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Philippines — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Philippines is 3,900,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the Philippines is 4.71 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Philippines, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 68,7382

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Philippines, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 78,6892

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 325,5642 handguns in civilian possession in the Philippines

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 203

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 1051

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in the Philippines is reported to be 358,9342

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Philippines is 0.454

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in the Philippines is reported to be 775,0003 5

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Philippines is 0.864

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Philippines there are estimated to be 160,7502

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Philippines there are estimated to be 0.204 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Philippines are reported to have 449,3506 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Philippines are reported to have 139,0437 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual homicides by any means total

2009: 4,9478
2008: 5,820
2007: 5,962
2006: 6,1968 9
2005: 6,434
2004: 6,3448 10
2003: 6,436
2002: 6,5538
2001: 5,852
2000: 5,735
1999: 5,703
1998: 5,913

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 5.48
2008: 6.58 11
2007: 6.7
2006: 7.1
2005: 7.5
2004: 7.6
2003: 7.8
2002: 8.1
2001: 7.4
2000: 7.4
1999: 7.5
1998: 8.0
1997: 14.6311

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Philippines, annual firearm homicides total

2006: 648
2003: 7,349
2002: 7,70812
2001: 6,169

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.28
2003: 8.9
2002: 3.2412
2001: 3.25

Suicides (any method)

In the Philippines, annual suicides by any means total 1993: 85113

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Philippines, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1993: 1.0613

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Philippines, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence14 2

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Philippines is ranked 'small'15

Home-made Guns

In the Philippines the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high16 17

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law18

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$19,800,73519 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Philippines is categorized as 'minor'20

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$27,266,39119 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Philippines is high21 22

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Philippines, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law18

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, the Philippines was ranked at No. 3823

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Philippines is categorised as restrictive24

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Philippines includes the 21 individual Executive Orders, Laws, Acts, Memorandums, Presidential Decrees, Directives and Amendments18

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Philippines are regulated by the Firearms and Explosives Division of the Philippine National Police2

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In the Philippines, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, for hunting, shooting and protection only2

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Philippines, only licensed gun owners25 2 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Philippines are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security2

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Philippines is 21 years5

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Philippines must pass a background check which considers undefined26 5 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Philippines stipulates27 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Philippines, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required5 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In the Philippines, authorities maintain a record28 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Philippines, the law requires28 29 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Philippines, State agencies are required30 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Philippines do not include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Philippines include2 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Philippines, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law25

Firearm Tracing

In the Philippines, state authorities carry out25 31 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Philippines, state authorities employ28 31 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Philippines, the maximum penalty for illicit firearm possession is 6 years prison and a $300 fine32

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

At the resumption of the most recent session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, the Philippines were listed as an elected member for a three-year term of office33

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200834 by the Philippines.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified35 by the Philippines

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed36 by the Philippines

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Philippines committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects37

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Philippines have submitted one or more national reports38 18 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Philippines, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated39 18

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Philippines, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated39 18

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Philippines submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent18

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated18 by the Philippines to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided18 to the Philippines by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Philippines have declared40 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Philippines have been a Member State of the United Nations since 194541

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list42 the Philippines as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Philippines, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Philippines ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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21.

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32.

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