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United Kingdom — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

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StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the United Kingdom is 4,060,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the United Kingdom is 6.71 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the United Kingdom, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 540,2372 3 4

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the United Kingdom, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,576,5485 3 6

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 14,5013 7 handguns in civilian possession in the United Kingdom

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in the United Kingdom is reported to be 842,6655 2 8 4 6

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the United Kingdom is 1.349

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in the United Kingdom is reported to be 2,149,3305 2 10 4 6

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in the United Kingdom is 3.439

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the United Kingdom are reported to have 900,00011 12 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In the United Kingdom, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm in England, Wales and Scotland, but carry one or more firearms in Northern Ireland13 14 15 16

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the United Kingdom are reported to have 272,88417 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 14618 19 20
2010: 16521 22 23 24
2009: 15025 26 27
2008: 17428 29 30
2007: 13031 32 33
2006: 21134 35 36
2005: 16237 38 39
2004: 15640 41 42
2003: 16343 44 45
2002: 16946 47 48
2001: 15649 50 51
2000: 23452 53 54
1999: 21255 56 57
1998: 19658 59 60
1997: 18761 62 63
1996: 24764 65 66

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.239
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.28
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.35
2005: 0.27
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.28
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.36
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.32
1996: 0.42

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual homicides by any means total

2011/12: 65367 68 69 70 71
2010/11: 76572 68 69 70
2009/10: 712
2008/09: 765
2007/08: 879
2006/07: 85672 68 69 70 73
2005/06: 83272 68 69 70
2004/05: 958
2003/04: 914
2002/03: 1,11272 68 69 70 74
2001/02: 95872 68 75 70
2000/01: 919
1999/00: 82872 68 75 76

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011/12: 1.039 70 71
2010/11: 1.229 70
2009/10: 1.14
2008/09: 1.24
2007/08: 1.42
2006/07: 1.41
2005/06: 1.38
2004/05: 1.60
2003/04: 1.53
2002/03: 1.87
2001/02: 1.62
2000/01: 1.56
1999/00: 1.419

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 3818 19 20
2010: 3321 22 23 77
2009: 2625 26 27 77
2008: 4028 29 30 77
2007: 1531 32 33 77
2006: 6134 35 36 77
2005: 3837 38 39 77
2004: 3640 41 42 77
2003: 2943 44 45 77
2002: 3946 47 48 77
2001: 3849 50 51 77
2000: 7152 53 54
1999: 4555 56 57 77
1998: 3358 59 60 77
1997: 4561 62 63
1996: 8464 65 66

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.069
2010: 0.05
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.12
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.14

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In the United Kingdom, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be 2011/12: 8%71

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual handgun homicides total

2008: 428 29 77
2007: 232 77
2006: 334 35 77
2005: 338 77
2004: 241 77
2003: 344 77
2001: 150 77

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.019
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 1018
2010: 621 77
2009: 425 26 77
2008: 428 29 77
2007: 631 32 33 77
2006: 834 35 36 77
2005: 637 38 39 77
2004: 1140 41 42 77
2003: 643 45 77
2002: 846 48 77
2001: 849 50 77

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.029
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 2818 19 20
2010: 2721 22 23 77
2009: 2225 26 27 77
2008: 3228 29 30 77
2007: 732 33 77
2006: 5034 35 36 77
2005: 2937 38 39 77
2004: 2340 41 42 77
2003: 2043 44 45 77
2002: 3146 47 48 77
2001: 2949 51 77

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.049
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.05

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 6,04578
2010: 5,608
2009: 5,675
2008: 5,706
2007: 5,377
2006: 5,554
2005: 5,671
2004: 5,850
2003: 5,731
2002: 5,826
2001: 5,932
2000: 6,124
1999: 6,255
1998: 6,354
1997: 5,816
1996: 5,877
1995: 6,083
1994: 6,045
1993: 6,212
1992: 6,378
1991: 6,317
1990: 6,437

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 11.878
2010: 11.1
2009: 11.3
2008: 11.4
2007: 10.8
2006: 11.3
2005: 11.5
2004: 12.0
2003: 11.8
2002: 12.1
2001: 12.4
2000: 12.9
1999: 13.2
1998: 13.5
1997: 12.4
1996: 12.4
1995: 13.0
1994: 12.8
1993: 13.3
1992: 13.7
1991: 13.6
1990: 13.9

Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 9318 19 20
2010: 10921 22 23 79
2009: 10125 26 27 79
2008: 12028 29 30 79
2007: 10031 32 33 79
2006: 13034 35 36 79
2005: 11137 38 39 79
2004: 10240 41 42 79
2003: 11743 44 45 79
2002: 10846 47 48 79
2001: 10749 50 51 79
2000: 13452 53 54
1999: 14055 56 57 79
1998: 13658 59 60 79
1997: 13761 62 63
1996: 13364 65 66
1995: 18480 81 82

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.159
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.19
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.21
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.18
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.23
1999: 0.24
1998: 0.23
1997: 0.23
1996: 0.23
1995: 0.32

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 119
2010: 123 79
2008: 428 29 79
2007: 131 79
2006: 234 35 79
2005: 138 79
2003: 443 44 79
2002: 346 47 79
2001: 249 51 79

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 4318 19 20
2010: 5921 22 23 79
2009: 5525 26 27 79
2008: 6428 29 30 79
2007: 5231 32 33 79
2006: 7334 35 36 79
2005: 5637 38 39 79
2004: 5040 41 42 79
2003: 5943 44 45 79
2002: 5246 47 48 79
2001: 5949 50 51 79

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.079
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.09
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.10

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 4918 19 20
2010: 4921 22 23 79
2009: 4625 26 27 79
2008: 5228 29 30 79
2007: 4731 32 33 79
2006: 5534 35 36 79
2005: 5437 38 39 79
2004: 5240 41 42 79
2003: 5443 44 45 79
2002: 5346 47 48 79
2001: 4649 50 51 79

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.089
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 218 20
2010: 821 83
2009: 1125 83
2008: 528 83
2007: 331 33 83
2006: 534 35 36 83
2005: 137 83
2004: 340 42 83
2003: 443 44 83
2002: 246 48 83
2001: 349 50 83
2000: 1252 53
1999: 655 83
1998: 783
1996: 265
1995: 1480 81

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.019 83
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.029
1999: 0.019 83
1998: 0.0183
1996: 0.009
1995: 0.02

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2006: 134 83
2000: 252

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.009
2000: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 120
2010: 321 83
2009: 525 83
2008: 328 83
2007: 133 83
2006: 235 36 83
2005: 137 83
2003: 243 44 83
2002: 246 48 83
2001: 149 83

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 118
2010: 521 83
2009: 625 83
2008: 228 83
2007: 231 83
2006: 234 83
2005: 283
2004: 340 42 83
2003: 243 83
2002: 183
2001: 249 50 83

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.0083
2004: 0.019
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.0083
2001: 0.009

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 1018 20
2010: 1121 23 84
2009: 825 84
2008: 728 84
2007: 1131 33 84
2006: 1334 36 84
2005: 1137 39 84
2004: 1540 42 84
2003: 1343 44 45 84
2002: 2046 48 84
2001: 849 51 84
2000: 1752 54
1999: 2155 56 57
1998: 2758 59 60
1997: 563
1996: 2864 65 66
1995: 3280 81

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.029
2010: 0.029 84
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.039
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.01
1996: 0.05
1995: 0.06

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2004: 184
2003: 143 84
2002: 146
2001: 184

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0084
2003: 0.009 84
2002: 0.009
2001: 0.0084

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 618 20
2010: 621 23 84
2009: 425 84
2008: 328 84
2007: 231 33 84
2006: 434 36 84
2005: 737 39 84
2004: 840 42 84
2003: 543 45 84
2002: 1446 48 84
2001: 749 51 84

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.019
2010: 0.019 84
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 418 20
2010: 521 23 84
2009: 425 84
2008: 428 84
2007: 931 33 84
2006: 934 84
2005: 437 84
2004: 740 84
2003: 743 44 45 84
2002: 546 84
2001: 149 84

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.019
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn the United Kingdom, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 318 19
2010: 421
2009: 425 26
2008: 228
2007: 132
2006: 234
2005: 137

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the United Kingdom, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence85 86

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the United Kingdom was ranked 'medium'87

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In the United Kingdom, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102

Firearm Exports (Number) - Manufacturers

The annual number of firearms exported from the United Kingdom is reported by manufacturers to be 2012: 126,391103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the United Kingdom is reported by Customs to be US$112,052,237112 (2011)113

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the United Kingdom was categorized as 'mid-level'114

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the United Kingdom, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law94 95 115 116 117 118 98 99 100 101

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the United Kingdom is reported by Customs to be US$121,643,569112 (2011)119 120

Firearm Imports (Number) - Customs

The annual number of firearms imported to the United Kingdom is reported to be 2012: 3,206121

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the United Kingdom is moderate122

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the United Kingdom, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law123 124 125 126

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the United Kingdom include97 127 93 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, the United Kingdom was ranked at No. 5128

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the United Kingdom is categorised as restrictive129

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the United Kingdom includes the Firearms Act 1968,130 the Export Control Act 2002,88 the Export Control Order 2008,90 the Import, Export and Customs Powers (Defence) Act 1939,94 the Import of Goods (Control) Order 1954,115 the European Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,131 132 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,133 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms134

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the United Kingdom are regulated by the Chief Officer of the Police135 and the European Commission132

Right to Possess Firearms

In the United Kingdom, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law136 135

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the United Kingdom, civilians are not allowed to possess semi automatic and automatic firearms, handguns and armour piercing ammunition137 138 139 140

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the United Kingdom, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited137 138 139 140 71

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the United Kingdom, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited137 138 141 142 140

Regulation of Handguns

In the United Kingdom, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited137 138 139 141 142 140 71

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the United Kingdom, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law143 137 71

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the United Kingdom, only licensed gun owners144 135 145 139 141 146 71 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the United Kingdom are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting or collection135 143 147 148 149

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the United Kingdom is 14 years for licence, 17 years for purchase, and 21 years to purchase shotguns150 149

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the United Kingdom must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and addiction151 152 153 149 71 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the United Kingdom, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required154 153

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the United Kingdom stipulates155 156 157 158 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the United Kingdom, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required159 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the United Kingdom, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years160 153 146

Licensing Records

In the United Kingdom, authorities maintain a record5 2 8 4 6 138 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the United Kingdom are permitted to possess only an approved number of firearms135

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the United Kingdom are permitted to possess only approved quantities of ammunition135 161

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the United Kingdom, the law requires5 2 10 4 6 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the United Kingdom, licensed firearm dealers are required162 138 163 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the United Kingdom, licensed gun makers are required162 138 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the United Kingdom, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted85 164

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the United Kingdom, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful85 165 166 142

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the United Kingdom include167 168 153 169 170 171 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the United Kingdom do not include159 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the United Kingdom include172 173 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the United Kingdom include174 168 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the United Kingdom, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law175 176 177

Firearm Tracing

In the United Kingdom, state authorities carry out178 177 163 179 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the United Kingdom, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not180 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the United Kingdom, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited181 71

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In the United Kingdom, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited181 71

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the United Kingdom, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm182 is 5 to 10 years in prison, depending on gun type183 170 171

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the United Kingdom are known to have184 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn the United Kingdom, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2003: 43,908185
1996: 23,000186

Small Arms Destroyed

In the United Kingdom, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 543,000184 (1992-1995), 2,167187 (2012)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the United Kingdom, it is state policy188 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, the United Kingdom is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament189 190

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, the United Kingdom is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that the United Kingdom has submitted one or more national reports191 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists192 the United Kingdom as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006193 by the United Kingdom.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified194 by the United Kingdom

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified195 by the United Kingdom

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the United Kingdom committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects196

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the United Kingdom against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 35197 198 199 200 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the United Kingdom has submitted one or more national reports201 202 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the United Kingdom, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated203 202

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the United Kingdom, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated203 202

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the United Kingdom submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent204 203 202

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated202 by the United Kingdom to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the United Kingdom has declared205 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the United Kingdom has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945206

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists207 the United Kingdom as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the United Kingdom, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the United Kingdom ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

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3.

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