Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Switch Language

Tanzania — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Tanzania is 550,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Tanzania is 1.41 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Tanzania, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 18,0502

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Tanzania, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 47,4202

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 4,3702 handguns in civilian possession in Tanzania

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Tanzania ranked at No. 753

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Tanzania ranked at No. 1371

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Tanzania is reported to be 69,8402

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Tanzania is 0.214

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Tanzania is reported to be 93,50005

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Tanzania is 0.234

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Tanzania there are estimated to be 100,0006

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Tanzania are reported to have 203,3007 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Tanzania are reported to have 50,4008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, annual homicides by any means total

2008: 10,3579
1997: 2,35510
1996: 2,283
1995: 2,110

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 24.59
2004: 16.9511 9
2003: 7.50
2002: 24.0011
2000: 7.95
1998: 6.15
1997: 7.5210
1996: 7.49
1995: 7.12

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Tanzania, annual firearm homicides total

1997: 17510
1996: 228
1995: 268

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Tanzania, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

1997: 0.5610
1996: 0.75
1995: 0.90

Suicides (any method)

In Tanzania, annual suicides by any means total 1995: 26312

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Tanzania, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1995: 0.7112

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Tanzania, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 1995: 512

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Tanzania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 1995: 0.0112

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Tanzania, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibée, sauf si menée dans les arsenaux créés par le gouvernement13 14

Home-made Guns

In Tanzania the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate15 16

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Tanzania, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law17

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Tanzania is reported by Customs to be US$3,55818 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Tanzania, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law19 20 21

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Tanzania is reported by Customs to be US$374,33618 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Tanzania is moderate22

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Tanzania, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law23 24

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Tanzania do not include23 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Tanzania is categorised as permissive25

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Tanzania includes the Arms and Ammunition Act, 200726

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Tanzania are regulated by the Arms Authority, appointed by Minister of Home Affairs27

Right to Possess Firearms

In Tanzania, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law28 23

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Tanzania, civilians are not allowed to possess military firearms including: machine guns, rifles, small firearms such as handguns and pistols, and breech-loading weapons of all kinds29

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Tanzania, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited29

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Tanzania, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited29

Regulation of Handguns

In Tanzania, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited29

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Tanzania, only licensed gun owners27 30 31 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Tanzania are not required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm23

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Tanzania is 18 years23

Gun Licence Background Check

An applicant for a firearm licence in Tanzania must pass a background check which considers undefined23 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Tanzania, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required23

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Tanzania does not stipulate23 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Tanzania, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required23 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Tanzania, authorities maintain a record32 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Tanzania are permitted to possess only those firearms specified on the owner's firearms licence27

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Tanzania are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the firearm specified on the owner's firearms licence27

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Tanzania, the law requires33 34 5 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Tanzania, licensed firearm dealers are required35 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Tanzania, State agencies are, in some cases, required5 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Tanzania, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted with a permit signed by an authorised officer36

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Tanzania, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful36

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Tanzania, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to only those firearms specified on the owner's firearms licence27

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Tanzania, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined23

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Tanzania, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated23 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Tanzania include37 38 35 39 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Tanzania include37 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Tanzania do not include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Tanzania, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law40 33 34 41

Firearm Tracing

In Tanzania, state authorities do not carry out23 24 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Tanzania, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit27 30

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Tanzania, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit27 30

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Tanzania, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm42 is 15 years prison and a fine43 44

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Tanzania are known to have45 46 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Tanzania, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 2,77245 (2008)

Small Arms Destroyed

In Tanzania, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 14,52547 46 45 14

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Tanzania, it is state policy29 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Tanzania adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200648

Southern African Development Community

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Tanzania signed the SADC Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in March 2001. This laid the ground for the August, 2001 adoption of the legally binding SADC Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials49

Regional Centre on Small Arms

In March 2000, as a member of the Regional Centre on Small Arms (RECSA), Tanzania adopted the Nairobi Declaration on the Problem of Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region and the Horn of Africa, then on 21 April 2004 adopted the Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States, a legally-binding multilateral protocol of which the RECSA is depository. The Nairobi Protocol has since been signed, but not yet ratified50 51 by Tanzania

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed52 by Tanzania.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified53 by Tanzania

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified54 by Tanzania

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Tanzania committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects55

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Tanzania against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2556 57 58 59 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Tanzania has submitted one or more national reports60 24 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Tanzania, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated61 24

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Tanzania, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated61 24

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Tanzania submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent61 24

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated24 by Tanzania to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided24 to Tanzania by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Tanzania has not declared62 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Tanzania has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196163

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list64 Tanzania as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Tanzania, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Tanzania ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org.2011.‘Calculated Rates – Tanzania.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,17 March. (Q4287)Full Citation

5.

Tanzania.2010.‘Computerisation of Civilian Owned Firearms.’ National Report of Tanzania on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations,1 May. (Q4742)Full Citation

6.

Risdel Kasasira and Grace Natabaalo. 2007. ‘Country Leads in Illegal Guns in East Africa.’ Daily Monitor (Kampala). 15 March. (N243) Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Tanzania.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6410)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2001.‘Tanzania: Total Recorded Intentional Homicides (Completed) and Total Recorded Intentional Homicides Committed With a Firearm.’ Sixth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems, covering the period 1995-1997.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,27 June. (Q1319)Full Citation

11.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

12.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

13.

Tanzania.2001.‘Manufacture of Arms or Ammunition.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3065)Full Citation

14.

Tanzania.2006.‘Reduction Activities.’ National Report of Tanzania on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations,1 January. (Q5320)Full Citation

15.

Pézard, Stéphanie and Nicolas Florquin.2007.‘Production of Arms and Munitions – Craft Production.’ Small Arms in Burundi: Disarming the Civilian Population in Peacetime.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies / Ligue Iteka,1 August. (Q5080)Full Citation

16.

Rackley, Edward B.2005.‘Artisan Rifles or 'Mugobore'.’ The Impact of Small Arms and Armed Violence on Women.Brussels:Groupe de Recherche et d'Information sur la Paix et la Sécurité / GRIP and United Nations Development Programme / UNDP,1 March. (Q5460)Full Citation

17.

Tanzania.2001.‘Restriction on the Export of Arms and Ammunition.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3071)Full Citation

18.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

19.

Tanzania.2001.‘Deposit in Public Warehouses.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3068)Full Citation

20.

Tanzania.2001.‘Travellers May Introduce Arms on Certain Conditions.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3069)Full Citation

21.

Tanzania.2001.‘Restriction on the Import of Arms and Ammunition.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3070)Full Citation

22.

Pézard, Stéphanie and Nicolas Florquin.2007.‘Borders with the DRC, Rwanda, and Tanzania.’ Small Arms in Burundi: Disarming the Civilian Population in Peacetime.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies / Ligue Iteka,1 August. (Q5081)Full Citation

23.

Tanzania.2001.‘Preliminary Provisions.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q4360)Full Citation

24.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) – Implementation Support System.New York:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

25.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

26.

Tanzania.2001.‘Preliminary Provisions.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3076)Full Citation

27.

Tanzania.2001.‘Grant of Licence to Carry or Possess Arms or Ammunition.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3073)Full Citation

28.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

29.

Tanzania.2001.‘Surrender of Armaments.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3064)Full Citation

30.

Tanzania.2001.‘Prohibition on Carrying or Possession of Arms or Ammunition Without Licence.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3074)Full Citation

31.

Tanzania.2001.‘Reciprocal Recognition of Arms Licences Issued in Neighbouring Countries.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3072)Full Citation

32.

Tanzania.2001.‘Central Officers to Be Established at Dar es Salaam and Zanzibar.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q4363)Full Citation

33.

Tanzania.2001.‘Registration of Arms and Ammunition Already in the United Republic.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3063)Full Citation

34.

Tanzania.2001.‘Registration of Imported Arms and Ammunition.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3067)Full Citation

35.

Tanzania.2001.‘Provisions as to Private Warehouses.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3060)Full Citation

36.

Tanzania.2001.‘Restriction on Sale and Transfer of Arms or Ammunition.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3062)Full Citation

37.

Tanzania.2001.‘Safe Custody of Arms and Ammunition.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3058)Full Citation

38.

Tanzania.2001.‘Deposit and Withdrawal of Arms or Ammunition.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3059)Full Citation

39.

Tanzania.2001.‘Private Warehouse Not to be Kept Without Licence.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q3061)Full Citation

40.

Tanzania.2010.‘Marking of SALW.’ National Report of Tanzania on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations,1 May. (Q4741)Full Citation

41.

Victor Karega. 2010. ‘Centre to Procure Software.’ Citizen (Dar es Salaam). 3 July. (N221) Full Citation

42.
43.

Tanzania.2001.‘Penalties.’ Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q5327)Full Citation

44.

Tanzania.2001.‘Penalty for Use and Possession of Firearms and Imitation Firearms in Certain Cases.’ The Arms and Ammunition Act, Chapter 223, No.19 of 2007.Dar es Salaam:Ministry of Home Affairs,4 May. (Q5328)Full Citation

45.

Tanzania.2008.‘Destruction.’ National Report of Tanzania on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations,31 March. (Q4364)Full Citation

46.

Tanzania.2010.‘Destruction of Illicit / Obsolete Firearms.’ National Report of Tanzania on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of the United Republic of Tanzania to the United Nations,1 May. (Q4362)Full Citation

47.

Citizen (Dar es Salaam). 2010. ‘Police Destroy Illegal Arms.’ 9 August. (N242) Full Citation

48.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

49.

SADC / UNODA.2001.‘Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:Southern African Development Community Secretariat / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 August. (Q3217)Full Citation

50.

RECSA / UNODA.2004.‘Nairobi Protocol for the Prevention, Control and Reduction of Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:Regional Centre on Small Arms / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 April. (Q3218)Full Citation

51.

RECSA.2010.‘Ratified and Deposited Instruments of the Nairobi Protocol.’ Regional Centre on Small Arms and Light Weapons Website – Ratifications.Nairobi:Regional Centre on Small Arms,19 November. (Q3263)Full Citation

52.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

53.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

54.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

55.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

56.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

57.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

58.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

59.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

60.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

61.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

62.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

63.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

64.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation