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Moldova — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Moldova is 300,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Moldova is 1.32 to 7.11 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Moldova, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 6293

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Moldova, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 24,7243

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 3,9603 handguns in civilian possession in Moldova

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Moldova ranked at No. 1034

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Moldova ranked at No. 831

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Moldova is reported to be 26,6263

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Moldova is 0.605

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Moldova is reported to be 236,0004

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Moldova is 5.445

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Moldova there are estimated to be 50,0006

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Moldova there are estimated to be 1.155 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Moldova are reported to have 182,0237 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Moldova are reported to have 15,4518 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Moldova, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2011: 379

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Moldova, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2011: 1.049

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 30410
2010: 267
2009: 246
2008: 236
2007: 217
2006: 26210 11
2005: 296
2004: 27710 12
2003: 319
2002: 39910 13
2001: 410
2000: 43310 14
1999: 380
1998: 357
1997: 39810 15
1996: 400
1995: 395

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 8.610
2010: 7.5
2009: 6.8
2008: 6.510 16
2007: 5.9
2006: 7.110 11 16
2005: 7.9
2004: 7.210 12 16
2003: 8.2
2002: 10.110 13 16
2001: 10.1
2000: 10.510 14 16
1999: 9.1
1998: 8.5
1997: 9.310 15 16
1996: 9.3
1995: 9.1

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 1617
2010: 9
2009: 1117 10
2008: 11
2007: 15
2006: 20
2005: 19
2004: 24
2003: 31
2002: 42
2001: 57
2000: 46
1999: 45
1998: 42
1997: 46
1996: 72
1995: 2715 10

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.4517
2010: 0.25
2009: 0.3117 10
2008: 0.31
2007: 0.42
2006: 0.56
2005: 0.53
2004: 0.67
2003: 0.86
2002: 1.16
2001: 1.57
2000: 1.26
1999: 1.23
1998: 1.15
1997: 1.26
1996: 1.67
1995: 0.6215 10

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual handgun homicides total

2011: 217
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 5
2006: 1
2004: 4
2003: 3
2002: 2
2001: 9
2000: 12
1999: 15
1998: 15
1997: 11
1996: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0617
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.03
2004: 0.11
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.41
1998: 0.41
1997: 0.30
1996: 0.05

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual long gun homicides total

2011: 217
2010: 1
2009: 1
2007: 2
2006: 3
2005: 2
2002: 2
2000: 3
1999: 3
1997: 3
1996: 36

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0617
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.03
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2002: 0.05
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.08
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.83

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Moldova, annual gun homicides (other) total

2011: 1217
2010: 8
2009: 8
2008: 8
2007: 8
2006: 16
2005: 17
2004: 20
2003: 28
2002: 38
2001: 48
2000: 31
1999: 27
1998: 27
1997: 32
1996: 34

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.3417
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.22
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.45
2005: 0.47
2004: 0.55
2003: 0.78
2002: 1.05
2001: 1.32
2000: 0.85
1999: 0.74
1998: 0.74
1997: 0.88
1996: 0.79

Suicides (any method)

In Moldova, annual suicides by any means total 1999: 57918

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Moldova, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1999: 13.5718

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual firearm suicides total

2011: 1519
2010: 10
2009: 6
2008: 5
2007: 8
2006: 4
2005: 7
2004: 13
2003: 14
2002: 11
2001: 11
2000: 8
1999: 7
1998: 9
1997: 18
1996: 23

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.4219
2010: 0.28
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.14
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.11
2005: 0.19
2004: 0.36
2003: 0.39
2002: 0.3
2001: 0.3
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.49
1996: 0.53

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Moldova, annual handgun suicides total

2011: 419
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 3
2005: 1
2004: 2
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 3
1996: 11

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.1119
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.08
2005: 0.03
2004: 0.06
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.03
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.25

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Moldova, the number of long gun suicides is

2011: 119
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 3
1996: 1

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0319
2010: 0.06
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.03
2003: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.03
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.02

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Moldova, annual gun suicides (other) total

2011: 1019
2010: 8
2009: 5
2008: 3
2007: 4
2006: 3
2005: 6
2004: 11
2003: 13
2002: 9
2001: 7
2000: 6
1999: 3
1998: 7
1997: 12
1996: 11

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.2819
2010: 0.22
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.11
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.17
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.36
2002: 0.25
2001: 0.19
2000: 0.16
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.19
1997: 0.33
1996: 0.25

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2011: 320
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 2
2006: 5
2005: 3
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 3
2001: 5
2000: 6
1999: 9
1998: 6
1997: 11
1996: 22

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0820
2010: 0.06
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.16
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.3
1996: 0.51

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2011: 120
2007: 1
2002: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1997: 3
1996: 1

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0320
2007: 0.03
2002: 0.03
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.05
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.02

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2004: 220
2000: 1
1999: 4
1997: 1
1996: 2

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2004: 0.0620
2000: 0.03
1999: 0.11
1997: 0.03
1996: 0.05

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Moldova, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2011: 220
2010: 2
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 5
2005: 3
2004: 1
2003: 4
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 4
1999: 3
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 19

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0620
2010: 0.06
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.03
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.11
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.19
1996: 0.44

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 321
2010: 5
2009: 4
2008: 4
2007: 9
2006: 1
2005: 4
2004: 9
2003: 4
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 5
1999: 7
1998: 6
1997: 6
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0821
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.11
2008: 0.11
2007: 0.25
2006: 0.03
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.25
2003: 0.11
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.14
1999: 0.19
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.16
1996: 0.14

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 221
2010: 3
2008: 1
2007: 5
2006: 1
2004: 4
2001: 2
2000: 2
1999: 1
1998: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0621
2010: 0.08
2008: 0.03
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.03
2004: 0.11
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.05
1997: 0.03

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 221
2009: 2
2007: 1
2003: 2
1999: 1
1997: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0621
2009: 0.06
2007: 0.03
2003: 0.06
1999: 0.03
1997: 0.03
1996: 0.07

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Moldova, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 121
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 3
2005: 4
2004: 5
2003: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 4
1997: 4
1996: 3

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Moldova, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.0321
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.08
2005: 0.11
2004: 0.14
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.03
2001: 0.03
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.14
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.11
1996: 0.07

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Moldova, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is prohibée en dehors du monopole de l'Etat, à l'exception des cartouches pour les armes destinées à la chasse22 23 24 25

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Moldova, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law26 27 28 29 30

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Moldova is reported by Customs to be US$56831 (2009)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Moldova, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law32 33 26

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Moldova is reported by Customs to be US$1,807,43831 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Moldova is moderate34

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Moldova, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law35

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Moldova include28 29 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Moldova is categorised as restrictive36

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Moldova includes the Weapons Law 1998,37 Act No. 451-XV on Licensing Regulation of Business Activities, of 2001, and Act No. 1163-XIV on Control of Export, Re-Transfer, Import and Transit of Strategic Materials,200026

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Moldova are regulated by the Government, the Parliament, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Interdepartmental Commission for the Control of Export, Re-transfer, Import and Transit of Strategic Materials and the local Police authorities38 32 39 40 41 42 43

Right to Possess Firearms

In Moldova, the right to private gun ownership is guaranteed by law44 45 46

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Moldova, civilians are not allowed to possess military weapons or any firearms other than hunting weapons, collector's weapons, and revolvers and/or pistols45 47

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Moldova, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited45 47

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Moldova, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited45 47

Regulation of Handguns

In Moldova, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence45

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Moldova, only licensed gun owners46 48 49 50 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Moldova are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, self-defence, hunting, target shooting, training, collection51 45 52 47 53

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Moldova is 18 years45

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Moldova must pass a background check which considers criminal, medical, mental and addiction48 45 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Moldova, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required54

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Moldova does not stipulate54 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Moldova, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required54 3 for a firearm licence

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Moldova are permitted to possess any number of firearms54

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Moldova are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition54

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Moldova, the law requires55 56 57 58 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Moldova, licensed firearm dealers are not required54 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Moldova, State agencies are required59 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Moldova, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without prior consent of Police60 56

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Moldova, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful60

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Moldova, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined54

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Moldova, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated54 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Moldova include57 61 62 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Moldova do not include54 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Moldova include63 64 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Moldova include57 65 66 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Moldova, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law23 67 68

Firearm Tracing

In Moldova, state authorities carry out69 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In Moldova, state authorities employ58 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Moldova, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit61 49 50 53

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Moldova, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit61 49 50 53

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Moldova, the maximum penalty for illicit firearm possession is 2 to 5 years prison and a fine of up to 600 conventional units70 71

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Moldova are known to have72 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Moldova, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 9,67872

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Moldova, it is state policy72 73 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed74 by Moldova.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified75 by Moldova

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified76 by Moldova

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Moldova has submitted one or more national reports77 69 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Moldova, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated78 69

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Moldova, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated69

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated69 by Moldova to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided69 to Moldova by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Moldova has not declared79 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Moldova has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199280

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list81 Moldova as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Moldova, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Moldova ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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