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Qatar — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Qatar is 520,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Qatar is 19.21 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Qatar ranked at No. 772

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Qatar ranked at No. 311

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Qatar are reported to have 18,7503 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Qatar are reported to have 2,3604 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Qatar, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 35

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Qatar, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.25

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 236
2011: 67
2008: 138
2007: 30
2006: 2
2005: 6
2004: 69
2003: 4
2000: 110
1999: 3
1998: 2

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.16
2011: 0.37
2008: 0.98 11
2007: 2.5
2006: 0.2
2005: 0.7
2004: 0.879
2003: 0.55
2000: 0.1710
1999: 0.53
1998: 0.37

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Qatar, annual firearm homicides total

2004: 19
2003: 2
1999: 110

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Qatar, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.05
2004: 0.159
2003: 0.27
1999: 0.1810

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Qatar, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 16.7%8
2003: 50.0%

Gun Suicides

In Qatar, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 15

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Qatar, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.15

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Qatar, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 25

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Qatar, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1012

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Qatar, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law13

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Qatar is reported by Customs to be US$28,16914 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Qatar, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law13

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Qatar is reported by Customs to be US$4,964,51114 (2011)15

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Qatar, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law7

Right to Possess Firearms

In Qatar, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law16 17

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Qatar, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law7

Law Regulates Handguns

In Qatar, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law7

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Qatar, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law7

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Qatar must pass a background check which considers undefined7 records

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Qatar, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law18

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Qatar, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law7

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Qatar adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200219

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists20 Qatar as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200621 by Qatar.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed22 by Qatar

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed23 by Qatar

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Qatar committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects24

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Qatar against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 14425 26 27 28 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Qatar has submitted one or more national reports29 13 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Qatar, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated30 13

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Qatar, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated13

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Qatar submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent13

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated13 by Qatar to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Qatar has not declared31 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Qatar has been a Member State of the United Nations since 197132

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list33 Qatar as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Qatar ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

5.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Qatar.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10294)Full Citation

7.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Qatar.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9443)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Qatar.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6291)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

11.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Middle East and North Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3813)Full Citation

12.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Qatar.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,9 June. (Q12069)Full Citation

13.

UNODA.2015.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,11 September. (Q1309)Full Citation

14.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

15.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

16.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

17.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

18.

Qatar.2008.‘Attachment of Note Verbale.’ National Report of Qatar on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Qatar to the United Nations,27 March. (Q4676)Full Citation

19.

League of Arab States / UNODA.2002.‘Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Council of the League of Arab States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3215)Full Citation

20.

UNCCPCJ / UNODC.1991.‘Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.’ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Vienna:United Nations Economic and Social Council / United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q3222)Full Citation

21.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

22.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

23.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

24.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

25.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

26.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

27.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

28.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

29.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

30.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

31.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

32.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

33.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation