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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

St Kitts & Nevis — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 181 2
2011: 34
2010: 211 2 3
2009: 271 2 3 4 5
2008: 23
2007: 16
2006: 17
2005: 8
2004: 11
2003: 10
2002: 5
2001: 6
2000: 3
1999: 63
1998: 8
1997: 7
1996: 4
1995: 4

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 33.591 2
2011: 64.19
2010: 40.111 2 3
2009: 52.191 2 3 4 5
2008: 45.00
2007: 31.70
2006: 34.12
2005: 16.28
2004: 22.72
2003: 20.97
2002: 10.65
2001: 12.98
2000: 6.59
1999: 13.23 6
1998: 17.83
1997: 15.83 6
1996: 9.23
1995: 9.33 6

Gun Homicides

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 302
2010: 171 2 3 7
2009: 23
2008: 183 7
2007: 12
2006: 13
2005: 6
2004: 7

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 59.638
2010: 34.078 3 7
2009: 46.488 3 7 5
2008: 35.23 7
2007: 23.8
2006: 26.1
2005: 12.2
2004: 14.4

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 88%2
2010: 81%1 2 3
2009: 85%2 3
2008: 78.3%3
2007: 75.0%
2006: 76.5%
2005: 75.0%
2004: 63.6%

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, annual suicides by any means total

2008: 19
2007: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1997: 110

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn St Kitts & Nevis, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 2.09
2007: 2.1
2005: 2.19 11
2004: 2.19
2002: 2.1
2001: 2.2
2000: 2.3
1997: 2.3810

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In St Kitts & Nevis, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence12 13 14 15 16 17 18

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In St Kitts & Nevis, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law19 17 18

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from St Kitts & Nevis is reported by Customs to be US$020 (2009)

Firearm Imports

In St Kitts & Nevis, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law19 17 18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to St Kitts & Nevis is reported by Customs to be US$114,65120 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in St Kitts & Nevis is moderate21 22

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In St Kitts & Nevis, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law23

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in St Kitts & Nevis include24 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in St Kitts & Nevis is categorised as restrictive25

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in St Kitts & Nevis includes the Firearms Act of 2002,26 the Firearms Regulations27 28 and the Domestic Violence Act of 201129

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in St Kitts & Nevis are regulated by the Minister of National Security, the Chief of Police and the Comptroller of Customs17 28

Right to Possess Firearms

In St Kitts & Nevis, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law30 31

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In St Kitts & Nevis, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms32 33

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In St Kitts & Nevis, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited32 33

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In St Kitts & Nevis, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence34

Regulation of Handguns

In St Kitts & Nevis, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence34

Gun Ownership and Possession

In St Kitts & Nevis, only licensed gun owners34 33 17 18 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in St Kitts & Nevis are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm33

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in St Kitts & Nevis is 17 years35

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in St Kitts & Nevis must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health33 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In St Kitts & Nevis, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required23

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In St Kitts & Nevis, licensing authorities are not required23 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in St Kitts & Nevis does not stipulate23 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In St Kitts & Nevis, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required23 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In St Kitts & Nevis, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year36

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in St Kitts & Nevis are permitted to possess only the number of firearms indicated in the licence24

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in St Kitts & Nevis are permitted to possess only the quantity of ammunition indicated in the licence24

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In St Kitts & Nevis, the law requires37 38 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In St Kitts & Nevis, licensed firearm dealers are required39 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In St Kitts & Nevis, licensed gun makers are required39 15 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In St Kitts & Nevis, State agencies are required38 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In St Kitts & Nevis, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a Firearm Disposal Permit and unless registered by the Chief of Police40 35 37 14 18

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In St Kitts & Nevis, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful12 35 13 14 17 18

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In St Kitts & Nevis, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined23

Regulation of Gun Shows

In St Kitts & Nevis, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated23 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in St Kitts & Nevis include24 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in St Kitts & Nevis do not include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in St Kitts & Nevis do not include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In St Kitts & Nevis, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law38 24

Firearm Tracing

In St Kitts & Nevis, state authorities carry out41 42 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In St Kitts & Nevis, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not23 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In St Kitts & Nevis, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law43 44

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In St Kitts & Nevis, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm45 is three years in prison34 35 37 12 13 14 15 16 46 19 47 48 49

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Small Arms Destroyed

In St Kitts & Nevis, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 40050 (2013)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In St Kitts & Nevis, it is state policy50 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), St Kitts & Nevis adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified51 52 by St Kitts & Nevis

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed53 by St Kitts & Nevis.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified54 by St Kitts & Nevis

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified55 by St Kitts & Nevis

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, St Kitts & Nevis committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects56

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, St Kitts & Nevis has yet to submit a national report57 58 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In St Kitts & Nevis, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated59 58

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated58 by St Kitts & Nevis to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, St Kitts & Nevis has not declared60 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, St Kitts & Nevis has been a Member State of the United Nations since 198361

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list62 St Kitts & Nevis as a Participating State


Short References

1.

Igarapé Institute.2015.‘Homicides and Homicide Rates 2000 to 2014 - Saint Kitts & Nevis.’ Homicide Monitor 2015.Rio de Janeiro:Igarapé Institute,24 June. (Q11122)Full Citation

2.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in St Kitts & Nevis.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10129)Full Citation

3.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Saint Kitts and Nevis.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6356)Full Citation

4.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide 2000-2011.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 July. (Q9209)Full Citation

5.

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6.

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7.

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8.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - St Kitts & Nevis.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,20 November. (Q10156)Full Citation

9.

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10.

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11.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Suicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5680)Full Citation

12.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘General Restrictions Upon Manufacture and Dealing in Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11285)Full Citation

13.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Special Restrictions Upon Holders of Firearm Manufacturers' or Firearm Dealers' Licences.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11288)Full Citation

14.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘General Restriction on Repair and Transfer of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11289)Full Citation

15.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Restrictions Relating to Gunsmiths.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11290)Full Citation

16.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Special Restrictions on Shortening Firearms and Converting Imitation Firearms Into Firearms.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11291)Full Citation

17.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Appropriate Authority.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11299)Full Citation

18.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Types of Licences, Certificates and Permits.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11295)Full Citation

19.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Restriction on Importation, Exportation and Transhipment of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11284)Full Citation

20.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

21.

Sun (St. Kitts & Nevis). 2008. ‘Police Commissioner Condemns Gun Violence.’ 23 July. (N412) Full Citation

22.

Tony Best. 2011. ‘Caribbean Nations Appeal to UN to Aid in Fight Against Violent Crime.’ Caribbean 360 (Barbados). 11 October. (N413) Full Citation

23.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Short Title.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q12035)Full Citation

24.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Form of Firearm Export Permit and User's Licence.’ Schedule 1 to the Firearms Regulations (Regulations 2 and 3).Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11303)Full Citation

25.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

26.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Short Title.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11282)Full Citation

27.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Firearms Regulations.’ Third Schedule (Section 48), Firearms Regulations.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11302)Full Citation

28.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Regulations.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11305)Full Citation

29.

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30.

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31.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

32.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Interpretation.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11283)Full Citation

33.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘General Provisions as to Grant and Issue of Licences, Certificates and Permits.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11296)Full Citation

34.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Possession of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11293)Full Citation

35.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Restrictions Upon Acquisition or Disposal of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11286)Full Citation

36.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Duration of Licence or Permit.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11298)Full Citation

37.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Restriction on Delivery of Firearm and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11287)Full Citation

38.

Office of the Prime Minister of St. Kitts & Nevis. 2011. ‘St. Kitts and Nevis Signs Firearms Marking and Tracing Agreement.’ 17 April. (N216) Full Citation

39.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Records and Returns.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11292)Full Citation

40.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Special Provisions Relating to Firearm Disposal Permit.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11297)Full Citation

41.

SKN Vibes. 2014. ‘eTrace Leads to Arrests for Gun Crimes.’ 27 January. (N410) Full Citation

42.

Caribbean Net News. 2009. ‘US and Nine Caribbean Islands Sign Agreement to Help Trace Illegal Guns.’ 1 April. (N165) Full Citation

43.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘General Restriction Upon Carrying Firearms and Ammunition in Public.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11294)Full Citation

44.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Special Provisions Relating to Firearm User's (Special) Permit.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11340)Full Citation

45.

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46.

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47.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘Forfeiture of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11300)Full Citation

48.

St. Kitts and Nevis.2002.‘General Penalty.’ Firearms Act Chapter 19.05.Basseterre:Laws of Saint Christopher and Nevis,31 December. (Q11301)Full Citation

49.

Shawn Seabrookes. 2007. ‘Gun-toting Fiends Making Mockery of Harsher Penalty; Culprits Locked on Targets.’ SKNVibes (Basseterre). 5 July. (N171) Full Citation

50.

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51.

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55.

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62.

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