Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Switzerland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Switzerland is

2017: 2,332,0001
2016: 2,000,0002
2005: 3,400,0003

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Switzerland is

2017: 27.601
2016: 24.454
2005: 45.73

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Switzerland ranked at No. 225

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Switzerland ranked at No. 33

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 28.6%6
1999/2003: 35.7%
1995/98: 35.3%
1989: 32.8%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 10.3%6
1999/2003: 11.8%
1995/98: 13.8%
1989: 13.9%

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Switzerland is reported to be

2017: 791,7191

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Switzerland there are estimated to be

2017: 1,540,1811

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Switzerland are reported to have 324,4847 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Switzerland are reported to have 26,7758 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 2489
2012: 222
2011: 23910
2010: 241
2009: 277
2008: 259
2007: 291
2006: 285
2005: 299
2004: 318
2003: 339
2002: 397
2001: 408
2000: 387
1999: 392
1998: 466
1997: 434
1996: 454
1995: 436

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.109
2012: 2.80
2011: 3.04
2010: 3.10
2009: 3.60
2008: 3.40
2007: 3.86
2006: 3.81
2005: 4.01
2004: 4.29
2003: 4.59
2002: 5.40
2001: 5.58
2000: 5.32
1999: 5.41
1998: 6.46
1997: 6.03
1996: 6.32
1995: 6.09

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 2299
2012: 211
2011: 214
2010: 225

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 199
2012: 11
2011: 25
2010: 16

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 5711
2014: 41
2013: 459
2012: 41
2011: 43
2010: 39
2009: 5112 13 14 15 16
2008: 5417 15 16
2007: 51
2006: 6018 15 16
2005: 75
2004: 7919 15 16
2003: 73
2002: 8620 15 16
2001: 8615 16
2000: 69
1999: 8916
1998: 76
1997: 87
1996: 83
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.6921
2014: 0.50
2013: 3.109
2012: 2.80
2011: 3.04
2010: 3.10
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.68
2006: 0.80
2005: 1.01
2004: 1.07
2003: 0.99
2002: 1.17
2001: 1.215 16
2000: 1.0
1999: 1.216
1998: 1.1
1997: 1.2
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.2
1994: 1.3222

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 2723
2014: 17
2013: 189
2012: 23
2011: 20
2010: 19

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 3023
2014: 24
2013: 279
2012: 18
2011: 23
2010: 20

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 1711
2014: 7
2013: 169
2012: 14
2011: 16
2010: 11
2009: 24
2008: 1624
2007: 15
2006: 14
2005: 23
2004: 25
2003: 20
2002: 31
2001: 40
2000: 17
1999: 32
1998: 27
1997: 60
1996: 41
1995: 27

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.214
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.209
2012: 0.18
2011: 0.20
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.31
2008: 0.2124
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.31
2004: 0.47
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.42
2001: 0.55
2000: 0.24
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.38
1997: 0.85
1996: 0.58
1995: 0.38
1994: 0.5825

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 29%26
2011: 48%15
2010: 25%
2009: 47%
2004: 72.2%16
2003: 64.4%
2002: 79.1%
2001: 54.7%
2000: 58.0%
1999: 80.9%
1998: 86.8%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male firearm homicides total

2013: 79
2012: 8
2011: 7
2010: 5

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female firearm homicides total

2013: 99
2012: 6
2011: 9
2010: 6

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 224
2012: 1
2011: 4
2010: 1
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 3
2002: 2
1997: 3
1996: 9

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0224
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.04
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.13

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 124
2011: 1
2009: 2
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 3
1997: 3
1996: 2
1995: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0124
2011: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.03
1995: 0.03

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 1324
2012: 13
2011: 11
2010: 10
2009: 19
2008: 14
2007: 12
2006: 12
2005: 22
2004: 32
2003: 19
2002: 27
2001: 39
2000: 16
1999: 30
1998: 24
1997: 54
1996: 30
1995: 25

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1624
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.16
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.43
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.37
2001: 0.54
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.42
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.76
1996: 0.42
1995: 0.36

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 1,0709
2012: 1,037
2011: 1,03427
2010: 1,004
2009: 1,105
2008: 1,313
2007: 1,368
2006: 1,31228
2005: 1,304
2004: 1,292
2003: 1,280
2002: 1,451
2001: 1,331
2000: 1,378
1999: 1,297
1998: 1,371
1997: 1,341
1996: 1,431
1995: 1,419

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 13.389
2012: 13.08
2011: 13.17
2010: 12.92
2009: 14.36
2008: 17.25
2007: 18.17
2006: 17.54
2005: 17.51
2004: 17.42
2003: 17.33
2002: 19.75
2001: 18.20
2000: 18.94
1999: 17.91
1998: 19.00
1997: 18.62
1996: 19.914 29
1995: 19.814
1994: 21.2830

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male suicides by any means total

2013: 7869
2012: 752
2011: 757
2010: 723

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female suicides by any means total

2013: 2849
2012: 285
2011: 277
2010: 281

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 22231
2012: 205
2011: 21027 31
2010: 222
2009: 253
2008: 23928 31
2007: 264
2006: 259
2005: 262
2004: 271
2003: 300
2002: 351
2001: 349
2000: 351
1999: 346
1998: 413
1997: 358
1996: 397
1995: 392

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.789
2012: 2.59
2011: 2.68
2010: 2.86
2009: 3.29
2008: 3.14
2007: 3.51
2006: 3.46
2005: 3.52
2004: 3.65
2003: 4.06
2002: 4.78
2001: 4.77
2000: 4.82
1999: 4.78
1998: 5.724 31 29
1997: 4.974 31
1996: 5.52
1995: 5.47
1994: 5.6132

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male firearm suicides total

2013: 2139
2012: 200
2011: 194
2010: 213

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female firearm suicides total

2013: 99
2012: 5
2011: 16
2010: 9

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 3031
2012: 34
2011: 40
2010: 30
2009: 25
2008: 44
2007: 34
2006: 29
2005: 25
2004: 19
2003: 22
2002: 32
2001: 28
2000: 15
1999: 26
1998: 40
1997: 22
1996: 44
1995: 39

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3731
2012: 0.43
2011: 0.51
2010: 0.38
2009: 0.32
2008: 0.58
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.39
2005: 0.34
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.44
2001: 0.39
2000: 0.21
1999: 0.36
1998: 0.56
1997: 0.31
1996: 0.62
1995: 0.55

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Switzerland, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 1631
2012: 16
2011: 21
2010: 19
2009: 18
2008: 20
2007: 21
2006: 15
2005: 21
2004: 18
2003: 26
2002: 29
2001: 23
2000: 22
1999: 26
1998: 40
1997: 26
1996: 46
1995: 47

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2031
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.28
2006: 0.20
2005: 0.28
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.40
2001: 0.32
2000: 0.31
1999: 0.36
1998: 0.56
1997: 0.37
1996: 0.65
1995: 0.67

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 17631
2012: 155
2011: 149
2010: 173
2009: 210
2008: 175
2007: 209
2006: 215
2005: 216
2004: 234
2003: 252
2002: 290
2001: 299
2000: 315
1999: 294
1998: 332
1997: 310
1996: 307
1995: 306

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.1831
2012: 1.94
2011: 1.88
2010: 2.21
2009: 2.71
2008: 2.29
2007: 2.77
2006: 2.87
2005: 2.90
2004: 3.17
2003: 3.43
2002: 3.97
2001: 4.12
2000: 4.37
1999: 4.10
1998: 4.66
1997: 4.37
1996: 4.34
1995: 4.35

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 333
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 6
2003: 3
2002: 1
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 2
1998: 1033 29
1997: 6
1996: 7
1995: 10

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.099
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.1433 29
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.10
1994: 0.1433 34

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2013: 39
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 1

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2013: 09
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 133
2008: 1
2007: 2
2004: 1
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0133
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1996: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 133
2007: 1
2006: 1
2004: 1
2001: 2
1999: 1
1995: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0133
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2001: 0.03
1999: 0.01
1995: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 233
2012: 1
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 4
2003: 3
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 10
1997: 6
1996: 6
1995: 8

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0233
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.04
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.08
1995: 0.11

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 735
2012: 2
2011: 8
2010: 7
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 8
2006: 10
2005: 13
2004: 6
2003: 16
2002: 14
2001: 15
2000: 16
1999: 12
1998: 16
1997: 10
1996: 9
1995: 7

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0935
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.22
2002: 0.19
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.14
1996: 0.13
1995: 0.10
1994: 0.0736

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 69
2012: 2
2011: 8
2010: 6

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 19
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 1

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 135
2010: 1
2007: 1
2003: 1
1999: 1
1998: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0135
2010: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2003: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.03
1996: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2001: 135
1997: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.0135
1997: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 635
2012: 2
2011: 8
2010: 6
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 7
2006: 10
2005: 13
2004: 6
2003: 15
2002: 14
2001: 14
2000: 16
1999: 11
1998: 14
1997: 9
1996: 8
1995: 7

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0735
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.19
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.15
1998: 0.20
1997: 0.13
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.10

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2012: 1137
2011: 13
2010: 1038

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.144
2011: 0.17
2010: 0.13

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Switzerland, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence39 40 41

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Switzerland was ranked 'medium'42

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Switzerland, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law43 44 45 46

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Switzerland is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 1,10247
2016: 1,561
2015: 733
2014: 1,475
2013: 1,326
2012: 2,455
2011: 851
2010: 2,297
2009: 1,810
2008: 2,150
2007: 1,191
2006: 34

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Switzerland is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 307,665,25948
2015: 302,741,609
2014: 270,883,595
2013: 348,131,113
2012: 395,390,84348 49 50
2011: 255,181,25251
2010: 215 ,000,00052
2001: 48,000,00049 53 54

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Switzerland was categorized as 'major'55 56 57 54 58

Firearm Imports

In Switzerland, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law59 60 43 61 62 44 45

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Switzerland is reported to be

2017: 1,09347
2016: 7,003
2015: 242
2014: 3,051
2013: 1,546
2012: 146
2011: 202
2010: 55
2009: 1,256
2008: 1,797
2007: 2,515
2006: 354

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Switzerland is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 116,442,21548
2015: 54,700,980
2014: 57,392,634
2013: 49,061,065
2012: 47,481,51948 63 64
2011: 85,884,33651 65
2010: 53,000,00066

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Switzerland is moderate67

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Switzerland, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law68 69

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Switzerland include44 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Switzerland scored

2016: 18.7570
2014: 20.0071
2013: 20.7572
2012: 21.0073
2011: 21.0074
2010: 21.0075
2009: 21.0076
2008: 14.0077
2007: 11.0078
2006: 11.0079
2005: 10.7580
2004: 10.2581

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Switzerland is categorised as restrictive82

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Switzerland includes the Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions 199783 41 and the Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions 200884

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Switzerland are regulated by the Federal Legislative Authority67

Right to Possess Firearms

In Switzerland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law85 86 83

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Switzerland, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, some automatic firearms converted into semi-automatic firearms,87 incendiary or armour-piercing ammunition, and 'expansive projectiles for handguns'88

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Switzerland, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited87 89 26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Switzerland, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence87 89

Regulation of Handguns

In Switzerland, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence90 89 26

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Switzerland, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law91 26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Switzerland, some 'manual repetition rifles' for sport and hunting may be owned without a licence, but in other cases only licensed gun owners92 91 93 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Switzerland are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, self-defence, and collection92 94 95 96

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Switzerland is 18 years92

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Switzerland must pass a background check which considers mental health, criminal and domestic violence92 97 95 96 26 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Switzerland, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required67

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Switzerland stipulates97 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Switzerland, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required for a permit to carry a hidden handgun, but is not required98 99 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Switzerland, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years (license to carry)100

Licensing Records

In Switzerland, authorities maintain a record89 101 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Switzerland are permitted to possess any number of firearms102 103

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Switzerland are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition102 103

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Switzerland, the law requires104 90 89 101 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Switzerland, licensed firearm dealers are required104 89 101 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Switzerland, licensed gun makers are required41 101 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Switzerland, State agencies are required104 105 90 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Switzerland, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited106 107 108

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Switzerland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful106 107 108

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Switzerland, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per licence holder (up to three firearms allowed with special authorisation)109 110 and only persons authorised to acquire a firearm may purchase ammunition for that particular firearm111

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Switzerland, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined102 103

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Switzerland, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated102 103 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Switzerland include112 113 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Switzerland do not include102 103 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Switzerland include105 114 115 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Switzerland include116 43 117 118 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Switzerland, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law119 120 121 122 123

Firearm Tracing

In Switzerland, state authorities carry out124 119 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Switzerland, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not102 103 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Switzerland, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, often subject to a valid licence, depending on the type of firearm98 99 26

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Switzerland, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed only with proof of genuine need and tangible danger, following mental health, criminal record and good character background checks, and after passing a police examination in firearm law and handgun safety98 92 26

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Switzerland, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm125 is up to three years in prison126

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Switzerland are known to have127 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Switzerland, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 19,270127

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Switzerland, it is not state policy105 128 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists129 Switzerland as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006130 by Switzerland.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified131 by Switzerland

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified132 by Switzerland

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Switzerland committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects133

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Switzerland against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 4134 135 136 137 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Switzerland has submitted one or more national reports138 139 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Switzerland, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated140 139

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Switzerland, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated140 141

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Switzerland submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent139 142

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated139 by Switzerland to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Switzerland has declared143 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Switzerland has been a Member State of the United Nations since 2002144

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists145 Switzerland as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Switzerland, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Switzerland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2018.‘Civilian Firearms Holdings, 2017.’ Estimating Global Civilian-Held Firearms Numbers.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,18 June. (Q13434)Full Citation

2.

Jessica Dacey. 2016. ‘A Surge in Gun Permits.’ SwissInfo. 1 April. (N471) Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Switzerland.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,22 December. (Q4826)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

6.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11819)Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

9.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Causes of Death.’ WHO Mortality Data Base.Geneva:World Health Organisation,1 December. (Q13354)Full Citation

10.

Switzerland.2013.‘Firearm-related Deaths (Décès dus aux armes à feu) 1995-2011.’ Causes of Death Statistics (Statistique des causes de décès).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique,1 July. (Q8371)Full Citation

11.

Switzerland.2016.‘Homicides: Elucidations and Evolution of Offences, 2009-2015 (Homicides: élucidations et évolution des infractions, 2009-2015).’ Police Crime Statistics (Statistique policière de la criminalité).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique,11 February. (Q8439)Full Citation

12.

Switzerland.2011.‘Headings of the Penal Code and Selection of Infractions: Elucidations and Evolution of Infractions (Titres du Code Pénal et Sélection d'Infractions: Elucidations et Evolution des Infractions) 2010.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2010 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2010).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique / Département Fédéral de l'Intérieur,1 January. (Q4819)Full Citation

13.

Switzerland.2010.‘Violent Infractions (Infractions de Violence) 2009.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel) 2009.Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique / Département Fédéral de l'Intérieur,1 January. (Q4818)Full Citation

14.

Switzerland.2011.‘Violent Infractions: Elucidations and Evolution of Infractions (Infractions de violence: Elucidations et Evolution des Infractions).’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2010 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2010).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique / Département Fédéral de l'Intérieur,1 January. (Q4824)Full Citation

15.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Switzerland.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10346)Full Citation

16.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Switzerland.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6210)Full Citation

17.

Switzerland.2009.‘Intentional Homicides (Homicides Intentionnels) 2008.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2008 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2008).Berne:Office fédéral de la police,1 July. (Q4820)Full Citation

18.

Switzerland.2007.‘Intentional Homicides (Homicides Intentionnels) 2006.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2006 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2006).Berne:Office fédéral de la police,1 June. (Q4821)Full Citation

19.

Switzerland.2005.‘Intentional Homicides (Homicides Intentionnels) 2004.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2004 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2004).Berne:Office fédéral de la police,1 June. (Q4822)Full Citation

20.

Switzerland.2004.‘Intentional Homicides (Homicides Intentionnels) 2003.’ Police Statistics on Crime Annual Report 2003 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2003).Berne:Office fédéral de la police,1 April. (Q4823)Full Citation

21.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 May. (Q13355)Full Citation

22.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

23.

UNODC.2017.‘Intentional Homicide Victims by Sex.’ Crime and Drugs Data.Vienna:UNODC,19 May. (Q13356)Full Citation

24.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Switzerland.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,25 June. (Q12082)Full Citation

25.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

26.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Switzerland.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9464)Full Citation

27.

Switzerland.2013.‘Methods of Suicide (Méthodes de Suicide) 1995-2011.’ Causes of Death Statistics (Statistique des causes de décès).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique,1 July. (Q8370)Full Citation

28.

Switzerland.2010.‘Methods of Suicide (Méthodes de Suicide) 1995-2008.’ Data on the Initiative for the Protection against Firearms Violence (Données sur l'Initiative Pour la Protection face à la Violence des Armes).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique,8 December. (Q4816)Full Citation

29.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

30.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

31.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in Switzerland.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,25 June. (Q12083)Full Citation

32.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

33.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Unintentional Gun Deaths in Switzerland.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,25 June. (Q12084)Full Citation

34.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

35.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Switzerland.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,25 June. (Q12085)Full Citation

36.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

37.

Switzerland.2013.‘Violent Offences: Elucidations and Evolution of Offences (Infractions de violence: Elucidations et Evolution des Infractions) 2012.’ Police Crime Statistics Annual Report 2012 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2012).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique,25 March. (Q8374)Full Citation

38.

Switzerland.2012.‘Violent Offences: Elucidations and Evolution of Offences (Infractions de violence: Elucidations et Evolution des Infractions) 2011.’ Police Crime Statistics Annual Report 2011 (Statistique Policière de la Criminalité Rapport Annuel 2011).Neuchâtel:Office Fédéral de la Statistique,26 March. (Q8375)Full Citation

39.

Switzerland.1997.‘Manufacture and Repair in a Professional Capacity.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1544)Full Citation

40.

Switzerland.2009.‘National Laws, Regulations and Decrees - Production.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1616)Full Citation

41.

Switzerland.2016.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12788)Full Citation

42.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

43.

Switzerland.1997.‘Operations with Other Countries - Temporary transfer and transport.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1547)Full Citation

44.

Switzerland.2016.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12789)Full Citation

45.

Switzerland.2016.‘International Transfers - Record-keeping.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12791)Full Citation

46.

Switzerland.2009.‘National Laws, Regulations and Decrees - Exports.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1617)Full Citation

47.

UN Register of Conventional Arms.2018.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports and Imports - Switzerland.’ UNROCA - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q13376)Full Citation

48.

United Nations.2018.‘National Customs Data on Small Arms Exports and Imports - Switzerland.’ UN Comtrade International Trade Statistics Database.New York NY:United Nations Statistics Division,1 January. (Q13453)Full Citation

49.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Trends in Small Arms Exports per Top Exporter and for All Exporters, as Reported to UN Comtrade, 2001-2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11071)Full Citation

50.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11077)Full Citation

51.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

52.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

53.

Berman, Eric.2011.‘Small Arms Transfers: Exporting States.’ Weapons and Markets.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,25 October. (Q5982)Full Citation

54.

Herron, Patrick, Jasna Lazarevic, Nic Marsh and Matt Schroeder.2011.‘Top Exporters and Importers of Small Arms in 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q5983)Full Citation

55.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11069)Full Citation

56.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Major Exporters and Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11036)Full Citation

57.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11037)Full Citation

58.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

59.

Switzerland.2009.‘National Laws, Regulations and Decrees - Import.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1618)Full Citation

60.

Switzerland.1997.‘Introduction into Swiss Territory in a Professional Capacity.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1546)Full Citation

61.

Switzerland.2008.‘Authorisation to Introduce into Swiss Territory in a Professional Capacity.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1566)Full Citation

62.

Switzerland.2008.‘Authorisation to Introduce into Swiss Territory in a Non-professional Capacity.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1567)Full Citation

63.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

64.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

65.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

66.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

67.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

68.

Switzerland.2009.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1620)Full Citation

69.

Switzerland.2016.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12792)Full Citation

70.

Pavesi, Irene.2016.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2016.’ Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 June. (Q12070)Full Citation

71.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

72.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

73.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2012.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q6869)Full Citation

74.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2011.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q10549)Full Citation

75.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2010.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2010: Gangs, Groups and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 June. (Q10550)Full Citation

76.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

77.

Close, Helen and Chris Stevenson.2008.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 July. (Q10552)Full Citation

78.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

79.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

80.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

81.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

82.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

83.

Switzerland.1997.‘General Provisions - Subject-Matter, Scope and Definitions.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1535)Full Citation

84.

Switzerland.2008.‘Ordinance on Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1552)Full Citation

85.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

86.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

87.

Switzerland.1997.‘Prohibitions and Restrictions of General Application.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1536)Full Citation

88.

Switzerland.2008.‘Prohibited Ammunitions.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1563)Full Citation

89.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5374)Full Citation

90.

Switzerland.2004.‘Management and Security of Stocks.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,30 April. (Q1640)Full Citation

91.

Switzerland.2008.‘Manual Repetition Rifles.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1562)Full Citation

92.

Switzerland.1997.‘Obligation to Hold a Licence to Acquire Arms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1538)Full Citation

93.

Switzerland.1997.‘Verification by the Transferor.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1540)Full Citation

94.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5396)Full Citation

95.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5424)Full Citation

96.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5425)Full Citation

97.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5384)Full Citation

98.

Switzerland.1997.‘Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1549)Full Citation

99.

Switzerland.2008.‘Carrying of Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1555)Full Citation

100.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5447)Full Citation

101.

Parker, Sarah.2011.‘Balancing Act: Regulation of Civilian Firearm Possession.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,6 July. (Q5380)Full Citation

102.

Switzerland.1997.‘General Provisions - Subject-Matter, Scope and Definitions.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q4160)Full Citation

103.

Switzerland.2008.‘Ordinance on Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q4161)Full Citation

104.

Switzerland.1997.‘Written Contract.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1541)Full Citation

105.

Switzerland.2016.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12793)Full Citation

106.

Switzerland.1997.‘Trade in Arms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1543)Full Citation

107.

Switzerland.1997.‘Prohibited Forms of Offering.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1537)Full Citation

108.

Switzerland.2008.‘Request for a Licence to Trade in Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1553)Full Citation

109.

Switzerland.1997.‘Validity of the Licence to Acquire Arms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1539)Full Citation

110.

Switzerland.2008.‘Exceptional Acquisition of Several Arms or Several Essential Components of Arms by Means of a Licence to Acquire Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1561)Full Citation

111.

Switzerland.1997.‘Acquisition of Ammunitions and Components of Ammunitions.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1542)Full Citation

112.

Switzerland.1997.‘Storage.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1548)Full Citation

113.

Switzerland.2008.‘Storage of Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1554)Full Citation

114.

Switzerland.2009.‘Stockpile Management and Security.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1636)Full Citation

115.

Switzerland.2004.‘Management and Security of Stocks.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,30 April. (Q1639)Full Citation

116.

Switzerland.1997.‘Transport of Arms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1550)Full Citation

117.

Switzerland.2008.‘Transport of Arms.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1556)Full Citation

118.

Switzerland.2008.‘Authorisation to Provisionally Introduce into Swiss Territory Firearms in Passenger Traffic.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1568)Full Citation

119.

Switzerland.1997.‘Marking of Firearms.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1545)Full Citation

120.

Switzerland.2008.‘Marking of Firearms and Firearms' Accessories.’ Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 2 July 2008 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Swiss Federal Council / Translation commissioned by the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q1565)Full Citation

121.

Switzerland.2009.‘Annex 1: Markings of SALW Held by the Swiss Armed Forces - Introductory Remarks.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1637)Full Citation

122.

Switzerland.2009.‘Annex 1: Markings of SALW Held by the Swiss Armed Forces.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1638)Full Citation

123.

Switzerland.2016.‘International Transfers - Marking at Import.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12790)Full Citation

124.

Switzerland.2016.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,16 March. (Q12794)Full Citation

125.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

126.

Switzerland.1997.‘Criminal Provisions.’ Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions of 20 June 1997 (Status as on 12 December 2008).Geneva:Federal Assembly of the Swiss Confederation / Translation for the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,20 June. (Q1551)Full Citation

127.

Karp, Aaron.2008.‘A Semi-automatic Process?: Identifying and destroying military surplus.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,14 July. (Q2033)Full Citation

128.

Switzerland.2009.‘Collection and Disposal.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1619)Full Citation

129.

UNCCPCJ / UNODC.1991.‘Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.’ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Vienna:United Nations Economic and Social Council / United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q3222)Full Citation

130.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

131.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

132.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

133.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

134.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

135.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

136.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

137.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

138.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

139.

UNODA.2018.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,23 July. (Q1309)Full Citation

140.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

141.

Switzerland.2005.‘National Coordination Agency.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,1 April. (Q1622)Full Citation

142.

Switzerland.2009.‘International Cooperation and Assistance.’ National Report of Switzerland on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Switzerland to the United Nations,31 December. (Q1621)Full Citation

143.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

144.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

145.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation