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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Singapore — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Singapore is

2017: 20,0001
2007: 22,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Singapore is

2017: 0.31
2007: 0.52

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Singapore, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 1033

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Singapore, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2143

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Singapore, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 4763

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Singapore ranked at No. 1634

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Singapore ranked at No. 1692

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Singapore is reported to be

2017: 7951

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Singapore is

2017: 0.015

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Singapore there are estimated to be

2017: 19,2051

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Singapore the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2017: 0.335

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Singapore are reported to have 574,1406 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Singapore are reported to have 9,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 38
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 1

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.058
2014: 0
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 38
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 1

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 158
2014: 9
2013: 8
2012: 9
2011: 169 10
2010: 19
2009: 20
2008: 27
2007: 18
2006: 179 10 11
2005: 21
2004: 219 10 12
2003: 24
2002: 229 10
2001: 30
2000: 379 10 13
1999: 4010 13
1998: 37
1997: 3910
1996: 31
1995: 51

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.058
2014: 0
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.02
2011: 0.31
2010: 0.37
2009: 0.4
2008: 0.6
2007: 0.4
2006: 0.49 10 11
2005: 0.5
2004: 0.59 10 12
2003: 0.6
2002: 0.59 10
2001: 0.7
2000: 0.99 10 13
1999: 1.0113 10
1998: 0.94
1997: 1.110
1996: 0.9
1995: 1.5
1994: 1.7114

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 118
2014: 4
2013: 5
2012: 2
2011: 10
2010: 16

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 48
2014: 5
2013: 3
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 3

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Singapore, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 09
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 19 11
2005: 0
2004: 012
2003: 0
2000: 113

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0.005
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.025 11
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.0012
2003: 0.00
2000: 0.0213
1994: 0.0715

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Singapore, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 0%9
2010: 0%
2009: 0%
2008: 0%
2007: 0%
2006: 6%
2005: 0%
2004: 0.0%10
2003: 0.0%
2000: 2.7%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Singapore, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Singapore, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 3298
2014: 355
2013: 357
2012: 392
1998: 37116

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 5.808
2014: 6.38
2013: 6.54
2012: 7.32
1998: 8.7216
1994: 14.0617

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 2188
2014: 250
2013: 245
2012: 243

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 1118
2014: 105
2013: 112
2012: 149

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Singapore, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 18
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0
1998: 516

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.028
2014: 0
2013: 0.02
2012: 0
1998: 0.1216
1994: 0.1718

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Singapore, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 18
2014: 0
2013: 1
2012: 0

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Singapore, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 18
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
1998: 116

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.028
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0.02
1998: 0.0216
1994: 0.0019

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 18
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Singapore, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Singapore, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 18
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1
1998: 016

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1998: 0.0016
1994: 0.0020

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Singapore, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 18
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 1

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Singapore, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Singapore, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence21 22

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Singapore was ranked 'medium'23

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Singapore, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law21 24 25 26

Firearm Exports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms exported from Singapore is reported by manufacturers to be

2017: 127
2007: 76

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Singapore is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 3,297,81828
2015: 891,961
2014: 2,128,994
2013: 1,599,890
2012: 1,720,33328 29
2011: 11,831,50030
2010: 31,000,00031

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Singapore was categorized as 'major'32 33 34

Firearm Imports

In Singapore, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law21 35 25 26

Firearm Imports (Number)

ChartThe annual number of firearms imported to Singapore is reported to be

2017: 20227
2016: 1,964
2015: 98
2014: 444
2013: 304
2012: 70
2011: 75
2010: 1,713
2009: 187
2008: 550
2007: 95
2006: 112

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

ChartThe annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Singapore is reported by Customs to be US$

2016: 2,279,46928
2015: 3,259,844
2014: 3,639,128
2013: 4,011,333
2012: 6,747,10428 36 37
2011: 3,033,81730 38
2010: 69,000,00039

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Singapore is negligible3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Singapore, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law40

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Singapore include25 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Singapore scored

2017: 7.0041
2016: 6.0042
2014: 6.5043
2013: 6.0044
2012: 6.5045
2011: 7.0046
2010: 6.5047
2009: 6.5048
2008: 6.5049
2007: 6.0050
2006: 6.0051
2005: 6.0052
2004: 5.5053

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Singapore is categorised as restrictive54

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Singapore includes the Arms and Explosives Act 2003 (as elaborated by the Arms Rules),55 56 the Strategic Trade Control Act (as updated through yearly Strategic Trade Control Orders),57 58 and the Arms Offences Act59

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Singapore are regulated by the Licensing Officer appointed by the Minister of Interior60 61

Right to Possess Firearms

In Singapore, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law62 63 21

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Singapore, private possession of fully automatic weapons is not specifically prohibited in law64 65 66

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Singapore, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is not specifically prohibited in law64 65

Regulation of Handguns

In Singapore, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is not specifically prohibited in law67 65 66

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Singapore, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law66

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Singapore, only licensed gun owners21 68 69 66 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Singapore are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example sports shooting and self-protection70 71 72 73 74

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Singapore is 18 for sports shooting70, or 21 for self-protection72

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Singapore must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, medical, and Gun Club Membership70 72 60 66 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Singapore, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required75

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Singapore does stipulate76 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Singapore, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required72 74 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Singapore, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years77 69

Licensing Records

In Singapore, authorities maintain a record65 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Singapore are permitted to possess any number of firearms67

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Singapore are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition78

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Singapore, the law requires65 79 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Singapore, licensed firearm dealers are required80 81 65 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Singapore, licensed gun makers are required80 22 79 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Singapore, State agencies are required82 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Singapore, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited83

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Singapore, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful83

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Singapore, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined67

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Singapore, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated67 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Singapore include73 71 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Singapore include84 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Singapore include82 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Singapore do not include67 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Singapore, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law79 22 85

Firearm Tracing

In Singapore, state authorities carry out86 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Singapore, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not67 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Singapore, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit73 66

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Singapore, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit73 66

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Singapore, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm87 is up to 10 years in prison and six strokes of the cane88 77

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Singapore, it is not state policy82 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed89 by Singapore.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified90 by Singapore

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed91 by Singapore

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Singapore committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects92

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Singapore has submitted one or more national reports93 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Singapore, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated94 93

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Singapore submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent93

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated93 by Singapore to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Singapore has not declared95 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Singapore has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196596

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list97 Singapore as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Singapore, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Singapore ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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