Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Philippines — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Philippines is 3,900,0001 2 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the Philippines is 4.71 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Philippines, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 68,7385

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Philippines, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 78,6895

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In the Philippines, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 325,5645

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 206

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 1051

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in the Philippines is reported to be

2014: 1,700,0007 8
1999: 358,9345

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Philippines is

2014: 1.719
1999: 0.48

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Philippines is reported to be

2013: 1,739,00010 3 11
2011: 929,03412
2005: 775,0001
2002: 814,5624

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Philippines is

2013: 1.789
2011: 0.98
2005: 0.91
2002: 1.02

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Philippines there are estimated to be between 160,7505 4 and 610,00013 12

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Philippines there are estimated to be between 0.21 and 0.639 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Philippines are reported to have 449,35014 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Philippines are reported to have 139,04315 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In the Philippines, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2008: 6,96316

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In the Philippines, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 7.216

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 8,48417
2011: 8,67417 18
2010: 8,89717
2009: 6,36817 19
2008: 5,820
2007: 5,739
2006: 6,19617 19 20
2005: 6,434
2004: 6,34417 19 21
2003: 6,436
2002: 6,55317 19
2001: 5,852
2000: 5,735
1999: 5,70319
1998: 5,913

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 8.817
2011: 9.117 18
2010: 9.517
2009: 6.917 19
2008: 6.417 19 22
2007: 6.5
2006: 7.1
2005: 7.5
2004: 7.5
2003: 7.8
2002: 8.1
2001: 7.4
2000: 7.4
1999: 7.519 22
1998: 8.0
1997: 14.6322

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Philippines, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 6,87916
2003: 7,34919
2002: 7,70823
2001: 6,169

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 7.216
2003: 8.919
2002: 3.2423
2001: 3.25

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Philippines, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 56%18
2003: 49.9%19

Suicides (any method)

In the Philippines, annual suicides by any means total

1993: 85124

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Philippines, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1993: 1.0624

Gun Suicides

In the Philippines, annual firearm suicides total

2008: 3016

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In the Philippines, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.016

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In the Philippines, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2008: 3616

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In the Philippines, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.049

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In the Philippines, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 1816

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In the Philippines, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.029

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Philippines, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Philippines was ranked 'small'35

Home-made Guns

In the Philippines, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high36 37

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law27 28 30 38 39 40

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$19,800,73541 (2011)42 43

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Philippines was categorized as 'mayor'44 45 46

Firearm Imports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law27 28 29 30 47 48 49 38 39 40

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$27,266,39141 (2011)50 51 52 53

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Philippines is high54 55

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Philippines, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law56 40

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Philippines include28 38 57 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the Philippines scored

2016: 8.2558
2014: 8.2559
2013: 8.2560
2012: 8.2561
2011: 9.0062
2010: 8.5063
2009: 9.2564
2008: 8.5065
2007: 8.5066
2006: 8.7567
2005: 9.2568
2004: 8.7569

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Philippines is categorised as restrictive70

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Philippines includes the Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act No. 10591 of 201371 40 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 1059172

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Philippines are regulated by the Chief of the Philippine National Police, through the Firearms and Explosives Office73 74 and the Secretary of the Department of the Interior and Local Government26

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Philippines, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law75 76 71

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Philippines, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms77 78

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Philippines, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited77 78 18

Regulation of Handguns

In the Philippines, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence77 78 18

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Philippines, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law77 78 18

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Philippines, only licensed gun owners79 80 81 82 18 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Philippines are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example sports,80 personal protection, security83 84

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Philippines is 21 years79 80 85 11

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Philippines must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, and addiction79 80 86 11 18 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Philippines stipulates87 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Philippines, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required79 80 11 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Philippines, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years88 86

Licensing Records

In the Philippines, authorities maintain a record89 90 91 92 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Philippines are permitted to possess from two to fifteen firearms (and more for collectors)93 82

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Philippines are permitted to possess maximum 50 rounds of ammunition94 95 85

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Philippines, the law requires96 97 88 86 81 74 89 92 98 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Philippines, licensed firearm dealers are required47 48 49 39 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the Philippines, licensed gun makers are required29 30 47 48 32 74 33 39 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Philippines, State agencies are required99 100 74 101 102 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Philippines, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited103 104 78

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Philippines, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful25 26 105 49 103 104 78

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Philippines include93 82 81 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Philippines include26 32 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Philippines include101 92 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Philippines include106 85 28 49 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Philippines, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law30 107 33 108

Firearm Tracing

In the Philippines, state authorities carry out109 108 110 92 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Philippines, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are100 97 30 89 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law83 84 18

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited84

Gun Free Zones

In the Philippines, private guns are prohibited in places of worship, public drinking and amusement places and all other commercial or public establishment84

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Philippines, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm111 is 10 years in prison112 113 114 115 116 117

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the Philippines are known to have118 119 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In the Philippines, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2003: 500119

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn the Philippines, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2016: 3,828120
2013: 3,578121
2012: 4,976122 123
2007: 203124 125
2002: 45,000126

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Philippines, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2007: 32,726127 124 125
2001: 6,500126

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Philippines, it is state policy128 126 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008129 by the Philippines.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified130 by the Philippines

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed131 by the Philippines

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Philippines committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects132

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Philippines against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 21133 134 135 136 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Philippines have submitted one or more national reports137 40 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Philippines, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated138 40

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Philippines, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated40

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Philippines submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent40

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated40 by the Philippines to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided40 to the Philippines by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Philippines have declared139 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Philippines have been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945140

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list141 the Philippines as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Philippines, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Philippines ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Bastick, Megan and Kristin Valasek.2014.‘Privately Owned Firearms in the Philippines.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11034)Full Citation

3.

Alfred P Dalizon. 2014. ‘18,000 Gun Licenses Left Untransferred.’ Journal (Manila). 21 July. (N345) Full Citation

4.

Philippines.2003.‘Firearm Numbers.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the Philippines to the United Nations,3 July. (Q1070)Full Citation

5.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

7.

Philippines.2014.‘Number of Gun Owners.’ Sixteenth Congress of the Republic of the Philippines.Manila:Senate of the Republic of the Philippines,21 April. (Q8872)Full Citation

8.

Edu Punay. 2014. ‘SC Grants TRO on Centralization of Gun Licensing.’ Philippine Star. 9 April. (N343) Full Citation

9.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Philippines.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,23 May. (Q4310)Full Citation

10.

Ray Butch Gamboa. 2014. ‘The Gun Law IRR Is Out.’ Philippine Star. 25 January. (N344) Full Citation

11.

Alastair Mcindoe. 2013. ‘In The Philippines: Gun Culture Is Deep-Rooted.’ Straits Times (Singapore). 8 August. (N303) Full Citation

12.

Quitoriano, Ed.2013.‘Guns in the Philippines.’ Philippine Daily Inquirer.Manila:Philippine Daily Inquirer,12 January. (Q11201)Full Citation

13.

Schroeder, Matt.2013.‘Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Philippines.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8491)Full Citation

14.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

15.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Table 2 - Examples of Police Firearms Per Officer in Selected Countries.’ Armed Actors - Estimating Law Enforcement Firearms.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 December. (Q6545)Full Citation

16.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

17.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in the Philippines.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10268)Full Citation

18.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Philippines.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9440)Full Citation

19.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Philippines.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6315)Full Citation

20.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

21.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

22.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘East Asia and the Pacific, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3814)Full Citation

23.

UNODC.2005.‘Recorded Homicide and Firearm Homicide in 53 Countries, Completed or Attempted.’ Eighth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2001-2002).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,15 April. (Q1077)Full Citation

24.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

25.

Philippines.2013.‘Issuance of License to Manufacture or Deal In Firearms and Ammunition.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11142)Full Citation

26.

Philippines.2013.‘Issuance of License to Manufacture and Deal in Firearms and Ammunition [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11181)Full Citation

27.

Philippines.2013.‘Scope of License to Manufacture Firearms and Ammunition.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11143)Full Citation

28.

Philippines.2013.‘Scope of License to Manufacture Firearms and Ammunition [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11182)Full Citation

29.

Philippines.2013.‘Registration of Locally Manufactured and Imported Firearms.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11144)Full Citation

30.

Philippines.2013.‘Registration of Locally Manufactured and Imported Firearms [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11183)Full Citation

31.

Philippines.2013.‘License and Scope of License for Gunsmiths.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11146)Full Citation

32.

Philippines.2013.‘License and Scope of License for Gunsmiths [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11185)Full Citation

33.

Philippines.2012.‘Manufacture.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,28 March. (Q11191)Full Citation

34.

Capie, David.2002.‘Who Exports?.’ Small Arms Production and Transfers in South East Asia.Canberra:Strategic and Defence Studies Centre, Australian National University,1 January. (Q1099)Full Citation

35.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

36.

Small Arms Survey.2008.‘Global Overview of Countries Producing Light Weapons 1947-2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,14 July. (Q1130)Full Citation

37.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Illicit Production - South East Asia.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q1062)Full Citation

38.

Philippines.2012.‘International Transfers.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,28 March. (Q11192)Full Citation

39.

Philippines.2012.‘International Transfers - Record Keeping.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,28 March. (Q11194)Full Citation

40.

UNODA.2015.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,11 September. (Q1309)Full Citation

41.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

42.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11077)Full Citation

43.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

44.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11069)Full Citation

45.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11037)Full Citation

46.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

47.

Philippines.2013.‘Inspection and Inventory.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11149)Full Citation

48.

Philippines.2013.‘Inspection and Inventory [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11188)Full Citation

49.

Philippines.2013.‘License and Scope of License to Deal [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11184)Full Citation

50.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

51.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

52.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

53.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

54.

Philippines.2008.‘Challenges and Obstacles Met in the Implementation of the PoA.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of the Philippines to the United Nations,31 March. (Q1108)Full Citation

55.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Illicit Transfers.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q1109)Full Citation

56.

Philippines.2016.‘Brokering.’ National Report of Philippines on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,6 May. (Q13105)Full Citation

57.

Philippines.2012.‘End-user Certificate.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,28 March. (Q11193)Full Citation

58.

Pavesi, Irene.2016.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2016.’ Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 June. (Q12070)Full Citation

59.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

60.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

61.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2012.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q6869)Full Citation

62.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2011.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q10549)Full Citation

63.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2010.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2010: Gangs, Groups and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 June. (Q10550)Full Citation

64.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

65.

Close, Helen and Chris Stevenson.2008.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 July. (Q10552)Full Citation

66.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

67.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

68.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

69.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

70.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

71.

Philippines.2013.‘Title and Declaration of Policy.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11132)Full Citation

72.

Philippines.2013.‘General Provisions.’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11157)Full Citation

73.

Philippines.2013.‘Authority to Issue License.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11137)Full Citation

74.

Philippines.2013.‘Firearms Repository.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11155)Full Citation

75.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

76.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

77.

Philippines.2013.‘Firearms That May Be Registered.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11139)Full Citation

78.

Philippines.2013.‘Firearms That May Be Registered [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11163)Full Citation

79.

Philippines.2013.‘Standards and Requisites for Issuance of and Obtaining a License to Own and Possess Firearms.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11134)Full Citation

80.

Philippines.2013.‘Standards and Requisites for Issuance of and Obtaining a License to Own and Possess Firearms [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11159)Full Citation

81.

Philippines.2013.‘Antique Firearm.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11151)Full Citation

82.

Philippines.2013.‘Licenses Issued to Individuals [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11162)Full Citation

83.

Philippines.2013.‘Carrying of Firearms Outside of Residence or Place of Business.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11136)Full Citation

84.

Philippines.2013.‘Carrying of Firearms Outside of Residence or Place of Business [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11161)Full Citation

85.

Philippines.2013.‘Firearms for Use in Sports and Competitions [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11186)Full Citation

86.

Philippines.2013.‘Renewal of Licenses and Registration [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11187)Full Citation

87.

Kramer, Katherine.2001.‘Licensing Criteria.’ Legal Controls on Small Arms and Light Weapons in South East Asia.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva and Nonviolence International South East Asia,1 July. (Q1932)Full Citation

88.

Philippines.2013.‘Renewal of Licenses and Registration.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11148)Full Citation

89.

Philippines.2012.‘Record-keeping.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,28 March. (Q11199)Full Citation

90.

Philippines.2013.‘Definition of Terms [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11158)Full Citation

91.

Philippines.2013.‘Definition of Terms.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11133)Full Citation

92.

Philippines.2010.‘National Standards and Procedures for Stockpile Management and Security.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4671)Full Citation

93.

Philippines.2013.‘Licenses Issued to Individuals.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11138)Full Citation

94.

Philippines.2013.‘License to Possess Ammunition Necessarily Included.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11141)Full Citation

95.

Philippines.2013.‘License to Possess Firearms Necessarily Includes Possession of Ammunition [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11165)Full Citation

96.

Philippines.2013.‘Registration of Firearms.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11140)Full Citation

97.

Philippines.2013.‘Registration of Firearms [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11164)Full Citation

98.

Fernan Marasigan. 2003. ‘Bogus Gun Permits Alarm Ebdane; Hi-Tech Cards Eyed.’ Today (Manila). 24 January. (N114) Full Citation

99.

Philippines.2013.‘Ownership of Firearms by the National Government.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11135)Full Citation

100.

Philippines.2013.‘Ownership of Firearms by the National Government [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11160)Full Citation

101.

Philippines.2012.‘Stockpile Management.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,28 March. (Q11196)Full Citation

102.

Philippines.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Security.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4672)Full Citation

103.

Philippines.2013.‘Acquisition or Purchase and Sale of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11150)Full Citation

104.

Philippines.2013.‘Acquisition or Purchase and Sale of Firearms and Ammunition [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11189)Full Citation

105.

Philippines.2013.‘License and Scope of License to Deal.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11145)Full Citation

106.

Philippines.2013.‘Firearms for Use in Sports and Competitions.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11147)Full Citation

107.

Philippines.2012.‘Marking.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,28 March. (Q11198)Full Citation

108.

Philippines.2010.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4673)Full Citation

109.

Philippines.2012.‘International Tracing.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,28 March. (Q11200)Full Citation

110.

Philippines.2010.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4674)Full Citation

111.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
(G93) Full Citation

112.

Philippines.2013.‘Unlawful Acquisition, or Possession of Firearms and Ammunition.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q8873)Full Citation

113.

Philippines.2013.‘Absence of Permit to Carry Outside of Residence.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11152)Full Citation

114.

Philippines.2013.‘Unlawful Manufacture, Importation, Sale or Disposition of Firearms.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11153)Full Citation

115.

Philippines.2013.‘Tampering, Obliteration or Alteration of Firearms Identification.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11154)Full Citation

116.

Philippines.2013.‘Illegal Transfer/ Registration of Firearms [Regulations].’ Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 10591, otherwise known as 'Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act'.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,7 December. (Q11190)Full Citation

117.

Philippines.1997.‘Stiffer Penalties Amendment to Presidential Decree No. 1866.’ Philippines Republic Act No. 8294 (1997).Manila:House of Representatives,6 June. (Q1095)Full Citation

118.

Philippines.2013.‘Final Amnesty.’ Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act 2013 - Act No. 10591.Manila:Congress of the Republic of the Philippines,29 May. (Q11156)Full Citation

119.

Mike Frialde. 2003. ‘PNP Laments Sluggish Response to Gun Amnesty Program.’ Philippine Star. 12 September. (N346) Full Citation

120.

CNN Philippines. 2016. ‘4,661 Arrested as Election Gun Ban Ends.’ 10 June. (N632) Full Citation

121.

Cecille Suerte Felipe. 2013. ‘Gun Ban Ends Tonight.’ Philippine Star / ABS-CBN News (Manila). 12 June. (N350) Full Citation

122.

Balita. 2012. ‘PNP Seizes 5,000 Illegal Firearms From Jan. to Oct. 2012.’ 5 November. (N348) Full Citation

123.

Schroeder, Matt.2013.‘Table 12.10: Illicit Firearms Seized in the Philippines, 2007-12.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8492)Full Citation

124.

Philippines.2008.‘Confiscation and Destruction of Firearms.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the Republic of the Philippines to the United Nations,31 March. (Q1111)Full Citation

125.

Nation (Bangkok). 2007. ‘Seized Guns to Be Used by Police Force.’ 28 March. (N347) Full Citation

126.

Philippines.2003.‘Collection and Disposal.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the Philippines to the United Nations,3 July. (Q8875)Full Citation

127.

Philippines.2010.‘Awareness-raising.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the Philippines to the United Nations,1 January. (Q8876)Full Citation

128.

Philippines.2012.‘Destruction - Stockpile Management.’ National Report of the Philippines on its Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons (UNPoA ITI).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Philippines to the United Nations,28 March. (Q11197)Full Citation

129.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

130.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

131.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

132.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

133.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

134.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

135.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

136.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

137.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

138.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

139.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

140.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

141.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation