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Turkey — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Turkey is 9,000,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Turkey is 12.51 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Turkey, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 11,4692

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Turkey, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,483,5022

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 538,3992 handguns in civilian possession in Turkey

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Turkey ranked at No. 143

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Turkey ranked at No. 521

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Turkey is reported to be 2005: 3,000,0003

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Turkey is 2005: 4.134

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Turkey are reported to have 2,500,0005 6 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Turkey are reported to have 530,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 1,2698 9 10
2010: 1,312
2009: 1,191

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 164.884
2010: 170.47
2009: 154.75

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, annual homicides by any means total

2008: 2,32011
2007: 2,540
2006: 3,16811 12
2005: 3,305
2004: 2,91411 13
2003: 2,837

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 3.311 14
2007: 3.6
2006: 4.611 12
2005: 4.9
2004: 4.311 13
2003: 4.3

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 4738
2010: 576
2009: 505
2006: 53512
2005: 491
2004: 53913
2003: 538

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.648
2010: 0.79
2009: 0.70
2006: 0.7212
2005: 0.67
2004: 0.7713
2003: 0.76

Handgun Homicides

In Turkey, annual handgun homicides total 2009: 38

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Turkey, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is 2009: 0.008

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 1108
2010: 187
2009: 84

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.158
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.12

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Turkey, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 3638
2010: 389
2009: 418

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.498
2010: 0.53
2009: 0.58

Suicides (any method)

In Turkey, annual suicides by any means total 1996: 1,41515

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Turkey, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1996: 1.9815

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 2439
2010: 324
2009: 307

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.339
2010: 0.44
2009: 0.43

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 19
2010: 3
2009: 1

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Turkey, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 569
2010: 67
2009: 49

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.089
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.07

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Turkey, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 1869
2010: 254
2009: 257

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.259
2010: 0.35
2009: 0.36

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 55310
2010: 412
2009: 379

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.7510
2010: 0.56
2009: 0.53

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 16610
2010: 113
2009: 76

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.2210
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 38710
2010: 299
2009: 303

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.5210
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.42

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Turkey, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence2

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Turkey is ranked 'medium'16

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Turkey, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law17

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Turkey is reported by Customs to be US$108,582,90918 (2011)19 20 21

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Turkey is categorized as 'minor'22 20

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Turkey, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Turkey is reported by Customs to be US$36,168,94918 (2011)23

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Turkey, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law17

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Turkey was ranked at No. 3524

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Turkey is categorised as restrictive25

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Turkey are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior2

Right to Possess Firearms

In Turkey, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law26

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Turkey, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms and semi-automatic firearms27

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Turkey, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited27

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Turkey, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited27

Regulation of Handguns

In Turkey, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence27

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Turkey, only licensed gun owners28 29 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Turkey are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security2

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Turkey is 21 years29

Gun Licence Background Check

An applicant for a firearm licence in Turkey must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental, domestic violence, medical, and addiction29 30 31 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Turkey stipulates2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Turkey gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years32

Licensing Records

In Turkey, authorities maintains a record27 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Turkey, the law requires33 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Turkey, licensed firearm dealers are required27 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Turkey, licensed gun makers are required33 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Turkey, State agencies are required34 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Turkey do not include32 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Turkey include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Turkey, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law33 33

Firearm Tracing

In Turkey, state authorities carry out33 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Turkey, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit32

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Turkey, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm35 is 3 years prison and a fine32

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

At the resumption of the most recent session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, Turkey was listed as an elected member for a three-year term of office36

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed37 by Turkey.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified38 by Turkey

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified39 by Turkey

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Turkey committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects40

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Turkey against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8241 42 43 44 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Turkey has submitted one or more national reports45 17 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Turkey, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated46 17

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Turkey submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent17

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated17 by Turkey to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Turkey has declared47 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Turkey has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194548

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists49 Turkey as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Turkey, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Turkey ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

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Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

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