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Slovakia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Slovakia is 450,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Slovakia is 8.31 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Slovakia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 115,3992

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 54,9582 handguns in civilian possession in Slovakia

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Slovakia ranked at No. 853

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Slovakia ranked at No. 731

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Slovakia is reported to be 170,3571 2

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Slovakia is 3.144

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Slovakia are reported to have 100,4885 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Slovakia are reported to have 19,6186 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 957
2009: 1068 9 10 11
2008: 83
2005: 113
2004: 145
2003: 131
2002: 128
2001: 122
2000: 155
1999: 171
1998: 139
1997: 139
1996: 134
1995: 122
1994: 128
1993: 1378 9 10
1992: 125

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.757
2009: 1.944
2008: 1.52
2005: 2.08
2004: 2.67
2003: 2.42
2002: 2.37
2001: 2.26
2000: 2.87
1999: 3.17
1998: 2.58
1997: 2.58
1996: 2.49
1995: 2.28
1994: 2.39
1993: 2.57
1992: 2.36

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 7512
2011: 9612 13 14
2010: 8912 13
2009: 84
2008: 94
2007: 89
2006: 8912 13 15
2005: 106
2004: 12212 13 16
2003: 146
2002: 13812 13 17
2001: 129
2000: 14312 13 18
1999: 14113 18
1998: 128
1997: 14013
1996: 132
1995: 128

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.412
2011: 1.812 13 14
2010: 1.612 13
2009: 1.5
2008: 1.712 13 19
2007: 1.6
2006: 1.612 13 15 19
2005: 2.0
2004: 2.312 13 16 19
2003: 2.7
2002: 2.612 13 17 19
2001: 2.4
2000: 2.712 13 18 19
1999: 2.613 18 19
1998: 2.4
1997: 2.613 19
1996: 2.5
1995: 2.4

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 1412
2011: 13
2010: 108 12
2009: 3
2008: 6
2007: 1812
2006: 1612 15
2005: 138 12 13
2004: 268 13
2003: 23
2002: 238
2001: 20
2000: 34
1999: 43
1998: 30
1997: 40
1996: 29
1995: 18
1994: 24
1993: 48
1992: 51

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.264
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.188 4
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.334
2006: 0.294 15
2005: 0.248 4 13
2004: 0.488 13
2003: 0.43
2002: 0.438
2001: 0.37
2000: 0.63
1999: 0.8
1998: 0.56
1997: 0.74
1996: 0.54
1995: 0.34
1994: 0.45
1993: 0.9
1992: 0.96

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Slovakia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 19%12
2011: 14%12 14
2010: 19%12
2009: 17%
2008: 19%
2007: 20%
2006: 18%
2005: 11%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual handgun homicides total

2009: 38
2008: 6
2005: 11
2004: 18
2003: 19
2002: 17
2001: 13
2000: 20
1999: 20
1998: 25
1997: 28
1996: 18
1995: 16
1994: 12

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.068
2008: 0.11
2005: 0.20
2004: 0.33
2003: 0.35
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.37
1999: 0.37
1998: 0.46
1997: 0.52
1996: 0.34
1995: 0.30
1994: 0.22

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual long gun homicides total

2010: 68
2005: 2
2004: 3
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 7
1999: 11
1998: 3
1997: 3
1996: 5
1995: 1
1994: 4

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.118
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.20
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.06
1996: 0.09
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 48
2004: 5
2003: 1
2002: 3
2001: 4
2000: 7
1999: 12
1998: 2
1997: 9
1996: 6
1995: 1
1994: 8

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.078
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.17
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.02
1994: 0.15

Suicides (any method)

In Slovakia, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 69220

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Slovakia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 12.8120

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 519
2009: 65
2008: 36
2005: 81
2004: 80
2003: 76
2002: 71
2001: 68
2000: 85
1999: 88
1998: 69
1997: 68
1996: 77
1995: 64
1994: 76
1993: 73
1992: 66

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.949
2009: 1.2
2008: 0.67
2005: 1.5
2004: 1.49
2003: 1.41
2002: 1.32
2001: 1.26
2000: 1.57
1999: 1.63
1998: 1.28
1997: 1.26
1996: 1.43
1995: 1.19
1994: 1.42
1993: 1.37
1992: 1.24

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Slovakia, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 319
2009: 34
2008: 26
2005: 51
2004: 51
2003: 51
2002: 47
2001: 35
2000: 48
1999: 50
1998: 48
1997: 41
1996: 39
1995: 40
1994: 46

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.579
2009: 0.63
2008: 0.48
2005: 0.95
2004: 0.95
2003: 0.95
2002: 0.87
2001: 0.65
2000: 0.89
1999: 0.93
1998: 0.89
1997: 0.76
1996: 0.73
1995: 0.75
1994: 0.86

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Slovakia, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 149
2009: 16
2008: 3
2005: 16
2004: 12
2003: 11
2002: 13
2001: 13
2000: 15
1999: 14
1998: 12
1997: 12
1996: 18
1995: 12
1994: 13

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.269
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.06
2005: 0.30
2004: 0.22
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.24
2001: 0.24
2000: 0.28
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.22
1997: 0.22
1996: 0.34
1995: 0.22
1994: 0.24

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 69
2009: 15
2008: 7
2005: 14
2004: 17
2003: 14
2002: 11
2001: 20
2000: 22
1999: 24
1998: 9
1997: 15
1996: 20
1995: 12
1994: 17

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.119
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.13
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.32
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.37
2000: 0.41
1999: 0.44
1998: 0.17
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.37
1995: 0.22
1994: 0.32

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 2110
2009: 25
2008: 23
2005: 9
2004: 24
2003: 21
2002: 18
2001: 16
2000: 18
1999: 20
1998: 21
1997: 15
1996: 17
1995: 25
1994: 15
1993: 16
1992: 8

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.3910
2009: 0.46
2008: 0.43
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.45
2003: 0.39
2002: 0.33
2001: 0.3
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.37
1998: 0.39
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.32
1995: 0.47
1994: 0.28
1993: 0.3
1992: 0.15

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2010: 1310
2009: 18
2008: 13
2005: 3
2004: 8
2003: 17
2002: 11
2001: 8
2000: 10
1999: 12
1998: 13
1997: 10
1996: 6
1995: 10
1994: 9

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2410
2009: 0.33
2008: 0.24
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.15
2000: 0.19
1999: 0.22
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.19
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.19
1994: 0.17

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 710
2009: 4
2008: 3
2005: 2
2004: 5
2003: 1
2002: 5
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 5
1998: 4
1997: 3
1996: 4
1995: 6
1994: 5

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1310
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.06
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.09
1998: 0.07
1997: 0.06
1996: 0.07
1995: 0.11
1994: 0.09

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Slovakia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 110
2009: 3
2008: 7
2005: 4
2004: 11
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 3
2000: 4
1999: 3
1998: 4
1997: 2
1996: 7
1995: 9
1994: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0210
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.13
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.20
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.06
1998: 0.07
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.13
1995: 0.17
1994: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 1311
2009: 13
2008: 18
2005: 10
2004: 15
2003: 11
2002: 16
2001: 18
2000: 18
1999: 20
1998: 19
1997: 16
1996: 11
1995: 15
1994: 13

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2411
2009: 0.24
2008: 0.33
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.20
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.33
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.37
1998: 0.35
1997: 0.30
1996: 0.20
1995: 0.28
1994: 0.24

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 911
2009: 8
2008: 13
2005: 5
2004: 8
2003: 3
2002: 11
2001: 10
2000: 8
1999: 14
1998: 13
1997: 8
1996: 6
1995: 10
1994: 7

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1711
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.24
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.20
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.15
1999: 0.26
1998: 0.24
1997: 0.15
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.19
1994: 0.13

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 411
2009: 2
2008: 2
2005: 2
2004: 5
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 9
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 4
1996: 1
1995: 5
1994: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0711
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.17
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.09
1994: 0.06

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Slovakia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2009: 311
2008: 3
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 4
1998: 5
1997: 4
1996: 4
1994: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Slovakia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0611
2008: 0.06
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.09
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.07
1994: 0.06

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Slovakia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence2

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Slovakia was ranked 'small'21

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Slovakia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law22 23 24 25 26 27

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Slovakia is reported by Customs to be US$5,192,89628 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Slovakia was categorized as 'minor'29

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Slovakia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law22 23 24 25 26

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Slovakia is reported by Customs to be US$8,992,11528 (2011)30

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Slovakia is moderate2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Slovakia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law22 31 32

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Slovakia scored

2014: 16.0033
2013: 14.2534
2012: 15.5035
2011: 13.5036
2010: 12.5037
2009: 14.7538
2008: 15.5039
2007: 13.2540
2006: 12.0041
2005: 12.5042
2004: 9.7543

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Slovakia is categorised as restrictive44

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Slovakia includes the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,45 46 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 2003,47 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms48

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Slovakia are regulated by the District Commandership of the Police Corps,2 and the European Commission46

Right to Possess Firearms

In Slovakia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law49

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Slovakia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition50 51

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Slovakia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited50 51 14

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Slovakia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation52 53 51

Regulation of Handguns

In Slovakia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation50 52 53 51 14

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Slovakia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law52 53 51 14

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Slovakia, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)54 50 52 14 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Slovakia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security55

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Slovakia is 21 years or 18 years with a hunting training certificate55

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Slovakia must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental55 14 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Slovakia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required2

Firearm Safety Training

In Slovakia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required2 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Slovakia, authorities maintain a record2 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Slovakia are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm56

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Slovakia, the law requires57 58 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Slovakia, licensed firearm dealers are required58 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Slovakia, State agencies are required57 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Slovakia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful59 53

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Slovakia include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Slovakia include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Slovakia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law60 61

Firearm Tracing

In Slovakia, state authorities carry out60 61 58 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Slovakia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law14

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Slovakia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, depending on weapon type2

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Slovakia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament62 63

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Slovakia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Slovakia has submitted one or more national reports64 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists65 Slovakia as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200866 by Slovakia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified67 by Slovakia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified68 by Slovakia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Slovakia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects69

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Slovakia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 6670 71 72 73 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Slovakia has submitted one or more national reports74 75 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Slovakia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated76 75

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Slovakia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated76 75

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated75 by Slovakia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided75 to Slovakia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Slovakia has declared77 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Slovakia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199378

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists79 Slovakia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Slovakia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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