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Ukraine — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Ukraine is 3,100,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Ukraine is 6.61 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Ukraine, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 24,7702

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Ukraine, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 697,2242

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Ukraine ranked at No. 243

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Ukraine ranked at No. 841

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Ukraine is reported to be 640,6152

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Ukraine is 1.294

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Ukraine is reported to be

2011: 1,076,0005
1999: 722,7392

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Ukraine is

2011: 2.384
1999: 1.46

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Ukraine are reported to have 7,000,0006 7 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Ukraine are reported to have 460,0008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, annual homicides by any means total

2010: 1,9639
2009: 2,240
2008: 2,466
2007: 2,646
2006: 2,9589 10
2005: 3,030
2004: 3,4879 11
2003: 4,041
2002: 4,2969
2001: 4,854
2000: 4,4189 12
1999: 4,250
1998: 4,195
1997: 4,2319 13
1996: 4,896
1995: 4,407

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 4.39
2009: 4.9
2008: 5.49 14
2007: 5.7
2006: 6.39 10 14
2005: 6.5
2004: 7.49 11 14
2003: 8.5
2002: 8.99 14
2001: 10.0
2000: 9.09 12 14
1999: 8.6
1998: 8.4
1997: 8.49 13 14
1996: 9.6
1995: 8.6

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ukraine, annual firearm homicides total

2009: 1009
2008: 84
2007: 75
2006: 9710
2005: 105
2004: 10411
2003: 146
2000: 17312
1999: 202
1998: 223
1997: 25613
1996: 250
1995: 254

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ukraine, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.29
2008: 0.2
2007: 0.2
2006: 0.2110
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.2211
2003: 0.31
2000: 0.3512
1999: 0.40
1998: 0.44
1997: 0.5013
1996: 0.49
1995: 0.49

Suicides (any method)

In Ukraine, annual suicides by any means total 1999: 14,45215

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Ukraine, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1999: 29.7815

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Ukraine, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence16

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Ukraine is ranked 'small'17

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Ukraine, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law18 19

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Ukraine is reported by Customs to be US$9,075,28520 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Ukraine is categorized as 'unknown'21

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Ukraine, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Ukraine is reported by Customs to be US$21,133,43620 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Ukraine, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law18

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Ukraine was ranked at No. 3922

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Ukraine is categorised as restrictive23

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Ukraine includes the Various Ukraine Parliamentary Decrees2

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Ukraine are regulated by the Ministry of Internal Affairs2

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Ukraine, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence24

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Ukraine, only licensed gun owners2 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Ukraine are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security2

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Ukraine is 21 years2

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Ukraine must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and domestic violence2 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Ukraine stipulates2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Ukraine, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required (excluding hunting licences)2 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Ukraine, the law requires25 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Ukraine, State agencies are required25 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Ukraine include26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Ukraine include27 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Ukraine, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law28

Firearm Tracing

In Ukraine, state authorities do not carry out2 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Ukraine, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit2

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Ukraine, the maximum penalty for illicit firearm possession is 2 to 7 years prison29

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Ukraine, it is not state policy30 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

At the resumption of the most recent session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, Ukraine was listed as an elected member for a three-year term of office31

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed32 by Ukraine.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed33 by Ukraine

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified34 by Ukraine

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Ukraine committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects35

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Ukraine has submitted one or more national reports36 37 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Ukraine, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated38 37

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Ukraine, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated37

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated37 by Ukraine to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided37 to Ukraine by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Ukraine has declared39 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Ukraine has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194540

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists41 Ukraine as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Ukraine, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Ukraine ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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2.

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3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org.2011.‘Calculated Rates – Ukraine.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,17 March. (Q4295)Full Citation

5.

Medved, Valentyn.2011.‘Ukraine Ranks 84th by Number of Gun Owners, Says Small Arms Survey.’ Ukrainian Journal / Komsomolskaya Pravda.Kiev:7 November. (Q5986)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2013.‘Table 4: Twenty Largest Military Small Arms Inventories.’ Armed Actors - Data Sources and the Estimation of Military-Owned Small Arms.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 September. (Q8186)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Table 1 - Estimated Law Enforcement Firearms in 20 Selected Countries.’ Armed Actors - Estimating Law Enforcement Firearms.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 December. (Q6544)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Ukraine.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6277)Full Citation

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UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 – 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

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UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

13.

UNODC.2001.‘Ukraine: Total Recorded Intentional Homicides (Completed) and Total Recorded Intentional Homicides Committed With a Firearm.’ Sixth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems, 1995-1997.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,27 June. (Q90)Full Citation

14.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Europe and Central Asia, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3816)Full Citation

15.

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16.

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17.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

18.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

19.

Holtom, Paul.2011.‘Ukrainian Framework for Arms Exports.’ Ukrainian Arms Supplies to Sub-Saharan Africa.Stockholm:Stockholm International Peace Research Institute,1 February. (Q4018)Full Citation

20.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

21.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

22.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

23.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

24.

Ukraine.1998.‘Approving the Instructions on the Manufacture, Purchase, Storage, Registration, Transportation and Use of Firearms….’ Order N 622, amended 1999, 2002, 2004.Kiev:Ministry of Internal Affairs,21 August. (Q92)Full Citation

25.

Ukraine.2010.‘Record Keeping.’ National Report of Ukraine on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Ukraine to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4588)Full Citation

26.

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27.

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28.

Ukraine.2010.‘Marking.’ National Report of Ukraine on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Ukraine to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4587)Full Citation

29.

Grillot, Suzette R.2003.‘Elements of the Ukrainian SALW Control System: Enforcement and penalties.’ Small Arms Control in the Black Sea Region: A regional assessment of small arms control initiatives.London:International Alert, Security and Peacebuilding Programme,1 December. (Q105)Full Citation

30.

Holtom, Paul.2011.‘Ukrainian Surplus Small Arms and Ammunition.’ Ukrainian Arms Supplies to Sub-Saharan Africa.Stockholm:Stockholm International Peace Research Institute,1 February. (Q4019)Full Citation

31.

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32.

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33.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

34.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

35.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

36.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

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38.

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39.

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41.

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