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Puerto Rico — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Puerto Rico is 800,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Puerto Rico is 20.01 firearms per 100 people

Percentage of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

In Puerto Rico, the fraction of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be 2001: 6.72

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Puerto Rico are reported to have 12,0003 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Puerto Rico are reported to have 24,0003 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Puerto Rico, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2001: 7344

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Puerto Rico, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2001: 19.225

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Puerto Rico, annual homicides by any means total

2010: 9836
2009: 894
2008: 807
2007: 731
2006: 748
2005: 771
2004: 797
2003: 787
2002: 781
2001: 747
2000: 695
1999: 593
1998: 652
1997: 724
1996: 868
1995: 864

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Puerto Rico, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 26.26
2009: 23.8
2008: 21.5
2007: 19.4
2006: 19.8
2005: 20.4
2004: 21.0
2003: 20.7
2002: 20.5
2001: 19.6
2000: 18.2
1999: 15.6
1998: 17.2
1997: 19.3
1996: 23.3
1995: 23.3

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Puerto Rico, annual firearm homicides total

2005: 6926
2001: 6704

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Puerto Rico, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2005: 18.36
2001: 17.274

Suicides (any method)

In Puerto Rico, annual suicides by any means total 2001: 2794

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Puerto Rico, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 2001: 7.194

Gun Suicides

In Puerto Rico, annual firearm suicides total 2001: 454

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Puerto Rico, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 2001: 1.164

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Puerto Rico, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2001: 194

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Puerto Rico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 2001: 0.494

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Puerto Rico, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 2000: 14

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Puerto Rico, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 2000: 0.034

MeasuresGun Regulation

Right to Possess Firearms

In Puerto Rico, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law7

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Puerto Rico is not a Member State of the United Nations

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list8 Puerto Rico as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Puerto Rico, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

2.

North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics.2002.‘Question: Are any firearms now kept in or around your home? Include those kept in a garage, outdoor storage area, car, truck, or other motor vehicle.’ BRFSS Survey Results 2001 for Nationwide.Atlanta GA:Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System / BRFSS, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC,2 September. (Q8391)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘State Firearms Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8973)Full Citation

4.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

5.

GunPolicy.org.2014.‘Calculated Rates – Puerto Rico.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,7 July. (Q8735)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Puerto Rico.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6357)Full Citation

7.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

8.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation