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Solomon Islands — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Solomon Islands is 01 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in the Solomon Islands is 01

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Solomon Islands, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 01

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Solomon Islands, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 01

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the Solomon Islands, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 01

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In the Solomon Islands, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be 0%1

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In the Solomon Islands, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be 0%1

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in the Solomon Islands is reported to be 01

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Solomon Islands is 01

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in the Solomon Islands is reported to be 01

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Solomon Islands is 01

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Solomon Islands are reported to have 01 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In the Solomon Islands, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm1

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Solomon Islands are reported to have 01 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 243
2008: 194 5
2007: 264
2006: 23
2005: 26
2004: 20

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 4.33
2008: 3.74 5
2007: 5.24
2006: 4.8
2005: 5.5
2004: 4.44 6

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 04
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 0
2004: 0

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.04
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.0
2005: 0.0
2004: 0.0

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Solomon Islands, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2008: 0%3
2007: 0%
2006: 0%
2005: 0%

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Solomon Islands, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited7

Home-made Guns

In the Solomon Islands, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate8 9

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Solomon Islands, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law10

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Solomon Islands is reported by Customs to be US$011 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In the Solomon Islands, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law12 13

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Solomon Islands is reported by Customs to be US$77311 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Solomon Islands is low14

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Solomon Islands, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law15 16

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Solomon Islands do not include15 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Solomon Islands is categorised as restrictive17

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Solomon Islands includes the Firearms and Ammunition Act 1967 (Revised 1996)18

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Solomon Islands are regulated by the Principal Licensing Officer19

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Solomon Islands, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law20 21 15

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Solomon Islands, civilians are not allowed to possess all firearms22 22 23

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Solomon Islands, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited22 23 5

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In the Solomon Islands, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited22

Regulation of Handguns

In the Solomon Islands, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited22 5

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Solomon Islands, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law22 5

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Solomon Islands, no civilian24 25 5 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Solomon Islands are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, fishing25 27

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Solomon Islands is 21 years28

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Solomon Islands must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and addiction25 29 5 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In the Solomon Islands, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required15

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Solomon Islands do not stipulate15 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Solomon Islands, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required30 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Solomon Islands, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one year25

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Solomon Islands, the law does not require31 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Solomon Islands, licensed firearm dealers are required32 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Solomon Islands, State agencies are required33 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Solomon Islands, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a valid firearms licence34

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Solomon Islands, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful32 34

Regulation of Gun Shows

In the Solomon Islands, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated32 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Solomon Islands include35 25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Solomon Islands include36 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Solomon Islands do not include15 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Solomon Islands, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law37 38 39

Firearm Tracing

In the Solomon Islands, state authorities do not carry out37 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Solomon Islands, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law5

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Solomon Islands, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm40 is five to 10 years in prison41

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the Solomon Islands are known to have42 43 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In the Solomon Islands, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 5,80042 (2000) and 3,73044 (2002-04)

Small Arms Destroyed

In the Solomon Islands, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 6,00042 43

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Pacific Islands Forum

As a member of the Pacific Islands Forum, the Solomon Islands adopted the March, 2000 Nadi Framework agreement, which aims to harmonise small arms-related legislation across Oceania. In August 2003, the Nadi Framework’s draft model Weapons Control Bill was unanimously accepted for consideration by all 16 member states of the Pacific Islands Forum45 46

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200847 by the Solomon Islands.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed48 by the Solomon Islands

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed49 by the Solomon Islands

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Solomon Islands committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects50

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Solomon Islands against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9751 52 53 54 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Solomon Islands have submitted one or more national reports55 56 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Solomon Islands, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated57 56

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Solomon Islands, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated56

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Solomon Islands submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent56

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated56 by the Solomon Islands to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided56 to the Solomon Islands by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Solomon Islands have not declared58 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Solomon Islands have been a Member State of the United Nations since 197859

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list60 the Solomon Islands as a Participating State


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19.

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