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Saudi Arabia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Saudi Arabia is 6,000,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Saudi Arabia is 35.01 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Saudi Arabia ranked at No. 162

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Saudi Arabia ranked at No. 71

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Saudi Arabia are reported to have 324,0003 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Saudi Arabia are reported to have 90,4494 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Saudi Arabia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2009: 825

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.35

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 2346
2007: 2657
2006: 255
2005: 297
2004: 301
2003: 250
2002: 2857 8
2001: 229
2000: 1737 9
1999: 184
1998: 929

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.86
2008: 2.77
2007: 1.07 10
2006: 1.07
2005: 1.27 10
2004: 1.3
2003: 1.1
2002: 1.3
2001: 1.1
2000: 0.9
1999: 0.9
1998: 0.4710
1997: 0.82
1995: 0.83

Gun Homicides

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.05

Gun Suicides

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.05

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Saudi Arabia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2009: 825

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Saudi Arabia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.3211

ProductionGun Industry

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Saudi Arabia was ranked 'small'12

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Saudi Arabia is reported by Customs to be US$58,92813 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Saudi Arabia is reported by Customs to be US$31,418,32513 (2011)14 and US$906,545,41615 (2012)16 17 18 19 20

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Saudi Arabia is moderate15

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Saudi Arabia scored

2016: 0.0021
2014: 0.0022
2013: 0.0023
2012: 2.7524
2011: 3.2525
2010: 7.2526
2009: 8.7527
2008: 7.2528
2007: 7.5029
2006: 5.5030
2005: 5.5031
2004: 8.5032

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Saudi Arabia, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law33

Right to Possess Firearms

In Saudi Arabia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law34 35

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Saudi Arabia, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law33

Law Regulates Handguns

In Saudi Arabia, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law33

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Saudi Arabia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law33

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Saudi Arabia must pass a background check which considers undefined33 records

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Saudi Arabia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law36

Firearm Tracing

In Saudi Arabia, state authorities carry out36 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Saudi Arabia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law33

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Saudi Arabia are known to have15 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Saudi Arabia adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200237

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists38 Saudi Arabia as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed39 by Saudi Arabia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed40 by Saudi Arabia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified41 by Saudi Arabia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Saudi Arabia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects42

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Saudi Arabia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 12043 44 45 46 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Saudi Arabia has submitted one or more national reports47 36 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Saudi Arabia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated48 36

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Saudi Arabia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated48 36

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Saudi Arabia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent48 36

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated36 by Saudi Arabia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Saudi Arabia has not declared49 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Saudi Arabia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194550

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list51 Saudi Arabia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Saudi Arabia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Saudi Arabia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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