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New Caledonia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in New Caledonia is 100,0001 to 150,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in New Caledonia is 37.883 to 58.592

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in New Caledonia is reported to be

2013: 54,5004 5
2011: 48,0002
2003: 48,0006
2002: 19,0007

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in New Caledonia is

2013: 20.643
2011: 18.73
2003: 21.46
2002: 8.487

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of New Caledonia are reported to have 1,5848 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In New Caledonia, police officers on routine patrol carry one or more firearms9

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in New Caledonia are reported to have 3488 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn New Caledonia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 710 11
2012: 510
2011: 7
2010: 5
2009: 2
2008: 2
2007: 4
2006: 3
2005: 2
2004: 1
2003: 7
2002: 11
2001: 2

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Caledonia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.653
2012: 1.92
2011: 2.73
2010: 1.98
2009: 0.81
2008: 0.82
2007: 1.66
2006: 1.27
2005: 0.86
2004: 0.44
2003: 3.13
2002: 5.01
2001: 0.93

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn New Caledonia, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 1412
2012: 913
2011: 1614
2010: 1015
2009: 1116 17
2008: 818 17
2007: 1219 17
2006: 520 17
2005: 1121
2004: 1522
2003: 1423
2002: 1324
2001: 1325

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn New Caledonia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 5.303
2012: 3.46
2011: 6.24
2010: 3.96
2009: 4.43
2008: 3.27
2007: 4.99
2006: 2.11
2005: 4.73
2004: 6.58
2003: 6.26
2002: 5.92
2001: 6.04

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn New Caledonia, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 4312
2012: 3613
2011: 3414
2010: 4515
2009: 4516
2008: 3918
2007: 4519
2006: 2820
2005: 3621
2004: 3822
2003: 3723
2002: 3524
2001: 2825

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn New Caledonia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 16.293
2012: 13.84
2011: 13.27
2010: 17.83
2009: 18.12
2008: 15.95
2007: 18.71
2006: 11.84
2005: 15.49
2004: 16.67
2003: 16.54
2002: 15.95
2001: 13.01

Gun Suicides

ChartIn New Caledonia, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 826 27 28
2010: 1629
2009: 1130
2008: 1231
2007: 1732
2006: 1233
2005: 1034
2002: 835

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn New Caledonia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 3.123
2010: 6.34
2009: 4.43
2008: 4.91
2007: 7.07
2006: 5.07
2005: 4.30
2002: 3.65

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In New Caledonia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In New Caledonia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from New Caledonia is reported by Customs to be US$17,59256 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In New Caledonia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law57 54 55

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to New Caledonia is reported by Customs to be US$5,034,17956 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in New Caledonia is negligible58

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In New Caledonia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law36 38 59

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in New Caledonia include47 49 60 51 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in New Caledonia is categorised as restrictive61

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in New Caledonia is the law of France. This includes the Internal Security Code,62 63 the Decree No. 2015-130 of 5 February 2015 amending certain provisions of the Internal Security Code (Regulatory Part) on Weapons and Ammunition in French Polynesia and in New Caledonia,64 the Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons,65 the Defence Code,66 62 the Order of 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms,67 the Decree on Exports of Firearms of 2014,68 the Order of November 15, 2000 on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms,69 the Ordinance 2004-1374 of 20 December 2004 concerning the legislative part of the Defence Code that repealed the Decree-Law of 18 April, 1939 on Weapons of War, Firearms and Ammunition,70 and the Convention of 1 July, 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms71

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in New Caledonia are regulated by the French Ministries of Defence,72 Interior, Industry, Customs,43 and Sports,73 the Prefect,74 Police and Gendarmerie National38

Right to Possess Firearms

In New Caledonia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law75 76

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In New Caledonia, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, certain handguns and long guns, automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition77 78 79

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In New Caledonia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited78 80 81

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In New Caledonia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence80 82

Regulation of Handguns

In New Caledonia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is prohibited with only narrow exemptions78 80 83

Law Regulates Long Guns

In New Caledonia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law78 80 82 84

Gun Ownership and Possession

In New Caledonia, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)85 86 87 88 89 90 91 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in New Caledonia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, personal protection, security and collection92 93 94 95 96

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in New Caledonia is 18 years (except for sports shooters between 12 and 18 years old)63 94 73 97

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in New Caledonia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and health85 98 99 95 100 101 102 86 37 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In New Caledonia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required103 104

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In New Caledonia, licensing authorities are not required103 104 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in New Caledonia does not stipulate103 104 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In New Caledonia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required, only for persons exposed to serious risks due to their professional activity,95 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In New Caledonia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every five years105 106 107 108 109

Licensing Records

In New Caledonia, authorities maintain a record67 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in New Caledonia are permitted to possess a limited number of firearms117 94 93

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in New Caledonia are permitted to possess a limited quantity of ammunition117 118 119 120 121

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In New Caledonia, the law requires67 110 111 112 122 123 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In New Caledonia, licensed firearm dealers are required59 42 124 125 126 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In New Caledonia, licensed gun makers are required59 42 125 126 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In New Caledonia, State agencies are required127 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In New Caledonia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless conducted by the Commissioner of Police, the Commander of the Gendarmerie or by a licensed firearm dealer and registered by the competent Prefect123 128 129 122 130 131 89 90 132 133

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In New Caledonia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful39 40 38 41 42 134 108 135 89 90 121 136 115 36 37 133

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In New Caledonia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined103 104

Regulation of Gun Shows

In New Caledonia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are regulated137 138 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in New Caledonia include46 139 140 141 142 99 95 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in New Caledonia include46 44 137 99 95 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in New Caledonia include46 127 143 144 145 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in New Caledonia include146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In New Caledonia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law154 155 45 71

Firearm Tracing

In New Caledonia, state authorities carry out67 156 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In New Caledonia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law157 158 159 160 161 162 163 83

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In New Caledonia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm164 is three years in prison and a fine165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In New Caledonia, it is not state policy184 185 186 187 98 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In New Caledonia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated195

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In New Caledonia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated195

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of New Caledonia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent195

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, New Caledonia is not a Member State of the United Nations196

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list197 New Caledonia as a Participating State


Short References

1.

Radio New Zealand International (Shortwave). 2014. ‘New Caledonia Opposed to Tighter Gun Laws.’ 3 April. (N375) Full Citation

2.

Daryl Morini. 2013. ‘Comment Désarmer La Brousse ?.’ Centre pour le Destin Commun. 26 August. (N376) Full Citation

3.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - New Caledonia.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,26 November. (Q8318)Full Citation

4.

Claudine Wery. 2013. ‘Nouvelle-Calédonie: L'Envolée Des Armes En Circulation Inquiète.’ Agence France Presse. 1 November. (N312) Full Citation

5.

Jacquotte Samperez. 2013. ‘Nouméa: Quatre Blessés dans une Fusillade après une Nuit de Beuverie.’ Agence France Presse. 15 October. (N310) Full Citation

6.

Radio New Zealand International (Shortwave). 2003. ‘High Gun Ownership Figures in New Caledonia.’ 4 November. (N124) Full Citation

7.

Alpers, Philip and Conor Twyford.2003.‘Civilian Firearm Ownership in Pacific Nations, 2002.’ Small Arms in the Pacific.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,31 March. (Q887)Full Citation

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22.

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26.

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27.

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France.2013.‘Decree No. 2013-700 (Décret n° 2013-700).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10557)Full Citation

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France.2015.‘Defence Code (Code de la Défense).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,1 September. (Q5990)Full Citation

67.

France.2012.‘Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,28 March. (Q10693)Full Citation

68.

France.2014.‘General Provisions (Dispositions générales).’ Decree No. 2014-62 of 28 January 2014, on Exports of Firearms, Ammunition and Their Components, which Implements the EU Regulation No. 258/2012 of the European Parliament and Council of 14 March 2012 (Act Current to 10 September 2015).Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,28 January. (Q10807)Full Citation

69.

France.2014.‘Article 1 - Gunsmith.’ Order of November 15, 2000, on Modalities for Destruction by Gunsmiths of Firearms of the 1st and 4th Categories and Firearms of the 5th and 7th Categories that are Subject to Notification.Paris:Minister of Interior and Minister of Defence of the French Republic,27 October. (Q5992)Full Citation

70.

France.2004.‘Article 5 - Ordinance on the Legislative Part of the Defence Code.’ Ordinance No 2004-1374 of December 20, 2004, on the Legislative Part of the Defence Code (Ordonnance No 2004-1374 du 20 décembre 2004 relative à la partie législative du code de la défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 December. (Q6011)Full Citation

71.

UNGA.1969.‘Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks.’ Convention for the Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks on Small Arms of July 1, 1969.Brussels:United Nations General Assembly,1 July. (Q5999)Full Citation

72.

France.2011.‘Article L. 2332-3 - Manufacturers and Dealers (Authority).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,22 June. (Q6002)Full Citation

73.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-52 - Acquisition and Possession by Minors (Acquisition et détention par les mineurs).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10922)Full Citation

74.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-2 - Competent Authority to Issue Authorisations (Autorité compétente pour délivrer des autorisations).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10917)Full Citation

75.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

76.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

77.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-2 - Prohibition to Acquire and Possess Firearms of Category A.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10775)Full Citation

78.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category A Weapons (Armes de catégorie A).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10911)Full Citation

79.

France.2013.‘Categories of Firearms - Article L. 2331-1.’ Defence Code, as Amended by the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q6009)Full Citation

80.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category B Weapons (Armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10912)Full Citation

81.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-26 - Authorisations for Film and Show Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises de films ou spectacles).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10967)Full Citation

82.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category C Weapons (Armes de catégorie C).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10913)Full Citation

83.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-7 - Authorised Handguns (Armes de poing autorisées).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10947)Full Citation

84.

France.2014.‘Article R. 311-2 - Category D Weapons (Armes de catégorie D).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10914)Full Citation

85.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4 - Acquisition and Possession of Firearms of Category B.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10776)Full Citation

86.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-21 - Condition for the Issuance of an Authorisation for Firearms of Category B.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10968)Full Citation

87.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-1 - Acquisition of Firearms of Category C.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10769)Full Citation

88.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-2 - Acquisition and Possession of Firearms of Category D.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10770)Full Citation

89.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-56 - Firearms Declaration/Acquisition (Déclaration des armes à feu/Acquisition).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10924)Full Citation

90.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-19 - Firearms Declaration/Transfer (Déclaration des armes à feu/Transfert).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10925)Full Citation

91.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-55 - Inherited Firearms (Armes dévolues par voie successorale).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10923)Full Citation

92.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-37, -38 - Authorisations for Companies (Autorisations pour entreprises).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10969)Full Citation

93.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-39 - Authorisations for Individuals Exposed to Risks.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10970)Full Citation

94.

France.2014.‘Articles R. 312-40, -41 - Authorisations for the Practice of Sports Shooting.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10971)Full Citation

95.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-5 - Additional Documents for Authorisation Requests (Pièces complémentaires pour les demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10919)Full Citation

96.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-53 - Purchase of Firearms of Categories C and D (Acquisition des armes de catégories C et D).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10977)Full Citation

97.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-1 - Prohibited Acquisition by Minors (Interdiction d'acquisition par les mineurs).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10916)Full Citation

98.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-67 - Specific Prohibitions (Interdictions spécifiques).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10955)Full Citation

99.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-4 - Authorisation Requests (Demandes d'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10918)Full Citation

100.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-6 - Medical Certificate (Certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10920)Full Citation

101.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-8 - Mental Records (Antécédents mentaux).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10921)Full Citation

102.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-57 - Declaration - Medical Certificate (Déclaration - certificat médical).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10926)Full Citation

103.

France.2013.‘Decree No. 2013-700 (Décret n° 2013-700).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10642)Full Citation

104.

France.2015.‘Defence Code (Code de la Défense).’ Defence Code (Code de la Défense).Paris:President of the French Republic,1 September. (Q6016)Full Citation

105.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-13 - Validity of Authorisation (Durée de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10965)Full Citation

106.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-3 - Authorisation Requests - Authority (Demandes d'autorisations - Autorité compétente).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10959)Full Citation

107.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-11 - Authorisation's Validity (Validité de l'autorisation).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10962)Full Citation

108.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-12 - Validity of an Authorisation to Purchase Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10964)Full Citation

109.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-14 - Renewal Request (Demande de renouvellement).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10966)Full Citation

110.

France.2013.‘Registration of Firearm Authorisations, Declarations, and Registrations.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,2 September. (Q10694)Full Citation

111.

France.2012.‘Registration Data.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,28 March. (Q10695)Full Citation

112.

France.2007.‘Time for Retaining Information on Firearm Owners.’ Order of November 15, 2007 on the Creation of the Application for the Management of the Computerized Register of Owners and Holders of Firearms (Act Current to 8 September 2015).Paris:Ministers of the Interior, Overseas France and Territorial Communities, Defence, Budgets, Public Accounts, and Civil Service of the French Republic,15 November. (Q10696)Full Citation

113.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-77 - Records (Fichiers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10928)Full Citation

114.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-78 - National File of Individuals Prohibited from Purchasing and Possessing Firearms (Fichier national des interdits d'acquisition et de détention d'armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10929)Full Citation

115.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-12 - List of Retail Stores (Liste des commerces de détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10932)Full Citation

116.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-43 - Shooting Booklet (Carnet de tir).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10972)Full Citation

117.

France.2013.‘Article L. 312-4-3 - Limited Number of Firearms and Quantity of Ammunition.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10777)Full Citation

118.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-46 - Purchase of Ammunition for Firearms of Category B (Acquisition de munitions des armes de catégorie B).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10974)Full Citation

119.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-47 - Limit on the Purchase of Ammunition (Limitation quant à l'acquisition de munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10975)Full Citation

120.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-49 - Ammunition per Firearm (Munitions par arme).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10976)Full Citation

121.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-45 - Purchase and Possession of Magazines and Ammunition (Acquisition et détention des systèmes d'alimentation et des munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10973)Full Citation

122.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-2-1 - Transfer of Firearms of Categories C and D Between Individuals.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10771)Full Citation

123.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-16 - Ownership Transfer of a Firearm by an Individual (Transfert de propriété d'une arme par un particulier).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10960)Full Citation

124.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-24 - Obligations of a Dealer when Transferring Firearms and Ammunition (Obligations de l'armurier lors de la cession des armes et munitions).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10935)Full Citation

125.

France.2014.‘Gun Dealer Record Keeping (Tenue d'un registre par les commerçants d'armes à feu).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10589)Full Citation

126.

France.2014.‘Prefects in Charge of Special Registers (Préfets en charge des registres spéciaux).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10578)Full Citation

127.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Securing (Gestion et Sécurisation des Stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q4788)Full Citation

128.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-3 - Transfers of Firearms of Categories A and B Not Intended for Commerce.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10779)Full Citation

129.

France.2013.‘Article L. 314-2 - Transfer of Firearms of Category B, Between Individuals.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10778)Full Citation

130.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-20 - Transfer of Ownership Between Individuals (Transfert de propriété entre particuliers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10979)Full Citation

131.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-17 - Private Sales (Authority).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10961)Full Citation

132.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-18 - Purchase of a Replacement Firearm by an Individual.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10934)Full Citation

133.

France.2014.‘Transfer of Firearms of Categories B and C (Transfer d'armes de catégorie B et C).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,28 January. (Q10652)Full Citation

134.

France.2014.‘Article R. 312-10 - Authorisation to Purchase and Possess Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10963)Full Citation

135.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-8 - Authorisation to Open a Retail Store (Autorisation d'ouverture du commerce de détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10931)Full Citation

136.

France.2013.‘Article L. 2332-2 - Retail Trade Premises (Locaux destinés au commerce de détail).’ Defence Code, as Amended by the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q6001)Full Citation

137.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-17 - Fixed and Permanent Premises for Retail Trade (Local fixe et permanent pour le commerce au détail).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10930)Full Citation

138.

France.2014.‘Article R. 313-20 - Retail Sale Outside of Premises (Vente au détail hors de locaux).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10933)Full Citation

139.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-8 - Storage - Sports Shooting (Conservation - Tir sportif).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10938)Full Citation

140.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-9 - Storage - Shooting Gallery (Conservation - Tir forain).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10939)Full Citation

141.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-7 - Storage - Shows (Conservation - Spectacles).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10936)Full Citation

142.

France.2014.‘Article R. 314-10 - Storage - Public Authorities, Museums, and Collections.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10937)Full Citation

143.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Security (Gestion et sécurisation des stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5834)Full Citation

144.

France.2010.‘Stockpile Management and Security (Gestion et sécurisation des stocks).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5835)Full Citation

145.

France.2010.‘Collection and Disposal (Collecte et élimination).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,1 May. (Q5838)Full Citation

146.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-12 - Security of Shipments and Transports of Firearms (Sécurité des expéditions et des transports des armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10948)Full Citation

147.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-4 - Firearms Transport.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10943)Full Citation

148.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-13 - Shipments of Firearms (Expéditions des armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10949)Full Citation

149.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-14 - Exemptions Concerning Shipments of Firearms (Dérogations concernant les expéditions d'armes).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10950)Full Citation

150.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-15 - Postal Shipments of Firearms (Expéditions d'armes par voie postale).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10951)Full Citation

151.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-16 - Firearm Shipments by Rail, Air or Sea (Expéditions d'armes par voie ferré, aérienne ou maritime).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10952)Full Citation

152.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-17 - Firearm Transport by Road (Expéditions d'armes par voie routière).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10953)Full Citation

153.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-18 - Responsibilities of Transport Companies (Responsabilité des companies de transport).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10954)Full Citation

154.

France.2013.‘Marking (Marquage).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10558)Full Citation

155.

France.2013.‘Marking - Alphanumerical Code (Marquage - code alphanumérique).’ Decree No. 2013-700 of 30 July 2013 on the Implementation of the Act No. 2012-304 of 6 March 2012 on the Establishment of a Modern, Simplified and Preventive Control of Weapons.Paris:Prime Minister of the French Republic,30 July. (Q10564)Full Citation

156.

France.2011.‘Measures Taken for Tracing and to Address Tracing Requests (Mesures Prises pour Tracer et Répondre aux Demandes de Traçage).’ National Report of France on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of France to the United Nations,11 April. (Q4781)Full Citation

157.

France.2013.‘Article L. 315-1 - Carrying and Transporting Firearms of Categories A, B, D.’ Internal Security Code - Legislative Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie législative).Paris:President of the French Republic,20 June. (Q10780)Full Citation

158.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-1 - Prohibited Carrying and Transport of Firearms.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10940)Full Citation

159.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-2 - Carrying and Transport of Firearms for Hunting and Sports Purposes.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10941)Full Citation

160.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-3 - Carrying and Transport of Firearms in Historical Reenactments.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10942)Full Citation

161.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-5 - Carrying and Transport - Special Regime (Port et transport - régime particulier).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10945)Full Citation

162.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-6 - Carrying and Transport - Special Regime for Foreigners (Port et transport - Régime particulier pour les étrangers).’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10946)Full Citation

163.

France.2014.‘Article R. 315-11 - Authorised Carrying of Firearms for Companies.’ Internal Security Code - Regulatory Part (Code de la sécurité intérieure - Partie réglementaire).Paris:President of the French Republic,27 October. (Q10944)Full Citation

164.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
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