Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Taiwan — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Taiwan is 725,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Taiwan is 4.41 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Taiwan ranked at No. 632

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Taiwan ranked at No. 1061

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Taiwan are reported to have 2,600,0003 4 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Taiwan are reported to have 105,7245 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Taiwan, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 6866
2010: 7436 7
2009: 832
2008: 803
2007: 881
2006: 921
2005: 903
2004: 910
2003: 1,057
2002: 1,156
2001: 1,072
2000: 1,132
1999: 1,2697
1998: 1,341
1997: 1,712
1996: 1,798
1995: 1,765

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Taiwan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 3.06
2010: 3.26 7
2009: 3.6
2008: 3.5
2007: 3.8
2006: 4.0
2005: 4.0
2004: 4.0
2003: 4.7
2002: 5.1
2001: 4.8
2000: 5.1
1999: 5.77
1998: 6.1
1997: 7.9
1996: 8.4
1995: 8.3
1994: 1.788

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Taiwan, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 1287
2007: 153
2006: 151
2005: 184
2004: 215
2003: 179
2002: 168
2001: 137
2000: 118
1999: 131
1998: 112

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Taiwan, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.67
2007: 0.7
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.8
2004: 0.9
2003: 0.8
2002: 0.7
2001: 0.6
2000: 0.5
1999: 0.6
1998: 0.5
1994: 0.159

Suicides (any method)

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Taiwan, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1994: 6.8810

Gun Suicides

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Taiwan, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

1994: 0.1211

Unintentional Gun Deaths

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Taiwan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

1994: 0.1112

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Taiwan, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1994: 0.0413

ProductionGun Industry

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Taiwan was ranked 'medium'14

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Taiwan is reported by Customs to be US$35,289,05815 (2011)16

Regulation of Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Taiwan is reported by Customs to be US$6,061,28515 (2011)

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Taiwan scored

2014: 4.7517
2013: 5.7518
2012: 7.5019
2011: 7.7520
2010: 6.2521
2009: 6.2522
2008: 6.0023
2007: 6.0024
2006: 6.2525
2005: 6.0026
2004: 6.2527

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Taiwan is categorised as restrictive28

Right to Possess Firearms

In Taiwan, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law29

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Taiwan, no civilians30 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Taiwan is not a Member State of the United Nations31

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list32 Taiwan as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Taiwan, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Taiwan ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2013.‘Table 4: Twenty Largest Military Small Arms Inventories.’ Armed Actors - Data Sources and the Estimation of Military-Owned Small Arms.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 September. (Q8186)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Taiwan.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10261)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Taiwan.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6321)Full Citation

8.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

9.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

10.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

11.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

12.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

13.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

14.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

15.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

16.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

17.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

18.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

19.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2012.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,27 August. (Q6869)Full Citation

20.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2011.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,6 July. (Q10549)Full Citation

21.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2010.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2010: Gangs, Groups and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,14 June. (Q10550)Full Citation

22.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

23.

Close, Helen and Chris Stevenson.2008.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,14 July. (Q10552)Full Citation

24.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

25.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

26.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

27.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

28.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

29.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

30.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5359)Full Citation

31.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

32.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation