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Taiwan — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Taiwan is 725,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Taiwan is 4.41 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Taiwan ranked at No. 632

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Taiwan ranked at No. 1061

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Taiwan are reported to have 2,600,0003 4 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Taiwan are reported to have 105,7245 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Taiwan, annual homicides by any means total

2010: 7436
2009: 832
2008: 803
2007: 881
2006: 921
2005: 903
2004: 910
2003: 1,057
2002: 1,156
2001: 1,072
2000: 1,132
1999: 1,269
1998: 1,341
1997: 1,712
1996: 1,798
1995: 1,765

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Taiwan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 3.26
2009: 3.6
2008: 3.5
2007: 3.8
2006: 4.0
2005: 4.0
2004: 4.0
2003: 4.7
2002: 5.1
2001: 4.8
2000: 5.1
1999: 5.7
1998: 6.1
1997: 7.9
1996: 8.4
1995: 8.3
1994: 1.787

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Taiwan, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 1286
2007: 153
2006: 151
2005: 184
2004: 215
2003: 179
2002: 168
2001: 137
2000: 118
1999: 131
1998: 112

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Taiwan, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.66
2007: 0.7
2006: 0.7
2005: 0.8
2004: 0.9
2003: 0.8
2002: 0.7
2001: 0.6
2000: 0.5
1999: 0.6
1998: 0.5
1994: 0.158

Suicides (any method)

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Taiwan, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1994: 6.889

Gun Suicides

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Taiwan, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 1994: 0.1210

Unintentional Gun Deaths

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Taiwan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 1994: 0.1111

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Taiwan, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 1994: 0.0412

ProductionGun Industry

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Taiwan is ranked 'medium'13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Taiwan is reported by Customs to be US$35,289,05814 (2011)15

Regulation of Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Taiwan is reported by Customs to be US$6,061,28514 (2011)

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Taiwan was ranked at No. 4616

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Taiwan is categorised as restrictive17

Right to Possess Firearms

In Taiwan, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law18

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Taiwan, no civilians19 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Taiwan is not a Member State of the United Nations

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list20 Taiwan as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Taiwan, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Taiwan ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2013.‘Table 4: Twenty Largest Military Small Arms Inventories.’ Armed Actors - Data Sources and the Estimation of Military-Owned Small Arms.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 September. (Q8186)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Taiwan.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6321)Full Citation

7.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

8.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

9.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

10.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

11.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

12.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

13.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

14.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

15.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

16.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

17.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

18.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

19.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5359)Full Citation

20.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation