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Romania — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Romania is 160,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Romania is 0.71 to 1.22 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Romania, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 6,3793

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Romania, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 54,4223

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 6,5873 handguns in civilian possession in Romania

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Romania ranked at No. 1234

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Romania ranked at No. 1601

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Romania is reported to be 61,2383

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Romania is 0.275

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Romania is reported to be 61,2381

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Romania is 0.285

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Romania there are estimated to be 40,0006

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Romania there are estimated to be 0.185 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Romania are reported to have 474,2507 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Romania are reported to have 80,9388 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 329 10 11 12
2010: 4213
2009: 379 10 11 12
2008: 34
2007: 35
2006: 48
2005: 57
2004: 51
2003: 62
2002: 67
2001: 59
2000: 76
1999: 73

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.155
2010: 0.2013
2009: 0.175
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.16
2006: 0.22
2005: 0.26
2004: 0.23
2003: 0.28
2002: 0.30
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.34
1999: 0.32

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Romania, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 33514 15
2010: 40414
2009: 397
2008: 470
2007: 416
2006: 438
2005: 457
2004: 516
2003: 551
2002: 563
2001: 597
2000: 560
1999: 566
1998: 561
1997: 693
1996: 722
1995: 758

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.614 15
2010: 1.914
2009: 1.8
2008: 2.214 16
2007: 1.9
2006: 2.0
2005: 2.1
2004: 2.4
2003: 2.5
2002: 2.6
2001: 2.7
2000: 2.5
1999: 2.5
1998: 2.5
1997: 3.1
1996: 3.2
1995: 3.3

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 119
2010: 9
2009: 129 14
2008: 6
2007: 11
2006: 11
2005: 16
2004: 19
2003: 17
2002: 239
2001: 17
2000: 22
1999: 19

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.059
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.069 14
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.119
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.1
1999: 0.08

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In Romania, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be 2011: 3%15

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual handgun homicides total

2011: 49
2010: 1
2009: 2
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 6
2003: 6
2002: 7
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 7

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.029
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Romania, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 19
2009: 3
2008: 1
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 5
2002: 2
2000: 1
1999: 2

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.009
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2002: 0.01
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.01

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 69
2010: 8
2009: 7
2008: 4
2007: 8
2006: 6
2005: 11
2004: 8
2003: 11
2002: 14
2001: 11
2000: 14
1999: 10

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.039
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.04

Suicides (any method)

In Romania, annual suicides by any means total 1999: 2,73617

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Romania, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1999: 12.2517

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 1210
2010: 12
2009: 9
2008: 17
2007: 11
2006: 18
2005: 22
2004: 17
2003: 24
2002: 26
2001: 21
2000: 30
1999: 24

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0610
2010: 0.06
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.11

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 510
2010: 2
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 9
2002: 9
2001: 6
2000: 5
1999: 7

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0210
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.03

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Romania, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 110
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 2
2004: 6
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 4
2000: 9
1999: 3

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0010
2010: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.01

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 610
2010: 8
2009: 7
2008: 11
2007: 5
2006: 12
2005: 18
2004: 7
2003: 14
2002: 13
2001: 11
2000: 16
1999: 14

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0310
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 811
2010: 20
2009: 12
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 12
2005: 15
2004: 12
2003: 18
2002: 17
2001: 20
2000: 20
1999: 26

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0411
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.09
1999: 0.12

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2010: 111
2007: 1
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 4

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0011
2007: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2011: 111
2010: 5
2009: 1
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2004: 2
2003: 4
2002: 4
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0011
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.00
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.00

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Romania, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 711
2010: 14
2009: 11
2008: 6
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 15
2004: 10
2003: 14
2002: 12
2001: 19
2000: 17
1999: 21

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0311
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2005: 0.07
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.09

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 112
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 7
2005: 4
2004: 3
2003: 3
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 4
1999: 4

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0012
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 112
2006: 3
2001: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0012
2006: 0.01
2001: 0.00
1999: 0.00

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 112
2007: 1
2006: 2
2005: 1
2004: 1
2002: 1
1999: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0012
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2002: 0.00
1999: 0.00

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Romania, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 112
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 2
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 3
2000: 4
1999: 2

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Romania, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0012
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.01

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Romania, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited18 19 20 21

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Romania is ranked 'medium'22

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Romania, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law18 23 24 19 20 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Romania is reported by Customs to be US$12,458,45232 (2011)33

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Romania is categorized as 'mid-level'34

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Romania, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law18 23 24 19 20 25 27 28 29 30

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Romania is reported by Customs to be US$8,364,50232 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Romania is low3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Romania, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law25 35 36 37

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Romania include38 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Romania was ranked at No. 339

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Romania is categorised as restrictive40

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Romania includes the Law on Firearms and Ammunition Regime No. 17 of 2 April 1996,41 the Law on the Regime of the Monopoly of State No. 31 of 1996,21 the Law No. 295 on the Regime of Arms and Ammunitions of 2004,42 43 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on the Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons, 44 45 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200346

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Romania are regulated by the Ministry of the Interior,47 48 19 and the European Commission45

Right to Possess Firearms

In Romania, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law49

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Romania, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition50 51

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Romania, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'52 53 54 50 51 15

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Romania, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'52 53 55 56 51

Regulation of Handguns

In Romania, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions for persons exercising 'public authority'52 53 50 55 56 51 15

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Romania, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Romania, only licensed gun owners52 53 57 58 59 60 61 50 55 15 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Romania are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, self-defence, collection53 52 58 62 63 64

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Romania is 18 years65 64

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Romania must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental65 64 15 records

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Romania, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years60

Licensing Records

In Romania, authorities maintain a record48 66 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Romania are permitted to possess 2 weapons of the same calibre, and only firearms specified on the firearms licence48 58 59

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Romania are permitted to possess ammunition appropriate for up to two weapons, and only the type and in quantities appropriate to the firearms specified on the licence48 58 59 67 68

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Romania, the law requires69 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Romania, licensed firearm dealers are required20 66 24 69 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Romania, licensed gun makers are required70 71 72 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Romania, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited73 20 66

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Romania, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful20 66 24 74 56

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Romania, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to two weapons of the same calibre, firearms specified on the firearms licence, and ammunition of type and quantity appropriate to the licensed weapon48 58 59

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Romania include57 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Romania include75 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Romania include76 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Romania, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law70 77 78

Firearm Tracing

In Romania, state authorities carry out71 72 78 69 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Romania, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit52 48 58 59 15

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Romania, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit52 48 58 15

Gun Free Zones

In Romania, private guns are prohibited in public gatherings79

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Romania is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament80 81

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Romania is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Romania has submitted one or more national reports82 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists83 Romania as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200884 by Romania.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified85 by Romania

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified86 by Romania

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Romania committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects87

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Romania against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 1988 89 90 91 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Romania has submitted one or more national reports92 93 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Romania, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated94 93

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Romania, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated94

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated93 by Romania to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided93 to Romania by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Romania has declared95 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Romania has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195596

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists97 Romania as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Romania, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Romania ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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