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Morocco — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Morocco is 1,500,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Morocco is 5.01

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Morocco ranked at No. 432

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Morocco ranked at No. 1011

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Morocco are reported to have 555,7503 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Morocco are reported to have 58,8004 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Morocco, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 135

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Morocco, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.05

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Morocco, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 16
2011: 10
2010: 17

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Morocco, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 16
2011: 3
2010: 4

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Morocco, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 7047
2011: 4417 8
2010: 4517 9
2009: 432
2008: 426
2007: 517
2006: 4987 9 10
2005: 469
2004: 4707 9 11
2003: 510
2002: 4627 9 12
2001: 543
2000: 4617 9
1999: 5409

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Morocco, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.27
2011: 1.47 8
2010: 1.47 9
2009: 1.4
2008: 1.47 9 13
2007: 1.7
2006: 1.67 9 10
2005: 1.6
2004: 1.67 9 11
2003: 1.7
2002: 1.67 9 12
2001: 1.9
2000: 1.67 9
1999: 1.99

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Morocco, annual male homicides by any means total

2013: 36314
2012: 1046
2011: 65
2010: 65

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Morocco, annual female homicides by any means total

2013: 6614
2012: 166
2011: 10
2010: 16

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Morocco, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 115
2002: 112

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Morocco, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.05
2002: 0.0012

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Morocco, annual male firearm homicides total

2012: 06
2011: 8
2010: 15

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Morocco, annual female firearm homicides total

2012: 16
2011: 3
2010: 4

Suicides (any method)

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Morocco, annual male suicides by any means total

2012: 1036
2011: 35
2010: 28

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Morocco, annual female suicides by any means total

2012: 466
2011: 12
2010: 9

Gun Suicides

In Morocco, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 25

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Morocco, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.05

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Morocco, annual male firearm suicides total

2012: 06
2011: 2
2010: 2

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Morocco, annual female firearm suicides total

2012: 06
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Gun Deaths

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Morocco, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2012: 16
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Morocco, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2012: 06
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Morocco, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 06
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Morocco, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 06
2011: 0
2010: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Morocco, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited15

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Morocco, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law16 17

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Morocco is reported by Customs to be US$8,66518 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Morocco, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law16 17

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Morocco is reported by Customs to be US$9,715,96318 (2011)19 20

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Morocco, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law21

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Morocco include16 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Morocco, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law8

Right to Possess Firearms

In Morocco, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law22 23

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Morocco, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law8

Law Regulates Handguns

In Morocco, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law8

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Morocco, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law8

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Morocco must pass a background check which considers undefined8 records

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Morocco, the law requires24 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Morocco, licensed firearm dealers are required25 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Morocco, State agencies are required26 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Morocco, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without a permit25

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Morocco, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful25

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Morocco include25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Morocco include26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Morocco, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law24 16

Firearm Tracing

In Morocco, state authorities carry out27 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Morocco, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law8

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Morocco, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2012: 1,78328

Small Arms Destroyed

In Morocco, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2012: 1,78328

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Morocco adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200229

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists30 Morocco as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200631 by Morocco.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed32 by Morocco

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified33 by Morocco

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Morocco committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects34

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Morocco against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 7735 36 37 38 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Morocco has submitted one or more national reports39 17 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Morocco, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated40 17

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Morocco, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated17 41

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Morocco submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent17

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated17 by Morocco to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Morocco has not declared42 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Morocco has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195643

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list44 Morocco as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Morocco, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Morocco ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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