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Spain — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Spain is 4,500,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Spain is 10.41 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Spain, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 272,9462

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Spain, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,059,7632

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 223,3272 handguns in civilian possession in Spain

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Spain ranked at No. 183

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Spain ranked at No. 611

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Spain is reported to be 2,500,0002

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Spain is 6.214

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Spain is reported to be 3,051,5883

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Spain is 6.984

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Spain are reported to have 1,800,0005 6 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Spain are reported to have 149,8477 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Spain, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2010: 2888

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Spain, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2010: 0.638

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Spain, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 3879
2010: 390
2009: 399
2008: 426
2007: 482
2006: 4769 10
2005: 518
2004: 5209
2003: 587
2002: 564
2001: 577
2000: 5539 11
1999: 486
1998: 522
1997: 4639 12
1996: 397
1995: 411

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.89
2010: 0.8
2009: 0.9
2008: 0.9
2007: 1.1
2006: 1.19 10
2005: 1.2
2004: 1.29
2003: 1.4
2002: 1.4
2001: 1.4
2000: 1.49 11
1999: 1.2
1998: 1.3
1997: 1.29 12
1996: 1.0
1995: 1.0
1993: 0.9513

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 6714
2009: 7814 9
2008: 80
2007: 57
2006: 82
2005: 74
2004: 8614
2003: 115
2002: 103
2001: 104
2000: 10514 9
1999: 68
1998: 85
1997: 10514
1996: 14812
1995: 107

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1514
2009: 0.1714 9
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.214
2003: 0.27
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.2614 9
1999: 0.17
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.2714
1996: 0.3812
1995: 0.27
1993: 0.2115

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 1414
2009: 9
2008: 3
2007: 4
2006: 8
2005: 7
2004: 16
2003: 12
2002: 21
2001: 16
2000: 14
1999: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0314
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.05
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.01

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Spain, annual long gun homicides total

2010: 1414
2009: 10
2008: 5
2007: 6
2006: 12
2005: 7
2004: 8
2003: 13
2002: 14
2001: 14
2000: 18
1999: 7

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0314
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Spain, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 3914
2009: 59
2008: 72
2007: 47
2006: 62
2005: 60
2004: 62
2003: 90
2002: 68
2001: 74
2000: 73
1999: 58

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0814
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.16
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.21
2002: 0.16
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.18
1999: 0.15

Suicides (any method)

In Spain, annual suicides by any means total 1998: 3,26116

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1998: 7.9416
1993: 7.7717

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Spain, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 19318
2009: 205
2008: 194
2007: 170
2006: 181
2005: 170
2004: 188
2003: 203
2002: 192
2001: 169
2000: 187
1999: 178
1998: 224
1997: 221

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.4218
2009: 0.45
2008: 0.43
2007: 0.38
2006: 0.41
2005: 0.39
2004: 0.44
2003: 0.48
2002: 0.46
2001: 0.42
2000: 0.47
1999: 0.45
1998: 0.57
1997: 0.56
1993: 0.4319

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Spain, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 2418
2009: 18
2008: 24
2007: 20
2006: 18
2005: 15
2004: 27
2003: 30
2002: 23
2001: 24
2000: 21
1999: 12

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0518
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Spain, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 3218
2009: 58
2008: 50
2007: 40
2006: 61
2005: 53
2004: 59
2003: 57
2002: 53
2001: 56
2000: 63
1999: 33

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0718
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.14
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.16
1999: 0.08

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Spain, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 13718
2009: 129
2008: 120
2007: 110
2006: 102
2005: 102
2004: 102
2003: 116
2002: 116
2001: 89
2000: 103
1999: 133

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.3018
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.26
2007: 0.25
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.24
2004: 0.24
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.28
2001: 0.22
2000: 0.26
1999: 0.34

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 2520
2009: 33
2008: 28
2007: 39
2006: 23
2005: 33
2004: 31
2003: 31
2002: 26
2001: 35
2000: 37
1999: 34
1998: 43
1997: 54

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0520
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.14
1993: 0.2521

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 120
2005: 2
2002: 4
2001: 2
2000: 4

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0020
2005: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 720
2009: 4
2008: 8
2007: 10
2006: 3
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 5
2002: 6
2001: 6
2000: 12
1999: 5

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0220
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.01

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Spain, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 1820
2009: 29
2008: 20
2007: 28
2006: 20
2005: 26
2004: 24
2003: 26
2002: 16
2001: 27
2000: 21
1999: 29

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0420
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 322
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 1
2006: 7
2005: 1
2004: 5
2003: 1
2002: 3
2000: 2
1999: 016

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0122
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.0016
1993: 0.0023

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 122
2004: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0022
2004: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2005: 122
2004: 1
2002: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2005: 0.0022
2004: 0.00
2002: 0.00

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Spain, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 222
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 1
2006: 7
2004: 3
2003: 1
2002: 1
2000: 2

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Spain, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0022
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2000: 0.01

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Spain, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence2

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Spain is ranked 'medium'24

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Spain, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 29

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Spain is reported by Customs to be US$51,457,40330 (2011)31 32

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Spain is categorized as 'mid-level'33 32

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Spain, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Spain is reported by Customs to be US$50,589,00730 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Spain is moderate2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Spain, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law34 35

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Spain was ranked at No. 836

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Spain is categorised as restrictive37

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Spain includes the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,38 39 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200340 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms41

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Spain are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior through the General Directorate of the Civil Guard,42 and the European Commission39

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Spain, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition43 44

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Spain, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited43 44

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Spain, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation45 46 44

Regulation of Handguns

In Spain, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation43 45 46 44

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Spain, only licensed gun owners47 43 45 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Spain are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security48

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Spain is 18 years48

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Spain must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and domestic violence48 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Spain stipulates2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Spain, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required2 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Spain, authorities maintain a record2 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Spain are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm49

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Spain, the law requires42 50 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Spain, licensed firearm dealers are required51 50 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Spain, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful52 46

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Spain include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Spain include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Spain, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law53 54 55

Firearm Tracing

In Spain, state authorities carry out53 56 55 50 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In Spain, state authorities employ53 54 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Spain, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit2

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Spain is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament57 58

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Spain is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Spain has submitted one or more national reports59 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200760 by Spain.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified61 by Spain

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified62 by Spain

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Spain committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects63

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Spain has submitted one or more national reports64 65 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Spain, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated66 65

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Spain, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated66

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Spain submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent65

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated65 by Spain to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Spain has declared67 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Spain has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195568

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists69 Spain as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Spain, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Spain ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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