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Thailand — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Thailand is 10,000,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Thailand is 15.61 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 3,700,0002 handguns in civilian possession in Thailand

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Thailand ranked at No. 113

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Thailand ranked at No. 391

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Thailand is reported to be 6,200,0002 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Thailand is 9.194

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Thailand are reported to have 1,957,5005 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Thailand are reported to have 280,0006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 3,3077
2010: 3,654
2009: 3,703
2008: 3,974
2007: 4,435
2006: 4,6877 8
2005: 4,806
2004: 4,2737
2003: 6,434
2002: 4,538
2001: 5,020
2000: 5,1427 9
1999: 5,052
1998: 5,361
1997: 4,7877 10
1996: 4,474
1995: 4,542

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Thailand, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 4.87
2010: 5.3
2009: 5.4
2008: 5.87 11
2007: 6.5
2006: 7.07 8 11
2005: 7.2
2004: 6.57 11
2003: 9.8
2002: 7.0
2001: 7.9
2000: 8.17 9 11
1999: 8.1
1998: 8.7
1997: 7.97 10 11
1996: 7.4
1995: 7.6

Suicides (any method)

In Thailand, annual suicides by any means total 1994: 2,33312

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Thailand, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1994: 3.7112

Gun Suicides

In Thailand, annual firearm suicides total 1994: 15812

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Thailand, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 1994: 0.2512

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Thailand, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 1994: 8412

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Thailand, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 1994: 0.1312

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Thailand, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 1994: 812

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Thailand, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 1994: 0.0112

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Thailand, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence13

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Thailand is ranked 'small'14

Home-made Guns

In Thailand the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate15

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Thailand, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law16

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Thailand is reported by Customs to be US$472,85817 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Thailand is categorized as 'minor'18

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Thailand, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law16

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Thailand is reported by Customs to be US$82,835,02417 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Thailand is high19

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Thailand, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law16 20

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Thailand was ranked at No. 2921

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Thailand is categorised as restrictive22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Thailand includes the Act Controlling Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Fireworks and Imitation of Firearms 1947 and the Act Controlling Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives, Fireworks and Imitation of Firearms 196723

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Thailand, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic and semi-automatic rifles24

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Thailand, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited24

Regulation of Handguns

In Thailand, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence25 26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Thailand, only licensed gun owners27 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Thailand are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, sports shooting, collection, self-defence27

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Thailand is 20 years27

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Thailand must pass a background check which considers personal conduct, living condition, income and criminal28 29 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Thailand stipulates30 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Licensing Records

In Thailand, authorities maintain a record31 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Thailand, the law requires32 31 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Thailand, State agencies are required33 31 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Thailand include34 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Thailand, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law35 36 31

Firearm Tracing

In Thailand, state authorities carry out31 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Thailand, the maximum penalty for illicit firearm possession is 1 to 10 years prison37

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

At the resumption of the most recent session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, Thailand was listed as an elected member for a three-year term of office38

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200639 by Thailand.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed40 by Thailand

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed41 by Thailand

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Thailand committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects42

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Thailand has submitted one or more national reports43 20 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Thailand, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated44 20

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Thailand, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated20

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Thailand submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent20

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated20 by Thailand to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided20 to Thailand by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Thailand has declared{q14 has declared45 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Thailand has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194646

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list47 Thailand as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Thailand, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Thailand ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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