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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Paraguay — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Paraguay is 1,000,0001 2 3

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Paraguay is 15.41 3

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Paraguay ranked at No. 464

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Paraguay ranked at No. 373

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Paraguay is reported to be

2010: 288,8875
2007: 333,4606
2006: 330,0007
2005: 316,0938
2003: 300,9065 9

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Paraguay is

2010: 4.5310
2007: 5.45
2006: 5.707
2005: 5.58
2003: 5.2510

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Paraguay there are estimated to be 650,0006 2 9 to 1,000,0008

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Paraguay the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 10.6310 to 16.88

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Paraguay are reported to have 194,00011 2 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Paraguay are reported to have 26,00011 2 6 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 42312
2013: 424
2012: 403
2011: 41313
2010: 435
2009: 49614
2000: 45415 16

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 6.3112
2013: 6.40
2012: 6.16
2011: 6.39
2010: 6.82
2009: 7.8810
2000: 8.38

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 37212
2013: 379
2012: 356
2011: 373
2010: 395

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 5112
2013: 45
2012: 47
2011: 40
2010: 40

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 61717
2014: 55012
2013: 537
2012: 524
2011: 553
2010: 631
2009: 95318 19 20 21 22
2008: 833
2007: 90618 19 20 21 22 9
2006: 798
2005: 88718 19 20 21 22
2004: 1,209
2003: 1,28518 19 20 21
2002: 1,372
2001: 1,314
2000: 99518 19 20 21 15
1999: 63420 15
1998: 856

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 9.2917
2014: 6.3112
2013: 6.40
2012: 6.16
2011: 6.39
2010: 6.82
2009: 15.0118 19 20 21 22
2008: 13.36
2007: 14.7918 19 20 21 22 23
2006: 13.27
2005: 15.0218 19 20 21 22 23 9
2004: 20.8718 19 20 21 22 23
2003: 22.6118 19 20 21 23
2002: 24.63
2001: 24.06
2000: 18.60
1999: 12.120 23
1998: 16.7
1997: 18.020
1996: 20.020 23
1995: 18.620

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 56024
2014: 49112
2013: 477
2012: 464
2011: 497
2010: 565

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 5724
2014: 5912
2013: 60
2012: 60
2011: 56
2010: 66

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 31812
2013: 334
2012: 323
2011: 324
2010: 354
2009: 46819 20 25
2008: 51619
2007: 478
2006: 58819 26 25
2005: 646
2000: 40415 25 16
1999: 40315
1998: 514

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 4.7412
2013: 5.04
2012: 4.94
2011: 5.02
2010: 5.55
2009: 7.4410 20 25
2008: 8.3210
2007: 7.82
2006: 9.7710 26 25
2005: 10.90
2000: 7.3515 25 16
1999: 7.5215
1998: 9.85

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Paraguay, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2013: 63%18
2012: 64%18 19
2011: 61%
2010: 62%
2009: 57%
2008: 62%
2007: 61%
2006: 63%
2005: 60%
2000: 61.0%20
1999: 63.6%
1998: 60.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 29112
2014: 291
2013: 298
2012: 295
2011: 297
2010: 326

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 2712
2014: 27
2013: 36
2012: 28
2011: 27
2010: 28

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 38312
2013: 324
2012: 278
2011: 298
2010: 223
2009: 45727 28
2008: 374
2007: 392
2006: 427
2005: 419
2004: 406
2003: 313
2002: 357
2001: 289
2000: 28427 16

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 5.7112
2013: 4.89
2012: 4.25
2011: 4.61
2010: 3.50
2009: 7.227
2008: 6.0
2007: 6.4
2006: 7.127 28
2005: 7.127
2004: 7.027 28
2003: 5.527
2002: 6.4
2001: 5.3
2000: 5.327 16

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male suicides by any means total

2014: 27112
2013: 250
2012: 190
2011: 222
2010: 160

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female suicides by any means total

2014: 11212
2013: 74
2012: 88
2011: 76
2010: 63

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Paraguay, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 7112
2013: 63
2012: 65
2011: 5713
2010: 46
2009: 7314
2000: 3416

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.0612
2013: 0.95
2012: 0.99
2011: 0.88
2010: 0.72
2009: 1.1610
2000: 0.5816

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male firearm suicides total

2014: 5312
2013: 56
2012: 50
2011: 50
2010: 37

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female firearm suicides total

2014: 1812
2013: 7
2012: 15
2011: 7
2010: 9

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 1812
2013: 18
2012: 8
2011: 1613
2010: 13
2009: 1914
2000: 1516

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2412
2013: 0.14
2012: 0.11
2011: 0.25
2010: 0.35
2009: 0.30
2000: 0.2616

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2014: 1612
2013: 16
2012: 6
2011: 13
2010: 10

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Paraguay, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2014: 212
2013: 2
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 3

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1612
2013: 9
2012: 7
2011: 1613
2010: 22
2009: 3314
2000: 116

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Paraguay, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.2510
2009: 0.52
2000: 0.0216

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 1212
2013: 9
2012: 5
2011: 13
2010: 22

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Paraguay, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 412
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 3
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Paraguay, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,29 30 31 32 but is not conducted in practice33 34

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Paraguay, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law35 29 32 36 37 38 39

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Paraguay is reported by Customs to be US$124,83040 (2004)

Firearm Imports

In Paraguay, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law35 29 32 36 37 38 33 39 41

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Paraguay is reported by Customs to be US$7,375,08140 (2011)42 43 44

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Paraguay is high45 46 44

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Paraguay, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law47 35 29 32 39

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Paraguay include48 37 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Paraguay is categorised as restrictive49

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Paraguay includes the Act No. 4036 of 2010 on Firearms, Ammunitions and Explosives50 and its Regulations41 51

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Paraguay are regulated by the Department of Military Equipment (DIMABEL) and the Police52 53 38 54

Right to Possess Firearms

In Paraguay, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law55 56

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Paraguay, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons intended for the exclusive use of state agencies for defence and security,50 57 58 automatic firearms, shotguns with a barrel of less than 470 mm, hand-made firearms, imitation or disguised firearms, and certain types of ammunition59

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Paraguay, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited59

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Paraguay, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law59

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Paraguay, only licensed gun owners60 53 61 62 63 64 65 58 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Paraguay are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, collection or sport66 67 68

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Paraguay is 22 years69

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Paraguay must pass a background check which considers criminal69 and mental health68 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Paraguay, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required70

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Paraguay, licensing authorities are not required70 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Paraguay does not stipulate70 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Paraguay, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required69 71 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Paraguay, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years62 63

Licensing Records

In Paraguay, authorities maintain a record72 66 73 38 54 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Paraguay are permitted to possess one firearm per person when working for a private security and surveillance company74

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Paraguay are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition70

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Paraguay, the law requires65 73 72 66 41 38 54 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Paraguay, licensed firearm dealers are required32 38 72 54 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Paraguay, State agencies are required75 76 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Paraguay, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without an authorisation from the Executive Authority35 77 29

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Paraguay, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful35 29 61 32

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Paraguay, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined70

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Paraguay, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated70 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Paraguay do not include70 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Paraguay do not include70 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Paraguay include76 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Paraguay include78 79 51 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Paraguay, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law80 77 75 33 81

Firearm Tracing

In Paraguay, state authorities carry out82 73 29 83 38 33 81 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Paraguay, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not70 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Paraguay, carrying a gun in a public place is permitted under licence84 85 53 61

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Paraguay, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit84 85 53 61

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Paraguay, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm86 is five years in prison77 and/or a fine87 88

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Paraguay are known to have41 89 90 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Paraguay, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2015: 45191
2014: 465
2010: 3,00092

Small Arms Destroyed

In Paraguay, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 13,63989 (date to be determined) and 2,61593 (2003)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Paraguay, it is state policy94 95 96 97 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Paraguay adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified98 99 by Paraguay

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed100 by Paraguay.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified101 by Paraguay

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified102 by Paraguay

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Paraguay committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects103

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Paraguay against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 59104 105 106 107 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Paraguay has submitted one or more national reports108 109 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Paraguay, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated109

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Paraguay, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated109

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Paraguay submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent109

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated109 by Paraguay to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Paraguay has not declared110 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Paraguay has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945111

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list112 Paraguay as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Paraguay, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Paraguay ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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