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Serbia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Serbia is 3,050,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Serbia is 58.212 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Serbia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 449,3763

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 514,8704 to 543,0703 handguns in civilian possession in Serbia

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Serbia ranked at No. 255

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Serbia ranked at No. 56

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Serbia is reported to be 1,172,4687

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Serbia is 15.818

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Serbia there are estimated to be 944,0009 10 11

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Serbia there are estimated to be 12.558 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Serbia are reported to have 789,00012 13 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Serbia are reported to have 53,10014 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Serbia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2010: 28415

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Serbia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2010: 3.9015

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 12516
2010: 123
2009: 14017
2008: 14016
2007: 20018 16
2006: 15419 16
2005: 16220 16
2004: 13821 16
2003: 17822 16
2002: 16423 16
2001: 218
2000: 24916
1999: 309
1998: 344

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.316
2010: 1.2
2009: 1.908
2008: 1.416
2007: 2.7018 16
2006: 2.0819 16
2005: 2.1820 16
2004: 1.8521 16
2003: 2.3622 16
2002: 2.1923 24 16
2001: 2.8223 16
2000: 2.516
1999: 3.0
1998: 3.4

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Serbia, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 4525
2009: 6325 16
2008: 60
2007: 8525 18 16
2006: 6325 19 16
2005: 4825 20 16
2004: 4825 21
2003: 6725 22
2002: 6925 23
2001: 80
2000: 7725
1999: 93
1998: 102

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.6225
2009: 0.8625 16
2008: 0.82
2007: 1.1525 18 16
2006: 0.8525 19 16
2005: 0.6525 20 16
2004: 0.6425 21
2003: 0.9025 22
2002: 0.9225 23
2001: 1.07
2000: 1.0225
1999: 1.23
1998: 1.35

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Serbia, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 2825
2009: 38
2008: 35
2007: 35
2006: 30
2005: 8
2004: 5
2003: 9
2002: 9
2001: 14
2000: 10
1999: 12
1998: 15

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.3825
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.48
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.40
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.07
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.20

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Serbia, annual long gun homicides total

2010: 225
2009: 5
2008: 2
2007: 12
2006: 7
2005: 2
2004: 1
2003: 5
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 10
1998: 11

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0325
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.09
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.13
1998: 0.15

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Serbia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 1525
2009: 20
2008: 23
2007: 38
2006: 26
2005: 38
2004: 42
2003: 53
2002: 58
2001: 65
2000: 63
1999: 71
1998: 76

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2125
2009: 0.27
2008: 0.31
2007: 0.51
2006: 0.35
2005: 0.51
2004: 0.56
2003: 0.71
2002: 0.77
2001: 0.87
2000: 0.84
1999: 0.94
1998: 1.00

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 1,37617
2008: 1,290
2007: 1,35426
2006: 1,44427
2005: 1,44228
2004: 1,34629
2003: 1,38130
2002: 1,44931
2001: 1,443

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 18.658
2007: 18.3426
2006: 19.4827
2005: 19.3828
2004: 18.0329
2003: 18.3330
2002: 19.2831 24
2001: 18.6531

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Serbia, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 20532
2009: 189
2008: 166
2007: 180
2006: 177
2005: 184
2004: 158
2003: 195
2002: 159
2001: 208
2000: 192
1999: 213
1998: 189

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.8132
2009: 2.58
2008: 2.26
2007: 2.44
2006: 2.39
2005: 2.47
2004: 2.12
2003: 2.61
2002: 2.12
2001: 2.77
2000: 2.55
1999: 2.82
1998: 2.5

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Serbia, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 12532
2009: 129
2008: 100
2007: 101
2006: 93
2005: 56
2004: 19
2003: 31
2002: 29
2001: 28
2000: 27
1999: 32
1998: 26

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.7132
2009: 1.76
2008: 1.36
2007: 1.37
2006: 1.25
2005: 0.75
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.41
2002: 0.39
2001: 0.37
2000: 0.36
1999: 0.42
1998: 0.34

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Serbia, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 3232
2009: 18
2008: 17
2007: 27
2006: 23
2005: 17
2004: 11
2003: 11
2002: 10
2001: 9
2000: 4
1999: 10
1998: 5

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.4432
2009: 0.25
2008: 0.23
2007: 0.37
2006: 0.31
2005: 0.23
2004: 0.15
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.05
1999: 0.13
1998: 0.07

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Serbia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 4832
2009: 42
2008: 49
2007: 52
2006: 61
2005: 111
2004: 128
2003: 153
2002: 120
2001: 171
2000: 161
1999: 171
1998: 158

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.6632
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.67
2007: 0.70
2006: 0.82
2005: 1.49
2004: 1.72
2003: 2.05
2002: 1.6
2001: 2.28
2000: 2.14
1999: 2.27
1998: 2.09

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Serbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 1333
2009: 11
2008: 15
2007: 9
2006: 6
2005: 9
2004: 2
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 9
2000: 10
1999: 5
1998: 5

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1833
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.12
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.12
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.07
1998: 0.07

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Serbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2010: 533
2009: 7
2008: 10
2007: 5
2006: 3
2005: 3
2001: 2
2000: 1
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0733
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Serbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 333
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 1
2002: 2
2000: 1
1999: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0433
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2002: 0.03
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Serbia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 533
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 5
2004: 2
2003: 2
2001: 7
2000: 8
1999: 2
1998: 4

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0733
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.05

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Serbia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 2134
2009: 22
2008: 16
2007: 15
2006: 12
2005: 30
2004: 68
2003: 39
2002: 60
2001: 53
2000: 47
1999: 63
1998: 61

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2934
2009: 0.30
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.20
2006: 0.16
2005: 0.40
2004: 0.91
2003: 0.52
2002: 0.80
2001: 0.71
2000: 0.63
1999: 0.84
1998: 0.81

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Serbia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 734
2009: 7
2008: 2
2007: 5
2006: 1
2005: 2
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1034
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.07
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.03
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.01

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Serbia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 134
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 2
2005: 2
2001: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0134
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2005: 0.03
2001: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Serbia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 1334
2009: 12
2008: 11
2007: 8
2006: 11
2005: 26
2004: 68
2003: 38
2002: 58
2001: 49
2000: 46
1999: 61
1998: 60

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Serbia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1834
2009: 0.16
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.35
2004: 0.91
2003: 0.51
2002: 0.77
2001: 0.65
2000: 0.61
1999: 0.81
1998: 0.79

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Serbia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence35 36 37 38

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Serbia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41 42

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Serbia is reported by Customs to be US$34,965,52843 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Serbia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law39 40 41

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Serbia is reported by Customs to be US$2,734,18143 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Serbia is moderate44 45 46 47 48 49

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Serbia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law50

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Serbia do not include51 52 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Serbia was ranked at No. 353

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Serbia is categorised as restrictive54

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Serbia includes the Law on Weapons and Ammunition,55 and the Law on Testing, Marking and Labeling Firearms and Ammunition56

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Serbia are regulated by the Ministry of Interior57 58 and the Small Arms and Light Weapons Council, made up of multiple Ministries including the: Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Defense, Ministry of Economy and Regional Development, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Finances, Ministry of Justice, and Ministry of Health59 60

Right to Possess Firearms

In Serbia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law52 51

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Serbia, civilians are not allowed to possess long automatic firearms, short automatic and combined firearms and special weapons if not otherwise stipulated by the Act, silencers, or infra-red sighting devices61

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Serbia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited61

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Serbia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with the exception of approved hunting rifles61

Regulation of Handguns

In Serbia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence62

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Serbia, only licensed gun owners63 58 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Serbia are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, self-defence, hunting, target shooting, collection, and certain employment-related reasons62 64 65 66

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Serbia is undefined63

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Serbia must pass a background check which considers criminal, medical and other various63 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Serbia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required51 52

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Serbia does not stipulate51 52 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Serbia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required63 67 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Serbia gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years, for a carry permit65

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Serbia are permitted to possess any number of firearms51 52

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Serbia are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the licensed firearm, and is limited to 60 packages of ammunition per calendar year58

Firearm Registration

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Serbia, licensed gun makers are required68 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Serbia, State agencies are required69 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Serbia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful70

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Serbia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined51 52

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Serbia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated51 52 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Serbia include71 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Serbia include72 70 73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Serbia include74 72 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Serbia include75 76 77 78 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Serbia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law79 56 80 81 82

Firearm Tracing

In Serbia, state authorities do not carry out51 52 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In Serbia, state authorities employ56 80 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Serbia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit83 61 65

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Serbia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit83 61 65

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Serbia, the maximum penalty for illicit firearm possession is up to 5 years prison35

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Serbia are known to have84 85 86 87 88 89 90 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Serbia, the number of firearms and/or rounds of ammunition voluntarily surrendered for destruction in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 10,000-15,00084 (2001-2003) and 47,85384 (2003)

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Serbia, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2010: 28,28590
2009: 27,000
2005/2006: 14,93688 89
2004: 10,00087
2003: 47,85384
2002: 23,223)85 86
2001: 52,000
2001-2002: 10,000-15,00084

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200891 by Serbia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified92 by Serbia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified93 by Serbia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Serbia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects94

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Serbia has submitted one or more national reports95 96 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Serbia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated97 96

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Serbia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated97 96

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Serbia submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent98

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated96 by Serbia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided96 to Serbia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Serbia has declared99 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Serbia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 2000100

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list101 Serbia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Serbia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Serbia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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2.

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