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St Vincent & Grenadines — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In St Vincent & Grenadines, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 111

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In St Vincent & Grenadines, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 10.61

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn St Vincent & Grenadines, annual homicides by any means total

2014: 382
2013: 27
2012: 282 3
2011: 212 3 4
2010: 252 3 4 5
2009: 202 3 4 5 6
2008: 27
2007: 36
2006: 13
2005: 24
2004: 27
2003: 11
2002: 11
2001: 12
2000: 21
1999: 144
1998: 24
1997: 9
1996: 24
1995: 20

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn St Vincent & Grenadines, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 34.742
2013: 24.69
2012: 25.602 3
2011: 19.202 3 4
2010: 22.872 3 4 5
2009: 18.312 3 4 5 6
2008: 24.73
2007: 33.01
2006: 11.94
2005: 22.07
2004: 24.87
2003: 10.15
2002: 10.17
2001: 11.11
2000: 19.46
1999: 13.04
1998: 22.2
1997: 8.3
1996: 22.2
1995: 18.5

Gun Homicides

ChartIn St Vincent & Grenadines, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 282
2013: 11
2012: 122 1
2011: 102
2010: 92 3
2009: 63 4 7
2008: 97
2007: 213 7
2006: 4
2005: 5
2004: 167

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn St Vincent & Grenadines, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 27.218
2013: 10.66
2012: 11.598 1
2011: 9.638
2010: 8.64
2009: 5.748 4 7 6
2008: 8.37 6
2007: 19.948 7 6
2006: 3.78
2005: 4.71
2004: 14.77 6

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn St Vincent & Grenadines, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2014: 74%2
2013: 41%
2012: 43%
2011: 48%
2010: 36%2 3
2009: 30%3
2007: 58%
2006: 31%
2005: 22%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn St Vincent & Grenadines, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 19
2008: 4
2007: 11
2006: 6
2005: 8
2004: 49 10
2003: 49
2002: 7
2001: 8
2000: 5

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn St Vincent & Grenadines, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.99
2008: 3.7
2007: 10.1
2006: 5.5
2005: 7.4
2004: 3.79 10
2003: 3.79
2002: 6.5
2001: 7.4
2000: 4.6

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In St Vincent & Grenadines, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence11 12

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In St Vincent & Grenadines, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law13 14

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from St Vincent & Grenadines is reported by Customs to be US$015 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In St Vincent & Grenadines, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law13 14

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to St Vincent & Grenadines is reported by Customs to be US$58,60915 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in St Vincent & Grenadines is categorised as restrictive16

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in St Vincent & Grenadines includes the the Firearms Act of 199517 and the Firearms Amendment Act of 201018

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in St Vincent & Grenadines are regulated by the the Firearms Licensing Board19

Right to Possess Firearms

In St Vincent & Grenadines, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law20 21 22

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In St Vincent & Grenadines, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms and any grenade, bomb or other similar missile23 24

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In St Vincent & Grenadines, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited23 24

Gun Ownership and Possession

In St Vincent & Grenadines, only licensed gun owners25 13 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in St Vincent & Grenadines are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example protection of self or property or sporting use22

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in St Vincent & Grenadines is 21 years old22

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in St Vincent & Grenadines must pass a background check which considers criminal22 and mental health27 records

Firearm Safety Training

In St Vincent & Grenadines, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required28 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In St Vincent & Grenadines, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year29

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in St Vincent & Grenadines are permitted to possess only the number of firearms indicated on their licence30

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in St Vincent & Grenadines are permitted to possess only the number of ammunition indicated on their licence30

Firearm Registration

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In St Vincent & Grenadines, licensed firearm dealers are required31 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In St Vincent & Grenadines, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited11

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In St Vincent & Grenadines, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful11 13

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in St Vincent & Grenadines include28 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in St Vincent & Grenadines include32 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Tracing

In St Vincent & Grenadines, state authorities carry out33 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In St Vincent & Grenadines, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit34

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In St Vincent & Grenadines, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm35 is 20 years in prison36 13

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in St Vincent & Grenadines are known to have37 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), St Vincent & Grenadines adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified38 39 by St Vincent & Grenadines

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed40 by St Vincent & Grenadines.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified41 by St Vincent & Grenadines

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified42 by St Vincent & Grenadines

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, St Vincent & Grenadines committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects43

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, St Vincent & Grenadines has yet to submit a national report44 45 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In St Vincent & Grenadines, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated45

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated45 by St Vincent & Grenadines to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, St Vincent & Grenadines has declared46 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, St Vincent & Grenadines has been a Member State of the United Nations since 198047

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list48 St Vincent & Grenadines as a Participating State


Short References

1.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

2.

Igarapé Institute.2015.‘Homicides and Homicide Rates 2000 to 2014 - Saint Vincent & Grenadines.’ Homicide Monitor 2015.Rio de Janeiro:Igarapé Institute,24 June. (Q11124)Full Citation

3.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in St Vincent & Grenadines.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10154)Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6354)Full Citation

5.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide 2000-2011.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9209)Full Citation

6.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Intentional Homicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5678)Full Citation

7.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide Committed by Firearms 2000-2010.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9210)Full Citation

8.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - St Vincent & Grenadines.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,20 November. (Q10253)Full Citation

9.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Suicide 2000-2009.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9206)Full Citation

10.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Suicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5680)Full Citation

11.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 20 - Restriction on Sale of Firearms.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6525)Full Citation

12.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 23 - Converting Firearms.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6528)Full Citation

13.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 4 - Licences and Permits.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6513)Full Citation

14.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 24 - Import and Export Permit.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6529)Full Citation

15.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

16.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

17.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 1 - Short Title.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6510)Full Citation

18.

St Vincent & Grenadines.2010.‘Section 1 - Short Title.’ Act No. 11 of 2010, Firearms (Amendment) Act.Kingstown:Governor-General and House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,31 August. (Q6540)Full Citation

19.

St Vincent & Grenadines.2010.‘Section 3 - Insertion of New Sections 2A to 2H: 'Establishment and Composition of Board'.’ Act No. 11 of 2010, Firearms (Amendment) Act.Kingstown:Governor-General and House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,31 August. (Q6512)Full Citation

20.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

21.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

22.

St Vincent & Grenadines.2010.‘Section 6 - Requirements for Grant of Licence or Permit.’ Act No. 11 of 2010, Firearms (Amendment) Act.Kingstown:Governor-General and House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,31 August. (Q6518)Full Citation

23.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 22 - Prohibited Weapon.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6527)Full Citation

24.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 2 - Interpretation.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6511)Full Citation

25.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 3 - Application for Licence or Permit.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6515)Full Citation

26.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 11 - Firearm (Employees) Permit.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6533)Full Citation

27.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 7 - Prohibitions.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6517)Full Citation

28.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 9 - Additional Provisions Relating to Firearm User's Licence.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6519)Full Citation

29.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 5 - Duration of Licence or Permit.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6514)Full Citation

30.

St Vincent & Grenadines.2010.‘Application Form.’ Act No. 11 of 2010, Firearms (Amendment) Act.Kingstown:Governor-General and House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,31 August. (Q6541)Full Citation

31.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 21 - Restriction on Sale of Ammunition.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6526)Full Citation

32.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Sections 25 and 26 - Travellers in Possession of Firearms.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6530)Full Citation

33.

Caribbean Net News. 2009. ‘US and Nine Caribbean Islands Sign Agreement to Help Trace Illegal Guns.’ 1 April. (N165) Full Citation

34.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 16 - Carrying Firearm and Ammunition in Public Prohibited.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6523)Full Citation

35.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

36.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 14 - Possession of Firearm or Ammunition.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6521)Full Citation

37.

St Vincent & Grenadines.1995.‘Section 43 - Collection of Firearms.’ Act No. 12 of 1995, Chapter 386, Firearms Act.Kingstown:House of Assembly of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,17 October. (Q6542)Full Citation

38.

OAS / UNODA.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials / CIFTA.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Organization of American States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 November. (Q3244)Full Citation

39.

OAS.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA): Signatures and Ratifications.’ Organization of American States, Department of International Law.Washington, DC:Organization of American States,14 November. (Q3262)Full Citation

40.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

41.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

42.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

43.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

44.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

45.

UNODA.2015.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,11 September. (Q1309)Full Citation

46.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

47.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

48.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation