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Suriname — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Suriname is 75,0001 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Suriname is 14.31 3

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Suriname ranked at No. 1494

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Suriname ranked at No. 483

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Suriname is reported to be

2006: 30,0005 6
2005: 30,0007 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Suriname is

2006: 5.945
2005: 6.528

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Suriname there are estimated to be 30,0007 2

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Suriname the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 6.528

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Suriname are reported to have 8,0009 2 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Suriname are reported to have 2,0009 2 7 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Suriname, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2009: 1310 11

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Suriname, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 2.428

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 3112
2013: 28
2012: 2812 13
2011: 3112
2010: 28
2009: 2912 14 15 16
2008: 23
2007: 24
2006: 23
2005: 28
2004: 25
2003: 28
2002: 13
2001: 18
2000: 19

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 5.7012
2013: 5.19
2012: 5.24 12 13
2011: 5.8512
2010: 5.33
2009: 5.58 12 14 15 16
2008: 4.46
2007: 4.70
2006: 4.55
2005: 5.61
2004: 5.07
2003: 5.75
2002: 2.71
2001: 3.80
2000: 4.07
1999: 6.914
1998: 8.4
1997: 4.7
1996: 3.3
1995: 4.8

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Suriname, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 1412
2013: 7
2012: 9
2009: 210 11

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Suriname, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 2.448
2013: 1.23
2012: 1.61
2009: 0.378

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Suriname, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2014: 45%12
2013: 25%
2012: 32%
2009: 6%10

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 13117
2008: 147
2007: 119
2006: 112
2005: 7217 18
2004: 6717
2003: 77
2002: 69
2001: 72
2000: 53

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Suriname, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 25.217
2008: 28.5
2007: 23.3
2006: 22.2
2005: 14.417 18
2004: 13.617
2003: 15.8
2002: 14.4
2001: 15.2
2000: 11.4

Gun Suicides

In Suriname, annual firearm suicides total

2009: 510 11

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Suriname, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.938

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Suriname, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2009: 110 11

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Suriname, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.198

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Suriname, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2009: 510 11

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Suriname, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.938

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Suriname, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is not conducted19

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Suriname, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22 23

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Suriname is reported by Customs to be US$13,30024 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Suriname, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22 23

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Suriname is reported by Customs to be US$1,124,31424 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Suriname, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law19

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Suriname do not include19 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Suriname is categorised as restrictive25

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Suriname includes the Firearms Act of 1930, as amended to 200126 27

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Suriname are regulated by the Minister of Justice,28 the District Commissioner,29 the Prosecutor General21 and civil servants30

Right to Possess Firearms

In Suriname, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law31 32

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Suriname, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence33

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Suriname, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law33

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Suriname, only licensed gun owners34 29 35 36 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Suriname are required to establish genuine reason to possess a firearm36

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Suriname is undefined19

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Suriname must pass a background check which considers undefined19 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Suriname, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required19

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Suriname, licensing authorities are not required19 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Suriname does not stipulate19 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Suriname, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required19 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Suriname, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year33

Licensing Records

In Suriname, authorities maintain a record28 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Suriname are permitted to possess one firearm per licence33

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Suriname are permitted to possess up to 100 cartridges for small firearms (rifle, musket, carbine) and no more than 25 cartridges for handguns (pistols, revolvers)37

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Suriname, the law requires28 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Suriname, licensed firearm dealers are required38 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Suriname, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited39

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Suriname, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful40 35

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Suriname, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined19

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Suriname, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated19 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Suriname do not include19 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Suriname do not include19 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Suriname n'inclut pas19 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Suriname do not include19 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Suriname, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law19

Firearm Tracing

In Suriname, state authorities do not carry out19 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Suriname, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not19 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Suriname, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law29

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Suriname, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited29

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Suriname, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited29

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Suriname, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm41 is four years in prison and a fine42 43 23

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Suriname adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified44 45 by Suriname

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed46 by Suriname.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified47 by Suriname

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed48 by Suriname

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Suriname committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects49

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Suriname has yet to submit a national report50 51 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Suriname, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated51

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Suriname, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated51

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Suriname submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent51

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated51 by Suriname to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Suriname has not declared52 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Suriname has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197553

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list54 Suriname as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Suriname, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


Short References

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29.

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