Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Norway — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Norway is 1,320,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Norway is 31.31 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Norway, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 720,0002

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Norway, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 600,0003 2

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Norway, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 720,0002

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Norway ranked at No. 444

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Norway ranked at No. 111

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Norway, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 26.1%5
1989: 31.5%

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Norway, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

2005: 44%6

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Norway, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

2005: 64%6

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Norway, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 3.7%5 6
1989: 3.7%

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Norway is reported to be 484,2987

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Norway is 9.778

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Norway is reported to be

2011: 1,229,4367
2005: 1,320,0001

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Norway is

2011: 24.818
2005: 28.54

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Norway there are estimated to be 500,0009 10

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Norway there are estimated to be 10.898 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Norway are reported to have 80,00010 11 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Norway, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm12 13 14

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Norway are reported to have 10,50015 16 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 8817 18 19 20
2011: 14217 18 19
2010: 8721
2009: 10717 18 19
2008: 8817 18 22
2007: 1017 18 19 22
2006: 99
2005: 89
2004: 10317 18 23
2003: 116
2002: 106
2001: 10917 18 22
2000: 12617 18 23
1999: 13217 18 19 22
1998: 11317 18 19 23
1997: 14117 18 19 22
1996: 145

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.758 20
2011: 2.878
2010: 1.7821
2009: 2.228
2008: 1.84
2007: 0.21
2006: 2.12
2005: 1.92
2004: 2.23
2003: 2.54
2002: 2.34
2001: 2.41
2000: 2.80
1999: 2.96
1998: 2.55
1997: 3.20
1996: 3.31

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Norway, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 11124 25
2010: 3126 27 24 25 28
2009: 2924 25
2008: 2729 24 25
2007: 33
2006: 45
2005: 29
2004: 39
2003: 48
2002: 39
2001: 33
2000: 53
1999: 3829 25
1998: 43
1997: 41
1996: 47
1995: 45
1994: 3429
1993: 42
1992: 47
1991: 66

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.224 25
2010: 0.638 27 24 25 28
2009: 0.624 25
2008: 0.578 24 25
2007: 0.70
2006: 0.97
2005: 0.63
2004: 0.85
2003: 1.05
2002: 0.86
2001: 0.73
2000: 1.188 30 24 25
1999: 0.858 30 25
1998: 0.97
1997: 0.93
1996: 1.07
1995: 1.03
1994: 0.788 30
1993: 0.97
1992: 1.1
1991: 1.55
:

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Norway, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 317
2012: 517 20
2011: 7117
2010: 2
2009: 9
2008: 3
2007: 217 25
2006: 1017
2005: 5
2004: 12
2003: 12
2002: 16
2001: 6
2000: 17
1999: 14
1998: 12
1997: 10
1996: 12
1995: 1131
1994: 7
1993: 14
1992: 12

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0617
2012: 0.1017 20
2011: 1.4317
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.0417 25
2006: 0.2117
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.26
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.35
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.38
1999: 0.31
1998: 0.27
1997: 0.23
1996: 0.27
1995: 0.258
1994: 0.16
1993: 0.328 32
1992: 0.28

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Norway, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2010: 11%28
2007: 8.1%25

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Norway, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 117
2010: 1
2009: 4
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 2
2000: 3
1999: 1
1998: 3
1997: 4
1996: 5

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0217
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.08
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.07
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.07
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.07
1997: 0.09
1996: 0.11

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Norway, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 317
2011: 1
2009: 1
2008: 1
2006: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 7
2001: 1
2000: 9
1999: 7
1998: 5
1997: 3
1996: 3

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0617
2011: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.15
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.20
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Norway, annual gun homicides (other) total

2012: 417
2011: 70
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 2
2006: 8
2005: 3
2004: 9
2003: 7
2002: 6
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 6
1998: 4
1997: 3
1996: 4

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0817
2011: 1.41
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.20
2003: 0.15
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.07
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.13
1998: 0.09
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.09

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Norway, annual suicides by any means total

2008: 50533
2007: 485
2006: 532
2005: 533
2004: 529
2003: 502
2002: 494
2001: 549
2000: 541
1999: 583
1998: 548
1997: 533
1996: 517

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2008: 10.598
2007: 10.30
2006: 11.41
2005: 11.52
2004: 11.52
2003: 10.99
2002: 10.88
2001: 12.16
2000: 12.034
1999: 13.1
1998: 12.4
1997: 12.1
1996: 11.8
1995: 12.6
1994: 12.2
1993: 13.7
1992: 14.4
1991: 15.8

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Norway, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 7018
2012: 8218 20
2011: 6918
2010: 84
2009: 97
2008: 85
2007: 62
2006: 87
2005: 80
2004: 89
2003: 101
2002: 89
2001: 103
2000: 108
1999: 114
1998: 98
1997: 127
1996: 125

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.3818
2012: 1.6318 20
2011: 1.3918
2010: 1.72
2009: 2.01
2008: 1.78
2007: 1.32
2006: 1.87
2005: 1.73
2004: 1.94
2003: 2.21
2002: 1.96
2001: 2.28
2000: 2.42
1999: 2.55
1998: 2.21
1997: 2.88
1996: 2.85
1993: 3.9535

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Norway, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 618
2012: 5
2011: 7
2010: 7
2009: 4
2008: 10
2007: 4
2006: 6
2005: 6
2004: 6
2003: 5
2002: 12
2001: 12
2000: 20
1999: 19
1998: 15
1997: 17
1996: 22

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1218
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.14
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.21
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.13
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.13
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.26
2001: 0.27
2000: 0.45
1999: 0.43
1998: 0.34
1997: 0.39
1996: 0.50

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Norway, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 2318
2012: 21
2011: 14
2010: 11
2009: 15
2008: 20
2007: 21
2006: 19
2005: 29
2004: 38
2003: 46
2002: 46
2001: 54
2000: 58
1999: 62
1998: 54
1997: 67
1996: 63

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.4518
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.28
2010: 0.23
2009: 0.31
2008: 0.42
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.41
2005: 0.63
2004: 0.83
2003: 1.01
2002: 1.01
2001: 1.20
2000: 1.30
1999: 1.39
1998: 1.22
1997: 1.52
1996: 1.44

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Norway, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 4118
2012: 56
2011: 48
2010: 66
2009: 78
2008: 55
2007: 37
2006: 62
2005: 45
2004: 45
2003: 50
2002: 31
2001: 37
2000: 30
1999: 33
1998: 29
1997: 43
1996: 40

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.8118
2012: 1.12
2011: 0.97
2010: 1.35
2009: 1.62
2008: 1.15
2007: 0.79
2006: 1.33
2005: 0.97
2004: 0.98
2003: 1.10
2002: 0.68
2001: 0.82
2000: 0.67
1999: 0.74
1998: 0.65
1997: 0.98
1996: 0.91

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 119 20
2011: 219
2010: 1
2009: 1
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 2
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 2
1996: 4

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0219
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.04
1999: 0.04
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.05
1996: 0.09
1993: 0.1236

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2005: 119
1999: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2005: 0.0219
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Norway, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2012: 119
2011: 2
2009: 1
2007: 2
2006: 1
1999: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0219
2011: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1997: 0.05
1996: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Norway, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 119
2007: 1
2005: 1
1998: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0219
2007: 0.02
2005: 0.02
1998: 0.02
1996: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Norway, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 022
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 022 23
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 022
2000: 022 23
1999: 222
1998: 222 23
1997: 222
1996: 4
1995: 6
1994: 6
1993: 9
1992: 9
1991: 11

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.008
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.008 23
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.008
2000: 0.008 23
1999: 0.048
1998: 0.058 23
1997: 0.058
1996: 0.09
1995: 0.14
1994: 0.14
1993: 0.21
1992: 0.21
1991: 0.26

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Norway, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2003: 123
2000: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2003: 0.0223
2000: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Norway, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2004: 123

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Norway, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0223

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Norway, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2004: 123
2003: 1
2002: 1
1998: 1

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Norway, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0223
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
1998: 0.02

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Norway, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence37 38 39

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Norway was ranked 'small'40

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Norway, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law41 42 43 44

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Norway is reported by Customs to be US$72,557,91245 (2011)46 47 48 49 50

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Norway was categorized as 'major'51 52 53 50 54

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Norway, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law41

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Norway is reported by Customs to be US$124,745,86545 (2011)55 56 57 58

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Norway is low2

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Norway, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law59 60 61

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Norway include62 44 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Norway scored

2016: 15.2563
2014: 17.2564
2013: 15.0065
2012: 15.2566
2011: 16.2567
2010: 16.5068
2009: 16.7569
2008: 15.5070
2007: 17.0071
2006: 11.7572
2005: 11.7573
2004: 11.2574

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Norway is categorised as restrictive75

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Norway includes the Firearms and Ammunition Act 196176 and the Våpenforskriften (Weapon Regulations) of July 200877

Right to Possess Firearms

In Norway, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law78 79 80

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Norway, private possession of fully automatic weapons is permitted under licence80 28

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Norway, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence80

Regulation of Handguns

In Norway, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence81 82 28

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Norway, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law28

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Norway, only licensed gun owners83 28 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Norway are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security83 2

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Norway is 16 years with special consent, 18 or 21 years for particular firearms84

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Norway must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health83 28 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Norway, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required2

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Norway does not stipulate80 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Norway, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required2 for a firearm licence

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Norway are permitted to possess any number of firearms80

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Norway are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition80

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Norway, the law requires85 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Norway, licensed firearm dealers are not required80 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Norway, State agencies are required85 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Norway, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited86

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Norway, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful86

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Norway, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined80

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Norway, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated80 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Norway include87 77 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Norway do not include80 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Norway include88 77 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Norway include89 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Norway, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law90 91 92

Firearm Tracing

In Norway, state authorities carry out91 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Norway, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not80 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Norway, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited89 28

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Norway, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited89 28

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Norway, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm93 is up to three months in prison94

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Norway are known to have95 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Norway, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 35,00095 (2003-04)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Norway, it is state policy96 97 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists98 Norway as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200699 by Norway.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified100 by Norway

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified101 by Norway

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Norway committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects102

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Norway against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 8103 104 105 106 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Norway has submitted one or more national reports107 60 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Norway, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated108 60

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Norway, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated108

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Norway submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent60 109

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated60 by Norway to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Norway has declared110 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Norway has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945111

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists112 Norway as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Norway ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

3.

Norway.2001.‘Firearms Legislation/Regulation - Amount of Firearms in Norway.’ Personal correspondence from the Norwegian Ministry of Justice.Oslo:Norwegian Ministry of Justice,1 December. (Q8980)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

5.

van Dijk, Jan, John van Kesteren and Paul Smit.2007.‘Ownership of Firearms and Handguns in Countries and Main Cities (percentages): 1989-2005 ICVS and 2005 EU ICS.’ Criminal Victimisation in International Perspective: Key findings from the 2004-2005 ICVS and EU ICS.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime / UNODC,1 January. (Q11813)Full Citation

6.

Duquet, Nils and Maarten Van Alstein.2015.‘Percentage of Types of Firearm Possessed [by Households] in European Countries, 2004-2005.’ Firearms and Violent Deaths in Europe: An Exploratory Analysis of the Linkages Between Gun Ownership, Firearms Legislation and Violent Death.Brussels:Flemish Peace Institute,25 June. (Q12045)Full Citation

7.

Aled-Dilwyn Fisher. 2011. ‘Police Want Stricter Gun Control.’ Views and News from Norway. 2 August. (N252) Full Citation

8.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - Norway.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,5 January. (Q4274)Full Citation

9.

Waszink, Camilla. In: Faltas, Sami and Vera Chrobok (Eds.).2004.‘Structures and Practices - Disposal of surplus stocks.’ Disposal of Surplus Small Arms: A survey of policies and practices in OSCE countries.Bonn:Bonn International Center for Conversion, BASIC, Saferworld, and the Small Arms Survey,1 February. (Q5455)Full Citation

10.

Norway.2010.‘Arms in Norway - Military Firearms.’ Armed Violence in Norway: Incidence and Responses.Oslo:Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,1 May. (Q6429)Full Citation

11.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

12.

Adam Taylor. 2016. ‘Norway Gave Its Cops Guns. After 1 Year, It's Taking Them Away. What Did It Learn?.’ Washington Post. 5 February. (N575) Full Citation

13.

Agence France-Presse. 2015. ‘Norway Disarms its Police Officers.’ Yahoo News (Norway). 13 November. (N396) Full Citation

14.

Norway.2010.‘Use of Force by the Police.’ Armed Violence in Norway: Incidence and Responses.Oslo:Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,1 May. (Q6427)Full Citation

15.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

16.

Waszink, Camilla. In: Faltas, Sami and Vera Chrobok (Eds.).2004.‘National Stocks of SALW and Ammunition.’ Disposal of Surplus Small Arms: A survey of policies and practices in OSCE countries.Bonn:Bonn International Center for Conversion, BASIC, Saferworld, and the Small Arms Survey,1 February. (Q5454)Full Citation

17.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Homicide in Norway.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,6 July. (Q6067)Full Citation

18.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Suicide in Norway.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,6 July. (Q6131)Full Citation

19.

WHO.2016.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Unintentional Gun Deaths in Norway.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,7 July. (Q6197)Full Citation

20.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

21.

WHO.2011.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Total Firearm Death.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 September. (Q5684)Full Citation

22.

Norway.2010.‘Deaths from Accidents and Injuries by Undetermined External Cause, 1976-2008 - Firearms and Explosives.’ Statistics Norway.Oslo:Statistisk sentralbyra (Statistics Norway),1 January. (Q2057)Full Citation

23.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death - Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Norway.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,23 June. (Q6441)Full Citation

24.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Norway.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10320)Full Citation

25.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Norway.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6211)Full Citation

26.

Audrey Garric. 2011. ‘Attacks in Norway: The Police Intervention is Questioned.’ Le Monde (France). 26 July. (N251) Full Citation

27.

Norway.2010.‘Homicides.’ Armed Violence in Norway: Incidence and Responses.Oslo:Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,1 May. (Q6426)Full Citation

28.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Norway.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9434)Full Citation

29.

Norway.2010.‘Deaths by Underlying Cause of Death, 1991-2008 - Homicide.’ Statistics Norway.Oslo:Statistisk sentralbyra (Statistics Norway),1 January. (Q2059)Full Citation

30.

Norway.2010.‘Death Rates by Sex and Detailed Groups of Diagnosis, per 100,000, 1991-2000 - Homicide.’ Statistics Norway.Oslo:Statistisk sentralbyra (Statistics Norway),1 January. (Q2058)Full Citation

31.

Norway.2001.‘Firearms and Crimes in Norway - Murders Committed by Firearms.’ Personal correspondence from the Norwegian Ministry of Justice.Oslo:Norwegian Ministry of Justice,1 December. (Q8979)Full Citation

32.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

33.

Norway.2010.‘Suicide by Method, 1976-2008 - All Methods.’ Statistics Norway.Oslo:Statistisk sentralbyra (Statistics Norway),1 January. (Q2055)Full Citation

34.

Norway.2010.‘Death Rates by Sex and Detailed Groups of Diagnosis, per 100,000, 1991-2000 - Suicide and Intentional Self-Harm.’ Statistics Norway.Oslo:Statistisk sentralbyra (Statistics Norway),1 January. (Q2060)Full Citation

35.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

36.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

37.

Norway.1961.‘The Manufacture of Firearms, Firearm Parts and Certain Types of Ammunition.’ Act No. 1 of 9 June 1961 Relating to Firearms and Ammunition.Oslo:Kingdom of Norway,9 June. (Q1440)Full Citation

38.

Norway.2010.‘Norway's Arms Exports.’ Armed Violence in Norway: Incidence and Responses.Oslo:Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,1 May. (Q6431)Full Citation

39.

Norway.2009.‘Legislation, Regulations, Administrative Procedures.’ National Report of Norway on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations,28 April. (Q1475)Full Citation

40.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

41.

Norway.1961.‘Imports and Exports of Firearms, Firearm Parts and Ammunition.’ Act No. 1 of 9 June 1961 Relating to Firearms and Ammunition.Oslo:Kingdom of Norway,9 June. (Q1441)Full Citation

42.

Waszink, Camilla. In: Faltas, Sami and Vera Chrobok (Eds.).2004.‘Policies: Export of SALW and Ammunition.’ Disposal of Surplus Small Arms: A survey of policies and practices in OSCE countries.Bonn:Bonn International Center for Conversion, BASIC, Saferworld, and the Small Arms Survey,1 February. (Q5456)Full Citation

43.

Norway.2010.‘Norway's Arms Exports - Controls.’ Armed Violence in Norway: Incidence and Responses.Oslo:Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,1 May. (Q6432)Full Citation

44.

Norway.2010.‘Norway's Arms Exports - Regulation.’ Armed Violence in Norway: Incidence and Responses.Oslo:Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,1 May. (Q6433)Full Citation

45.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

46.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Trends in Small Arms Exports per Top Exporter and for All Exporters, as Reported to UN Comtrade, 2001-2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11071)Full Citation

47.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11077)Full Citation

48.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

49.

Berman, Eric.2011.‘Small Arms Transfers: Exporting States.’ Weapons and Markets.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,25 October. (Q5982)Full Citation

50.

Herron, Patrick, Jasna Lazarevic, Nic Marsh and Matt Schroeder.2011.‘Top Exporters and Importers of Small Arms in 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q5983)Full Citation

51.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Top Exporters and Importers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11068)Full Citation

52.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11069)Full Citation

53.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Exporters of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11037)Full Citation

54.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

55.

Holtom, Paul and Christelle Rigual.2015.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11070)Full Citation

56.

Rigual, Christelle.2015.‘Annexe 4.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2015: Weapons and the World.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 June. (Q11078)Full Citation

57.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

58.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

59.

Waszink, Camilla. In: Faltas, Sami and Vera Chrobok (Eds.).2004.‘Law Enforcement and Penalties.’ Disposal of Surplus Small Arms: A survey of policies and practices in OSCE countries.Bonn:Bonn International Center for Conversion, BASIC, Saferworld, and the Small Arms Survey,1 February. (Q5458)Full Citation

60.

UNODA.2015.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,11 September. (Q1309)Full Citation

61.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

62.

Waszink, Camilla. In: Faltas, Sami and Vera Chrobok (Eds.).2004.‘End-use, Verification and Re-transfer.’ Disposal of Surplus Small Arms: A survey of policies and practices in OSCE countries.Bonn:Bonn International Center for Conversion, BASIC, Saferworld, and the Small Arms Survey,1 February. (Q5457)Full Citation

63.

Pavesi, Irene.2016.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2016.’ Trade Update 2016: Transfers and Transparency.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 June. (Q12070)Full Citation

64.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi, and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2014.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q10547)Full Citation

65.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

66.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2012.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2012.’ Small Arms Survey 2012: Moving Targets.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q6869)Full Citation

67.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2011.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2011: States of Security.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,6 July. (Q10549)Full Citation

68.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2010.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2010.’ Small Arms Survey 2010: Gangs, Groups and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 June. (Q10550)Full Citation

69.

Lazarevic, Jasna.2009.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2009.’ Small Arms Survey 2009: Shadows of War.Cambridge:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,9 July. (Q10551)Full Citation

70.

Close, Helen and Chris Stevenson.2008.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2008.’ Small Arms Survey 2008: Risk and Resilience.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,14 July. (Q10552)Full Citation

71.

Glatz, Anne-Kathrin and Lora Lumpe.2007.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2007.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,27 August. (Q10553)Full Citation

72.

Khakee, Anna, Pablo Dreyfus and Anne-Kathrin Glatz.2006.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2006.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10554)Full Citation

73.

Khakee, Anna.2005.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2005.’ Small Arms Survey 2005: Weapons at War.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,11 July. (Q10555)Full Citation

74.

Khakee, Anna.2004.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2004.’ Small Arms Survey 2004: Rights at Risk.Oxford:Oxford University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 July. (Q10556)Full Citation

75.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

76.

Norway.1961.‘Firearms and Ammunition Act.’ Act No. 1 of 9 June 1961 Relating to Firearms and Ammunition.Oslo:Kingdom of Norway,9 June. (Q1384)Full Citation

77.

Norway.2010.‘Arms in Norway - Regulation.’ Armed Violence in Norway: Incidence and Responses.Oslo:Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs,1 May. (Q6430)Full Citation

78.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

79.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

80.

Norway.1961.‘Firearms and Ammunition Act.’ Act No. 1 of 9 June 1961 Relating to Firearms and Ammunition.Oslo:Kingdom of Norway,9 June. (Q4155)Full Citation

81.

Norway.1961.‘Acquisition of Firearms and Firearm Parts - Carry.’ Act No. 1 of 9 June 1961 Relating to Firearms and Ammunition.Oslo:Kingdom of Norway,9 June. (Q1438)Full Citation

82.

Rolleiv Solholm. 2001. ‘More Rigorous Gun Laws.’ Norway Post. 5 December. (N184) Full Citation

83.

Norway.1961.‘Acquisition of Firearms and Firearm Parts.’ Act No. 1 of 9 June 1961 Relating to Firearms and Ammunition.Oslo:Kingdom of Norway,9 June. (Q1436)Full Citation

84.

Norway.1961.‘Acquisition of Firearms and Firearm Parts - Age.’ Act No. 1 of 9 June 1961 Relating to Firearms and Ammunition.Oslo:Norway,9 June. (Q1437)Full Citation

85.

Norway.2010.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing.’ National Report of Norway on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations,29 January. (Q4570)Full Citation

86.

Norway.1961.‘Trade in Firearms, Firearm Parts and Ammunition.’ Act No. 1 of 9 June 1961 Relating to Firearms and Ammunition.Oslo:Kingdom of Norway,9 June. (Q1439)Full Citation

87.

Norway.1961.‘Miscellaneous Provisions - Storage.’ Act No. 1 of 9 June 1961 Relating to Firearms and Ammunition.Oslo:Kingdom of Norway,9 June. (Q1442)Full Citation

88.

Norway.2009.‘Stockpile Management and Security.’ National Report of Norway on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations,28 April. (Q1635)Full Citation

89.

Norway.1961.‘Miscellaneous Provisions - Transport and Carry.’ Act No. 1 of 9 June 1961 Relating to Firearms and Ammunition.Oslo:Kingdom of Norway,9 June. (Q1443)Full Citation

90.

Norway.2009.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing.’ National Report of Norway on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations,28 April. (Q1477)Full Citation

91.

Norway.2009.‘Marking, Record Keeping and Tracing.’ National Report of Norway on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations,28 April. (Q1476)Full Citation

92.

Norway.2010.‘Ammunition.’ National Report of Norway on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations,29 January. (Q1571)Full Citation

93.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
(G93) Full Citation

94.

Norway.1961.‘Penalties.’ Act No. 1 of 9 June 1961 Relating to Firearms and Ammunition.Oslo:Kingdom of Norway,9 June. (Q1444)Full Citation

95.

Norway.2005.‘Seized or Confiscated Weapons.’ National Report of Norway on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations,30 April. (Q1614)Full Citation

96.

Norway.2009.‘Collection and Disposal.’ National Report of Norway on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations,28 April. (Q1613)Full Citation

97.

Norway.2003.‘Details on Record Keeping and/or Authority for Destruction.’ National Report of Norway on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations,30 April. (Q1615)Full Citation

98.

UNCCPCJ / UNODC.1991.‘Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.’ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Vienna:United Nations Economic and Social Council / United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q3222)Full Citation

99.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

100.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

101.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

102.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

103.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

104.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

105.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

106.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

107.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

108.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

109.

Norway.2010.‘International Cooperation and Assistance.’ National Report of Norway on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Norway to the United Nations,29 January. (Q1572)Full Citation

110.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

111.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

112.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation