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Switzerland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Switzerland is 3,400,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Switzerland is 45.71 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Switzerland ranked at No. 223

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Switzerland ranked at No. 31

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 28.6%4
1999/2003: 35.7%
1995/98: 35.3%
1989: 32.8%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 10.3%4
1999/2003: 11.8%
1995/98: 13.8%
1989: 13.9%

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Switzerland are reported to have 324,4845 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Switzerland are reported to have 26,7756 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 2417 8 9
2012: 220
2011: 23910
2010: 241
2009: 277
2008: 259
2007: 291
2006: 285
2005: 299
2004: 318
2003: 339
2002: 397
2001: 408
2000: 387
1999: 392
1998: 466
1997: 434
1996: 454
1995: 436

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 3.0111
2012: 2.78
2011: 3.04
2010: 3.10
2009: 3.60
2008: 3.40
2007: 3.86
2006: 3.81
2005: 4.01
2004: 4.29
2003: 4.59
2002: 5.40
2001: 5.58
2000: 5.32
1999: 5.41
1998: 6.46
1997: 6.03
1996: 6.32
1995: 6.09

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 5712
2014: 41
2013: 5712 13
2012: 4514 15
2011: 4614 16 17
2010: 5318 19 20 16 17
2009: 5121 22 20 16 17
2008: 5423 16 17
2007: 51
2006: 6024 16 17
2005: 75
2004: 7925 16 17
2003: 73
2002: 8626 16 17
2001: 8616 17
2000: 69
1999: 8917
1998: 76
1997: 87
1996: 83
1995: 82

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.7011
2014: 0.51
2013: 0.71
2012: 0.5711 15
2011: 0.5911 16 17
2010: 0.68
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.68
2006: 0.80
2005: 1.01
2004: 1.07
2003: 0.99
2002: 1.17
2001: 1.216 17
2000: 1.0
1999: 1.217
1998: 1.1
1997: 1.2
1996: 1.2
1995: 1.2
1994: 1.3227

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 1712
2014: 7
2013: 1812 7
2012: 13
2011: 2212 7 16
2010: 15
2009: 24
2008: 167
2007: 15
2006: 14
2005: 23
2004: 25
2003: 20
2002: 31
2001: 40
2000: 17
1999: 32
1998: 27
1997: 60
1996: 41
1995: 27

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.2111
2014: 0.09
2013: 0.2311 7
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.31
2008: 0.217
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.31
2004: 0.47
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.42
2001: 0.55
2000: 0.24
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.38
1997: 0.85
1996: 0.58
1995: 0.38
1994: 0.5828

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Switzerland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 29%15
2011: 48%16
2010: 25%
2009: 47%
2004: 72.2%17
2003: 64.4%
2002: 79.1%
2001: 54.7%
2000: 58.0%
1999: 80.9%
1998: 86.8%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 27
2012: 1
2011: 4
2010: 1
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 3
2002: 2
1997: 3
1996: 9

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.027
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.04
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.13

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 17
2011: 1
2009: 2
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 3
1997: 3
1996: 2
1995: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.017
2011: 0.01
2009: 0.03
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.03
1995: 0.03

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 137
2012: 13
2011: 11
2010: 10
2009: 19
2008: 14
2007: 12
2006: 12
2005: 22
2004: 32
2003: 19
2002: 27
2001: 39
2000: 16
1999: 30
1998: 24
1997: 54
1996: 30
1995: 25

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.167
2012: 0.16
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.16
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.43
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.37
2001: 0.54
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.42
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.76
1996: 0.42
1995: 0.36

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 1,03429
2010: 1,004
2009: 1,105
2008: 1,313
2007: 1,368
2006: 1,31230
2005: 1,304
2004: 1,292
2003: 1,280
2002: 1,451
2001: 1,331
2000: 1,378
1999: 1,297
1998: 1,371
1997: 1,341
1996: 1,431
1995: 1,419

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 13.1711
2010: 12.92
2009: 14.36
2008: 17.25
2007: 18.17
2006: 17.54
2005: 17.51
2004: 17.42
2003: 17.33
2002: 19.75
2001: 18.20
2000: 18.94
1999: 17.91
1998: 19.00
1997: 18.62
1996: 19.9111 31
1995: 19.8111
1994: 21.2832

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 2228
2012: 205
2011: 21029 8
2010: 222
2009: 253
2008: 23930 8
2007: 264
2006: 259
2005: 262
2004: 271
2003: 300
2002: 351
2001: 349
2000: 351
1999: 346
1998: 413
1997: 358
1996: 397
1995: 392

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.748
2012: 2.56
2011: 2.6811 8
2010: 2.86
2009: 3.29
2008: 3.14
2007: 3.51
2006: 3.46
2005: 3.52
2004: 3.65
2003: 4.06
2002: 4.78
2001: 4.77
2000: 4.82
1999: 4.78
1998: 5.7211 8 31
1997: 4.9711 8
1996: 5.52
1995: 5.47
1994: 5.6133

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Switzerland, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 308
2012: 34
2011: 40
2010: 30
2009: 25
2008: 44
2007: 34
2006: 29
2005: 25
2004: 19
2003: 22
2002: 32
2001: 28
2000: 15
1999: 26
1998: 40
1997: 22
1996: 44
1995: 39

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.378
2012: 0.43
2011: 0.51
2010: 0.38
2009: 0.32
2008: 0.58
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.39
2005: 0.34
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.44
2001: 0.39
2000: 0.21
1999: 0.36
1998: 0.56
1997: 0.31
1996: 0.62
1995: 0.55

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Switzerland, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 168
2012: 16
2011: 21
2010: 19
2009: 18
2008: 20
2007: 21
2006: 15
2005: 21
2004: 18
2003: 26
2002: 29
2001: 23
2000: 22
1999: 26
1998: 40
1997: 26
1996: 46
1995: 47

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.208
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.27
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.28
2006: 0.20
2005: 0.28
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.40
2001: 0.32
2000: 0.31
1999: 0.36
1998: 0.56
1997: 0.37
1996: 0.65
1995: 0.67

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 1768
2012: 155
2011: 149
2010: 173
2009: 210
2008: 175
2007: 209
2006: 215
2005: 216
2004: 234
2003: 252
2002: 290
2001: 299
2000: 315
1999: 294
1998: 332
1997: 310
1996: 307
1995: 306

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.188
2012: 1.94
2011: 1.88
2010: 2.21
2009: 2.71
2008: 2.29
2007: 2.77
2006: 2.87
2005: 2.90
2004: 3.17
2003: 3.43
2002: 3.97
2001: 4.12
2000: 4.37
1999: 4.10
1998: 4.66
1997: 4.37
1996: 4.34
1995: 4.35

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 39
2012: 1
2011: 5
2010: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 6
2003: 3
2002: 1
2001: 4
2000: 3
1999: 2
1998: 109 31
1997: 6
1996: 7
1995: 10

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.049
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.149 31
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.10
1994: 0.149 34

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 19
2008: 1
2007: 2
2004: 1
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.019
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1996: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 19
2007: 1
2006: 1
2004: 1
2001: 2
1999: 1
1995: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.019
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2001: 0.03
1999: 0.01
1995: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Switzerland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 29
2012: 1
2011: 4
2010: 1
2009: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 4
2003: 3
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 10
1997: 6
1996: 6
1995: 8

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.029
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.04
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.14
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.08
1995: 0.11

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 735
2012: 2
2011: 8
2010: 7
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 8
2006: 10
2005: 13
2004: 6
2003: 16
2002: 14
2001: 15
2000: 16
1999: 12
1998: 16
1997: 10
1996: 9
1995: 7

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0935
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.22
2002: 0.19
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.14
1996: 0.13
1995: 0.10
1994: 0.0736

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 135
2010: 1
2007: 1
2003: 1
1999: 1
1998: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0135
2010: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2003: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.03
1996: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2001: 135
1997: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.0135
1997: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Switzerland, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 635
2012: 2
2011: 8
2010: 6
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 7
2006: 10
2005: 13
2004: 6
2003: 15
2002: 14
2001: 14
2000: 16
1999: 11
1998: 14
1997: 9
1996: 8
1995: 7

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0735
2012: 0.03
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.08
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.19
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.15
1998: 0.20
1997: 0.13
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.10

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries is

2012: 1137
2011: 13
2010: 1038

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn Switzerland, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1411
2011: 0.17
2010: 0.13

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Switzerland, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence39 40 41

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Switzerland was ranked 'medium'42

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Switzerland, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law43 44 45 46

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Switzerland is reported by Customs to be US$255,181,25247 (2011)48 49 50 51 52

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Switzerland was categorized as 'major'53 54 55 52 56

Firearm Imports

In Switzerland, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law57 58 43 59 60 44 45

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Switzerland is reported by Customs to be US$85,884,33647 (2011)61 62 63 64

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Switzerland is moderate65

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Switzerland, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law66 67

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Switzerland include44 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Switzerland scored

2016: 18.7568
2014: 20.0069
2013: 20.7570
2012: 21.0071
2011: 21.0072
2010: 21.0073
2009: 21.0074
2008: 14.0075
2007: 11.0076
2006: 11.0077
2005: 10.7578
2004: 10.2579

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Switzerland is categorised as restrictive80

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Switzerland includes the Federal Law on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions 199781 41 and the Ordinance on Arms, Arms Accessories and Ammunitions 200882

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Switzerland are regulated by the Federal Legislative Authority65

Right to Possess Firearms

In Switzerland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law83 84 81

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Switzerland, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, some automatic firearms converted into semi-automatic firearms,85 incendiary or armour-piercing ammunition, and 'expansive projectiles for handguns'86

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Switzerland, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited85 87 15

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Switzerland, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence85 87

Regulation of Handguns

In Switzerland, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence88 87 15

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Switzerland, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law89 15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Switzerland, some 'manual repetition rifles' for sport and hunting may be owned without a licence, but in other cases only licensed gun owners90 89 91 15 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Switzerland are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, self-defence, and collection90 92 93 94

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Switzerland is 18 years90

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Switzerland must pass a background check which considers mental health, criminal and domestic violence90 95 93 94 15 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Switzerland, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required65

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Switzerland stipulates95 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Switzerland, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required for a permit to carry a hidden handgun, but is not required96 97 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Switzerland, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years (license to carry)98

Licensing Records

In Switzerland, authorities maintains a record87 99 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Switzerland are permitted to possess any number of firearms100 101

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Switzerland are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition100 101

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Switzerland, the law requires102 88 87 99 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Switzerland, licensed firearm dealers are required102 87 99 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Switzerland, licensed gun makers are required41 99 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Switzerland, State agencies are required102 103 88 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Switzerland, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited104 105 106

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Switzerland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful104 105 106

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Switzerland, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per licence holder (up to three firearms allowed with special authorisation)107 108 and only persons authorised to acquire a firearm may purchase ammunition for that particular firearm109

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Switzerland, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined100 101

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Switzerland, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated100 101 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Switzerland include110 111 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Switzerland do not include100 101 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Switzerland include103 112 113 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Switzerland include114 43 115 116 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Switzerland, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law117 118 119 120 121

Firearm Tracing

In Switzerland, state authorities carry out122 117 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Switzerland, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not100 101 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Switzerland, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, often subject to a valid licence, depending on the type of firearm96 97 15

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Switzerland, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed only with proof of genuine need and tangible danger, following mental health, criminal record and good character background checks, and after passing a police examination in firearm law and handgun safety96 90 15

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Switzerland, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm123 is up to three years in prison124

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Switzerland are known to have125 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Switzerland, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 19,270125

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Switzerland, it is not state policy103 126 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists127 Switzerland as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006128 by Switzerland.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified129 by Switzerland

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified130 by Switzerland

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Switzerland committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects131

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Switzerland against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 4132 133 134 135 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Switzerland has submitted one or more national reports136 137 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Switzerland, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated138 137

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Switzerland, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated138 139

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Switzerland submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent137 140

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated137 by Switzerland to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Switzerland has declared141 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Switzerland has been a Member State of the United Nations since 2002142

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists143 Switzerland as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Switzerland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

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