Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Morocco — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Morocco is 1,500,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Morocco is 5.01 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Morocco ranked at No. 432

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Morocco ranked at No. 1011

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Morocco are reported to have 555,7503 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Morocco are reported to have 58,8004 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Morocco, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 135

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Morocco, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.05

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Morocco, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 7046
2011: 4416 7
2010: 4516 8
2009: 432
2008: 426
2007: 517
2006: 4986 8 9
2005: 469
2004: 4706 8 10
2003: 510
2002: 4626 8 11
2001: 543
2000: 4616 8
1999: 5408

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Morocco, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.26
2011: 1.46 7
2010: 1.46 8
2009: 1.4
2008: 1.46 8 12
2007: 1.7
2006: 1.66 8 9
2005: 1.6
2004: 1.66 8 10
2003: 1.7
2002: 1.66 8 11
2001: 1.9
2000: 1.66 8
1999: 1.98

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Morocco, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 115
2002: 111

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Morocco, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.05
2002: 0.0011

Gun Suicides

In Morocco, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 25

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Morocco, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.05

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Morocco, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibited13

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Morocco, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law14 15

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Morocco is reported by Customs to be US$8,66516 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Morocco, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law14 15

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Morocco is reported by Customs to be US$9,715,96316 (2011)17 18

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Morocco, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law19

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Morocco include14 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

Law Regulates Civilian Access to Firearms

In Morocco, civilian possession of guns is regulated by law7

Right to Possess Firearms

In Morocco, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law20 21

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Morocco, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law7

Law Regulates Handguns

In Morocco, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law7

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Morocco, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law7

Gun Ownership and Possession

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Morocco must pass a background check which considers undefined7 records

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Morocco, the law requires22 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Morocco, licensed firearm dealers are required23 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Morocco, State agencies are required24 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Morocco, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted23

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Morocco include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Morocco include24 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Morocco, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law22 14

Firearm Tracing

In Morocco, state authorities carry out25 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Morocco, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law7

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

In Morocco, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2012: 1,78326

Small Arms Destroyed

In Morocco, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2012: 1,78326

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Morocco adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200227

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists28 Morocco as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200629 by Morocco.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed30 by Morocco

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified31 by Morocco

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Morocco committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects32

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Morocco against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 7733 34 35 36 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Morocco has submitted one or more national reports37 15 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Morocco, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated38 15

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Morocco, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated15 39

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Morocco submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent15

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated15 by Morocco to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Morocco has not declared40 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Morocco has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195641

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list42 Morocco as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Morocco, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Morocco ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

5.

Waiselfiz, Julio Jacobo.2015.‘Number and Rate of Gun Deaths in 90 Countries (Número e taxas de mortalidade por AF segundo causa básica em 90 países do mundo).’ Violence Map: Deaths by Firearms (Mapa da Violência: Mortes Matadas por Armas de Fogo).Brasilia:Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales / Latin American Social Sciences Institute,1 January. (Q11896)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Morocco.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q9965)Full Citation

7.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Morocco.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9629)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Morocco.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6397)Full Citation

9.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

10.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2005.‘Recorded Homicide and Firearm Homicide in 53 Countries, Completed or Attempted.’ Eighth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2001-2002).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,15 April. (Q1077)Full Citation

12.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Middle East and North Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3813)Full Citation

13.

Morocco.2012.‘Manufacture (Fabrication).’ National Report of Morocco on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Morocco to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12493)Full Citation

14.

Morocco.2012.‘International Transfers (Transferts internationaux).’ National Report of Morocco on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Morocco to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12494)Full Citation

15.

UNODA.2015.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,11 September. (Q1309)Full Citation

16.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

17.

Holtom, Paul, Irene Pavesi and Christelle Rigual.2014.‘Importers of Small Arms Based on UN Comtrade, 2011.’ Small Arms Survey 2014: Women and Guns.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,16 June. (Q11041)Full Citation

18.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

19.

Morocco.2012.‘Brokering (Courtage).’ National Report of Morocco on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Morocco to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12495)Full Citation

20.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

21.

Zachary Elkins, Tom Ginsburg and James Melton. 2013. ‘U.S. Gun Rights Truly Are American Exceptionalism.’ Bloomberg (USA). 7 March. (N422) Full Citation

22.

Morocco.2012.‘Marking and Record Keeping (Marquage et conservation des informations).’ National Report of Morocco on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Morocco to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12498)Full Citation

23.

Morocco.2008.‘Tracing.’ National Report of Morocco on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Morocco to the United Nations,23 April. (Q4789)Full Citation

24.

Morocco.2012.‘Stockpile Management (Gestion des stocks).’ National Report of Morocco on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Morocco to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12496)Full Citation

25.

Morocco.2012.‘International Tracing (Traçage international).’ National Report of Morocco on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Morocco to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12499)Full Citation

26.

Morocco.2012.‘Confiscation and Seizure (Confiscation et saisie).’ National Report of Morocco on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Morocco to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12497)Full Citation

27.

League of Arab States / UNODA.2002.‘Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Council of the League of Arab States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3215)Full Citation

28.

UNCCPCJ / UNODC.1991.‘Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.’ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Vienna:United Nations Economic and Social Council / United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q3222)Full Citation

29.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

30.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

31.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

32.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

33.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

34.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

35.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

36.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Geneva,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

37.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

38.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

39.

Morocco.2012.‘National Coordination Agency (Mécanisme national de coordination).’ National Report of Morocco on Its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York NY:Permanent Mission of Morocco to the United Nations,1 January. (Q12492)Full Citation

40.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

41.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

42.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation