Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Minnesota — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

For US national statistics, federal law, inter-country comparisons and international agreements, see the United States country page

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Proportion of Adults Living in a Home With a Gun

ChartIn Minnesota, the percentage of adults living in a household with a firearm is reported to be

2004: 41.0%1
2002: 44.7%2
2001: 41.7%3

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Minnesota, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004: 35.42%4

Proportion of Households with Firearms by Decade

ChartIn Minnesota, the percentage of households with one or more guns is estimated to be

2001/2010: 47.8%5 6
1991/2000: 51.9%
1981/1990: 48.2%

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Minnesota, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 3777
2013: 427
2012: 382
2011: 396
2010: 365
2009: 336
2008: 371
2007: 344
2006: 329
2005: 361
2004: 363
2003: 332
2002: 306
2001: 324
2000: 312
1999: 296

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 6.917
2013: 7.88
2012: 7.10
2011: 7.40
2010: 6.88
2009: 6.36
2008: 7.07
2007: 6.61
2006: 6.37
2005: 7.05
2004: 7.13
2003: 6.57
2002: 6.10
2001: 6.50
2000: 6.34
1999: 6.07

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Minnesota, annual homicides by any means total

2013: 1317
2012: 105
2011: 103
2010: 112
2009: 93
2008: 128
2007: 120
2006: 128
2005: 139
2004: 134
2003: 130
2002: 127
2001: 127
2000: 139
1999: 139

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.427
2012: 1.95
2011: 1.93
2010: 2.11
2009: 1.76
2008: 2.44
2007: 2.30
2006: 2.48
2005: 2.72
2004: 2.63
2003: 2.57
2002: 2.53
2001: 2.55
2000: 2.83
1999: 2.85

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Minnesota, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 767
2012: 61
2011: 59
2010: 65
2009: 46
2008: 71
2007: 70
2006: 78
2005: 88
2004: 85
2003: 75
2002: 55
2001: 68
2000: 77
1999: 54

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.407
2012: 1.13
2011: 1.10
2010: 1.23
2009: 0.87
2008: 1.35
2007: 1.34
2006: 1.51
2005: 1.72
2004: 1.67
2003: 1.48
2002: 1.10
2001: 1.36
2000: 1.57
1999: 1.11

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures8 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 539 10
2012: 37
2011: 36
2010: 43
2009: 35
2008: 51
2007: 52
2006: 67
2005: 63
2004: 63
2003: 60
2002: 51
2001: 44
2000: 51
1999: 42
1998: 43
1997: 65
1996: 58
1995: 98

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures11 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.9812
2012: 0.69
2011: 0.67
2010: 0.81
2009: 0.66
2008: 0.97
2007: 1.00
2006: 1.30
2005: 1.23
2004: 1.24
2003: 1.19
2002: 1.02
2001: 0.88
2000: 1.03
1999: 0.86
1998: 0.89
1997: 1.36
1996: 1.23
1995: 2.10

Handgun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures8 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual handgun homicides total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13 10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures11 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13 10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures14 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 49 10
2012: 4
2011: 6
2010: 10
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 9
2006: 8
2005: 9
2004: 10
2003: 12
2002: 7
2001: 10
2000: 11
1999: 8
1998: 8
1997: 12
1996: 8
1995: 14

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures15 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0712
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.06
2007: 0.17
2006: 0.15
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.20
2003: 0.24
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.20
2000: 0.22
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.17
1997: 0.25
1996: 0.17
1995: 0.30

Long Gun Homicides (CDC)

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures14 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual long gun homicides total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13 10
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures15 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13 10
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures16 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 39 10
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0
2009: 1
2008: 0
2007: 0
2006: 0
2005: 1
2004: 0
2003: 0
2002: 2
2001: 0
2000: 2
1997: 1
1996: 5
1995: 3

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures17 from the US Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0612
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.02
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.04
1997: 0.02
1996: 0.11
1995: 0.06

Gun Homicides (Other) (CDC)

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures16 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), annual firearm homicides (other) total

2013: 6713 10
2012: 57
2011: 53
2010: 56
2009: 36
2008: 58
2007: 63
2006: 67
2005: 78
2004: 79
2003: 73
2002: 50
2001: 63
2000: 69
1999: 51

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People (CDC)

ChartIn Minnesota, according to figures17 from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the annual rate of firearm homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.2413 10
2012: 1.06
2011: 0.99
2010: 1.06
2009: 0.68
2008: 1.11
2007: 1.21
2006: 1.30
2005: 1.52
2004: 1.55
2003: 1.44
2002: 1.00
2001: 1.26
2000: 1.40
1999: 1.05

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Minnesota, annual suicides by any means total

2013: 6787
2012: 656
2011: 683
2010: 606
2009: 584
2008: 596
2007: 572
2006: 554
2005: 547
2004: 524
2003: 497
2002: 497
2001: 480
2000: 440
1999: 437

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2013: 12.517
2012: 12.19
2011: 12.77
2010: 11.43
2009: 11.06
2008: 11.36
2007: 10.98
2006: 10.73
2005: 10.68
2004: 10.30
2003: 9.83
2002: 9.90
2001: 9.63
2000: 8.94
1999: 8.97

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Minnesota, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 3397
2012: 310
2011: 322
2010: 280
2009: 281
2008: 289
2007: 265
2006: 243
2005: 255
2004: 268
2003: 244
2002: 238
2001: 242
2000: 223
1999: 228

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 6.257
2012: 5.75
2011: 6.02
2010: 5.28
2009: 5.32
2008: 5.51
2007: 5.09
2006: 4.71
2005: 4.98
2004: 5.27
2003: 4.83
2002: 4.74
2001: 4.86
2000: 4.53
1999: 4.68

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Minnesota, annual handgun suicides total

2013: 11213
2012: 73
2011: 59
2010: 58
2009: 60
2008: 52
2007: 22
2006: 25
2005: 35
2004: 41
2003: 16
2002: 31
2001: 23
2000: 12
1999: 19

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.0713
2012: 1.36
2011: 1.10
2010: 1.09
2009: 1.14
2008: 0.99
2007: 0.42
2006: 0.48
2005: 0.68
2004: 0.81
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.62
2001: 0.46
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Minnesota, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 9013
2012: 85
2011: 100
2010: 91
2009: 104
2008: 97
2007: 81
2006: 80
2005: 72
2004: 81
2003: 55
2002: 54
2001: 44
2000: 50
1999: 48

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 1.6613
2012: 1.58
2011: 1.87
2010: 1.72
2009: 1.97
2008: 1.85
2007: 1.56
2006: 1.55
2005: 1.41
2004: 1.59
2003: 1.09
2002: 1.08
2001: 0.88
2000: 1.02
1999: 0.98

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Minnesota, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 13713
2012: 152
2011: 163
2010: 131
2009: 117
2008: 140
2007: 162
2006: 138
2005: 148
2004: 146
2003: 173
2002: 153
2001: 175
2000: 161
1999: 161

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 2.5313
2012: 2.83
2011: 3.05
2010: 2.47
2009: 2.22
2008: 2.67
2007: 3.11
2006: 2.67
2005: 2.89
2004: 2.87
2003: 3.42
2002: 3.05
2001: 3.51
2000: 3.27
1999: 3.30

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Minnesota, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 0 (suppressed)7
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 2
2006: 5
2005: 9
2004: 1
2003: 8
2002: 6
2001: 4
2000: 7
1999: 8

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)7
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.16
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.14
1999: 0.16

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Minnesota, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Minnesota, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Minnesota, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Minnesota, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)7
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 2
2006: 3
2005: 7
2004: 6
2003: 3
2002: 4
2001: 6
2000: 5
1999: 4

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)7
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.06
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.12
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.12
2000: 0.10
1999: 0.08

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Minnesota, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Minnesota, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Minnesota, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 0 (suppressed)13
2012: 0 (suppressed)
2011: 0 (suppressed)
2010: 0 (suppressed)
2009: 0 (suppressed)
2008: 0 (suppressed)
2007: 0 (suppressed)
2006: 0 (suppressed)
2005: 0 (suppressed)
2004: 0 (suppressed)
2003: 0 (suppressed)
2002: 0 (suppressed)
2001: 0 (suppressed)
2000: 0 (suppressed)
1999: 0 (suppressed)

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Minnesota, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.00 (unreliable)13
2012: 0.00 (unreliable)
2011: 0.00 (unreliable)
2010: 0.00 (unreliable)
2009: 0.00 (unreliable)
2008: 0.00 (unreliable)
2007: 0.00 (unreliable)
2006: 0.00 (unreliable)
2005: 0.00 (unreliable)
2004: 0.00 (unreliable)
2003: 0.00 (unreliable)
2002: 0.00 (unreliable)
2001: 0.00 (unreliable)
2000: 0.00 (unreliable)
1999: 0.00 (unreliable)

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn Minnesota, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2011: 218
2010: 16
2009: 9
2008: 719
2007: 4
2006: 10
2005: 6
2004: 5
2003: 2
2002: 3
2001: 420
2000: 2
1999: 3
1998: 0
1997: 4
1996: 4
1995: 1

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Origin of Crime Guns

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rate)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, interstate gun traffickers had sourced their weapons from Minnesota at a rate of 6.121 per 100,000 inhabitants

Suppliers of Crime Guns to Other US States (Rank)

When crime guns seized in the United States were traced, Minnesota ranked at No. 4521 out of 51 US jurisdictions as a source of weapons for interstate gun trafficking

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Minnesota is categorised as permissive22

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Minnesota includes the Minnesota Statutes 2013 and the Constitution of Minnesota 185823

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Minnesota are regulated by the State of Minnesota24 25 26

Right to Possess Firearms

In Minnesota, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the US Constitution,27 as limited by federal law.28 State law does not include a similar right29 25 26

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Minnesota, civilians are not allowed to possess machine guns,30 but civilians are allowed to possess assault weapons,31 .50 calibre rifles32 and large capacity ammunition magazines33 25 26

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Minnesota, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited with only narrow exemptions30 34 25 26

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Minnesota, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted without a licence31 25 26

Regulation of Handguns

In Minnesota, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted without a licence35 36 25 26

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Minnesota, non-prohibited persons of minimum age36 35 25 26 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Minnesota is 16 years, or 18 years for handguns and semi-automatic military-style assault weapons37 25 26

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Minnesota stipulates38 25 26 that firearm possession should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Minnesota, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required for a permit to carry a hidden handgun39 25 26

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Minnesota, the law does not require (registration prohibited)40 25 26 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Minnesota, licensed firearm dealers are required (for regulated weapons only)41 30 25 26 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Minnesota, licensed gun makers are required (for machine guns only)30 25 26 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Minnesota, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted42 25 26

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Minnesota, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is not unlawful43 25 26

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Minnesota is not obliged42 36 25 26 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Minnesota is obliged44 36 25 26 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Minnesota, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is not limited45 25 26

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Minnesota is reported to be

2015: 2,67646
2014: 2,72047
2013: 2,72248
2012: 2,68249
2011: 2,63950

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Minnesota, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is 7 days (handguns and assault weapons)51 25 26

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Minnesota, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated52 25 26 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Minnesota do not include53 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private guns and ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Minnesota include54 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Minnesota include55 53 25 26 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Minnesota, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law56 57 58 59 25 26

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Minnesota, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not60 25 26 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Minnesota, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit for handguns, rifles or shotguns61 25 26

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Minnesota, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit39 25 26

Hidden Handgun Permit May, or Shall Be Issued

In Minnesota, local licensing authorities "shall issue", without room for discretion,39 62 25 26 a hidden handgun carry permit to any non-prohibited person who applies

Reciprocity for Hidden Handgun Permit Holders

In Minnesota, gun owners with a permit to carry hidden handguns issued in another jurisdiction are granted (by mutual agreement)39 25 26 reciprocal rights

Exempting Hidden Handgun Permit Holders from Background Checks

In Minnesota, gun owners with a valid permit to carry a hidden handgun are not exempt39 25 26 from background checks when buying from a licensed gun dealer

Gun Free Zones

In Minnesota, private guns are prohibited in state game refuges, state parks, forest recreation areas and wildlife management areas, state correctional or hospital facilities, court houses or state buildings, (with limited exceptions), any private business prohibiting firearms,63 vehicles (loaded, exposed firearms)55 and schools64 25 26

Grading US State Gun Laws

Gun Law Ranking – LCPGV

In their 'A-F' State Scorecard of US gun laws, the Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence ranked Minnesota as ‘C’65

Gun Law Ranking – Brady Campaign

ChartIn its annual State Scorecard, the Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence scored firearm legislation in Minnesota on a scale of 0 points (weak) to 100 points (strong)

2011: 1466
2010: 1467
2009: 1568
2008: 1169
2007: 1170

Gun Law Ranking – Open Society Institute

In its Comparative Survey of State Firearm Laws, the Open Society Institute ranked Minnesota at No. 1371 among 50 US States


Short References

1.

Miller, Matthew, Catherine Barber, Richard A. White and Deborah Azrael.2013.‘Firearms and Suicide in the United States: Is Risk Independent of Underlying Suicidal Behavior?.’ American Journal of Epidemiology.Baltimore, MD:Oxford Journals / Oxford University Press,23 August. (Q8393)Full Citation

2.

Okoro, Catherine A., David E. Nelson, James A. Mercy, Lina S. Balluz, Alex E. Crosby and Ali H. Mokdad.2005.‘Table 1: Prevalence Estimates of Adults With Household Firearms, 2002.’ Prevalence of Household Firearms and Firearm-Storage Practices in the 50 States and the District of Columbia: Findings From the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, 2002.Elk Grove Village, IL:Official Journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics,1 September. (Q8392)Full Citation

3.

North Carolina State Center for Health Statistics.2002.‘Question: Are any firearms now kept in or around your home? Include those kept in a garage, outdoor storage area, car, truck, or other motor vehicle.’ BRFSS Survey Results 2001 for Nationwide.Atlanta, GA:Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System / BRFSS, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC,2 September. (Q8391)Full Citation

4.

Azrael, Deborah, Philip J. Cook and Matthew Miller.2004.‘Table AIV: Firearms Prevalence by State Estimated from HICRC and from FS/S.’ State and Local Prevalence of Firearms Ownership Measurement, Structure, and Trends.New York, NY:Journal of Quantitative Criminology,1 March. (Q8325)Full Citation

5.

Siegel, Michael, Craig S. Ross and Charles King III.2013.‘Table A1: Average Gun Ownership Levels (Measured by Percentage of Suicides Committed Using Firearms) by State and Decade.’ The Relationship Between Gun Ownership and Firearm Homicide Rates in the United States, 1981–2010.Washington, DC:American Journal of Public Health,1 November. (Q8324)Full Citation

6.

Sabrina Tavernise and Robert Gebeloff. 2013. ‘Share of Homes with Guns Shows 4-Decade Decline.’ New York Times. 9 March. (N315) Full Citation

7.

CDC.2015.‘Injury Mortality Reports 1999 and Onwards (USA).’ Web-based Injury Statistics Query and Reporting System / CDC WISQARS.Atlanta:National Center for Injury Prevention and Control, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC,22 January. (Q1377)Full Citation

8.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Number of Handgun Homicides.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 15 April.
(G142) Full Citation

9.

FBI.2015.‘Crime in the United States / CIUS.’ Uniform Crime Reports / UCR.Washington, DC:US Federal Bureau of Investigation,1 September. (Q1978)Full Citation

10.

Rokaw, William M., James A. Mercy and Jack C. Smith.1990.‘Comparing Death Certificate Data with FBI Crime Reporting Statistics on US Homicides.’ Public Health Reports.Atlanta, GA:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC),1 September. (Q6535)Full Citation

11.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 15 April.
(G155) Full Citation

12.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - Minnesota.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,7 June. (Q7173)Full Citation

13.

CDC.2013.‘Underlying Cause of Death, Results.’ CDC WONDER Online Database.Atlanta, GA:Centers for Disease Control and Prevention / CDC, National Center for Health Statistics,8 July. (Q6875)Full Citation

14.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Number of Long Gun Homicides.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 15 April.
(G143) Full Citation

15.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 15 April.
(G156) Full Citation

16.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Number of Gun Homicides (Other).’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 15 April.
(G144) Full Citation

17.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 15 April.
(G157) Full Citation

18.

FBI.2013.‘Supplementary Homicide Report Listing by State 2009-2011 - Justifiable Homicides.’ FBI Supplementary Homicide Report 1995-2011.Washington, DC:US Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program,23 January. (Q6872)Full Citation

19.

FBI.2013.‘Supplementary Homicide Report Listing by State 2002-2008 - Justifiable Homicides.’ FBI Supplementary Homicide Report 1995-2011.Washington, DC:US Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program,23 January. (Q6873)Full Citation

20.

FBI.2013.‘Supplementary Homicide Report Listing by State 1995-2001 - Justifiable Homicides.’ FBI Supplementary Homicide Report 1995-2011.Washington, DC:US Federal Bureau of Investigation, Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program,23 January. (Q6874)Full Citation

21.

MAIG.2010.‘Part II: Identifying the Rates at which States "Export" Crime Guns.’ Trace the Guns: The Link between Gun Laws and Interstate Gun Trafficking.New York, NY:Mayors Against Illegal Guns (MAIG),1 September. (Q8321)Full Citation

22.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

23.

State of Minnesota.2013.‘Minnesota Statutes 2013 and Constitution of Minnesota 1858.’ Minnesota State Legislature.Saint Paul, MN:Minnesota State Legislature,15 October. (Q8120)Full Citation

24.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minnesota Statutes § 471.633, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Local Authority to Regulate Firearms in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7719)Full Citation

25.

Cage, Feilding, Greg Chen and Gabriel Dance.2013.‘Gun Laws in the US, State by State - Interactive.’ The Guardian.New York, NY:The Guardian,16 January. (Q7938)Full Citation

26.

Wikipedia.2013.‘Gun Laws in the United States by State.’ Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia.San Francisco, CA:Wikimedia Foundation,7 October. (Q7937)Full Citation

27.

USA.1791.‘Second Amendment to the Constitution.’ Constitution of the United States, The Bill of Rights.Washington, DC:Congress of the United States of America,15 December. (Q1954)Full Citation

28.

Scalia, J.2008.‘District of Columbia et al. v. Heller.’ Certiorari to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.Washington, DC:Supreme Court of the United States,26 June. (Q8502)Full Citation

29.

State of Minnesota.2010.‘Minnesota Constitution.’ Firearms Law Database - State Right to Bear Arms in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,9 September. (Q8243)Full Citation

30.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 609.67, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Machine Guns and Automatic Firearms in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q8523)Full Citation

31.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.712, subd. 7(1), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Assault Weapons in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q8563)Full Citation

32.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Fifty Caliber Rifles in Minnesota.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q8604)Full Citation

33.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Large Capacity Ammunition Magazines in Minnesota.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q8644)Full Citation

34.

ATF.2010.‘National Firearms Act (NFA).’ Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives - National Firearms Act Branch.Martinsburg, VA:US Department of Justice,8 July. (Q2036)Full Citation

35.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. §§ 624.7131, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Licensing of Gun Owners and Purchasers in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q8020)Full Citation

36.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. §§ 624.713, subd. 1(2), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Prohibited Purchasers Generally in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7277)Full Citation

37.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.713, subd. 1(1), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Minimum Age to Purchase and Possess in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q6979)Full Citation

38.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 609.749, subd. 8(a), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Domestic Violence and Firearms in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7029)Full Citation

39.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.714, subd. 1a, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Concealed Weapons Permitting in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7567)Full Citation

40.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.714, subd. 20(d), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Registration of Firearms in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7513)Full Citation

41.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.7132, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Retention of Sales and Background Check Records in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7085)Full Citation

42.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.7132, subd. 12(1), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Private Sales in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7419)Full Citation

43.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.7161, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Dealer Regulations in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7604)Full Citation

44.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.7132, subd. 1, 2, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Background Checks in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q6930)Full Citation

45.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.7132, subd. 9, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Multiple Purchases and Sales of Firearms in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7326)Full Citation

46.

USA.2016.‘Federal Firearms Licensees by State 2015.’ ATF Firearms Commerce in the United States: Annual Statistical Update 2016.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),9 August. (Q13211)Full Citation

47.

USA.2016.‘Federal Firearms Licensees by State 2014.’ ATF Firearms Commerce in the United States: Annual Statistical Update 2015.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),15 March. (Q13210)Full Citation

48.

USA.2014.‘Federal Firearms Licensees by State 2013.’ ATF Firearms Commerce in the United States: Annual Statistical Update 2014.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),24 April. (Q13213)Full Citation

49.

USA.2013.‘Federal Firearms Licensees by State 2012.’ ATF Firearms Commerce in the United States: Annual Statistical Update 2013.Washington DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 April. (Q13212)Full Citation

50.

USA.2012.‘Federal Firearms Licensees by State 2011.’ Firearms Commerce in the United States: Annual Statistical Update 2012.Washington, DC:US Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF),1 January. (Q6787)Full Citation

51.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.7132, subd. 1, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Waiting Periods in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7134)Full Citation

52.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Gun Shows in Minnesota.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,2 January. (Q7967)Full Citation

53.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations in Minnesota.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7377)Full Citation

54.

LCPGV.2012.‘Summary of State Laws Regulating Firearms Dealers - Security Measures.’ Firearms Law Database - Dealer Regulations Policy Summary.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,18 May. (Q7549)Full Citation

55.

State of Minnesota.2010.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.714, subd. 1a, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Guns in Vehicles in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,9 September. (Q8179)Full Citation

56.

USA.2012.‘Marking of All SALW at Time of Manufacture.’ National Report of the United States of America on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the United States to the United Nations,3 August. (Q6784)Full Citation

57.

USA.2008.‘Implementing of the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).’ National Report of the United States of America on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the United States to the United Nations,1 January. (Q1588)Full Citation

58.

USA.2008.‘Implementing of the International Tracing Instrument (ITI).’ National Report of the United States of America on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the United States to the United Nations,1 January. (Q1590)Full Citation

59.

USA.2007.‘Marking of All SALW at Time of Manufacture.’ National Report of the United States of America on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of the United States to the United Nations,17 July. (Q1593)Full Citation

60.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Microstamping and Ballistic Identification in Minnesota.’ Firearms Law Database.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7668)Full Citation

61.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.714, subd. 1a, etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Open Carrying in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7914)Full Citation

62.

LCPGV.2012.‘Summary of State CCW Laws.’ Firearms Law Database - Concealed Weapons Permitting Policy Summary.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,21 May. (Q8684)Full Citation

63.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 624.714, subd. 17(a), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Other Location Restrictions in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,2 January. (Q8287)Full Citation

64.

State of Minnesota.2012.‘Minn. Stat. § 609.66, subd. 1d(a), etc..’ Firearms Law Database - Guns in Schools in Minnesota.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,3 January. (Q7823)Full Citation

65.

LCPGV.2015.‘Why We Grade the States.’ 2015 Gun Law State Scorecard.San Francisco, CA:Law Center to Prevent Gun Violence,16 December. (Q11396)Full Citation

66.

Brady Campaign.2012.‘State Scorecard 2011.’ State Gun Laws: Find Out Where Your State Ranks in Strong Gun Laws and Learn About Those Laws.Washington, DC:Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence,16 February. (Q6893)Full Citation

67.

Brady Campaign.2011.‘State Scorecard 2010.’ State Gun Laws: Find Out Where Your State Ranks in Strong Gun Laws and Learn About Those Laws.Washington, DC:Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence,4 May. (Q7051)Full Citation

68.

Brady Campaign.2010.‘State Scorecard 2009.’ State Gun Laws: Find Out Where Your State Ranks in Strong Gun Laws and Learn About Those Laws.Washington, DC:Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence,18 February. (Q7052)Full Citation

69.

Brady Campaign.2009.‘State Scorecard 2008.’ State Gun Laws: Find Out Where Your State Ranks in Strong Gun Laws and Learn About Those Laws.Washington, DC:Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence,8 February. (Q7053)Full Citation

70.

Brady Campaign.2008.‘State Scorecard 2007.’ State Gun Laws: Find Out Where Your State Ranks in Strong Gun Laws and Learn About Those Laws.Washington, DC:Brady Campaign to Prevent Gun Violence,31 January. (Q1372)Full Citation

71.

OSI.2000.‘A Comparative Survey of the State Firearm Laws - Chart 1.’ Gun Control in the United States.New York, NY:Open Society Institute,1 April. (Q8316)Full Citation