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Slovenia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Slovenia is 270,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Slovenia is 13.51 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Slovenia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 47,4352

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Slovenia, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 24,6212

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 28,2392 handguns in civilian possession in Slovenia

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Slovenia ranked at No. 1083

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Slovenia ranked at No. 471

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Slovenia is reported to be 102,1703

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Slovenia is 5.084

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Slovenia are reported to have 66,3755 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Slovenia are reported to have 6,3006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Slovenia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2010: 507

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Slovenia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2010: 2.447

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Slovenia, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 168
2010: 15
2009: 13
2008: 10
2007: 24
2006: 129
2005: 20
2004: 2910
2003: 21
2002: 3611
2001: 28
2000: 3612
1999: 25
1998: 14
1997: 3613
1996: 38
1995: 44

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.88
2010: 0.7
2009: 0.6
2008: 0.58 14
2007: 1.2
2006: 0.609
2005: 1.00
2004: 1.4710
2003: 1.07
2002: 1.8311
2001: 1.42
2000: 1.8112
1999: 1.26
1998: 0.71
1997: 1.8113
1996: 1.91
1995: 2.21
1994: 2.0115

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Slovenia, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 116
2009: 316 8
2008: 4
2007: 9
2006: 3
2005: 10
2004: 14
2003: 8
2002: 1016
2001: 7
2000: 11
1999: 9
1998: 7
1997: 17
1996: 13
1995: 18
1994: 7
1993: 9
1992: 13
1991: 12
1990: 6

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0516
2009: 0.1516 8
2008: 0.2
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.5
2004: 0.7
2003: 0.4
2002: 0.516
2001: 0.35
2000: 0.56
1999: 0.46
1998: 0.35
1997: 0.86
1996: 0.65
1995: 0.91
1994: 0.35
1993: 0.45
1992: 0.65
1991: 0.6
1990: 0.3

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Slovenia, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 116
2008: 2
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 4
2002: 5
2001: 4
2000: 4
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 8

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0516
2008: 0.10
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.20
2000: 0.20
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.10
1997: 0.40

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Slovenia, annual long gun homicides total

2008: 116
2007: 1
2005: 2
2004: 1
2002: 2
2000: 2
1998: 1
1997: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0516
2007: 0.05
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.05
2002: 0.10
2000: 0.10
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.10

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Slovenia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2009: 316
2008: 1
2007: 8
2006: 2
2005: 7
2004: 12
2003: 4
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 7
1998: 4
1997: 7

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1516
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.40
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.35
2004: 0.60
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.25
1999: 0.35
1998: 0.20
1997: 0.35

Suicides (any method)

In Slovenia, annual suicides by any means total 1999: 59017

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 29.7417
1994: 31.1618

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Slovenia, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 4819
2009: 38
2008: 56
2007: 45
2006: 53
2005: 50
2004: 52
2003: 69
2002: 52
2001: 40
2000: 62
1999: 49
1998: 37
1997: 57
1996: 50
1995: 50
1994: 60
1993: 61
1992: 53
1991: 66
1990: 43

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.3419
2009: 1.86
2008: 2.75
2007: 2.23
2006: 2.64
2005: 2.5
2004: 2.6
2003: 3.46
2002: 2.61
2001: 2.01
2000: 3.14
1999: 2.48
1998: 1.87
1997: 2.88
1996: 2.51
1995: 2.52
1994: 3.02
1993: 3.07
1992: 2.66
1991: 3.3
1990: 2.15

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Slovenia, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 419
2009: 5
2008: 15
2007: 9
2006: 22
2005: 8
2004: 7
2003: 12
2002: 14
2001: 13
2000: 12
1999: 13
1998: 9
1997: 19

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2019
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.45
2000: 0.61
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.56

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Slovenia, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 419
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 6
2005: 3
2004: 5
2003: 7
2002: 6
2001: 9
2000: 12
1999: 2
1998: 5
1997: 11

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2019
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.30
2005: 0.15
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.45
2000: 0.61
1999: 0.10
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.56

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Slovenia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 4019
2009: 30
2008: 39
2007: 35
2006: 25
2005: 39
2004: 40
2003: 50
2002: 32
2001: 18
2000: 38
1999: 34
1998: 23
1997: 27

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.9519
2009: 1.47
2008: 1.91
2007: 1.73
2006: 1.24
2005: 1.95
2004: 2.00
2003: 2.50
2002: 1.60
2001: 0.90
2000: 1.92
1999: 1.72
1998: 1.17
1997: 1.36

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovenia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2009: 120
2008: 1
2003: 1
2001: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 1
1995: 1
1994: 4
1993: 1
1992: 3
1991: 3
1990: 2

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0520
2008: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2001: 0.05
1999: 0.1
1998: 0.1
1997: 0.05
1995: 0.05
1994: 0.2020 21
1993: 0.0520
1992: 0.15
1991: 0.15
1990: 0.1

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovenia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2003: 120
1998: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2003: 0.0520
1998: 0.10
1997: 0.05

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Slovenia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 120
2008: 1
2001: 1
1999: 2

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0520
2008: 0.05
2001: 0.05
1999: 0.10

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovenia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 122
2009: 2
2005: 1
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 3
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0522
2009: 0.10
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.15
1999: 0.05
1994: 0.0023

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovenia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2005: 122
2002: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2005: 0.0522
2002: 0.05

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovenia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 122
2009: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
1999: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovenia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0522
2009: 0.10
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.10
1999: 0.05

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Slovenia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence2

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Slovenia is ranked 'small'24

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Slovenia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 29 30

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Slovenia is reported by Customs to be US$1,430,54031 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Slovenia is categorized as 'unknown'32

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Slovenia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 29

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Slovenia is reported by Customs to be US$4,090,72131 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Slovenia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law25 33 34

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Slovenia is categorised as restrictive35

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Slovenia includes the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,36 37 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200338

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Slovenia are regulated by the Local Government and the Ministry of the Interior,2 and the European Commission37

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Slovenia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition39 40

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Slovenia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited39 40

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Slovenia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation41 42 40

Regulation of Handguns

In Slovenia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation39 41 42 40

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Slovenia, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)43 39 41 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Slovenia are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security44

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Slovenia is 18 years44

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Slovenia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and domestic violence44 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Slovenia stipulates (not defined)2 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Licensing Records

In Slovenia, authorities maintain a record2 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Slovenia are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm45

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Slovenia, the law requires46 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Slovenia, licensed firearm dealers are required47 46 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Slovenia, licensed gun makers are required47 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Slovenia, State agencies are required48 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Slovenia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful49 42

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Slovenia include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Slovenia include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Slovenia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law47 50

Firearm Tracing

In Slovenia, state authorities carry out50 46 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Slovenia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, with some restrictions2

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Slovenia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament51 52

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Slovenia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Slovenia has submitted one or more national reports53 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200654 by Slovenia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified55 by Slovenia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified56 by Slovenia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Slovenia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects57

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Slovenia has submitted one or more national reports58 59 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Slovenia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated60 59

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Slovenia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated60 59

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated59 by Slovenia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Slovenia has declared61 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Slovenia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199262

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists63 Slovenia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Slovenia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Slovenia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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