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Philippines — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in the Philippines is 3,900,0001 2 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in the Philippines is 4.71 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In the Philippines, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 68,7385

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In the Philippines, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 78,6895

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 325,5645 handguns in civilian possession in the Philippines

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 206

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, the Philippines ranked at No. 1051

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in the Philippines is reported to be

2014: 1,700,0007 8
1999: 358,9345

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in the Philippines is

2014: 1.719
1999: 0.48

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in the Philippines is reported to be

2013: 1,739,00010 3 11
2011: 929,03412
2005: 775,0001
2002: 814,5624

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in the Philippines is

2013: 1.789
2011: 0.98
2005: 0.91
2002: 1.02

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Philippines there are estimated to be between 160,7505 4 and 610,00013 12

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in the Philippines there are estimated to be between 0.21 and 0.639 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of the Philippines are reported to have 449,35014 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in the Philippines are reported to have 139,04315 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 8,48416
2011: 8,67416 17
2010: 8,89716
2009: 6,36816 18
2008: 5,820
2007: 5,739
2006: 6,19616 18 19
2005: 6,434
2004: 6,34416 18 20
2003: 6,436
2002: 6,55316 18
2001: 5,852
2000: 5,735
1999: 5,70318
1998: 5,913

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 8.816
2011: 9.116 17
2010: 9.516
2009: 6.916 18
2008: 6.416 18 21
2007: 6.5
2006: 7.1
2005: 7.5
2004: 7.5
2003: 7.8
2002: 8.1
2001: 7.4
2000: 7.4
1999: 7.518 21
1998: 8.0
1997: 14.6321

Gun Homicides

ChartIn the Philippines, annual firearm homicides total

2003: 7,34918
2002: 7,70822
2001: 6,169

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn the Philippines, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2003: 8.918
2002: 3.2422
2001: 3.25

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn the Philippines, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 56%17
2003: 49.9%18

Suicides (any method)

In the Philippines, annual suicides by any means total

1993: 85123

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In the Philippines, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1993: 1.0623

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In the Philippines, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, the Philippines was ranked 'small'34

Home-made Guns

In the Philippines, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be high35 36

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law26 27 29 37 38 39

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$19,800,73540 (2011)41 42

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, the Philippines was categorized as 'mayor'43 44 45

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In the Philippines, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law26 27 28 29 46 47 48 37 38 39

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to the Philippines is reported by Customs to be US$27,266,39140 (2011)49 50 51 52

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in the Philippines is high53 54

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In the Philippines, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law55 39

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in the Philippines include27 37 56 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, the Philippines scored

2014: 8.2557
2013: 8.2558
2012: 8.2559
2011: 9.0060
2010: 8.5061
2009: 9.2562
2008: 8.5063
2007: 8.5064
2006: 8.7565
2005: 9.2566
2004: 8.7567

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in the Philippines is categorised as restrictive68

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in the Philippines includes the Comprehensive Firearms and Ammunition Regulation Act No. 10591 of 201369 39 and the Implementing Rules and Regulations of Republic Act No. 1059170

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in the Philippines are regulated by the Chief of the Philippine National Police, through the Firearms and Explosives Office71 72 and the Secretary of the Department of the Interior and Local Government25

Right to Possess Firearms

In the Philippines, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law73 74 69

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In the Philippines, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms75 76

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In the Philippines, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited75 76 17

Regulation of Handguns

In the Philippines, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence75 76 17

Law Regulates Long Guns

In the Philippines, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law75 76 17

Gun Ownership and Possession

In the Philippines, only licensed gun owners77 78 79 80 17 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in the Philippines are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example sports,78 personal protection, security81 82

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in the Philippines is 21 years77 78 83 11

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in the Philippines must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental, and addiction77 78 84 11 17 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in the Philippines stipulates85 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In the Philippines, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required77 78 11 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In the Philippines, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years86 84

Licensing Records

In the Philippines, authorities maintain a record87 88 89 90 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in the Philippines are permitted to possess from two to fifteen firearms (and more for collectors)91 80

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in the Philippines are permitted to possess maximum 50 rounds of ammunition92 93 83

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In the Philippines, the law requires94 95 86 84 79 72 87 90 96 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In the Philippines, licensed firearm dealers are required46 47 48 38 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In the Philippines, licensed gun makers are required28 29 46 47 31 72 32 38 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In the Philippines, State agencies are required97 98 72 99 100 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In the Philippines, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited101 102 76

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In the Philippines, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful24 25 103 48 101 102 76

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in the Philippines include91 80 79 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in the Philippines include25 31 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in the Philippines include99 90 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in the Philippines include104 83 27 48 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In the Philippines, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law29 105 32 106

Firearm Tracing

In the Philippines, state authorities carry out107 106 108 90 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In the Philippines, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are98 95 29 87 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law81 82 17

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In the Philippines, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited82

Gun Free Zones

In the Philippines, private guns are prohibited in places of worship, public drinking and amusement places and all other commercial or public establishment82

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In the Philippines, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm109 is 10 years prison110 111 112 113 114 115

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in the Philippines are known to have116 117 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In the Philippines, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2003: 500117

Firearms Collected and Seized

ChartIn the Philippines, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number

2013: 3,578118
2012: 4,976119 120
2007: 203121 122
2002: 45,000123

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn the Philippines, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2007: 32,726124 121 122
2001: 6,500123

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In the Philippines, it is state policy125 123 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2008126 by the Philippines.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified127 by the Philippines

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed128 by the Philippines

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, the Philippines committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects129

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored the Philippines against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 21130 131 132 133 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, the Philippines have submitted one or more national reports134 39 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In the Philippines, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated135 39

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In the Philippines, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated39

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of the Philippines submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent39

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated39 by the Philippines to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided39 to the Philippines by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, the Philippines have declared136 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, the Philippines have been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945137

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list138 the Philippines as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in the Philippines, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where the Philippines ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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