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Montenegro — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Montenegro is 150,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Montenegro is 23.11 to 37.532 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Montenegro ranked at No. 1243

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Montenegro ranked at No. 211

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Montenegro is reported to be 73,0004

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Montenegro is 10.665

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Montenegro is reported to be 86,0001 6 7 8 to 98,3404

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Montenegro is 14.365

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Montenegro there are estimated to be 64,5006 to 89,0008

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Montenegro there are estimated to be 12.605 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Montenegro are reported to have 28,0009 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Montenegro are reported to have 5,15710 to 5,91811 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Montenegro, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2009: 5412
2008: 5713 14
2007: 49
2005: 68

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 8.5512
2008: 8.405
2007: 7.16
2005: 9.72

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 1715
2011: 2115 16 17
2010: 1515 16
2009: 21
2008: 24
2007: 12
2006: 2518
2005: 2216
2004: 14
2003: 20
2002: 27

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 2.715
2011: 3.415 16 17
2010: 2.415 16
2009: 3.4
2008: 3.915 19
2007: 1.9
2006: 4.1619 18
2005: 3.62
2004: 2.8519
2003: 3.10
2002: 4.316

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Montenegro, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 1615
2010: 7
2009: 1313 15
2008: 14
2007: 5
2005: 2213

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.425
2010: 1.05
2009: 2.0613 5
2008: 2.23
2007: 0.8
2005: 3.5313

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Montenegro, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 76%15 17
2010: 47%15
2009: 52%
2008: 33%
2007: 67%

Handgun Homicides

In Montenegro, annual handgun homicides total

2005: 1013

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Montenegro, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2005: 1.6013

Long Gun Homicides

In Montenegro, annual long gun homicides total

2005: 113

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Montenegro, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2005: 0.1613

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual gun homicides (other) total

2009: 1313
2008: 14
2007: 5
2005: 11

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 2.0613
2008: 2.23
2007: 0.80
2005: 1.76

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Montenegro, annual firearm suicides total

2009: 4114
2008: 43
2007: 44
2005: 46

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 6.4914
2008: 6.84
2007: 7.03
2005: 7.38

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Montenegro, annual handgun suicides total

2009: 114
2005: 3

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1614
2005: 0.48

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Montenegro, the number of long gun suicides is

2008: 114
2007: 1

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.1614
2007: 0.16

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Montenegro, annual gun suicides (other) total

2009: 4014
2008: 42
2007: 43
2005: 43

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Montenegro, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 6.3314
2008: 6.68
2007: 6.87
2005: 6.90

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Montenegro, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted, with Ministry of Interior approval20

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Montenegro, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law21

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Montenegro is reported by Customs to be US$578,27322 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Montenegro is reported by Customs to be US$766,11522 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Montenegro is moderate23 24 25 26

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Montenegro, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law27

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Montenegro include21 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Montenegro scored

2014: 16.2528
2013: 9.5029
2012: 14.5030
2011: 12.5031
2010: 13.2532
2009: 10.5033
2008: 9.7534
2007: 9.2535
2006: 9.2536
2005: 1.5037

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Montenegro is categorised as restrictive38

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Montenegro includes the Law on Weapons 1992,39 and the Law on Foreign Sales of Arms, Military Equipment and Dual-Purpose Goods, 200521

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Montenegro are regulated by the Ministry of Interior40 41

Right to Possess Firearms

In Montenegro, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law42 43

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Montenegro, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, semi-automatic long arms (with the exception of some semi-auto hunting rifles), double-barrelled firearms, silencers, or infra-red sighting devices44

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Montenegro, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited44 17

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Montenegro, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited, with very narrow exceptions for hunting purposes44

Regulation of Handguns

In Montenegro, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence45 40 17

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Montenegro, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law45 44 17

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Montenegro, only licensed gun owners40 46 47 17 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Montenegro are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, sports shooting, self-defence, collection46 45

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Montenegro is 16 years, as a member of a shooting organisation48

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Montenegro must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and medical49 17 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Montenegro, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required43

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Montenegro does not stipulate43 49 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Montenegro, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required50 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Montenegro, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every ten years47

Licensing Records

In Montenegro, authorities maintain a record51 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Montenegro are permitted to possess only those firearms specified on an official acquisition permit, valid for 6 months, whereas licensed members of authorised shooting organisations are permitted to own several types of hunting or sporting firearms40 46 52

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Montenegro are permitted to possess an unlimited quantity of smoothbore ammunition, but a maximum of 50 'factory packages' of rifled ammunition per calendar year40

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Montenegro, the law does not require43 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Montenegro, licensed firearm dealers are required53 41 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Montenegro, licensed gun makers are not required43 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Montenegro, State agencies are required54 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Montenegro, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to those firearms specified on an official acquisition permit, valid for 6 months40 46

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Montenegro, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined43

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Montenegro, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated43 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Montenegro do not include43 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Montenegro do not include43 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Montenegro include55 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Montenegro include20 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Montenegro, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law56 57

Firearm Tracing

In Montenegro, state authorities carry out58 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Montenegro, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not43 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Montenegro, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit59 17

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Montenegro, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit59 17

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Montenegro are known to have60 61 62 63 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Collected and Seized

ChartIn Montenegro, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number

2013: 41164
2012: 319
2011: 453
2010: 379

Small Arms Destroyed

In Montenegro, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 52,000 (2001), 23,22360 (2002), 25,00061 (2003), 7,00062 (2003-2006), and 2,15963 (2006)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Montenegro, it is not state policy65 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200866 by Montenegro.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified67 by Montenegro

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified68 by Montenegro

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Montenegro committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects69

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Montenegro has submitted one or more national reports70 71 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Montenegro, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated71

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Montenegro, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated71

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Montenegro submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is not apparent71

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated71 by Montenegro to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided71 to Montenegro by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Montenegro has declared72 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Montenegro has been a Member State of the United Nations since 200673

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list74 Montenegro as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Montenegro ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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