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Trinidad & Tobago — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Trinidad & Tobago is 30,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Trinidad & Tobago is 2.21 2

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Trinidad & Tobago, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 1173

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Trinidad & Tobago, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 5,7463

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Trinidad & Tobago, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,9383

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Trinidad & Tobago ranked at No. 1664

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Trinidad & Tobago ranked at No. 1292

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Trinidad & Tobago is reported to be 10,5505

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Trinidad & Tobago is 0.866

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Trinidad & Tobago is reported to be

2006: 7,8017 8 9
2005: 7,8012

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Trinidad & Tobago is

2006: 0.597
2005: 0.636

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Trinidad & Tobago are reported to have 6,50010 11 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Trinidad & Tobago are reported to have 9,00010 12 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2008: 46913
2007: 35414
1995: 5215

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 38.113
2007: 28.716
1995: 4.11

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 40316
2013: 407
2012: 37916 17
2011: 35216 17 18 19
2010: 47416 17 18 20
2009: 50716 17 18 20 21
2008: 547
2007: 421
2006: 371
2005: 386
2004: 260
2003: 229
2002: 171
2001: 151
2000: 120
1999: 11518
1998: 109
1997: 106
1996: 122
1995: 135

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 29.9816
2013: 30.35
2012: 28.3416 17
2011: 26.4016 17 18 19
2010: 35.6916 17 18 20
2009: 38.3416 17 18 20 21
2008: 41.55
2007: 32.14
2006: 28.46
2005: 29.76
2004: 20.15
2003: 17.84
2002: 13.38
2001: 11.87
2000: 9.46
1999: 7.218 22
1998: 7.618
1997: 8.3
1996: 9.6
1995: 10.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 25623
2012: 29116
2011: 25016 17
2010: 356
2009: 36417 18 24
2008: 43217 18 24 13
2007: 30517 18 24
2006: 271
2005: 27218 24
2004: 180
1995: 4415

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 20.896
2012: 23.73
2011: 20.37
2010: 28.97
2009: 29.596 18 24 21
2008: 35.086 18 24 21 13
2007: 24.746 18 24 21
2006: 21.95
2005: 20.718 24 21
2004: 13.7
1995: 3.3815

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 70%23
2012: 77%16
2011: 75%16 17 19
2010: 75%16 17
2009: 72%17
2008: 79%
2007: 78%
2006: 73%
2005: 70.5%18
2004: 69.0%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual suicides by any means total

2008: 13025
2007: 131
2006: 142
2005: 136
2004: 168
2003: 144
2002: 15825 26
2001: 17925
2000: 166
1995: 10415

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 9.825
2007: 9.9
2006: 10.7
2005: 10.3
2004: 12.8
2003: 11.0
2002: 12.125 27
2001: 13.825
2000: 12.8
1995: 7.9815

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual firearm suicides total

2008: 413
2007: 314
1995: 115

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.313
2007: 0.246
1995: 0.0815

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2008: 413
2007: 314
1995: 715

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.326
2007: 0.24
1995: 0.5415

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 1313
2007: 514

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 1.066
2007: 0.41

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Trinidad & Tobago, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited28 29 30

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Trinidad & Tobago, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law31 32 33 34 29

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Trinidad & Tobago is reported by Customs to be US$72735 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Trinidad & Tobago, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law36 37 38 33 34 29 39

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Trinidad & Tobago is reported by Customs to be US$385,74535 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Trinidad & Tobago is moderate40 41 42

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Trinidad & Tobago, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law43 44 45 46

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Trinidad & Tobago include47 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Trinidad & Tobago is categorised as restrictive48

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Trinidad & Tobago includes the Firearms Act49 and its Regulation50

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Trinidad & Tobago are regulated by the Commissioner of Police51 and the Trinidad and Tobago Police Service (TTPS), Firearm Section5

Right to Possess Firearms

In Trinidad & Tobago, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law52 53 54

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Trinidad & Tobago, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms51 55 56

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Trinidad & Tobago, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited51 19

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Trinidad & Tobago, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence51

Regulation of Handguns

In Trinidad & Tobago, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence51 19

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Trinidad & Tobago, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law51 19

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Trinidad & Tobago, only licensed gun owners55 57 58 19 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Trinidad & Tobago are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm56

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Trinidad & Tobago is 25 years56

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Trinidad & Tobago must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, domestic violence and addiction59 56 60 19 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Trinidad & Tobago, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required54

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Trinidad & Tobago, licensing authorities are required61 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Trinidad & Tobago stipulates60 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Trinidad & Tobago, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required57 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Trinidad & Tobago, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years56

Licensing Records

In Trinidad & Tobago, authorities maintain a record62 63 64 65 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Trinidad & Tobago are permitted to possess only the number of firearms specified on their licence66

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Trinidad & Tobago are permitted to possess only the quantity of ammunition indicated in the licence66

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Trinidad & Tobago, the law requires62 67 63 64 65 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Trinidad & Tobago, licensed firearm dealers are required68 69 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Trinidad & Tobago, State agencies are required70 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Trinidad & Tobago, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a Firearm Disposal Permit51 59

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Trinidad & Tobago, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful45 46 71 59

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Trinidad & Tobago is obliged59 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Trinidad & Tobago is obliged59 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

The number of licensed firearm dealers in Trinidad & Tobago is reported to be

2008: 185

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Trinidad & Tobago, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined54

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Trinidad & Tobago, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated54 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Trinidad & Tobago include72 73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Trinidad & Tobago include73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Trinidad & Tobago include74 70 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Trinidad & Tobago do not include54 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Trinidad & Tobago, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law36 65 75 76

Firearm Tracing

In Trinidad & Tobago, state authorities carry out36 75 77 78 79 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Trinidad & Tobago, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition will be75 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Trinidad & Tobago, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law80 81 82 19

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Trinidad & Tobago, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit80

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Trinidad & Tobago, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit80

Gun Free Zones

In Trinidad & Tobago, private guns are prohibited in all ordinary Courts of Law, the Senate and the House of Representatives82

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Trinidad & Tobago, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm83 is 15 years in prison55 84 28 45 80 81

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Trinidad & Tobago are known to have85 86 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 53585
2013: 41986 87
2012: 42986
2011: 42586 88
2010: 38486 89
2008: 43290 89
2007: 322
2006: 329
2005: 28990
2004: 213
2003: 238
2002: 119
2001: 173
2000: 143
1999: 129
1998: 140

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Trinidad & Tobago, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2014: 87491
2013: 3992
2011: 1,15593 89

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Trinidad & Tobago, it is state policy94 74 89 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Trinidad & Tobago adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified95 96 by Trinidad & Tobago

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed97 by Trinidad & Tobago.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified98 by Trinidad & Tobago

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified99 by Trinidad & Tobago

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Trinidad & Tobago committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects100

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Trinidad & Tobago against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 33101 102 103 104 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Trinidad & Tobago has submitted one or more national reports105 106 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Trinidad & Tobago, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated107 106

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Trinidad & Tobago, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated106

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Trinidad & Tobago submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent106

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated106 by Trinidad & Tobago to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Trinidad & Tobago has declared108 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Trinidad & Tobago has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1962109

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list110 Trinidad & Tobago as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Trinidad & Tobago, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Trinidad & Tobago ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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