Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Singapore — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Singapore is 22,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Singapore is 0.51

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Singapore, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 1032

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Singapore, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2142

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Singapore, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 4762

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Singapore ranked at No. 1633

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Singapore ranked at No. 1691

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Singapore is reported to be 7952

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Singapore is 0.024

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Singapore are reported to have 563,7505 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Singapore are reported to have 46,2006 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 177
2012: 118
2011: 168 9
2010: 19
2009: 20
2008: 27
2007: 18
2006: 178 9 10
2005: 21
2004: 218 9 11
2003: 24
2002: 228 9
2001: 30
2000: 378 9 12
1999: 409 12
1998: 37
1997: 399
1996: 31
1995: 51

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.37
2012: 0.28
2011: 0.38 9
2010: 0.4
2009: 0.4
2008: 0.6
2007: 0.4
2006: 0.48 9 10
2005: 0.5
2004: 0.58 9 11
2003: 0.6
2002: 0.58 9
2001: 0.7
2000: 0.98 9 12
1999: 1.0112 9
1998: 0.94
1997: 1.19
1996: 0.9
1995: 1.5
1994: 1.7113

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Singapore, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 08
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 18 10
2005: 0
2004: 011
2003: 0
2000: 112

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.004
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.024 10
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.0011
2003: 0.00
2000: 0.0212
1994: 0.0714

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Singapore, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 0%8
2010: 0%
2009: 0%
2008: 0%
2007: 0%
2006: 6%
2005: 0%
2004: 0.0%9
2003: 0.0%
2000: 2.7%

Suicides (any method)

In Singapore, annual suicides by any means total

1998: 37115

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1998: 8.7215
1994: 14.0616

Gun Suicides

In Singapore, annual firearm suicides total

1998: 515

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

1998: 0.1215
1994: 0.1717

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Singapore, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

1998: 115

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

1998: 0.0215
1994: 0.0018

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Singapore, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

1998: 015

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Singapore, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1998: 0.0015
1994: 0.0019

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Singapore, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence20 21

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Singapore was ranked 'medium'22

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Singapore, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law20 23 24 25

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Singapore is reported by Customs to be US$11,831,50026 (2011)27 28

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Singapore was categorized as 'major'29 30 31

Firearm Imports

In Singapore, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20 32 24 25

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Singapore is reported by Customs to be US$3,033,81726 (2011)33 34 35 36

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Singapore is negligible2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Singapore, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law37

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Singapore include24 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Singapore scored

2016: 6.0038
2014: 6.5039
2013: 6.0040
2012: 6.5041
2011: 7.0042
2010: 6.5043
2009: 6.5044
2008: 6.5045
2007: 6.0046
2006: 6.0047
2005: 6.0048
2004: 5.5049

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Singapore is categorised as restrictive50

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Singapore includes the Arms and Explosives Act 200351 and the Arms Offences Act52

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Singapore are regulated by the Licensing Officer appointed by the Minister of Interior53 54

Right to Possess Firearms

In Singapore, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law55 56 57

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Singapore, private possession of fully automatic weapons is not specifically prohibited in law57 58 7

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Singapore, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is not specifically prohibited in law57 58

Regulation of Handguns

In Singapore, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is not specifically prohibited in law57 58 7

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Singapore, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law7

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Singapore, only licensed gun owners20 59 60 7 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Singapore are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example sports shooting and self-protection61 62 63 64 65

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Singapore is 18 for sports shooting61, or 21 for self-protection63

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Singapore must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, medical, and Gun Club Membership61 63 53 7 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Singapore, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required57

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Singapore does not stipulate57 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Singapore, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required63 65 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Singapore, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years66 60

Licensing Records

In Singapore, authorities maintain a record58 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Singapore are permitted to possess any number of firearms57

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Singapore are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition57

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Singapore, the law requires58 67 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Singapore, licensed firearm dealers are required68 69 58 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Singapore, licensed gun makers are required68 21 67 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Singapore, State agencies are required70 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Singapore, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited71

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Singapore, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful71

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Singapore, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined57

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Singapore, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated57 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Singapore include64 62 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Singapore do not include57 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Singapore include70 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Singapore do not include57 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Singapore, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law67 21 72

Firearm Tracing

In Singapore, state authorities carry out73 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Singapore, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not57 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Singapore, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit64 7

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Singapore, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit64 7

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Singapore, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm74 is up to 10 years in prison and six strokes of the cane75 66

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Singapore, it is not state policy70 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed76 by Singapore.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified77 by Singapore

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed78 by Singapore

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Singapore committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects79

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Singapore has yet to submit a national report80 81 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Singapore, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated82 81

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Singapore submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent81

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated81 by Singapore to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Singapore has not declared83 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Singapore has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196584

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list85 Singapore as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Singapore ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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