Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Victoria — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

For national statistics, federal law, inter-country comparisons, gun trade and international agreements, see the Australia country page

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Victoria, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 251,0001

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

ChartIn Victoria, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be

2011: 11,6002
2010: 10,5403 2
2006: 36,6554
1994: 26,000 5
1991: 31,0001

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Victoria is reported to be

2015: 214,9366 7
2013/14: 198,3687
2009: 587,5358
2008: 185,4429
2006: 184,00010
2004: 563,1758
2001: 183,37011
1996: 227,00010
1995: 260,00012 13
1994: 258,0005

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Victoria is

2015: 3.6314
2014: 3.40
2009: 10.70
2008: 3.47
2006: 3.56
2004: 11.26
2001: 3.8211
1996: 5.0214
1995: 5.75
1994: 5.75

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Victoria is reported to be

2015: 767,3046 7
2013/14: 728,9997
2011: 642,17615 2
2009: 600,0008
2008: 586,2929
2006: 556,69510
2002: 558,0009
2001: 485,72711
1999: 660,00016
1996: 720,00010
1995: 745,00012 13
1994: 731,8605
1991: 625,0001
1975: 238,20017

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Victoria is

2015: 12.9714
2014: 12.48
2011: 11.52
2009: 10.92
2008: 10.93
2006: 10.78
2002: 11.38
2001: 10.1111
1999: 13.9214
1996: 15.79
1995: 16.48
1994: 16.31
1991: 14.15
1975: 6.27

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 5918
2013: 43
2012: 49
2011: 44
2010: 54
2009: 51
2008: 42
2007: 41
2006: 43
2005: 50
2004: 58
2003: 52
2002: 45
2001: 51
2000: 61
1999: 68

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.0119
2013: 0.75
2012: 0.87
2011: 0.79
2010: 0.99
2009: 0.95
2008: 0.80
2007: 0.80
2006: 0.85
2005: 1.00
2004: 1.18
2003: 1.07
2002: 0.93
2001: 1.07
2000: 1.30
1999: 1.46

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 5620
2013: 31
2012: 50
2011: 41
2010: 55
2009: 5820 21
2008: 4720 21 22
2007: 34
2006: 5220 22
2005: 45
2004: 33
2003: 57
2002: 66
2000/01: 5522
1999/00: 63
1998/99: 56
1997/98: 44
1996/97: 56
1995/96: 55
1994/95: 79
1993/94: 51
1992/93: 62
1991/92: 59
1990/91: 77
1989/90: 79

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.9623
2013: 0.54
2012: 0.89
2011: 0.74
2010: 1.01
2009: 1.08
2008: 0.89
2007: 0.66
2006: 1.03
2005: 0.90
2004: 0.67
2003: 1.17
2002: 1.37
2000/01: 1.15
1999/00: 1.34
1998/99: 1.20
1997/98: 0.96
1996/97: 1.23
1995/96: 1.21
1994/95: 1.76
1993/94: 1.14
1992/93: 1.39
1991/92: 1.33
1990/91: 1.74
1989/90: 1.80

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 820
2013: 7
2012: 10
2011: 8
2010: 13
2009: 6
2008: 1120 24
2007: 420 25
2006: 620 26
2005: 820 27
2004: 320 28
2003: 920 29
2002: 620 30

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1423
2013: 0.12
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.16
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.18
2002: 0.12

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 020
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 0
2006: 1
2005: 4
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 1

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0023
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.04
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 820
2013: 5
2012: 4
2011: 4
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 2
2006: 0
2005: 0
2003: 6
2002: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1423
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.04

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 020
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 0
2008: 5
2007: 2
2006: 5
2005: 4
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0023
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.06

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 64631
2013: 519
2012: 514
2011: 526
2010: 558
2009: 576
2008: 54431 32
2007: 473
2006: 485
2005: 505
2004: 521
2003: 540
2002: 528
2001: 54132
2000: 512
1999: 552

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 11.0623
2013: 9.05
2012: 9.13
2011: 9.50
2010: 10.22
2009: 10.73
2008: 10.35
2007: 9.18
2006: 9.58
2005: 10.12
2004: 10.57
2003: 11.08
2002: 10.96
2001: 11.36
2000: 10.88
1999: 11.86

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 4331
2013: 31
2012: 39
2011: 28
2010: 32
2009: 38
2008: 2631 33
2007: 37
2006: 34
2005: 30
2004: 42
2003: 34
2002: 36
2001: 4633
2000: 50
1999: 62

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7423
2013: 0.54
2012: 0.69
2011: 0.51
2010: 0.59
2009: 0.71
2008: 0.49
2007: 0.72
2006: 0.67
2005: 0.60
2004: 0.85
2003: 0.70
2002: 0.75
2001: 0.97
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.33

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 631
2013: 3
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 4
2002: 2

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1023
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Victoria, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 3331
2013: 25
2012: 32
2011: 23
2010: 28
2009: 33
2008: 21
2007: 33
2006: 31
2005: 25
2004: 26
2003: 30
2002: 31

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5623
2013: 0.44
2012: 0.57
2011: 0.42
2010: 0.51
2009: 0.61
2008: 0.40
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.61
2005: 0.50
2004: 0.53
2003: 0.62
2002: 0.64

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 431
2013: 3
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 12
2002: 3

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0723
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.24
2002: 0.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 434
2013: 5
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 034 33
2007: 0
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 12
2003: 8
2002: 3
2001: 533
2000: 11
1999: 6

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0723
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.16
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.13

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 034
2013: 3
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 4
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2003: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0023
2013: 0.05
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.04

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 434
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 3
2009: 4
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 3
2005: 0
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0723
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Victoria, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 034
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 5
2004: 8
2003: 3
2002: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0023
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 435
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 5
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 7
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0723
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 335
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 4

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0523
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.08

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 135
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 4
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 2
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0223
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.07
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.06

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Victoria, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 035
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 2
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 1
2003: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Victoria, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0023
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Victoria, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence36

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law37

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Victoria, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law37

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Victoria is low38 39 40

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Victoria, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law41

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Victoria include42 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Victoria is categorised as restrictive43

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Victoria includes the Firearms Act 1996,44 and the Firearms Regulations 200845

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Victoria are regulated by the Chief Commissioner of the Police46 47 48

Right to Possess Firearms

In Victoria, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law49 50 51

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, self-loading rifles and shotguns (including pump action shotguns), military style firearms, and most handguns52 53 54 55 56 57

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exceptions for permanently inoperable display, museum or bona fide collector's guns52 53 56

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Victoria, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, lookalikes included, in all but exceptional circumstances52 53 56

Regulation of Handguns

In Victoria, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is only permitted subject to stringent conditions58 54 55 59 60

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Victoria, only licensed gun owners61 58 56 46 62 63 64 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Victoria are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example sport or target shooting, hunting, primary production, narrow business, employment, and occupational requirements, official or commercial purposes, and bona fide gun collections.65 66 67 68 54 69 70 71 52 53 72 73 In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason74 75 76 77

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Victoria is 18 years,78 or as young as 12 years while under the immediate supervision of an appropriately qualified adult licence holder79

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Victoria must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction, domestic violence and other80 81 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Victoria, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required for some licence categories82 83

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Victoria stipulates80 81 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Victoria, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required78 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Victoria, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three or five years, depending on the licence category84

Licensing Records

In Victoria, authorities maintain a record47 48 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess 1 firearm per acquisition permit,62 63 and if approved, not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a rifle, and not more than 1 registered category C or D firearm, being a shotgun46 64

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Victoria are permitted to possess ammunition only for those firearms for which the purchaser is licensed, with a limit on the quantity of ammunition that may be purchased in a given period85

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Victoria, the law requires47 48 86 87 88 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed firearm dealers are required89 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Victoria, licensed gun makers are required90 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Victoria, State agencies are required91 92 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Victoria, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted and registered by a licensed firearm dealer, or in remote locations by police93

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Victoria, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful94 95

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Victoria, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per acquisition permit62 63

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Victoria is reported to be

1995: 40012

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Victoria, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 28 days96 62

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Victoria, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated97 98 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Victoria include99 100 101 102 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Victoria include103 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Victoria include92 91 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Victoria do not include97 98 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Victoria, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law104 90

Firearm Tracing

In Victoria, state authorities carry out90 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Victoria, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not97 98 90 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Victoria, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.74 75 76 77

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Victoria, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited without genuine reason. In law, personal protection is not a genuine reason.74 75 76 77

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Victoria, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm105 is two to seven years in prison61 58 106

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Victoria are known to have107 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Victoria, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014/15: 19108
2013/14: 10
2012/13: 1,734106 109 110
2011/12: 5109 111
2010/11: 3111 112 113 114
2009/10: 734112 115 116 117
2008/09: 847118 117
2003/04: 18,934119 117
2001: 6,000117
1999: 8,651117
1997: 265,291117 107
1995: 27,700117
1991: 1,000117
1988: 15,000117

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Victoria, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2004: 18,934119 117
1996-2001: 265,291117 107

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Victoria, it is not state policy120 121 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market


Short References

1.

Sunday Age.1993.‘Number of Registered Firearms in Victoria, 1991.’ Sunday Age.Melbourne:Sunday Age,22 August. (Q11752)Full Citation

2.

Amelia Harris and Geoff Wilkinson. 2012. ‘Police Blitz to Stop Illegal Firearms Hitting Our Streets.’ Herald Sun (Melbourne). 9 January. (N532) Full Citation

3.

SSAA National.2016.‘Handguns.’ A Journalist's Guide to Firearms and the Shooting Sports.Adelaide:Sporting Shooters' Association of Australia (SSAA National) Inc,1 April. (Q11748)Full Citation

4.

Bricknell, Samantha.2008.‘Registered Handguns in Australia, 30 June 2006.’ Criminal Use of Handguns in Australia.Canberra:Australian Institute of Criminology,1 September. (Q2854)Full Citation

5.

Ryle, Gerard and Darrin Farrant.1994.‘Buy-back Plan for Illegal Weapons.’ The Age.Melbourne:7 December. (Q11736)Full Citation

6.

Victoria.2015.‘Firearm Registrations, Licences and Private Security Licences.’ Victoria Police Annual Report 2014-2015.Melbourne:Victoria Police,8 October. (Q11650)Full Citation

7.

Angus Livingston. 2015. ‘Vic Gets 35,000 New Guns in One Year.’ Yahoo! 7 News (Australia). 23 October. (N391) Full Citation

8.

Mitchell, Geraldine; McMahon, Stephen.2009.‘600,000 Guns Out There in Victoria.’ Herald Sun (Melbourne).Melbourne:9 April. (Q11662)Full Citation

9.

Jason Dowling. 2008. ‘Police Set to Target Firearm Storage.’ Age (Melbourne). 8 March. (N461) Full Citation

10.

Petrie, Andrea.2006.‘A Disarming Cause: Have tighter gun laws made us safer?.’ The Age.Melbourne:28 April. (Q11658)Full Citation

11.

Mouzos, Jenny.2002.‘Number of licence holders and registered firearms by jurisdiction, 1 July 2001.’ Trends & Issues in Crime and Criminal Justice: Firearms Theft in Australia.Canberra:National Firearms Theft Monitoring Program / NFTMP, Australian Institute of Criminology,1 June. (Q4073)Full Citation

12.

Brewer, Robert and Pat McNamara MP.1995.‘Estimation of Licensing and Registration of Firearms in Victoria, 1995.’ Sunday Age, Melbourne.Melbourne:Fairfax Media,11 June. (Q11744)Full Citation

13.

Drane, Ted.1995.‘Everything You Wanted to Know About Guns But Were Afraid to Ask.’ Sunday Age.Melbourne, VIC:9 April. (Q11665)Full Citation

14.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Victoria.’ Australian Demographic Statistics.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,7 April. (Q11088)Full Citation

15.

Amelia Harris and Geoff Wilkinson. 2012. ‘Police Blitz to Stop Illegal Firearms Hitting Our Streets.’ Herald Sun (Melbourne). 9 January. (N467) Full Citation

16.

Morris, Linda.1999.‘Revealed: State of a Million Legal Guns.’ Sydney Morning Herald.Sydney:Sydney Morning Herald,26 August. (Q11742)Full Citation

17.

Waterman, Snr Sgt S W.1987.‘Firearms - Is it a Police Responsibility? Research Lecture Paper. Victoria Police College Inspector's Course No. 51, 1986.’ Research Lecture Paper, Victoria Police College Inspector's Course No. 51, 1986. Attached at Appendix 'A' to the Newgreen Report.Melbourne:Victoria Police College,26 February. (Q11749)Full Citation

18.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Numbers of Gun Deaths - Victoria.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2014.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,21 March. (Q5067)Full Citation

19.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Victoria (Total Gun Deaths).’ Australian Historical Population Statistics - Data Cubes.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,5 April. (Q5066)Full Citation

20.

Australia.2016.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Victoria, 2002-2013 - Assault.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2014.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,8 March. (Q7384)Full Citation

21.

Victoria Police.2010.‘Homicide Numbers and Rate in Victoria, 2007-2009.’ Victoria Police Crime Statistics.Melbourne:Corporate Statistics, Victoria Police,18 July. (Q2869)Full Citation

22.

Virueda, Marie and Jason Payne.2010.‘Homicide victims, 1989-90 to 2007-08.’ Homicide in Australia: 2007-08 National Homicide Monitoring Program Annual Report.Canberra:National Homicide Monitoring Program / Australian Institute of Criminology,17 December. (Q7232)Full Citation

23.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Victoria (Gun Death and Injury).’ Australian Historical Population Statistics - Data Cubes.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,5 April. (Q5065)Full Citation

24.

Virueda, Marie and Jason Payne.2010.‘Homicide Victim Primary Cause of Death, 2007-08 - Gunshot.’ Homicide in Australia: 2007-08 National Homicide Monitoring Program Annual Report.Canberra:National Homicide Monitoring Program / Australian Institute of Criminology,17 December. (Q3724)Full Citation

25.

Dearden, Jack and Warwick Jones.2008.‘Victims by Cause of Death, 2006-2007 - Gun Shot Wound.’ Homicide in Australia: 2006-07 National Homicide Monitoring Program Annual Report.Canberra:National Homicide Monitoring Program / Australian Institute of Criminology,5 December. (Q3723)Full Citation

26.

Davies, Megan and Jenny Mouzos.2007.‘Homicide in Australia: 2005-06 National Homicide Monitoring Program annual report.’ Research and Public Policy Series.Canberra:National Homicide Monitoring Program / NHMP, Australian Institute of Criminology,19 July. (Q3718)Full Citation

27.

Mouzos, Jenny and Tina Houliaras.2006.‘Table: Victims by Cause of Death, 2004-05 - Gun Shot Wound.’ Homicide in Australia: 2004-05 National Homicide Monitoring Program (NHMP) Annual Report.Canberra:National Homicide Monitoring Program / Australian Institute of Criminology,1 January. (Q3713)Full Citation

28.

Mouzos, Jenny.2005.‘Victims by Cause of Death, 2003-2004 - Gun Shot Wound.’ Homicide in Australia: 2003-2004 National Homicide Monitoring Program (NHMP) Annual Report.Canberra:National Homicide Monitoring Program / Australian Institute of Criminology,5 October. (Q3722)Full Citation

29.

Mouzos, Jenny and Marie Segrave.2004.‘Victims by Cause of Death, 2002-2003 - Gun Shot Wound.’ Homicide in Australia: 2002-2003 National Homicide Monitoring Program (NHMP) Annual Report.Canberra:National Homicide Monitoring Program / Australian Institute of Criminology,7 June. (Q3721)Full Citation

30.

Mouzos, Jenny.2003.‘Victims by Cause of Death, 2001-2002 - Gun Shot Wound.’ Homicide in Australia: 2001-2002 National Homicide Monitoring Program (NHMP) Annual Report.Canberra:National Homicide Monitoring Program / Australian Institute of Criminology,3 April. (Q3720)Full Citation

31.

Australia.2016.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Victoria, 2002-2014 - Intentional Self-harm.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2014.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,8 March. (Q7392)Full Citation

32.

Australia.2010.‘Suicide by Sex, Victoria 1999 to 2008 - Number.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2008.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,14 May. (Q2868)Full Citation

33.

Australia.2010.‘Suicides and Accidental Deaths Caused by Firearm Discharge, Victoria.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2008: Table 3.2 Underlying cause of death, All causes, Victoria, 1999–2008.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,14 May. (Q2871)Full Citation

34.

Australia.2016.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Victoria, 2002-2014 - Accidental Injury.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2014.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,8 March. (Q7456)Full Citation

35.

Australia.2016.‘Underlying Cause of Death, All Causes, Victoria, 2002-2014 - Event of Undetermined Intent.’ Causes of Death, Australia, 2014.Canberra:Australian Bureau of Statistics,8 March. (Q7448)Full Citation

36.

Australia.2008.‘Marking and Tracing.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q2578)Full Citation

37.

Australia.2008.‘Small Arms and Light Weapons UN Report.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1737)Full Citation

38.

ACC.2015.‘Firearm Trafficking.’ Organised Crime in Australia 2015.Canberra:Australian Crime Commission,1 May. (Q11621)Full Citation

39.

Dawson, Chris.2014.‘How Firearms Enter the Illicit Market.’ Australian Crime Commission, Submission No. 75 to Senate Committee: Inquiry into the Ability of Australian Law Enforcement Authorities to Eliminate Gun-Related Violence in the Community.Canberra:Australian Crime Commission,22 August. (Q11625)Full Citation

40.

Alpers, Philip.2013.‘Where Do Australian Criminals Get the Majority of Their Illegal Firearms?.’ The Origin of Australian Crime Guns.Sydney:GunPolicy.org / Sydney School of Public Health,22 January. (Q6062)Full Citation

41.

Australia.2010.‘Brokering and Brokering Legislation.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 January. (Q2577)Full Citation

42.

Australia.2003.‘National Small Arms Report.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,5 May. (Q3225)Full Citation

43.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

44.

Victoria.1998.‘Purpose.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2605)Full Citation

45.

Victoria.2008.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (S.R. No. 22/2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice,8 April. (Q2670)Full Citation

46.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Longarm Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2611)Full Citation

47.

Victoria.1998.‘Keeping of Register.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2641)Full Citation

48.

Victoria.1998.‘Certificate of Registration.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2642)Full Citation

49.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

50.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

51.

Queensland.1999.‘Carnes v Essenberg and Ors.’ QCA 339 (1999) and appeals.Brisbane:Queensland Court of Appeal,23 August. (Q4058)Full Citation

52.

Victoria.1998.‘Longarm Licences for Category A or B Longarms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2649)Full Citation

53.

Victoria.1998.‘Firearms Collectors Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2650)Full Citation

54.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Handgun Licences for General Category Handguns.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2616)Full Citation

55.

Victoria.1998.‘Offences for Certain Types of Handguns.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2654)Full Citation

56.

Victoria.1998.‘Definitions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2606)Full Citation

57.

Australia.1996.‘Bans on Specific Types of Firearms.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q982)Full Citation

58.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence for Non-Prohibited Person to Possess, Carry or Use a Handgun Without a Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2610)Full Citation

59.

Victoria.1998.‘Conditions Applying to Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2657)Full Citation

60.

Victoria.1998.‘Provisional General Category Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2637)Full Citation

61.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence for Non-Prohibited Person to Possess, Carry or Use a Longarm Without a Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2609)Full Citation

62.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence to Acquire a Firearm Without a Permit.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2660)Full Citation

63.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Permit to Acquire.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2661)Full Citation

64.

Victoria.1998.‘General Discretion of Chief Commissioner to Refuse to Issue a Permit to Acquire.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2662)Full Citation

65.

Victoria.1998.‘Reasons for Applying for Longarm Licence, Category A or B.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2612)Full Citation

66.

Victoria.1998.‘Reasons for Applying for Longarm Licence, Category C.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2613)Full Citation

67.

Victoria.1998.‘Reasons for Applying for Longarm Licence, Category D.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2614)Full Citation

68.

Victoria.1998.‘Reasons for Applying for Longarm Licence, Category E.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2615)Full Citation

69.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Handgun Licences for Category E Handguns.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2617)Full Citation

70.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Category 1 Firearms Collectors Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2620)Full Citation

71.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Category 2 Firearms Collectors Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2621)Full Citation

72.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Antique Handgun Collectors Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2658)Full Citation

73.

Victoria.2008.‘Prescribed Purposes for Applying for Longarm and General Category Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (S.R. No. 22/2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice,8 April. (Q2671)Full Citation

74.

Australia.1996.‘Genuine Reason for Owning, Possessing or Using a Firearm.’ Special Firearms Meeting - the 'Nationwide Agreement on Firearms'.Canberra:Australasian Police Ministers' Council,10 May. (Q970)Full Citation

75.

King, Brooke.2009.‘Firearms Controls in Australia.’ Challenges, Constraints and Opportunities in National PoA Implementation by States of the Pacific.Sydney:Firearms Unit, Australian Commonwealth Attorney-General's Department,22 June. (Q1985)Full Citation

76.

Victoria.1998.‘Offences About the Carriage and the Use of Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2646)Full Citation

77.

Warner, Kate and Simon Sherwood.2006.‘Firearms Legislation in Australia a Decade After the Nationwide Agreement: Summary and comments.’ National Coalition for Gun Control.Hobart:National Coalition for Gun Control,1 July. (Q973)Full Citation

78.

Victoria.1998.‘General Discretion of Chief Commissioner to Refuse a Longarm or Handgun Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2618)Full Citation

79.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Junior Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2619)Full Citation

80.

Victoria.1998.‘Definitions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2608)Full Citation

81.

Victoria.1998.‘Surrender of Firearms and Licence Document.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2667)Full Citation

82.

Victoria.1998.‘Approved Firearms Collectors Clubs - Requirements as to Members and Former Members.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2668)Full Citation

83.

Victoria.1998.‘Approved Handgun Target Shooting Clubs - Requirements as to Members.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2669)Full Citation

84.

Victoria.1998.‘Duration of Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2622)Full Citation

85.

Victoria.1998.‘Possession of Cartridge Ammunition.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q3055)Full Citation

86.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence to Possess, Carry or Use an Unregistered Longarm.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2653)Full Citation

87.

Victoria.1998.‘Offence to Possess, Carry or Use an Unregistered Handgun.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2655)Full Citation

88.

Victoria.1998.‘Possession of a Traffickable Quantity of Unregistered Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2656)Full Citation

89.

Victoria.1998.‘Requirement to Keep Register of Transactions.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2640)Full Citation

90.

Australia.2008.‘Small Arms and Light Weapons UN Report.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1736)Full Citation

91.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1739)Full Citation

92.

Australia.2008.‘Accounting for Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1738)Full Citation

93.

Victoria.1998.‘Prohibition on Acquisition of Firearm Except from Licensed Firearms Dealer.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2663)Full Citation

94.

Victoria.1998.‘Issue of Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2638)Full Citation

95.

Victoria.1998.‘General Discretion of Chief Commissioner to Refuse a Dealers Licence.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2639)Full Citation

96.

Victoria.1998.‘28 Day Waiting Period.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2659)Full Citation

97.

Victoria.1998.‘Purpose.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q4047)Full Citation

98.

Victoria.2008.‘Preliminary.’ Firearms Regulations 2008 (S.R. No. 22/2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice,8 April. (Q4048)Full Citation

99.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Longarm and Handgun Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2644)Full Citation

100.

Victoria.1998.‘General Conditions for Licences Under Part 2.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2648)Full Citation

101.

Victoria.1998.‘Longarm Licences for Category A and B Longarms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2651)Full Citation

102.

Victoria.1998.‘Longarm Licences for Category C and D Longarms and Handgun Licences for General Category Handguns.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2652)Full Citation

103.

Victoria.1998.‘Storage of Firearms Under Dealers Licences.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2645)Full Citation

104.

Victoria.1998.‘Power of Chief Commissioner to Require Firearm to Have a Serial Number.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2643)Full Citation

105.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
(G93) Full Citation

106.

Jon Kaila. 2012. ‘State Becomes Less Armed and Dangerous.’ Herald Sun (Melbourne). 13 December. (N519) Full Citation

107.

Reuter, Peter and Jenny Mouzos, in: Cook, Philip and Jens Ludwig (Eds).2002.‘Australia: A Massive Buyback of Low-Risk Guns.’ In: Evaluating Gun Policy: Effects on Crime and Violence.Washington, DC:Brookings Institution Press,1 December. (Q3050)Full Citation

108.

Victoria.2015.‘Number of Firearms Found during Police Searches.’ Victoria Police Annual Report 2014-2015.Melbourne:Victoria Police,8 October. (Q11651)Full Citation

109.

Victoria Police.2013.‘Number of Firearms Found during Police Searches, 2012-2013.’ Annual Report 2012-2013.Melbourne:Victoria Police,30 June. (Q11652)Full Citation

110.

Victoria Police.2013.‘Case study: Firearms Amnesty, 2012.’ Annual Report 2012-2013.Melbourne:Victoria Police,30 June. (Q11653)Full Citation

111.

Victoria Police.2012.‘Number of Firearms Found during Police Searches, 2011-2012.’ Annual Report 2011-2012.Melbourne:Victoria Police,30 June. (Q11654)Full Citation

112.

Victoria Police.2011.‘Number of Firearms Found during Police Searches, 2010-2011.’ Annual Report 2010-2011.Melbourne:Victoria Police,30 June. (Q11655)Full Citation

113.

Dan Oaks. 2012. ‘Firearm Thefts Top 7500.’ Age (Melbourne). 3 August. (N521) Full Citation

114.

Thomas Chamberlin. 2012. ‘Illegal Firearms a Booming Trade Through International Mail Order Services.’ Courier-Mail (Brisbane). 27 May. (N526) Full Citation

115.

Victoria Police.2010.‘Firearms and Weapons Amnesties, 2009-2010.’ Annual Report 2009-2010.Melbourne:Victoria Police,30 June. (Q11656)Full Citation

116.

Herald Sun (Melbourne). 2009. ‘700 Guns Handed to Police.’ 21 November. (N489) Full Citation

117.

Alpers, Philip and Amélie Rossetti.2016.‘Australian Firearm Amnesty, Buyback and Destruction Totals.’ Official tallies and media-reported numbers, 1987-2015.Sydney:GunPolicy.org, Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney,22 April. (Q11781)Full Citation

118.

Roberts, Greg.2008.‘VIC: Historic Guns Surrendered in Police Amnesty.’ Australian Associated Press.Melbourne:19 November. (Q11746)Full Citation

119.

Ellison, Senator Chris; Hudson, Phillip.2004.‘Victoria Leads Way in Gun Buyback.’ The Age.Melbourne, VIC:8 August. (Q11740)Full Citation

120.

Victoria.1998.‘Disposal of Forfeited Firearms.’ Firearms Act 1996 No. 66 of 1996 (Version No. 053, as of 8 December 2008).Melbourne:Department of Justice, Victoria,31 January. (Q2647)Full Citation

121.

Australia.2008.‘Destruction of Surplus Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ National Report of Australia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Australia to the United Nations,1 July. (Q1719)Full Citation