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Philippines — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Philippines is 3,900,0001 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the Philippines is 4.71 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Philippines, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 68,7384

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Philippines, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 78,6894

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 325,5644 handguns in civilian possession in the Philippines

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 205

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 1051

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in the Philippines is reported to be

2014: 1,700,0006 7
1999: 358,9344

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Philippines is

2014: 1.588
1999: 0.45

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Philippines is reported to be

2013: 1,739,0009 2 10
2005: 775,0001
2002: 814,5623

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Philippines is

2013: 1.648
2005: 0.86
2002: 0.96

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Philippines there are estimated to be between 160,7504 3 and 610,00011

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Philippines there are estimated to be between 0.20 and 0.598 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Philippines are reported to have 449,35012 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Philippines are reported to have 139,04313 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 8,48414
2011: 8,67414 15
2010: 8,89714
2009: 6,36814 16
2008: 5,820
2007: 5,739
2006: 6,19614 16 17
2005: 6,434
2004: 6,34414 16 18
2003: 6,436
2002: 6,55314 16
2001: 5,852
2000: 5,735
1999: 5,70316
1998: 5,913

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 8.814
2011: 9.114 15
2010: 9.514
2009: 6.914 16
2008: 6.414 16 19
2007: 6.5
2006: 7.1
2005: 7.5
2004: 7.5
2003: 7.8
2002: 8.1
2001: 7.4
2000: 7.4
1999: 7.516 19
1998: 8.0
1997: 14.6319

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Philippines, annual firearm homicides total

2003: 7,34916
2002: 7,70820
2001: 6,169

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2003: 8.916
2002: 3.2420
2001: 3.25

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

In the Philippines, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be 2011: 56%15

Suicides (any method)

In the Philippines, annual suicides by any means total 1993: 85121

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Philippines, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1993: 1.0621

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Philippines, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence22 4

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Philippines was ranked 'small'23

Home-made Guns

In the Philippines, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high24 25

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law26

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$19,800,73527 (2011)28

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Philippines was categorized as 'minor'29

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law26

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$27,266,39127 (2011)30

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Philippines is high31 32

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Philippines, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law26

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, the Philippines was ranked at No. 3833

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Philippines is categorised as restrictive34

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Philippines includes the 21 individual Executive Orders, Laws, Acts, Memorandums, Presidential Decrees, Directives and Amendments26

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Philippines are regulated by the Firearms and Explosives Division of the Philippine National Police4

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Philippines, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law35

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In the Philippines, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law15

Regulation of Handguns

In the Philippines, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, for hunting, shooting and protection only4 15

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Philippines, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law15

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Philippines, only licensed gun owners36 4 15 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Philippines are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security4

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Philippines is 21 years10

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Philippines must pass a background check which considers undefined37 10 15 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Philippines stipulates38 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Philippines, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required10 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In the Philippines, authorities maintain a record39 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Philippines, the law requires39 40 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Philippines, State agencies are required41 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Philippines do not include4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Philippines include39 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Philippines include4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Philippines, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law36

Firearm Tracing

In the Philippines, state authorities carry out36 42 39 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law15

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Philippines, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm43 is 10 years prison44 45

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the Philippines are known to have46 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In the Philippines, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 50046 (2003)

Firearms Collected and Seized

In the Philippines, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number 45,00047 (2002), 69048 (2007-12),49 50 4,97651(2012), and 3,57852 (2013)

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Philippines, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2007: 32,72653 49 50
2001: 6,50047

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Philippines, it is state policy47 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200854 by the Philippines.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified55 by the Philippines

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed56 by the Philippines

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Philippines committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects57

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Philippines against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2158 59 60 61 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Philippines have submitted one or more national reports62 26 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Philippines, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated63 26

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Philippines, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated63 26

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Philippines submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent26

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated26 by the Philippines to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided26 to the Philippines by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Philippines have declared64 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Philippines have been a Member State of the United Nations since 194565

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list66 the Philippines as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Philippines, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Philippines ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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