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United Kingdom — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

British gun laws vary by country, and each has its own statistics.
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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the United Kingdom is 4,060,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the United Kingdom is 6.71 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the United Kingdom, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 540,2372 3 4

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the United Kingdom, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,576,5485 3 6

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 14,5013 7 handguns in civilian possession in the United Kingdom

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in the United Kingdom is reported to be 842,6655 2 8 4 6

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the United Kingdom is 1.349

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in the United Kingdom is reported to be 2,149,3305 2 10 4 6

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in the United Kingdom is 3.439

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the United Kingdom are reported to have 900,00011 12 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In the United Kingdom, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm in England, Wales and Scotland, but carry one or more firearms in Northern Ireland13 14 15 16

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the United Kingdom are reported to have 272,88417 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 14618 19 20
2010: 16521 22 23 24
2009: 15025 26 27
2008: 17428 29 30
2007: 13031 32 33
2006: 21134 35 36
2005: 16237 38 39
2004: 15640 41 42
2003: 16343 44 45
2002: 16946 47 48
2001: 15649 50 51
2000: 23452 53 54
1999: 21255 56 57
1998: 19658 59 60
1997: 18761 62 63
1996: 24764 65 66

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.239
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.28
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.35
2005: 0.27
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.28
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.36
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.32
1996: 0.42

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual homicides by any means total

2011/12: 65367 68 69
2010/11: 76570 68 69
2009/10: 712
2008/09: 765
2007/08: 879
2006/07: 85670 68 69 71
2005/06: 83270 68 69
2004/05: 958
2003/04: 914
2002/03: 1,11270 68 69 72
2001/02: 95870 68 73
2000/01: 919
1999/00: 82870 68 73 74

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011/12: 1.039
2010/11: 1.22
2009/10: 1.14
2008/09: 1.24
2007/08: 1.42
2006/07: 1.41
2005/06: 1.38
2004/05: 1.60
2003/04: 1.53
2002/03: 1.87
2001/02: 1.62
2000/01: 1.56
1999/00: 1.41

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 3818 19 20
2010: 3321 22 23 75
2009: 2625 26 27 75
2008: 4028 29 30 75
2007: 1531 32 33 75
2006: 6134 35 36 75
2005: 3837 38 39 75
2004: 3640 41 42 75
2003: 2943 44 45 75
2002: 3946 47 48 75
2001: 3849 50 51 75
2000: 7152 53 54
1999: 4555 56 57 75
1998: 3358 59 60 75
1997: 4561 62 63
1996: 8464 65 66

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.069
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.12
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.14

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual handgun homicides total

2008: 428 29 75
2007: 232 75
2006: 334 35 75
2005: 338 75
2004: 241 75
2003: 344 75
2001: 150 75

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.019
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 1018
2010: 621 75
2009: 425 26 75
2008: 428 29 75
2007: 631 32 33 75
2006: 834 35 36 75
2005: 637 38 39 75
2004: 1140 41 42 75
2003: 643 45 75
2002: 846 48 75
2001: 849 50 75

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.029
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 2818 19 20
2010: 2721 22 23 75
2009: 2225 26 27 75
2008: 3228 29 30 75
2007: 732 33 75
2006: 5034 35 36 75
2005: 2937 38 39 75
2004: 2340 41 42 75
2003: 2043 44 45 75
2002: 3146 47 48 75
2001: 2949 51 75

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.049
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.05

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 6,04576
2010: 5,608
2009: 5,675
2008: 5,706
2007: 5,377
2006: 5,554
2005: 5,671
2004: 5,850
2003: 5,731
2002: 5,826
2001: 5,932
2000: 6,124
1999: 6,255
1998: 6,354
1997: 5,816
1996: 5,877
1995: 6,083
1994: 6,045
1993: 6,212
1992: 6,378
1991: 6,317
1990: 6,437

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 11.876
2010: 11.1
2009: 11.3
2008: 11.4
2007: 10.8
2006: 11.3
2005: 11.5
2004: 12.0
2003: 11.8
2002: 12.1
2001: 12.4
2000: 12.9
1999: 13.2
1998: 13.5
1997: 12.4
1996: 12.4
1995: 13.0
1994: 12.8
1993: 13.3
1992: 13.7
1991: 13.6
1990: 13.9

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 9318 19 20
2010: 10921 22 23 77
2009: 10125 26 27 77
2008: 12028 29 30 77
2007: 10031 32 33 77
2006: 13034 35 36 77
2005: 11137 38 39 77
2004: 10240 41 42 77
2003: 11743 44 45 77
2002: 10846 47 48 77
2001: 10749 50 51 77
2000: 13452 53 54
1999: 14055 56 57 77
1998: 13658 59 60 77
1997: 13761 62 63
1996: 13364 65 66
1995: 18478 79 80

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.159
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.21
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.18
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.24
1998: 0.23
1997: 0.23
1996: 0.23
1995: 0.32

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 119
2010: 123 77
2008: 428 29 77
2007: 131 77
2006: 234 35 77
2005: 138 77
2003: 443 44 77
2002: 346 47 77
2001: 249 51 77

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 4318 19 20
2010: 5921 22 23 77
2009: 5525 26 27 77
2008: 6428 29 30 77
2007: 5231 32 33 77
2006: 7334 35 36 77
2005: 5637 38 39 77
2004: 5040 41 42 77
2003: 5943 44 45 77
2002: 5246 47 48 77
2001: 5949 50 51 77

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.079
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.10

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 4918 19 20
2010: 4921 22 23 77
2009: 4625 26 27 77
2008: 5228 29 30 77
2007: 4731 32 33 77
2006: 5534 35 36 77
2005: 5437 38 39 77
2004: 5240 41 42 77
2003: 5443 44 45 77
2002: 5346 47 48 77
2001: 4649 50 51 77

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.089
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 218 20
2010: 821 81
2009: 1125 81
2008: 528 81
2007: 331 33 81
2006: 534 35 36 81
2005: 137 81
2004: 340 42 81
2003: 443 44 81
2002: 246 48 81
2001: 349 50 81
2000: 1252 53
1999: 655 81
1998: 781
1996: 265
1995: 1478 79

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.019 81
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.029
1999: 0.019 81
1998: 0.0181
1996: 0.009
1995: 0.02

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2006: 134 81
2000: 252

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.009
2000: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 120
2010: 321 81
2009: 525 81
2008: 328 81
2007: 133 81
2006: 235 36 81
2005: 137 81
2003: 243 44 81
2002: 246 48 81
2001: 149 81

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 118
2010: 521 81
2009: 625 81
2008: 228 81
2007: 231 81
2006: 234 81
2005: 281
2004: 340 42 81
2003: 243 81
2002: 181
2001: 249 50 81

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.0081
2004: 0.019
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.0081
2001: 0.009

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 1018 20
2010: 1121 23 82
2009: 825 82
2008: 728 82
2007: 1131 33 82
2006: 1334 36 82
2005: 1137 39 82
2004: 1540 42 82
2003: 1343 44 45 82
2002: 2046 48 82
2001: 849 51 82
2000: 1752 54
1999: 2155 56 57
1998: 2758 59 60
1997: 563
1996: 2864 65 66
1995: 3278 79

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.029
2010: 0.029 82
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.039
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.05
1995: 0.06

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2004: 182
2003: 143 82
2002: 146
2001: 182

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0082
2003: 0.009 82
2002: 0.009
2001: 0.0082

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 618 20
2010: 621 23 82
2009: 425 82
2008: 328 82
2007: 231 33 82
2006: 434 36 82
2005: 737 39 82
2004: 840 42 82
2003: 543 45 82
2002: 1446 48 82
2001: 749 51 82

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.019
2010: 0.019 82
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 418 20
2010: 521 23 82
2009: 425 82
2008: 428 82
2007: 931 33 82
2006: 934 82
2005: 437 82
2004: 740 82
2003: 743 44 45 82
2002: 546 82
2001: 149 82

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.019
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 318 19
2010: 421
2009: 425 26
2008: 228
2007: 132
2006: 234
2005: 137

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the United Kingdom, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence83 84

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the United Kingdom is ranked 'medium'85

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In the United Kingdom, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

Firearm Exports (Number) - Manufacturers

The annual number of firearms exported from the United Kingdom is reported by manufacturers to be 2012: 126,391101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the United Kingdom is reported by Customs to be US$112,052,237110 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the United Kingdom is categorized as 'mid-level'111

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the United Kingdom, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law92 93 112 113 114 115 96 97 98 99

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the United Kingdom is reported by Customs to be US$121,643,569110 (2011)116

Firearm Imports (Number) - Customs

The annual number of firearms imported to the United Kingdom is reported to be 2012: 3,206117

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the United Kingdom is moderate118

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the United Kingdom, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law119 120 121 122

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the United Kingdom include95 123 91 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, the United Kingdom was ranked at No. 5124

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the United Kingdom is categorised as restrictive125

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the United Kingdom includes the Firearms Act 1968,126 the Export Control Act 2002,86 the Export Control Order 2008,88 the Import, Export and Customs Powers (Defence) Act 1939,92 the Import of Goods (Control) Order 1954,112 the European Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,127 128 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,129 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms130

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the United Kingdom are regulated by the Chief Officer of the Police131 and the European Commission128

Right to Possess Firearms

In the United Kingdom, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law131

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the United Kingdom, civilians are not allowed to possess semi automatic and automatic firearms, handguns and armour piercing ammunition132 133 134 135

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the United Kingdom, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited132 133 134 135

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the United Kingdom, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited132 133 136 137 135

Regulation of Handguns

In the United Kingdom, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited132 133 134 136 137 135

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the United Kingdom, only licensed gun owners138 131 139 134 136 140 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the United Kingdom are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting or collection131 141 142 143 144

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the United Kingdom is 14 years for licence, 17 years for purchase, and 21 years to purchase shotguns145 144

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the United Kingdom must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and addiction146 147 148 144 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the United Kingdom, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required149 148

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the United Kingdom stipulates150 151 152 153 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the United Kingdom, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required154 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the United Kingdom gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years155 148 140

Licensing Records

In the United Kingdom, authorities maintain a record5 2 8 4 6 133 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the United Kingdom are permitted to possess only an approved number of firearms131

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the United Kingdom are permitted to possess only approved quantities of ammunition131 156

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the United Kingdom, the law requires5 2 10 4 6 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the United Kingdom, licensed firearm dealers are required157 133 158 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the United Kingdom, licensed gun makers are required157 133 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the United Kingdom, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited83 159

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the United Kingdom, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful83 160 161 137

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the United Kingdom include162 163 148 164 165 166 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the United Kingdom do not include154 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the United Kingdom include167 168 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the United Kingdom include169 163 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the United Kingdom, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law170 171 172

Firearm Tracing

In the United Kingdom, state authorities carry out173 172 158 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In the United Kingdom, state authorities employ174 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the United Kingdom, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited175

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the United Kingdom, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited175

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the United Kingdom, the maximum penalty for illicit firearm possession is 5 to 10 years in prison, depending on gun type176 165 166

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the United Kingdom are known to have177 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In the United Kingdom, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 543,000177 (1992-1995), 2,167178 (2012)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the United Kingdom, it is state policy179 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, the United Kingdom is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament180 181

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, the United Kingdom is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that the United Kingdom has submitted one or more national reports182 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

At the resumption of the most recent session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, the United Kingdom was listed as an elected member for a three-year term of office183

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006184 by the United Kingdom.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified185 by the United Kingdom

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified186 by the United Kingdom

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the United Kingdom committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects187

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the United Kingdom has submitted one or more national reports188 189 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the United Kingdom, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated190 189

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the United Kingdom, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated190 189

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the United Kingdom submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent191 190 189

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated189 by the United Kingdom to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the United Kingdom has declared192 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the United Kingdom has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945193

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists194 the United Kingdom as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the United Kingdom, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the United Kingdom ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

UK.2012.‘Table 1: Firearm Certificates: Applications, Certificates on Issue and Firearms Covered by Certificates: 1995 to 2011/12.’ Firearm and Shotgun Certificates in England and Wales, 1995 to 2011/12 - Data tables.London:Office for National Statistics,16 August. (Q6617)Full Citation

3.

Northern Ireland.2013.‘Long Guns and Handguns Registered in Northern Ireland.’ Response to a Freedom of Information Request.Belfast:Police Service of Northern Ireland,10 February. (Q6607)Full Citation

4.

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5.

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