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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

St Lucia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In St Lucia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 221

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In St Lucia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 13.61

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn St Lucia, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 342
2012: 392 3
2011: 462
2010: 442 3 4 5
2009: 392 3 4 5 6
2008: 39
2007: 29
2006: 43
2005: 41
2004: 37
2003: 36
2002: 42
2001: 34
2000: 23

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn St Lucia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 18.652
2012: 21.562 3
2011: 25.662
2010: 24.802 3 4 5
2009: 22.262 3 4 5 6
2008: 22.58
2007: 17.04
2006: 25.65
2005: 24.79
2004: 22.64
2003: 22.25
2002: 26.21
2001: 21.43
2000: 14.65
1999: 10.64 7
1998: 9.34
1997: 8.7
1996: 8.1
1995: 11.0

Gun Homicides

In St Lucia, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 201

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In St Lucia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 12.31

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn St Lucia, annual suicides by any means total

2008: 88
2006: 2
2005: 4
2004: 8
2003: 10
2002: 128 9
2001: 78 10
2000: 148

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn St Lucia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 4.78
2006: 1.2
2005: 2.4
2004: 4.9
2003: 6.2
2002: 7.58 11
2001: 4.48 10
2000: 8.98

Gun Suicides

In St Lucia, annual firearm suicides total

2000: 210

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In St Lucia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2000: 1.3410

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In St Lucia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 21

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In St Lucia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.2311

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In St Lucia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law12 13

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from St Lucia is reported by Customs to be US$2,87714 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In St Lucia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law12 13 15

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to St Lucia is reported by Customs to be US$169,14414 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In St Lucia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law16

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in St Lucia do not include16 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in St Lucia is categorised as restrictive17

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in St Lucia includes the Firearms Act No. 9 of 200318

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in St Lucia are regulated by the Commissioner of Police and the Minister of Security19

Right to Possess Firearms

In St Lucia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law20 21 16

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In St Lucia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, modified and sawn-off rifles, imitation and homemade/craft firearms22 23 24

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In St Lucia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited22

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In St Lucia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence22

Regulation of Handguns

In St Lucia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence23

Law Regulates Long Guns

In St Lucia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law25

Gun Ownership and Possession

In St Lucia, only licensed gun owners26 27 28 25 24 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in St Lucia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example collection, target shooting, hunting29 30 27 25

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in St Lucia is 18 years, or 15 years for purposes of target shooting on a range operated by a shooting club31 28 32

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in St Lucia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and other various28 32 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In St Lucia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required16

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In St Lucia, licensing authorities are not required16 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in St Lucia does not stipulate16 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In St Lucia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required27 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In St Lucia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every number of years specified on the individual licence33

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in St Lucia are permitted to possess 1 firearm per valid possession permit27

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in St Lucia are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition16

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In St Lucia, the law requires15 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In St Lucia, licensed firearm dealers are required15 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In St Lucia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited34

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In St Lucia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful15 34

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In St Lucia, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per valid possession permit27

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In St Lucia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined16

Regulation of Gun Shows

In St Lucia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated16 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in St Lucia include27 29 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in St Lucia include27 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in St Lucia do not include16 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In St Lucia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law16

Firearm Tracing

In St Lucia, state authorities do not carry out16 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In St Lucia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not16 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In St Lucia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law26 35

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In St Lucia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit26 35

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In St Lucia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit26 35

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In St Lucia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm36 is five to 10 years in prison and/or a fine24

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), St Lucia adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified37 38 by St Lucia

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed39 by St Lucia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified40 by St Lucia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed41 by St Lucia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, St Lucia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects42

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, St Lucia has yet to submit a national report43 13 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In St Lucia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated13

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated13 by St Lucia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, St Lucia has not declared44 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, St Lucia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197945

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list46 St Lucia as a Participating State


Short References

1.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

2.

Igarapé Institute.2015.‘Homicides and Homicide Rates 2000 to 2014 - Saint Lucia.’ Homicide Monitor 2015.Rio de Janeiro:Igarapé Institute,24 June. (Q11123)Full Citation

3.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in St Lucia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10130)Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Saint Lucia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6355)Full Citation

5.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide 2000-2011.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9209)Full Citation

6.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Intentional Homicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5678)Full Citation

7.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Latin America and the Caribbean, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3817)Full Citation

8.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Suicide 2000-2009.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9206)Full Citation

9.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Suicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5680)Full Citation

10.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

11.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - St Lucia.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,23 May. (Q8736)Full Citation

12.

St Lucia.2003.‘Firearm Import or Export Licence.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3295)Full Citation

13.

UNODA.2015.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,11 September. (Q1309)Full Citation

14.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

15.

St Lucia.2003.‘Firearm Dealer Licence.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3293)Full Citation

16.

St Lucia.2003.‘Firearms Act.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q4159)Full Citation

17.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

18.

St Lucia.2003.‘Firearms Act.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3280)Full Citation

19.

St Lucia.2003.‘Regulations.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3300)Full Citation

20.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

21.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

22.

St Lucia.2003.‘Prohibited Weapons and Ammunition.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3281)Full Citation

23.

St Lucia.2003.‘Interpretation.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3282)Full Citation

24.

St Lucia.2003.‘Prohibition Against Possession Without a Licence.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3296)Full Citation

25.

St Lucia.2003.‘Estate Gun Licence.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3290)Full Citation

26.

St Lucia.2003.‘Firearm User Licence.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3291)Full Citation

27.

St Lucia.2003.‘Application for and Grant of Licence.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3283)Full Citation

28.

St Lucia.2003.‘Revocation.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3289)Full Citation

29.

St Lucia.2003.‘Antique Firearm Collector Licence.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3292)Full Citation

30.

St Lucia.2003.‘Sporting Firearm Licence.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3294)Full Citation

31.

St Lucia.2003.‘Prohibition Against Acquisition etc. by Persons Under 18 years.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3299)Full Citation

32.

St Lucia.2003.‘Prohibitions in Relation to Licences.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3302)Full Citation

33.

St Lucia.2003.‘Duration of Licence.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3301)Full Citation

34.

St Lucia.2003.‘Restriction on Sale of Firearm or Ammunition.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3298)Full Citation

35.

St Lucia.2003.‘Prohibition Against Carrying a Firearm or Ammunition in Public Place.’ Saint Lucia Firearms Act No.9 of 2003.Castries:House of Assembly and the Senate of Saint Lucia,20 January. (Q3297)Full Citation

36.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 22 January.
(G93) Full Citation

37.

OAS / UNODA.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials / CIFTA.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Organization of American States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 November. (Q3244)Full Citation

38.

OAS.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA): Signatures and Ratifications.’ Organization of American States, Department of International Law.Washington, DC:Organization of American States,14 November. (Q3262)Full Citation

39.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

40.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

41.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

42.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

43.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

44.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

45.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

46.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation