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Turkey — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Turkey is 9,000,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Turkey is 12.51 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Turkey, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 11,4692

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Turkey, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,483,5022

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Turkey, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 538,3992

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Turkey ranked at No. 143

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Turkey ranked at No. 521

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Turkey is reported to be

2005: 3,000,0001

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Turkey is

2005: 4.264

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Turkey are reported to have 2,500,0005 6 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Turkey are reported to have 530,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 1,8308 9 10
2012: 1,4888 9 10 11
2011: 1,2698 9 10
2010: 1,312
2009: 1,191

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.364
2012: 1.954 11
2011: 1.684
2010: 1.76
2009: 1.61

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 1,86612 13
2010: 1,92312
2009: 2,366
2008: 2,32012 14
2007: 2,540
2006: 3,16812 14 15
2005: 3,305
2004: 2,91412 14 16
2003: 2,837

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.612 13
2010: 2.712
2009: 3.3
2008: 3.312 14 17
2007: 3.7
2006: 4.612 14 15
2005: 4.9
2004: 4.412 14 16
2003: 4.3

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 7708
2012: 5228 11
2011: 4738
2010: 576
2009: 505
2006: 53912 15
2005: 496
2004: 53916
2003: 538

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.018
2012: 0.698 11
2011: 0.648
2010: 0.79
2009: 0.70
2006: 0.764 15
2005: 0.70
2004: 0.7716
2003: 0.76

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Turkey, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 50%13
2006: 17%12
2005: 15%
2004: 18.5%14
2003: 19%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 28
2009: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.008
2009: 0.00

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 1738
2012: 85
2011: 110
2010: 187
2009: 84

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.238
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.26
2009: 0.12

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Turkey, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 5978
2012: 435
2011: 363
2010: 389
2009: 418

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.798
2012: 0.58
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.53
2009: 0.58

Suicides (any method)

In Turkey, annual suicides by any means total

1996: 1,41518

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Turkey, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1996: 1.9818

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 4439
2012: 3309 11
2011: 2439
2010: 324
2009: 307

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.589
2012: 0.449 11
2011: 0.339
2010: 0.44
2009: 0.43

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Turkey, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 49
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 1

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.019
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Turkey, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 1049
2012: 74
2011: 56
2010: 67
2009: 49

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.149
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.08
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.07

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Turkey, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 3399
2012: 252
2011: 186
2010: 254
2009: 257

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.459
2012: 0.34
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.35
2009: 0.36

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 61710
2012: 63610 11
2011: 55310
2010: 412
2009: 379

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.8110
2012: 0.8510 4
2011: 0.7510
2010: 0.56
2009: 0.53

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 110
2012: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0010
2012: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 17710
2012: 142
2011: 166
2010: 113
2009: 76

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2310
2012: 0.19
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.15
2009: 0.11

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Turkey, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 43910
2012: 492
2011: 387
2010: 299
2009: 303

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Turkey, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.5810
2012: 0.65
2011: 0.52
2010: 0.41
2009: 0.42

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Turkey, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 6311

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Turkey, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.084

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Turkey, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence19

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Turkey was ranked 'medium'20

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Turkey, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law21 22 23

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Turkey is reported by Customs to be US$108,582,90924 (2011)25 26 27 28 29

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Turkey was categorized as 'major'30 31 32 33 29 34

Firearm Imports

In Turkey, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law21 22 23

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Turkey is reported by Customs to be US$36,168,94924 (2011)35 36 37 38

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Turkey, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law39 23

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Turkey include21 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Turkey scored

2016: 9.7540
2014: 8.5041
2013: 8.7542
2012: 8.7543
2011: 9.2544
2010: 9.7545
2009: 9.5046
2008: 9.5047
2007: 9.2548
2006: 10.0049
2005: 9.7550
2004: 9.2551

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Turkey is categorised as restrictive52

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Turkey includes the Law No. 5201 and its regulation19

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Turkey are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior2 and the Ministry of National Defence53

Right to Possess Firearms

In Turkey, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law54 55

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Turkey, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms and semi-automatic firearms56

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Turkey, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited56 13

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Turkey, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited56

Regulation of Handguns

In Turkey, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence56 13

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Turkey, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law13

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Turkey, only licensed gun owners57 58 13 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Turkey are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security2

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Turkey is 21 years58

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Turkey must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, domestic violence, medical, and addiction58 59 60 13 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Turkey stipulates2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Turkey, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years61

Licensing Records

In Turkey, authorities maintains a record56 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Turkey, the law requires62 53 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Turkey, licensed firearm dealers are required56 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Turkey, licensed gun makers are required19 62 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Turkey, State agencies are required63 64 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Turkey do not include61 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Turkey include64 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Turkey include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Turkey, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law62 53 19 65

Firearm Tracing

In Turkey, state authorities carry out66 62 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Turkey, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law13

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Turkey, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit61

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Turkey, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm67 is three years in prison and a fine61

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Turkey, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 27,38168
2013: 9,85369
2010-12: 1,994

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Turkey, it is not state policy64 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed70 by Turkey.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified71 by Turkey

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified72 by Turkey

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Turkey committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects73

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Turkey against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8274 75 76 77 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Turkey has submitted one or more national reports78 23 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Turkey, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated79 23

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Turkey, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated23 80

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Turkey submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent23

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated23 by Turkey to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Turkey has declared81 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Turkey has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194582

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists83 Turkey as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Turkey, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Turkey ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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