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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Scotland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

For combined British figures and legislation, see 'United Kingdom'

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Scotland is 280,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Scotland is 5.51

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Scotland, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 72,0052

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Scotland, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 141,5693

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 5664 'handguns' in civilian possession in Scotland (see citation)

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Scotland ranked at No. 1055

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Scotland ranked at No. 931

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Scotland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 6.7%6
1999/2003: 3.1%
1995/98: 4.2%
1989: 5.1%

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Scotland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 0.7%6
1999/2003: 0.1%
1995/98: 0.4%
1989: 0.4%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Scotland is reported to be 73,8702 3

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Scotland is 1.397

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Scotland is reported to be 213,5742 3

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Scotland is 4.027

Government Guns

Routine Arming of Police

In Scotland, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm8 9

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Scotland are reported to have 20,73410 11 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 1412
2011: 1313
2010: 1914
2009: 1115
2008: 1416
2007: 1317
2006: 2118
2005: 1919
2004: 1820
2003: 1221
2002: 1622
2001: 1323
2000: 2024
1999: 2525
1998: 3226
1997: 2027
1996: 4128

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.312
2011: 0.257
2010: 0.36
2009: 0.21
2008: 0.27
2007: 0.25
2006: 0.41
2005: 0.37
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.24
2002: 0.32
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.40
1999: 0.49
1998: 0.63
1997: 0.39
1996: 0.81

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 9029 30
2011: 101
2010: 82
2009: 9929 31 30
2008: 115
2007: 120
2006: 95
2005: 137
2004: 109
2003: 125
2002: 11331 30
2001: 107
2000: 123
1999: 12832 30
1998: 100
1997: 95
1996: 135
1995: 137

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.729 30
2011: 1.9
2010: 1.6
2009: 1.9
2008: 2.2
2007: 2.3
2006: 1.9
2005: 2.7
2004: 2.2
2003: 2.5
2002: 2.231 30
2001: 2.1
2000: 2.4
1999: 2.432 30
1998: 1.9
1997: 1.8
1996: 2.6
1995: 2.6

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 212
2011: 313 33
2010: 314 33
2009: 115 33
2008: 116 33
2007: 417 33
2006: 1018 33
2005: 719 33
2004: 620 33
2003: 221 33
2002: 322 33
2001: 523 34
2000: 424 34
1999: 725 34
1998: 826
1997: 527
1996: 2628

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.012
2011: 0.0613
2010: 0.0614
2009: 0.0215
2008: 0.0216
2007: 0.0817
2006: 0.2018
2005: 0.1419
2004: 0.1220
2003: 0.0421
2002: 0.0622
2001: 0.1023
2000: 0.0824
1999: 0.1425
1998: 0.1626
1997: 0.1027
1996: 0.5128
1994: 0.1935

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 236
2011: 237
2010: 038
2009: 139
2008: 140
2007: 141
2006: 342
2005: 143
2003: 044
2002: 045
2001: 146
2000: 147
1999: 048
1998: 149
1997: 550

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.047
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.02
1997: 0.10

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 236
2011: 037
2010: 138
2009: 039
2007: 217 40
2006: 218 41
2005: 219 42
2004: 320 43
2003: 121 44
2002: 222 45
2001: 046
2000: 147
1999: 448
1998: 349
1997: 150

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.047
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.0417
2006: 0.0418
2005: 0.0419
2004: 0.0620
2003: 0.0221
2002: 0.0422
2001: 0.007
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.02

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Scotland, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 313 36
2010: 314 37
2009: 115 38
2008: 116 39
2007: 217 40
2006: 818 41
2005: 519 42
2004: 320 43
2003: 121 44
2002: 122 45
2001: 523 46
2000: 424 47
1999: 048
1998: 049
1997: 050

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0613
2010: 0.0614
2009: 0.0215
2008: 0.0216
2007: 0.0417
2006: 0.1618
2005: 0.1019
2004: 0.0620
2003: 0.0221
2002: 0.0222
2001: 0.1023
2000: 0.0824
1999: 0.007
1998: 0.00
1997: 0.00

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, annual suicides by any means total

2011: 52751
2010: 569
2009: 568
2008: 569
2007: 517
2006: 542
2005: 547
2004: 606
2003: 560
2002: 636
2001: 609
2000: 648
1999: 637
1998: 649
1997: 599
1996: 597
1995: 623
1994: 624
1993: 615
1992: 569
1991: 525
1990: 535

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 9.947
2010: 10.90
2009: 10.94
2008: 11.01
2007: 10.05
2006: 10.59
2005: 10.74
2004: 11.93
2003: 11.07
2002: 12.58
2001: 12.03
2000: 12.80
1999: 12.56
1998: 12.78
1997: 11.78
1996: 11.72
1995: 12.21
1994: 12.237 52
1993: 12.087
1992: 11.19
1991: 10.33
1990: 10.53

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 1012
2011: 613 53
2010: 1314 53
2009: 1015 53
2008: 1316 53
2007: 617 53
2006: 918 53
2005: 1119 53
2004: 920 53
2003: 721 53
2002: 1022 53
2001: 723 53
2000: 1424 53
1999: 1425 53
1998: 1726 53
1997: 1027 53
1996: 1128 53
1995: 3453
1994: 19
1993: 29
1992: 18
1991: 20
1990: 20

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.212
2011: 0.1113
2010: 0.2514
2009: 0.1915
2008: 0.2516
2007: 0.1217
2006: 0.1818
2005: 0.2219
2004: 0.1820
2003: 0.1421
2002: 0.2022
2001: 0.1423
2000: 0.2824
1999: 0.2825
1998: 0.3326
1997: 0.2027
1996: 0.2228
1995: 0.677
1994: 0.377 54
1993: 0.577
1992: 0.35
1991: 0.39
1990: 0.39

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Scotland, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 114
2001: 123

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0214
2001: 0.0223

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Scotland, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 513
2010: 614
2009: 815
2008: 716
2007: 317
2006: 618
2005: 719
2004: 420
2003: 521
2002: 622
2001: 523
2000: 824

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.1013
2010: 0.1114
2009: 0.1515
2008: 0.1416
2007: 0.0617
2006: 0.1218
2005: 0.1419
2004: 0.0820
2003: 0.1021
2002: 0.1222
2001: 0.1023
2000: 0.1624

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Scotland, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 113
2010: 614
2009: 215
2008: 616
2007: 317
2006: 318
2005: 419
2004: 520
2003: 221
2002: 422
2001: 123
2000: 624

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0213
2010: 0.1114
2009: 0.0415
2008: 0.1216
2007: 0.0617
2006: 0.0618
2005: 0.0819
2004: 0.1020
2003: 0.0421
2002: 0.0822
2001: 0.0223
2000: 0.1224

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 113
2007: 117
2006: 118
2004: 120
2002: 122
2001: 055

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0213
2007: 0.0217
2006: 0.0218
2004: 0.0220
2002: 0.0222
2001: 0.0055
1994: 0.0256

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Scotland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 113
2007: 117
2006: 118
2002: 122

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0213
2007: 0.0217
2006: 0.0218
2002: 0.0222

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

In Scotland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2004: 120

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

In Scotland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0220

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 212
2011: 313
2010: 314
2007: 217
2006: 118
2005: 119
2004: 220
2003: 321
2002: 222
2001: 123
2000: 224
1999: 425
1998: 726
1997: 527
1996: 428

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.047
2011: 0.0613
2010: 0.0614
2007: 0.0417
2006: 0.0218
2005: 0.0219
2004: 0.0420
2003: 0.0621
2002: 0.0422
2001: 0.0223
2000: 0.0424
1999: 0.0925
1998: 0.1426
1997: 0.1027
1996: 0.0828
1994: 0.0457

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 113
2010: 214
2007: 117
2006: 118
2005: 119
2004: 220
2003: 221
2002: 222
2001: 123
2000: 124

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0213
2010: 0.0414
2007: 0.0217
2006: 0.0218
2005: 0.0219
2004: 0.0420
2003: 0.0421
2002: 0.0422
2001: 0.0223
2000: 0.0224

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Scotland, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 213
2010: 114
2007: 117
2003: 121
2000: 124

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0413
2010: 0.0214
2007: 0.0217
2003: 0.0221
2000: 0.0224

Non-fatal Gun Injuries

ChartIn Scotland, the annual number of non-fatal firearm injuries58 is

2012: 9059 60
2011: 109
2010: 152
2009: 140
2008: 208
2007: 240
2006: 189
2005: 316
2004: 239
2003: 340

Rate of Non-fatal Gun Injury per 100,000 People

ChartIn Scotland, the annual rate of non-fatal firearm injury58 per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.707
2010: 2.09
2009: 2.93
2008: 2.71
2007: 4.04
2006: 4.69
2005: 3.71
2004: 6.22
2003: 4.73
2002: 4.75

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Scotland includes the Firearms Act 1968 (see United Kingdom)61 and the Firearms (Scotland) Rules 198962

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Scotland are regulated by the Chief Officer of Police63 64

Right to Possess Firearms

In Scotland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law65 66

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Scotland, only licensed gun owners63 64 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Scotland are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm67

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Scotland must pass a background check which considers mental health, health and criminal67 68 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Scotland, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required69

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Scotland, the law requires4 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Scotland, licensed firearm dealers are required70 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Scotland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful70

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Scotland is reported to be

2012: 35371
2011: 346
2010: 337
2009: 335
2008: 327
2007: 301
2006: 283
2005: 275
2004: 280
2003: 284
2002: 28572
2001: 273
2000: 278
1999: 283
1998: 295
1997: 313
1996: 319
1995: 328
1994: 350

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Scotland include63 64 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Scotland, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 3,39373 (2003)

Small Arms Destroyed

In Scotland, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 80074 (2008)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Scotland, it is state policy75 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market


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