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Slovenia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Slovenia is 270,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Slovenia is 13.51 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Slovenia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 47,4352

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Slovenia, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 24,6212

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Slovenia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 28,2392

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Slovenia ranked at No. 1083

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Slovenia ranked at No. 471

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Slovenia is reported to be 102,1701

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Slovenia is 5.084

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Slovenia are reported to have 66,3755 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Slovenia are reported to have 6,3006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovenia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 507 8
2009: 449 10 11 12
2008: 619 10 11
2007: 549 10
2006: 56
2005: 619 10 12
2004: 67
2003: 809 10 11 12
2002: 659 10 12
2001: 489 10 11
2000: 739 10
1999: 619 10 11 12
1998: 469 10 11
1997: 75
1996: 639 10
1995: 699 10 11
1994: 71
1993: 71
1992: 69
1991: 81
1990: 51

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.447 8
2009: 2.194
2008: 3.04
2007: 2.69
2006: 2.79
2005: 3.03
2004: 3.33
2003: 3.98
2002: 3.23
2001: 2.39
2000: 3.63
1999: 3.04
1998: 2.29
1997: 3.73
1996: 3.14
1995: 3.45
1994: 3.55
1993: 3.55
1992: 3.45
1991: 4.05
1990: 2.56

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Slovenia, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 1413
2011: 1613 14 15
2010: 1513 14
2009: 13
2008: 10
2007: 24
2006: 1213 16
2005: 20
2004: 2713 17
2003: 21
2002: 3613 18
2001: 28
2000: 3613 19
1999: 2519
1998: 14
1997: 3620
1996: 38
1995: 44

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.713
2011: 0.813 14 15
2010: 0.713 14
2009: 0.6
2008: 0.513 14 21
2007: 1.2
2006: 0.613 16
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.413 17
2003: 1.1
2002: 1.813 18
2001: 1.4
2000: 1.813 19
1999: 1.2619
1998: 0.71
1997: 1.8120
1996: 1.91
1995: 2.21
1994: 2.0122

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Slovenia, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 413
2011: 10
2010: 19 13 8
2009: 39 13 14
2008: 4
2007: 9
2006: 3
2005: 10
2004: 149 14
2003: 8
2002: 109
2001: 7
2000: 11
1999: 9
1998: 7
1997: 17
1996: 13
1995: 18
1994: 7
1993: 9
1992: 13
1991: 12
1990: 6

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.204
2011: 0.50
2010: 0.059 4 8
2009: 0.159 4 14
2008: 0.2
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.5
2004: 0.79 14
2003: 0.4
2002: 0.59
2001: 0.35
2000: 0.56
1999: 0.46
1998: 0.35
1997: 0.86
1996: 0.65
1995: 0.91
1994: 0.35
1993: 0.45
1992: 0.65
1991: 0.6
1990: 0.3

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Slovenia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 29%13
2011: 63%13 15
2010: 40%13
2009: 15%
2008: 20%
2007: 38%
2006: 25%
2005: 55%
2004: 25.0%14
2003: 23.8%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Slovenia, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 19
2008: 2
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 4
2002: 5
2001: 4
2000: 4
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 8

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.059
2008: 0.10
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.20
2000: 0.20
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.10
1997: 0.40

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Slovenia, annual long gun homicides total

2008: 19
2007: 1
2005: 2
2004: 1
2002: 2
2000: 2
1998: 1
1997: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.059
2007: 0.05
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.05
2002: 0.10
2000: 0.10
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.10

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Slovenia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2009: 39
2008: 1
2007: 8
2006: 2
2005: 7
2004: 12
2003: 4
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 7
1998: 4
1997: 7

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.159
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.40
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.35
2004: 0.60
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.35
1998: 0.20
1997: 0.35

Suicides (any method)

In Slovenia, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 59023

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 29.7423
1994: 31.1624

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Slovenia, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 4810 8
2009: 3810
2008: 56
2007: 45
2006: 53
2005: 50
2004: 52
2003: 69
2002: 52
2001: 40
2000: 62
1999: 49
1998: 37
1997: 57
1996: 50
1995: 50
1994: 60
1993: 61
1992: 53
1991: 66
1990: 43

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.3410 8
2009: 1.8610
2008: 2.75
2007: 2.23
2006: 2.64
2005: 2.5
2004: 2.6
2003: 3.46
2002: 2.61
2001: 2.01
2000: 3.14
1999: 2.48
1998: 1.87
1997: 2.88
1996: 2.51
1995: 2.52
1994: 3.02
1993: 3.07
1992: 2.66
1991: 3.3
1990: 2.15

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Slovenia, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 410
2009: 5
2008: 15
2007: 9
2006: 22
2005: 8
2004: 7
2003: 12
2002: 14
2001: 13
2000: 12
1999: 13
1998: 9
1997: 19

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2010
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.45
2000: 0.61
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.56

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Slovenia, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 410
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 6
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 7
2002: 6
2001: 9
2000: 12
1999: 2
1998: 5
1997: 11

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2010
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.45
2000: 0.61
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.56

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Slovenia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 4010
2009: 30
2008: 39
2007: 35
2006: 25
2005: 39
2004: 40
2003: 50
2002: 32
2001: 18
2000: 38
1999: 34
1998: 23
1997: 27

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.9510
2009: 1.47
2008: 1.91
2007: 1.73
2006: 1.24
2005: 1.95
2004: 2.00
2003: 2.50
2002: 1.60
2001: 0.90
2000: 1.92
1999: 1.72
1998: 1.17
1997: 1.36

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovenia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2009: 111
2008: 1
2003: 1
2001: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 1
1995: 1
1994: 4
1993: 1
1992: 3
1991: 3
1990: 2

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0511
2008: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2001: 0.05
1999: 0.1
1998: 0.1
1997: 0.05
1995: 0.05
1994: 0.2011 25
1993: 0.0511
1992: 0.15
1991: 0.15
1990: 0.1

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovenia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2003: 111
1998: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2003: 0.0511
1998: 0.10
1997: 0.05

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Slovenia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 111
2008: 1
2001: 1
1999: 2

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0511
2008: 0.05
2001: 0.05
1999: 0.10

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovenia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 112 8
2009: 212
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0512
2009: 0.10
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.15
1999: 0.05
1994: 0.0026

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovenia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2005: 112
2002: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2005: 0.0512
2002: 0.05

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovenia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 112
2009: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0512
2009: 0.10
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.10
1999: 0.05

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Slovenia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,27 28 but is not conducted in practice29

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Slovenia was ranked 'small'30

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Slovenia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law31 32 28 33 34 35 36 37

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Slovenia is reported by Customs to be US$1,430,54038 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Slovenia was categorized as 'unknown'39

Firearm Imports

In Slovenia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law31 32 28 33 34 35 36

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Slovenia is reported by Customs to be US$4,090,72138 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Slovenia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law40 28 41 42

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Slovenia include31 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Slovenia is categorised as restrictive43

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Slovenia includes the Firearms Act,28 27 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,44 45 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200346

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Slovenia are regulated by the Local Government and the Ministry of the Interior,28 and the European Commission45

Right to Possess Firearms

In Slovenia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law47 48

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Slovenia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition49 50

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Slovenia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited49 50 15

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Slovenia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation51 52 50

Regulation of Handguns

In Slovenia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation49 51 52 50 15

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Slovenia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law51 52 50 15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Slovenia, only licensed gun owners53 49 51 15 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Slovenia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security54

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Slovenia is 18 years54

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Slovenia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and domestic violence54 15 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Slovenia stipulates (not defined)2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Licensing Records

In Slovenia, authorities maintain a record2 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Slovenia are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm55

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Slovenia, the law requires29 56 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Slovenia, licensed firearm dealers are required57 56 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Slovenia, licensed gun makers are required57 27 29 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Slovenia, State agencies are required58 59 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Slovenia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful60 52

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Slovenia include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Slovenia include59 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Slovenia include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Slovenia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law57 29 27 61 62 63

Firearm Tracing

In Slovenia, state authorities carry out64 62 56 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Slovenia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law15

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Slovenia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, with some restrictions2

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Slovenia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm65 is five years in prison and/or a fine28 66 67

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Slovenia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2011: 41368

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Slovenia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 35469
2011: 56970

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Slovenia, it is not state policy59 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Slovenia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament71 72

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Slovenia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Slovenia has submitted one or more national reports73 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200674 by Slovenia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified75 by Slovenia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified76 by Slovenia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Slovenia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects77

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Slovenia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 5078 79 80 81 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Slovenia has submitted one or more national reports82 83 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Slovenia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated84 83

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Slovenia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated83

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Slovenia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent83

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated83 by Slovenia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Slovenia has declared85 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Slovenia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199286

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists87 Slovenia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Slovenia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Slovenia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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