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Tunisia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Tunisia is 9,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Tunisia is 0.11 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Tunisia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 2,6002

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Tunisia, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2992

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 5092 handguns in civilian possession in Tunisia

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Tunisia ranked at No. 1733

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Tunisia ranked at No. 1783

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Tunisia is reported to be 3,4082

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Tunisia is 0.044

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Tunisia is reported to be 3,4083 2

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Tunisia is 0.034

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Tunisia are reported to have 76,5705 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Tunisia are reported to have 182,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, annual homicides by any means total

2008: 1177
2002: 1198
2001: 122
2000: 1139
1999: 101
1998: 81

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tunisia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 1.17
2004: 1.6010
2002: 1.5610 7
2001: 1.26
2000: 1.18
1999: 1.07
1998: 0.87
1996: 0.8810

Gun Suicides

In Tunisia, annual firearm suicides total 1996: 211

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Tunisia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 1996: 0.0211

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Tunisia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 1996: 011

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Tunisia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 1996: 0.0011

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Tunisia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice12

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Tunisia is reported by Customs to be US$1,51813 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Tunisia is reported by Customs to be US$1,025,21113 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Tunisia is negligible2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Tunisia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law12

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Tunisia is categorised as restrictive14

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Tunisia are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior2

Right to Possess Firearms

In Tunisia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law15

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Tunisia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence2

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Tunisia, only licensed gun owners2 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Tunisia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security2

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Tunisia is 20 years2

Gun Licence Background Check

An applicant for a firearm licence in Tunisia must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental2 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Tunisia does not stipulate2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Tunisia, the law requires16 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Tunisia, State agencies are required16 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Tunisia do not include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Tunisia do not include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Tunisia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law12

Firearm Tracing

In Tunisia, state authorities carry out12 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Tunisia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit2

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Tunisia adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200217

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Tunisia adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200618

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed19 by Tunisia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed20 by Tunisia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified21 by Tunisia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Tunisia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects22

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Tunisia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12523 24 25 26 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Tunisia has submitted one or more national reports27 28 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Tunisia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated28

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Tunisia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated28

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Tunisia submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is not apparent28

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated28 by Tunisia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided28 to Tunisia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Tunisia has declared29 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Tunisia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195630

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list31 Tunisia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Tunisia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Tunisia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org.2011.‘Calculated Rates – Tunisia.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,17 March. (Q4290)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Tunisia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6395)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2005.‘Recorded Homicide and Firearm Homicide in 53 Countries, Completed or Attempted.’ Eighth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2001-2002).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,15 April. (Q1077)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

10.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Middle East and North Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3813)Full Citation

11.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

12.

Tunisia.2010.‘Manufacture (Production).’ National Report of Tunisia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Tunisia to the United Nations,28 April. (Q4784)Full Citation

13.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

14.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

15.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

16.

Tunisia.2010.‘Registration (Enregistrement).’ National Report of Tunisia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Tunisia to the United Nations,28 April. (Q4783)Full Citation

17.

League of Arab States / UNODA.2002.‘Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:Council of the League of Arab States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3215)Full Citation

18.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

19.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

20.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

21.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

22.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

23.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

24.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

25.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

26.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

27.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

28.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) – Implementation Support System.New York:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

29.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

30.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

31.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation