226 30
2005: 45
2004: 33
2003: 57
2002: 66
2000/01: 5530
1999/00: 63
1998/99: 56
1997/98: 44
1996/97: 56
1995/96: 55
1994/95: 79
1993/94: 51
1992/93: 62
1991/92: 59
1990/91: 77
1989/90: 79

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.9431
2014: 0.96
2013: 0.54
2012: 0.89
2011: 0.74
2010: 1.01
2009: 1.08
2008: 0.89
2007: 0.66
2006: 1.03
2005: 0.90
2004: 0.67
2003: 1.17
2002: 1.37
2000/01: 1.15
1999/00: 1.34
1998/99: 1.20
1997/98: 0.96
1996/97: 1.23
1995/96: 1.21
1994/95: 1.76
1993/94: 1.14
1992/93: 1.39
1991/92: 1.33
1990/91: 1.74
1989/90: 1.80

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 226
2014: 8
2013: 8
2012: 426 32
2011: 6
2010: 1626 33
2009: 426 34
2008: 1026 35
2007: 426 36
2006: 726 37
2005: 826 38
2004: 326 39
2003: 926 40
2002: 626 41

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0331
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.12

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun homicides total

2015: 026
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
2011: 2
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 4
2007: 0
2006: 2
2005: 4
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0031
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual long gun homicides total

2015: 126
2014: 8
2013: 5
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 7
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 0
2005: 0
2003: 6
2002: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0231
2014: 0.14
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.04

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun homicides (other) total

2015: 126
2014: 0
2013: 3
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 5
2009: 0
2008: 5
2007: 2
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0231
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.06

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 65442
2014: 646
2013: 519
2012: 514
2011: 526
2010: 558
2009: 576
2008: 54442 43
2007: 473
2006: 485
2005: 505
2004: 521
2003: 540
2002: 528
2001: 54143
2000: 512
1999: 552

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 11.0131
2014: 11.07
2013: 9.05
2012: 9.13
2011: 9.50
2010: 10.22
2009: 10.73
2008: 10.35
2007: 9.18
2006: 9.58
2005: 10.12
2004: 10.57
2003: 11.08
2002: 10.96
2001: 11.36
2000: 10.88
1999: 11.86

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 3542
2014: 43
2013: 28
2012: 38
2011: 30
2010: 33
2009: 38
2008: 2942 44
2007: 39
2006: 38
2005: 30
2004: 42
2003: 34
2002: 36
2001: 4644
2000: 50
1999: 62

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.5931
2014: 0.74
2013: 0.49
2012: 0.67
2011: 0.54
2010: 0.60
2009: 0.71
2008: 0.55
2007: 0.76
2006: 0.75
2005: 0.60
2004: 0.85
2003: 0.70
2002: 0.75
2001: 0.97
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.33

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun suicides total

2015: 442
2014: 6
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 4
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 4
2002: 2

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0731
2014: 0.10
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, the number of long gun suicides is

2015: 2542
2014: 33
2013: 25
2012: 32
2011: 23
2010: 28
2009: 33
2008: 21
2007: 33
2006: 31
2005: 25
2004: 26
2003: 30
2002: 31

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.4231
2014: 0.57
2013: 0.44
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.51
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.40
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.61
2005: 0.50
2004: 0.53
2003: 0.62
2002: 0.64

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun suicides (other) total

2015: 642
2014: 4
2013: 1
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 12
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1031
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.24
2002: 0.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 045
2014: 3
2013: 5
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 5
2009: 3
2008: 045 44
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 5
2004: 12
2003: 8
2002: 3
2001: 544
2000: 11
1999: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0031
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.16
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.13

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2015: 045
2014: 0
2013: 4
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2003: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0031
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.04

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2015: 045
2014: 3
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 0
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0031
2014: 0.05
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2015: 045
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 5
2004: 8
2003: 3
2002: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0031
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 146
2014: 5
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 4
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 7
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0231
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 046
2014: 1
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 4

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0031
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.08

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 146
2014: 4
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0231
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.06

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 046
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0031
2014: 0.00
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Victoria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence47

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law48 49 50

Firearm Imports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law48 51 49 50 52

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Victoria is low53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Victoria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law64

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Victoria include65 66 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Victoria is categorised as restrictive67

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Victoria includes the Firearms Act 1996,68 and the Firearms Regulations 200869

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Victoria are regulated by the Governor in Council70 and the Chief Commissioner of the Police71 72 73

Right to Possess Firearms

In Victoria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law74 75 76

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, self-loading rifles and shotguns (including pump action shotguns), military style firearms, and most handguns77 78 79 80 81 82

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions for permanently inoperable display, museum or bona fide collector's guns77 78 81

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, lookalikes included, in all but exceptional circumstances77 78 81

Regulation of Handguns

In Victoria, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is only permitted subject to stringent conditions83 79 80 84 85

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Victoria, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law77 81

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Victoria, only licensed gun owners86 83 87 81 71 88 89 90 91 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Victoria are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example gun club membership for sport or target shooting, hunting, primary production, narrow business, employment, and occupational requirements, official or commercial purposes, and bona fide gun collections.92 93 94 95 96 79 97 98 99 77 78 100 101 102 In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason103 104 105 106

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Victoria is 18 years,107 108 or as young as 12 years while under the immediate supervision of an appropriately qualified adult licence holder109

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Victoria must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction, domestic violence and other110 111 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Victoria, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required for some licence categories112 113

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Victoria stipulates110 111 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Victoria, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required107 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Victoria, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three or five years, depending on the licence category114

Licensing Records

In Victoria, authorities maintain a record72 73 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess 1 firearm per acquisition permit,115 88 and if approved, not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a rifle, and not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a shotgun71 89

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess ammunition only for those firearms for which the purchaser is licensed, with a limit on the quantity of ammunition that may be purchased in a given period116

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Victoria, the law requires72 73 117 118 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed firearm dealers are required119 120 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed gun makers are required121 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Victoria, State agencies are required122 123 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Victoria, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by a licensed firearm dealer, or in remote locations by police124

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Victoria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful125 126

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Victoria, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per acquisition permit115 88

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Victoria is reported to be

1999: 300127
1995: 40018

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Victoria, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days128 129

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Victoria, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated130 131 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Victoria include132 133 134 135 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Victoria include136 108 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Victoria include123 122 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Victoria do not include130 131 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Victoria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law137 138 139

Firearm Tracing

In Victoria, state authorities carry out140 141 142 143 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not130 131 121 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Victoria, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason103 144 105 104 106

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Victoria, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason103 105 104 106

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Victoria, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm145 is two to seven years in prison86 83 87 124 80 115 105 146 147 148 144 120 149 132 136 137 150 116 111 52 151

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Victoria are known to have152 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Victoria, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014/15: 19153
2013/14: 10
2012/13: 1,734151 154 155
2011/12: 5154 156
2010/11: 3156 157 158 159
2009/10: 734157 160 161 162
2008/09: 847163 162
2003/04: 18,934164 162
2001: 6,000162
1999: 8,651162
1997: 265,291162 152
1995: 27,700162
1991: 1,000162
1988: 15,000162

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Victoria, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2004: 18,934164 162
1996-2001: 265,291162 152

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Victoria, it is not state policy165 166 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market


Short References

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GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Victoria (Possession Data).’ Australian Demographic Statistics.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,30 November. (Q11088)Full Citation

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GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 6 December.
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Sunday Age.1993.‘Number of Registered Firearms in Victoria, 1991.’ Sunday Age.Melbourne:Sunday Age,22 August. (Q11752)Full Citation

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SSAA National.2016.‘Handguns.’ A Journalist's Guide to Firearms and the Shooting Sports.Adelaide:Sporting Shooters' Association of Australia (SSAA National) Inc,1 April. (Q11748)Full Citation

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Bricknell, Samantha.2008.‘Registered Handguns in Australia, 30 June 2006.’ Criminal Use of Handguns in Australia.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 September. (Q2854)Full Citation

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Ryle, Gerard and Darrin Farrant.1994.‘Buy-back Plan for Illegal Weapons.’ The Age.Melbourne:7 December. (Q11736)Full Citation

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Harding, Richard W.1981.‘How Many Guns? - Private Handgun Ownership in Australia, 1979.’ Firearms and Violence in Australian Life: an Examination of Gun Ownership and Use in Australia.Nedlands, WA:University of Western Australia Press,1 December. (Q11919)Full Citation

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