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Montenegro — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Montenegro is 150,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Montenegro is 23.11 to 37.533 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Montenegro ranked at No. 1244

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Montenegro ranked at No. 211

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Montenegro, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 11.8%5

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

ChartThe number of licensed gun owners in Montenegro is reported to be

2012: 80,0006
2007: 73,0007

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Montenegro is

2012: 12.178
2007: 10.66

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Montenegro is reported to be

2012: 100,0006
2007: 98,3407
2005: 86,0001
2004: 86,0009 10
2003: 86,00011

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Montenegro is

2012: 15.218
2007: 14.36
2005: 12.30
2004: 13.239
2003: 12.058

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Montenegro there are estimated to be 64,50011 to 89,00010 6

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Montenegro there are estimated to be 12.608 illicit firearms per 100 people

Number of Households with Firearms

In Montenegro, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 38,56912

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Montenegro are reported to have 28,00013 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Montenegro are reported to have 5,15714 to 5,91815 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Montenegro, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2009: 5416 17
2008: 5718 19
2007: 49
2005: 68

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 8.5516 17
2008: 8.408
2007: 7.16
2005: 9.72

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 1720
2011: 2120 21 22
2010: 1520 21
2009: 21
2008: 24
2007: 12
2006: 2523
2005: 2221
2004: 14
2003: 20
2002: 27

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.720
2011: 3.420 21 22
2010: 2.420 21
2009: 3.4
2008: 3.920 24
2007: 1.9
2006: 4.1624 23
2005: 3.62
2004: 2.8524
2003: 3.10
2002: 4.321

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Montenegro, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 1620
2010: 7
2009: 1318 20 17
2008: 1418 20
2007: 5
2005: 2218

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.428
2010: 1.05
2009: 2.0618 8 17
2008: 2.2318 8
2007: 0.8
2005: 3.5318

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Montenegro, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 76%20 22
2010: 47%20
2009: 52%
2008: 33%
2007: 67%

Handgun Homicides

In Montenegro, annual handgun homicides total

2005: 1018

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Montenegro, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2005: 1.6018

Long Gun Homicides

In Montenegro, annual long gun homicides total

2005: 118

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Montenegro, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2005: 0.1618

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual gun homicides (other) total

2009: 1318
2008: 14
2007: 5
2005: 11

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 2.0618
2008: 2.23
2007: 0.80
2005: 1.76

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Montenegro, annual firearm suicides total

2009: 4119 17
2008: 4319
2007: 44
2005: 46

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 6.4919 17
2008: 6.8419
2007: 7.03
2005: 7.38

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Montenegro, annual handgun suicides total

2009: 119
2005: 3

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1619
2005: 0.48

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Montenegro, the number of long gun suicides is

2008: 119
2007: 1

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.1619
2007: 0.16

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual gun suicides (other) total

2009: 4019
2008: 42
2007: 43
2005: 43

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 6.3319
2008: 6.68
2007: 6.87
2005: 6.90

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Montenegro, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted, with Ministry of Interior approval25

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Montenegro, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law26

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Montenegro is reported by Customs to be US$578,27327 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Montenegro is reported by Customs to be US$766,11527 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Montenegro is moderate28 29 30 31

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Montenegro, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law32

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Montenegro include26 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Montenegro scored

2014: 16.2533
2013: 9.5034
2012: 14.5035
2011: 12.5036
2010: 13.2537
2009: 10.5038
2008: 9.7539
2007: 9.2540
2006: 9.2541
2005: 1.5042

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Montenegro is categorised as restrictive43

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Montenegro includes the Law on Weapons 1992,44 and the Law on Foreign Sales of Arms, Military Equipment and Dual-Purpose Goods, 200526

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Montenegro are regulated by the Ministry of Interior45 46

Right to Possess Firearms

In Montenegro, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law47 48 49

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Montenegro, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, semi-automatic long arms (with the exception of some semi-auto hunting rifles), double-barrelled firearms, silencers, or infra-red sighting devices50

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Montenegro, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited50 22

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Montenegro, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with very narrow exceptions for hunting purposes50

Regulation of Handguns

In Montenegro, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence51 45 22

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Montenegro, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law51 50 22

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Montenegro, only licensed gun owners45 52 53 22 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Montenegro are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, sports shooting, self-defence, collection52 51

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Montenegro is 16 years, as a member of a shooting organisation54

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Montenegro must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and medical55 22 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Montenegro, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required49

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Montenegro does not stipulate49 55 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Montenegro, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required56 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Montenegro, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years53

Licensing Records

In Montenegro, authorities maintain a record57 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Montenegro are permitted to possess only those firearms specified on an official acquisition permit, valid for 6 months, whereas licensed members of authorised shooting organisations are permitted to own several types of hunting or sporting firearms45 52 58

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Montenegro are permitted to possess an unlimited quantity of smoothbore ammunition, but a maximum of 50 'factory packages' of rifled ammunition per calendar year45

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Montenegro, the law does not require49 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Montenegro, licensed firearm dealers are required59 46 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Montenegro, licensed gun makers are not required49 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Montenegro, State agencies are required60 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Montenegro, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to those firearms specified on an official acquisition permit, valid for 6 months45 52

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Montenegro, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined49

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Montenegro, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated49 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Montenegro do not include49 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Montenegro do not include49 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Montenegro include61 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Montenegro include25 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Montenegro, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law62 63

Firearm Tracing

In Montenegro, state authorities carry out64 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Montenegro, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not49 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Montenegro, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit65 22

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Montenegro, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit65 22

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Montenegro are known to have66 67 68 69 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Montenegro, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 41170
2012: 319
2011: 453
2010: 379
2003: 7002
1998: 2,000

Small Arms Destroyed

In Montenegro, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 52,000 (2001), 23,22366 (2002), 25,00067 (2003), 7,00068 (2003-2006), and 2,15969 (2006)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Montenegro, it is not state policy71 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200872 by Montenegro.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified73 by Montenegro

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified74 by Montenegro

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Montenegro committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects75

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Montenegro has submitted one or more national reports76 77 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Montenegro, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated77

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Montenegro, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated77

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Montenegro submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent77

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated77 by Montenegro to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided77 to Montenegro by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Montenegro has declared78 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Montenegro has been a Member State of the United Nations since 200679

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list80 Montenegro as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Montenegro ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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