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United Kingdom — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the United Kingdom is 4,060,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the United Kingdom is 6.71 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the United Kingdom, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 540,2372 3 4

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the United Kingdom, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,576,5485 3 6

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 14,5013 7 handguns in civilian possession in the United Kingdom

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in the United Kingdom is reported to be 842,6655 2 8 4 6

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the United Kingdom is 1.349

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in the United Kingdom is reported to be 2,149,3305 2 10 4 6

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in the United Kingdom is 3.439

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the United Kingdom are reported to have 900,00011 12 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In the United Kingdom, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm in England, Wales and Scotland, but carry one or more firearms in Northern Ireland13 14 15 16

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the United Kingdom are reported to have 272,88417 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 14618 19 20
2010: 16521 22 23 24
2009: 15025 26 27
2008: 17428 29 30
2007: 13031 32 33
2006: 21134 35 36
2005: 16237 38 39
2004: 15640 41 42
2003: 16343 44 45
2002: 16946 47 48
2001: 15649 50 51
2000: 23452 53 54
1999: 21255 56 57
1998: 19658 59 60
1997: 18761 62 63
1996: 24764 65 66

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.239
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.28
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.35
2005: 0.27
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.28
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.36
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.32
1996: 0.42

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual homicides by any means total

2011/12: 65367 68 69 70
2010/11: 76571 68 69
2009/10: 712
2008/09: 765
2007/08: 879
2006/07: 85671 68 69 72
2005/06: 83271 68 69
2004/05: 958
2003/04: 914
2002/03: 1,11271 68 69 73
2001/02: 95871 68 74
2000/01: 919
1999/00: 82871 68 74 75

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011/12: 1.039 70
2010/11: 1.229
2009/10: 1.14
2008/09: 1.24
2007/08: 1.42
2006/07: 1.41
2005/06: 1.38
2004/05: 1.60
2003/04: 1.53
2002/03: 1.87
2001/02: 1.62
2000/01: 1.56
1999/00: 1.41

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 3818 19 20
2010: 3321 22 23 76
2009: 2625 26 27 76
2008: 4028 29 30 76
2007: 1531 32 33 76
2006: 6134 35 36 76
2005: 3837 38 39 76
2004: 3640 41 42 76
2003: 2943 44 45 76
2002: 3946 47 48 76
2001: 3849 50 51 76
2000: 7152 53 54
1999: 4555 56 57 76
1998: 3358 59 60 76
1997: 4561 62 63
1996: 8464 65 66

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.069
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.12
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.14

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In the United Kingdom, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be 2011/12: 8%70

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual handgun homicides total

2008: 428 29 76
2007: 232 76
2006: 334 35 76
2005: 338 76
2004: 241 76
2003: 344 76
2001: 150 76

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.019
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 1018
2010: 621 76
2009: 425 26 76
2008: 428 29 76
2007: 631 32 33 76
2006: 834 35 36 76
2005: 637 38 39 76
2004: 1140 41 42 76
2003: 643 45 76
2002: 846 48 76
2001: 849 50 76

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.029
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 2818 19 20
2010: 2721 22 23 76
2009: 2225 26 27 76
2008: 3228 29 30 76
2007: 732 33 76
2006: 5034 35 36 76
2005: 2937 38 39 76
2004: 2340 41 42 76
2003: 2043 44 45 76
2002: 3146 47 48 76
2001: 2949 51 76

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.049
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.05

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 6,04577
2010: 5,608
2009: 5,675
2008: 5,706
2007: 5,377
2006: 5,554
2005: 5,671
2004: 5,850
2003: 5,731
2002: 5,826
2001: 5,932
2000: 6,124
1999: 6,255
1998: 6,354
1997: 5,816
1996: 5,877
1995: 6,083
1994: 6,045
1993: 6,212
1992: 6,378
1991: 6,317
1990: 6,437

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 11.877
2010: 11.1
2009: 11.3
2008: 11.4
2007: 10.8
2006: 11.3
2005: 11.5
2004: 12.0
2003: 11.8
2002: 12.1
2001: 12.4
2000: 12.9
1999: 13.2
1998: 13.5
1997: 12.4
1996: 12.4
1995: 13.0
1994: 12.8
1993: 13.3
1992: 13.7
1991: 13.6
1990: 13.9

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 9318 19 20
2010: 10921 22 23 78
2009: 10125 26 27 78
2008: 12028 29 30 78
2007: 10031 32 33 78
2006: 13034 35 36 78
2005: 11137 38 39 78
2004: 10240 41 42 78
2003: 11743 44 45 78
2002: 10846 47 48 78
2001: 10749 50 51 78
2000: 13452 53 54
1999: 14055 56 57 78
1998: 13658 59 60 78
1997: 13761 62 63
1996: 13364 65 66
1995: 18479 80 81

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.159
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.21
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.18
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.24
1998: 0.23
1997: 0.23
1996: 0.23
1995: 0.32

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 119
2010: 123 78
2008: 428 29 78
2007: 131 78
2006: 234 35 78
2005: 138 78
2003: 443 44 78
2002: 346 47 78
2001: 249 51 78

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 4318 19 20
2010: 5921 22 23 78
2009: 5525 26 27 78
2008: 6428 29 30 78
2007: 5231 32 33 78
2006: 7334 35 36 78
2005: 5637 38 39 78
2004: 5040 41 42 78
2003: 5943 44 45 78
2002: 5246 47 48 78
2001: 5949 50 51 78

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.079
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.10

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 4918 19 20
2010: 4921 22 23 78
2009: 4625 26 27 78
2008: 5228 29 30 78
2007: 4731 32 33 78
2006: 5534 35 36 78
2005: 5437 38 39 78
2004: 5240 41 42 78
2003: 5443 44 45 78
2002: 5346 47 48 78
2001: 4649 50 51 78

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.089
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 218 20
2010: 821 82
2009: 1125 82
2008: 528 82
2007: 331 33 82
2006: 534 35 36 82
2005: 137 82
2004: 340 42 82
2003: 443 44 82
2002: 246 48 82
2001: 349 50 82
2000: 1252 53
1999: 655 82
1998: 782
1996: 265
1995: 1479 80

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.019 82
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.029
1999: 0.019 82
1998: 0.0182
1996: 0.009
1995: 0.02

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2006: 134 82
2000: 252

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.009
2000: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 120
2010: 321 82
2009: 525 82
2008: 328 82
2007: 133 82
2006: 235 36 82
2005: 137 82
2003: 243 44 82
2002: 246 48 82
2001: 149 82

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 118
2010: 521 82
2009: 625 82
2008: 228 82
2007: 231 82
2006: 234 82
2005: 282
2004: 340 42 82
2003: 243 82
2002: 182
2001: 249 50 82

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.0082
2004: 0.019
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.0082
2001: 0.009

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 1018 20
2010: 1121 23 83
2009: 825 83
2008: 728 83
2007: 1131 33 83
2006: 1334 36 83
2005: 1137 39 83
2004: 1540 42 83
2003: 1343 44 45 83
2002: 2046 48 83
2001: 849 51 83
2000: 1752 54
1999: 2155 56 57
1998: 2758 59 60
1997: 563
1996: 2864 65 66
1995: 3279 80

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.029
2010: 0.029 83
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.039
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.05
1995: 0.06

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2004: 183
2003: 143 83
2002: 146
2001: 183

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0083
2003: 0.009 83
2002: 0.009
2001: 0.0083

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 618 20
2010: 621 23 83
2009: 425 83
2008: 328 83
2007: 231 33 83
2006: 434 36 83
2005: 737 39 83
2004: 840 42 83
2003: 543 45 83
2002: 1446 48 83
2001: 749 51 83

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.019
2010: 0.019 83
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 418 20
2010: 521 23 83
2009: 425 83
2008: 428 83
2007: 931 33 83
2006: 934 83
2005: 437 83
2004: 740 83
2003: 743 44 45 83
2002: 546 83
2001: 149 83

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.019
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 318 19
2010: 421
2009: 425 26
2008: 228
2007: 132
2006: 234
2005: 137

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the United Kingdom, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence84 85

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the United Kingdom is ranked 'medium'86

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In the United Kingdom, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101

Firearm Exports (Number) - Manufacturers

The annual number of firearms exported from the United Kingdom is reported by manufacturers to be 2012: 126,391102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the United Kingdom is reported by Customs to be US$112,052,237111 (2011)112

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the United Kingdom is categorized as 'mid-level'113

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the United Kingdom, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law93 94 114 115 116 117 97 98 99 100

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the United Kingdom is reported by Customs to be US$121,643,569111 (2011)118 119

Firearm Imports (Number) - Customs

The annual number of firearms imported to the United Kingdom is reported to be 2012: 3,206120

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the United Kingdom is moderate121

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the United Kingdom, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law122 123 124 125

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the United Kingdom include96 126 92 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, the United Kingdom was ranked at No. 5127

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the United Kingdom is categorised as restrictive128

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the United Kingdom includes the Firearms Act 1968,129 the Export Control Act 2002,87 the Export Control Order 2008,89 the Import, Export and Customs Powers (Defence) Act 1939,93 the Import of Goods (Control) Order 1954,114 the European Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,130 131 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,132 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms133

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the United Kingdom are regulated by the Chief Officer of the Police134 and the European Commission131

Right to Possess Firearms

In the United Kingdom, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law135 134

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the United Kingdom, civilians are not allowed to possess semi automatic and automatic firearms, handguns and armour piercing ammunition136 137 138 139

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the United Kingdom, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited136 137 138 139 70

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the United Kingdom, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited136 137 140 141 139

Regulation of Handguns

In the United Kingdom, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited136 137 138 140 141 139 70

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the United Kingdom, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law142 136 70

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the United Kingdom, only licensed gun owners143 134 144 138 140 145 70 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the United Kingdom are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting or collection134 142 146 147 148

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the United Kingdom is 14 years for licence, 17 years for purchase, and 21 years to purchase shotguns149 148

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the United Kingdom must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and addiction150 151 152 148 70 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the United Kingdom, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required153 152

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the United Kingdom stipulates154 155 156 157 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the United Kingdom, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required158 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the United Kingdom, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years159 152 145

Licensing Records

In the United Kingdom, authorities maintain a record5 2 8 4 6 137 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the United Kingdom are permitted to possess only an approved number of firearms134

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the United Kingdom are permitted to possess only approved quantities of ammunition134 160

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the United Kingdom, the law requires5 2 10 4 6 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the United Kingdom, licensed firearm dealers are required161 137 162 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the United Kingdom, licensed gun makers are required161 137 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the United Kingdom, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted84 163

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the United Kingdom, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful84 164 165 141

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the United Kingdom include166 167 152 168 169 170 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the United Kingdom do not include158 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the United Kingdom include171 172 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the United Kingdom include173 167 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the United Kingdom, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law174 175 176

Firearm Tracing

In the United Kingdom, state authorities carry out177 176 162 178 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the United Kingdom, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not179 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the United Kingdom, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited180 70

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the United Kingdom, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited180 70

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the United Kingdom, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm181 is 5 to 10 years in prison, depending on gun type182 169 170

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the United Kingdom are known to have183 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2003: 43,908184
1996: 23,000185

Small Arms Destroyed

In the United Kingdom, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 543,000183 (1992-1995), 2,167186 (2012)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the United Kingdom, it is state policy187 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, the United Kingdom is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament188 189

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, the United Kingdom is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that the United Kingdom has submitted one or more national reports190 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists191 the United Kingdom as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006192 by the United Kingdom.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified193 by the United Kingdom

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified194 by the United Kingdom

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the United Kingdom committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects195

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the United Kingdom against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 35196 197 198 199 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the United Kingdom has submitted one or more national reports200 201 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the United Kingdom, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated202 201

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the United Kingdom, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated202 201

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the United Kingdom submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent203 202 201

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated201 by the United Kingdom to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the United Kingdom has declared204 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the United Kingdom has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945205

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists206 the United Kingdom as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the United Kingdom, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the United Kingdom ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

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3.

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