Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

United States — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

Federal firearm legislation is limited (below). Many municipalities and all states regulate gun use with their own local law (Go To).

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the United States is 265,000,0001 2 to 310,000,0003 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the United States is 101.053 5 2

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the United States, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 87,079,0001 to 110,000,0003

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the United States, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 53,371,0001 to 86,000,0003

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the United States, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 111,300,0001 to 114,000,0003

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the United States ranked at No. 16

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the United States ranked at No. 12

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn the United States, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2017: 42.0%7 8
2016: 39.0%
2015: 41.0%
2014: 31.0%9
2013: 37%10
2012: 33.1%9 10 11 12
2010: 31.1%
2008: 34.0%
2006: 33.1%
2004: 34.7%
2002: 33.5%
2000: 32.4%
1998: 34.8%
1996: 40.1%
1994: 40.6%
1993: 42.0%
1991: 39.6%
1990: 42.2%
1989: 46.0%
1988: 39.8%
1987: 46.0%
1985: 44.2%
1984: 44.9%
1982: 45.3%
1980: 47.3%
1977: 50.4%
1976: 46.5%
1974: 46.1%
1973: 47.0%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

ChartIn the United States, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

2012: 20.5%13
2010: 19.4%
2008: 25.2%
2006: 20.4%
2004: 21.0%
2002: 22.2%
2000: 21.6%
1998: 22.5%
1996: 25.8%
1994: 27.3%
1993: 25.7%
1991: 27.8%
1990: 27.8%
1989: 29.6%
1988: 27.3%
1987: 30.0%
1985: 31.4%
1984: 29.6%
1982: 32.5%
1980: 31.2%
1977: 33.5%
1976: 30.5%
1974: 28.4%
1973: 30.8%

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

ChartIn the United States, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

2012: 21.4%14
2010: 19.7%
2008: 25.4%
2006: 20.3%
2004: 20.0%
2002: 23.2%
2000: 20.0%
1998: 22.1%
1996: 27.2%
1994: 27.1%
1993: 29.7%
1991: 29.0%
1990: 28.6%
1989: 30.6%
1988: 26.4%
1987: 30.9%
1985: 30.3%
1984: 28.7%
1982: 32.7%
1980: 33.0%
1977: 34.8%
1976: 30.5%
1974: 29.0%
1973: 29.0%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn the United States, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 21.9%15
2010: 19.6%
2008: 26.2%
2006: 20.0%
2004: 20.7%
2002: 21.0%
2000: 20.5%
1998: 20.5%
1996: 23.7%
1994: 26.2%
1993: 26.1%
1991: 22.1%
1990: 24.9%
1989: 26.8%
1988: 24.4%
1987: 26.1%
1985: 24.1%
1984: 21.4%
1982: 22.9%
1980: 24.9%
1977: 21.3%
1976: 22.2%
1974: 20.3%
1973: 20.3%

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the United States are reported to have 2,700,00016 17 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In the United States, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms18 19 20 21

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the United States are reported to have 1,150,00022 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United States, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2016: 38,65823
2015: 36,247
2014: 33,599
2013: 33,636
2012: 33,563
2011: 32,35123 24
2010: 31,67223
2009: 31,347
2008: 31,593
2007: 31,224
2006: 30,896
2005: 30,694
2004: 29,569
2003: 30,136
2002: 30,242
2001: 29,573
2000: 28,663
1999: 28,874

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 11.9623
2015: 11.30
2014: 10.54
2013: 10.63
2012: 10.69
2011: 10.3823 24
2010: 10.2623
2009: 10.22
2008: 10.39
2007: 10.37
2006: 10.35
2005: 10.39
2004: 10.10
2003: 10.39
2002: 10.51
2001: 10.38
2000: 10.19
1999: 10.35

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the United States, annual homicides by any means25 total

2016: 19,10323
2015: 17,525
2014: 15,809
2013: 16,121
2012: 16,68823 26
2011: 16,23823 24 26 27 28
2010: 16,25923 29 30 26 27
2009: 16,799
2008: 17,826
2007: 18,361
2006: 18,573
2005: 18,124
2004: 17,357
2003: 17,732
2002: 17,638
2001: 20,308
2000: 16,765
1999: 16,88923 31 27
1998: 14,27631 27
1997: 18,20832 27
1996: 19,645
1995: 21,606

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of homicide by any means33 per 100,000 population is

2016: 5.9123
2015: 5.46
2014: 4.96
2013: 5.09
2012: 5.3123 26
2011: 5.2123 24 26 27 28
2010: 5.2723 29 26 27
2009: 5.4823 29 30 26 27
2008: 5.86
2007: 6.10
2006: 6.22
2005: 6.13
2004: 5.93
2003: 6.11
2002: 6.13
2001: 7.13
2000: 5.96
1999: 6.0523 31 27
1998: 5.1931 27
1997: 6.727
1996: 7.3
1995: 8.1
1993: 9.9334

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United States, annual firearm homicides35 total

2016: 14,41523
2015: 12,974
2014: 10,945
2013: 11,208
2012: 11,62223 26
2011: 11,06823 24 36 26
2010: 11,07823 36 26 27 37
2009: 11,493
2008: 12,179
2007: 12,632
2006: 12,79123 27 37
2005: 12,35223 26 27 37
2004: 11,62423 27 37
2003: 11,920
2002: 11,82923 38 37
2001: 11,348
2000: 10,80123
1999: 10,82823 31
1998: 9,25731

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population39 is

2016: 4.4623
2015: 4.04
2014: 3.43
2013: 3.54
2012: 3.7023 5
2011: 3.5523 24
2010: 3.5923 27 37
2009: 3.7523 30 27 37
2008: 4.01
2007: 4.19
2006: 4.29
2005: 4.18
2004: 3.97
2003: 4.11
2002: 4.1123 38 37
2001: 3.98
2000: 3.8423
1999: 3.8823 31
1998: 3.3731
1993: 7.0740

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the United States, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 60%26
2011: 69.6%41 26 28 42
2010: 68.1%41 26
2009: 68.4%
2008: 68.3%
2007: 68.8%
2006: 68.9%
2005: 68.2%
2004: 67.0%41
2003: 67.2%
2002: 67.1%
2001: 55.9%
2000: 64.4%
1999: 64.1%
1998: 65.9%
1997: 68.0%
1996: 68.0%
1995: 69.0%
1994: 71.4%
1993: 71.2%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the United States, according to figures43 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual handgun homicides total

2014: 5,56236 44
2013: 5,782
2012: 6,404
2011: 6,251
2010: 6,115
2009: 6,501
2008: 6,800
2007: 7,398
2006: 7,836
2005: 7,565
2004: 7,286
2003: 7,745
2002: 7,294
2001: 6,931
2000: 6,778
1999: 6,658

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, according to figures45 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.745 44
2013: 1.83
2012: 2.04
2011: 2.01
2010: 1.98
2009: 2.12
2008: 2.24
2007: 2.46
2006: 2.63
2005: 2.56
2004: 2.49
2003: 2.67
2002: 2.54
2001: 2.43
2000: 2.40
1999: 2.39

Handgun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual handgun homicides total

2016: 1,05346
2015: 984
2014: 78544
2013: 853
2012: 872
2011: 843
2010: 899
2009: 1,013
2008: 961
2007: 976
2006: 997
2005: 1,074
2004: 1,011
2003: 1,011
2002: 1,024
2001: 1,014
2000: 1,068
1999: 1,082

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.3346
2015: 0.31
2014: 0.2544
2013: 0.27
2012: 0.28
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.33
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.33
2005: 0.36
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.36
2001: 0.36
2000: 0.38
1999: 0.39

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United States, according to figures47 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual long gun homicides total

2014: 51036 44
2013: 593
2012: 608
2011: 694
2010: 733
2009: 774
2008: 822
2007: 910
2006: 928
2005: 967
2004: 910
2003: 846
2002: 974
2001: 897
2000: 896
1999: 931

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, according to figures48 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.165 44
2013: 0.19
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.27
2007: 0.30
2006: 0.31
2005: 0.33
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.29
2002: 0.34
2001: 0.31
2000: 0.32
1999: 0.33

Long Gun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual long gun homicides total

2016: 52249
2015: 475
2014: 45444
2013: 495
2012: 489
2011: 543
2010: 576
2009: 640
2008: 664
2007: 682
2006: 768
2005: 765
2004: 714
2003: 687
2002: 744
2001: 758
2000: 694
1999: 693

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1649
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.1444
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.17
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.26
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.24
2002: 0.26
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.25

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the United States, according to figures50 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2014: 2,05236 44
2013: 2,079
2012: 1,885
2011: 1,708
2010: 2,026
2009: 1,924
2008: 1,906
2007: 1,821
2006: 1,461
2005: 1,626
2004: 1,189
2003: 1,068
2002: 1,260
2001: 1,062
2000: 987
1999: 891

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, according to figures51 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.645 44
2013: 0.66
2012: 0.60
2011: 0.55
2010: 0.65
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.63
2007: 0.60
2006: 0.49
2005: 0.55
2004: 0.41
2003: 0.37
2002: 0.44
2001: 0.37
2000: 0.35
1999: 0.32

Gun Homicides (Other) (CDC)

ChartIn the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, annual firearm homicides (other) total

2014: 9,70652 44
2013: 9,859
2012: 10,261
2011: 9,682
2010: 9,603
2009: 9,840
2008: 10,554
2007: 10,974
2006: 11,026
2005: 10,513
2004: 9,899
2003: 10,222
2002: 10,061
2001: 9,576
2000: 9,039
1999: 9,053

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn the United States, according to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) figures, the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 3.9752
2015: 3.59
2014: 3.0444
2013: 3.12
2012: 3.27
2011: 3.11
2010: 3.11
2009: 3.21
2008: 3.47
2007: 3.64
2006: 3.70
2005: 3.56
2004: 3.38
2003: 3.52
2002: 3.50
2001: 3.36
2000: 3.21
1999: 3.24

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the United States, annual suicides by any means total

2016: 44,87623
2015: 44,145
2014: 42,773
2013: 41,149
2012: 40,600
2011: 39,51823 24
2010: 38,36423
2009: 36,909
2008: 36,03523 53
2007: 34,598
2006: 33,300
2005: 32,63723 54 53
2004: 32,43923 53
2003: 31,484
2002: 31,655
2001: 30,62223 55 53
2000: 29,35023 53
1999: 29,19923

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 13.8923
2015: 13.76
2014: 13.41
2013: 13.00
2012: 12.93
2011: 12.6823 24
2010: 12.4323
2009: 12.03
2008: 11.8523 54 53
2007: 11.4923 53
2006: 11.16
2005: 11.0423 54 53
2004: 11.0823 53
2003: 10.8523 56 53
2002: 11.0123 53
2001: 10.7523 55 53
2000: 10.4323 53
1999: 10.4623
1993: 12.0657

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United States, annual firearm suicides total

2016: 22,93823
2015: 22,018
2014: 21,334
2013: 21,175
2012: 20,666
2011: 19,99023 24
2010: 19,39223
2009: 18,735
2008: 18,223
2007: 17,352
2006: 16,883
2005: 17,00223 58
2004: 16,75023
2003: 16,907
2002: 17,108
2001: 16,86923 55
2000: 16,58623
1999: 16,599

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.1023
2015: 6.86
2014: 6.69
2013: 6.69
2012: 6.58
2011: 6.4223 24
2010: 6.2823
2009: 6.11
2008: 5.99
2007: 5.76
2006: 5.66
2005: 5.7523 5
2004: 5.7223
2003: 5.83
2002: 5.95
2001: 5.9223 55
2000: 5.8923
1999: 5.95
1993: 7.3559

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the United States, annual handgun suicides total

2016: 6,12260
2015: 5,751
2014: 5,385
2013: 5,388
2012: 5,079
2011: 4,806
2010: 4,603
2009: 4,474
2008: 4,119
2007: 3,801
2006: 3,655
2005: 3,654
2004: 3,609
2003: 3,672
2002: 3,597
2001: 3,489
2000: 3,520
1999: 3,476

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 1.8960
2015: 1.79
2014: 1.69
2013: 1.70
2012: 1.62
2011: 1.54
2010: 1.49
2009: 1.46
2008: 1.35
2007: 1.26
2006: 1.22
2005: 1.24
2004: 1.23
2003: 1.27
2002: 1.25
2001: 1.22
2000: 1.25
1999: 1.25

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United States, the number of long gun suicides is

2016: 2,89061
2015: 2,906
2014: 3,034
2013: 3,025
2012: 3,012
2011: 2,961
2010: 2,957
2009: 2,924
2008: 2,952
2007: 2,758
2006: 2,758
2005: 2,915
2004: 2,798
2003: 2,668
2002: 2,908
2001: 2,814
2000: 2,684
1999: 2,776

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.8961
2015: 0.91
2014: 0.95
2013: 0.96
2012: 0.96
2011: 0.95
2010: 0.96
2009: 0.95
2008: 0.97
2007: 0.92
2006: 0.92
2005: 0.99
2004: 0.96
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.01
2001: 0.99
2000: 0.95
1999: 0.99

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the United States, annual gun suicides (other) total

2016: 13,93662
2015: 13,361
2014: 12,915
2013: 12,762
2012: 12,575
2011: 12,223
2010: 11,832
2009: 11,337
2008: 11,152
2007: 10,793
2006: 10,470
2005: 10,433
2004: 10,343
2003: 10,567
2002: 10,603
2001: 10,566
2000: 10,382
1999: 10,347

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.3162
2015: 4.16
2014: 4.05
2013: 4.04
2012: 4.01
2011: 3.92
2010: 3.83
2009: 3.73
2008: 3.67
2007: 3.58
2006: 3.51
2005: 3.53
2004: 3.53
2003: 3.64
2002: 3.69
2001: 3.71
2000: 3.69
1999: 3.71

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United States, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2016: 48923
2015: 485
2014: 586
2013: 505
2012: 548
2011: 59123 24
2010: 60623 63
2009: 55423
2008: 592
2007: 613
2006: 642
2005: 78923 58
2004: 64923
2003: 730
2002: 762
2001: 80223 55
2000: 77623
1999: 824

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1523
2015: 0.15
2014: 0.18
2013: 0.16
2012: 0.17
2011: 0.1923 24
2010: 0.2023
2009: 0.18
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.2723 5
2004: 0.2223
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.26
2001: 0.2823 55
2000: 0.2823
1999: 0.30
1993: 0.5964

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the United States, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2016: 9465
2015: 81
2014: 96
2013: 79
2012: 69
2011: 68
2010: 91
2009: 81
2008: 89
2007: 90
2006: 107
2005: 107
2004: 93
2003: 83
2002: 108
2001: 108
2000: 120
1999: 130

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0365
2015: 0.03
2014: 0.03
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.05

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United States, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2016: 5266
2015: 62
2014: 65
2013: 81
2012: 67
2011: 98
2010: 83
2009: 98
2008: 101
2007: 92
2006: 73
2005: 104
2004: 95
2003: 105
2002: 119
2001: 148
2000: 131
1999: 112

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0266
2015: 0.02
2014: 0.02
2013: 0.03
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.03
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.04

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the United States, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2016: 34367
2015: 342
2014: 425
2013: 345
2012: 412
2011: 425
2010: 432
2009: 375
2008: 402
2007: 431
2006: 462
2005: 578
2004: 461
2003: 542
2002: 535
2001: 546
2000: 525
1999: 582

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.1167
2015: 0.11
2014: 0.13
2013: 0.11
2012: 0.13
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.13
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.20
2004: 0.16
2003: 0.19
2002: 0.19
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.19
1999: 0.21

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United States, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 30023
2015: 282
2014: 270
2013: 281
2012: 256
2011: 24823 24
2010: 25223
2009: 232
2008: 273
2007: 276
2006: 220
2005: 221
2004: 235
2003: 232
2002: 243
2001: 23123 55
2000: 23023
1999: 324

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0923
2015: 0.09
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.08
2011: 0.0823 24
2010: 0.0823
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.09
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.07
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.0823 56
2002: 0.0823
2001: 0.0823 55
2000: 0.0823
1999: 0.12
1993: 0.2268

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United States, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 5269
2015: 31
2014: 39
2013: 33
2012: 32
2011: 33
2010: 37
2009: 29
2008: 32
2007: 39
2006: 26
2005: 27
2004: 31
2003: 47
2002: 33
2001: 36
2000: 40
1999: 70

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0269
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United States, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 2170
2015: 25
2014: 22
2013: 31
2012: 23
2011: 25
2010: 23
2009: 24
2008: 31
2007: 24
2006: 23
2005: 31
2004: 21
2003: 26
2002: 27
2001: 21
2000: 24
1999: 33

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0170
2015: 0.01
2014: 0.01
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United States, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2016: 22771
2015: 226
2014: 209
2013: 217
2012: 201
2011: 190
2010: 192
2009: 179
2008: 210
2007: 213
2006: 171
2005: 163
2004: 183
2003: 159
2002: 183
2001: 174
2000: 166
1999: 221

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2016: 0.0771
2015: 0.07
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.06
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.08

Legal Intervention Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United States, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2013: 68172 73 74
2012: 686
2011: 610
2010: 632
2009: 629
2008: 592
2007: 597
2006: 578
2005: 53575
2004: 587
2003: 616
2002: 574
2001: 599
2000: 473
1999: 500
1998: 563
1997: 646
1996: 617
1995: 657

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn the United States, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries76 is

2013: 84,25877
2012: 81,396
2011: 73,88377 78
2010: 73,50577 79 78
2009: 66,76977 80 78
2008: 78,62277 78
2007: 69,863
2006: 71,417
2005: 69,825
2004: 64,389
2003: 65,834
2002: 58,841
2001: 63,012

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United States, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury76 per 100,000 population is

2013: 26.6577
2012: 25.93
2011: 23.7177
2010: 23.8177 5
2009: 21.76
2008: 25.8577
2007: 23.19
2006: 23.93
2005: 23.63
2004: 21.99
2003: 22.69
2002: 20.46
2001: 22.11

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the United States, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence81 82 83 84 85

Number of Small Arms Manufactured

ChartThe reported annual number of small arms manufactured in the United States is

2015: 9,358,66186 87
2014: 9,050,62688
2013: 10,844,79289
2012: 8,578,610
2011: 6,541,886
2010: 5,459,24090 91
2009: 5,555,81892
2008: 4,498,944
2007: 3,922,613
2006: 3,653,324
2005: 3,241,494
2004: 3,099,025
2003: 3,308,404
2002: 3,366,895
2001: 2,932,655
2000: 3,793,541
1999: 4,047,747
1998: 3,713,590
1997: 3,593,504
1996: 3,854,439
1995: 4,316,342
1994: 5,173,217
1993: 5,055,637
1992: 4,175,836
1991: 3,563,106
1990: 3,959,968
1989: 4,418,393
1988: 3,963,877
1987: 3,559,663
1986: 3,040,934

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the United States was ranked 'major'93 94

Home-made Guns

In the United States, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be low95

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the United States, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law96 97

Firearm Exports (Number) - Manufacturers

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from the United States is reported by manufacturers to be

2015: 343,45698
2014: 420,93299
2013: 393,121100
2012: 287,554
2011: 296,888
2010: 241,977101
2009: 194,744
2008: 228,488
2007: 204,782
2006: 367,521
2005: 194,682
2004: 139,920
2003: 141,912
2002: 150,756
2001: 172,611
2000: 172,627
1999: 220,318
1998: 203,344
1997: 275,081
1996: 331,997
1995: 424,221
1994: 404,473
1993: 431,204
1992: 403,791
1991: 401,165
1990: 361,625
1989: 261,282
1988: 257,182
1987: 288,045
1986: 217,448

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the United States is reported by Customs to be US$844,462,435 (2011)102 103 104 105 106 107

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the United States was categorized as 'major'108 109 110 111 107 112

Firearm Imports

In the United States, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law96 97 83 82 113 114

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the United States is reported by Customs to be US$1,390,792,761 (2011)102 115 108 116 117 110 118 119 120

Firearm Imports (Number) - Customs

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to the United States is reported to be

2016: 5,137,771121
2015: 3,930,211122
2014: 3,625,268123
2013: 5,539,539
2012: 4,844,590
2011: 3,252,404124
2010: 2,839,947
2009: 3,607,10692
2008: 2,606,386
2007: 2,743,993
2006: 2,432,522
2005: 2,106,675
2004: 1,910,859
2003: 1,466,502
2002: 1,629,237
2001: 1,366,896
2000: 1,096,782
1999: 891,799
1998: 999,810
1997: 939,415
1996: 881,578
1995: 1,103,404
1994: 1,880,902
1993: 3,043,321
1992: 2,846,710
1991: 720,657
1990: 843,809
1989: 1,007,781
1988: 1,276,268
1987: 1,063,513
1986: 701,000

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the United States is moderate125

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the United States, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law126 97

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the United States include127 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the United States scored

2017: 14.25128
2016: 15.25129
2014: 15.75130
2013: 15.00131
2012: 15.00132
2011: 16.25133
2010: 16.25134
2009: 16.25135
2008: 16.50136
2007: 16.50137
2006: 16.75138
2005: 16.25139
2004: 16.50140

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the United States is categorised as permissive141

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the United States includes the National Firearms Act of 1934,98 the Gun Control Act 1968142 as amended143 and the Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act 1993.144 This is Federal legislation only, each US state and territory enacts its own gun law

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the United States are regulated by the federal, state, and local authorities142

Right to Possess Firearms

In the United States, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,145 as limited by federal law.146 147 For similar local rights, see each state.

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the United States, civilians are not allowed to possess machine-guns, sawn-off shotguns and rifles, silencers, and armour-piercing ammunition without appropriate registration148 149 150

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the United States, private possession of fully automatic weapons is permitted subject to federal licensing and registration149 150 28

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the United States, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted without a licence in almost all jurisdictions151

Regulation of Handguns

In the United States, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted without a licence in almost all jurisdictions149 84 28

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the United States, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law149 28

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the United States, non-prohibited persons of minimum age152 153 28 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the United States is regulated by state or local authorities according to weapon type, but is 18 years to purchase shotguns and rifles, or 21 years to purchase all other firearms, according to Federal law154 155 156

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the United States stipulates157 158 153 that firearm possession should be denied or guns seized

Licensing Records

In the United States, authorities do not maintain a record159 of individual civilians permitted to acquire, possess, carry, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the United States, the law does not require160 159 113 161 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the United States, licensed firearm dealers are required162 163 113 161 164 97 165 82 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the United States, licensed gun makers are required162 113 161 97 165 82 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the United States, State agencies are required166 167 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the United States, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted168 81 153

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the United States, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful81 82 153

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in the United States is not obliged168 152 169 170 153 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in the United States is obliged171 172 173 174 175 176 82 153 84 85 177 28 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in the United States is reported to be

2016: 137,464178
2015: 139,840179
2014: 141,116180
2013: 139,244
2012: 130,956
2011: 123,587181
2010: 118,487
2009: 115,395
2008: 112,943
2007: 108,933
2006: 107,316
2005: 106,432
2004: 106,214
2003: 104,105
2002: 103,411
2001: 102,913
2000: 103,157
1999: 103,942
1998: 105,536
1997: 107,554
1996: 135,794
1995: 191,495
1994: 250,833
1993: 283,925
1992: 284,117
1991: 276,116
1990: 269,079
1989: 264,063
1988: 272,953
1987: 262,022
1986: 267,166
1985: 248,794
1984: 222,443
1983: 230,613
1982: 211,918
1981: 190,296
1980: 174,619
1979: 171,216
1978: 169,052
1977: 173,484
1976: 165,697
1975: 161,927

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In the United States, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined171 85

Regulation of Gun Shows

In the United States, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated182 183 170 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the United States include184 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by non-disqualified individuals

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the United States include167 185 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the United States include186 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the United States, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law83 165 166 187

Firearm Tracing

In the United States, state authorities carry out165 166 188 189 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the United States, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are190 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the United States, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed with or without a permit depending on the jurisdiction, and prohibited in others142 28

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the United States, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed with or without a permit depending on the jurisdiction, and prohibited in others142 28

Exempting Hidden Handgun Permit Holders from Background Checks

Although under US federal law, gun owners with a valid permit to carry a hidden handgun are exempt from background checks when buying from a licensed gun dealer,191 192 many state laws are more restrictive

Gun Free Zones

In the United States, private guns are prohibited in federal facilities,193 schools194 and National Parks (unless otherwise specifically permitted)195

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the United States, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm196 is 10 years in prison197

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the United States are known to have198 114 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In the United States, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2008: 10,000199

Small Arms Destroyed

In the United States, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be more than 1,000,000200 (military only, 1993-2015)201 198

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the United States, it is state policy202 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), the United States adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed, but not yet ratified203 204 by the United States

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists205 the United States as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed206 by the United States.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified207 by the United States

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed208 by the United States

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the United States committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects209

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the United States against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 28210 211 212 213 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the United States have submitted one or more national reports214 215 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the United States, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated216 215

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the United States, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated215

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the United States submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent215

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated215 by the United States to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the United States has declared217 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the United States have been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945218

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists219 the United States as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the United States, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the United States ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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