Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

This Page is No
Longer Updated

More recent armed violence data and policy changes from this region will be published if resources become available

Switch Language

Mexico — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mexico is 15,500,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Mexico is 15.01 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 72

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 421

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Mexico is reported to be

2012: 3,118,5923
2009: 2,033,749
2006: 2,824,2314

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Mexico is

2012: 2.665
2009: 1.81
2006: 2.65

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Mexico are reported to have 852,1506 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mexico are reported to have 75,6007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Mexico, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2001: 4,7188 9

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Mexico, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2001: 4.675

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 27,1998
2010: 24,3748 10
2009: 19,803
2008: 14,006
2007: 8,8678 10 11
2006: 12,078
2005: 11,181
2004: 11,149
2003: 11,741
2002: 11,598
2001: 11,856
2000: 12,295
1999: 14,1868 11
1998: 15,425
1997: 15,080
1996: 15,956
1995: 16,978
1994: 15,84411
1993: 16,056
1992: 16,605
1991: 15,143
1990: 14,520

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 23.78
2010: 21.58 10
2009: 17.7
2008: 12.7
2007: 8.1
2006: 11.2
2005: 10.5
2004: 10.6
2003: 11.3
2002: 11.3
2001: 11.7
2000: 12.3
1999: 14.48
1998: 15.9
1997: 15.8
1996: 17.0
1995: 18.4
1994: 17.5812
1993: 17.955
1992: 18.91
1991: 17.57
1990: 17.16

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 11,3098
2009: 8,804
2008: 5,095
2007: 4,040
2006: 3,6108 13
2005: 3,209
2004: 2,8588
2003: 3,006
2002: 2,6068 14
2001: 3,512
2000: 3,6058 15
1999: 8,780
1998: 6,572
1997: 5,0448

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 10.08 10
2009: 7.9
2008: 4.6
2007: 3.7
2006: 3.3
2005: 3.0
2004: 2.7
2003: 2.9
2002: 2.5
2001: 3.5
2000: 3.6
1999: 8.98 15
1998: 6.8
1997: 5.38
1994: 9.8816

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual suicides by any means total

2006: 4,26617
2001: 3,7579

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2006: 4.0018
2005: 4.10
2001: 3.639
1994: 2.8919

Gun Suicides

In Mexico, annual firearm suicides total 2001: 7149

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.699
1994: 0.9120

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2001: 4849

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.479
1994: 1.2721

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Mexico, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 2001: 89

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 2001: 0.019

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mexico, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence22 23 24 25

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Mexico is ranked 'small'26

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law27 28 29 30 31 32

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$22,273,02233 (2011)34

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Mexico is categorized as 'minor'35

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law27 28 36 37 30 31 32 25

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$49,024,99633 (2011)38

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Mexico is high39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Mexico, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law49 50

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Mexico include32 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Mexico was ranked at No. 3551

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Mexico is categorised as restrictive52

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mexico includes the Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives 2004,53 the Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives,54 and Articles 160 to 163 of the Penal Code25

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Mexico are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence and the Ministry of the Interior55 56 57

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mexico, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the Constitution,58 59 60 as limited by statute law61 62 63

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, civilians are not allowed to possess military grade firearms intended for Army, Navy and Air Force use, including: .357 Magnum revolvers and those greater than .38 calibre, handguns greater than 9mm, rifles and carbines of .223, 7mm, 7.62 and .30 calibres, automatic firearms, or shotguns with barrels shorter than 635mm or greater than 12 gauge64 65 66

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited65 64

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence67 68 69

Regulation of Handguns

In Mexico, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence,67 68 69 with some exceptions based on manufacturer and calibre64

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Mexico, only licensed gun owners70 71 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Mexico are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, rodeo riding, collection, personal protection, or employment72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Mexico is 18 years80

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Mexico must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental, physical and addiction72 78 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Mexico, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required to carry pistols and revolvers79

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Mexico does not stipulate49 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Mexico, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required49 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Mexico gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years, for carry permits71

Licensing Records

In Mexico, authorities maintain a record81 77 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess 2 firearms for legitimate defence purposes. To own more than two firearms requires special justification82

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess only 500 cartridges in .22 caliber, 1,000 cartridges for shotguns and 200 cartridges for other arms83 84

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Mexico, the law requires85 86 87 88 77 55 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed firearm dealers are required89 90 91 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed gun makers are required92 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mexico, State agencies are required86 93 88 94 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Mexico, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited, except in extraordinary cases95 96 79

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Mexico, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful91 22 79

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Mexico, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per transaction. To sell individuals more than one gun, dealers must have receive special permission in advance97

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Mexico, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined49

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Mexico, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated49 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Mexico include98 99 100 76 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Mexico include23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Mexico include101 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Mexico include102 103 104 105 106 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Mexico, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law94 92 107

Firearm Tracing

In Mexico, state authorities carry out94 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, state authorities employ94 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Mexico, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit72 79 68 78 104

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Mexico, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit72 79 68 78 104

Gun Free Zones

In Mexico, private guns are prohibited in public demonstrations and celebrations and in deliberative assemblies108

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Mexico, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm109 is 7 years prison110

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Mexico are known to have111 112 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Collected and Seized

In Mexico, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number 306,354113 (1994-2012)114 115

Small Arms Destroyed

In Mexico, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 28,302111 (2007), and 79,074112 (2009)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Mexico, it is state policy92 116 117 118 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Mexico adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified119 120 by Mexico

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

At the resumption of the most recent session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, Mexico was listed as an elected member for a three-year term of office121

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006122 by Mexico.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified123 by Mexico

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified124 by Mexico

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mexico committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects125

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Mexico against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2126 127 128 129 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mexico has submitted one or more national reports130 131 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mexico, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated132 131

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Mexico, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated132 131

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Mexico submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent131 133

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated131 by Mexico to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided131 to Mexico by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mexico has declared134 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mexico has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945135

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list136 Mexico as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Mexico, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Mexico ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Frontera NorteSur / Mexidata. 2014. ‘The Zooming-Upward Number of Guns Owned by Mexican Citizens.’ 7 April. (N326) Full Citation

4.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Civilian Firearms Legally Registered.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5679)Full Citation

5.

GunPolicy.org.2014.‘Calculated Rates – Mexico.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,4 July. (Q4263)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

7.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Mexico.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6346)Full Citation

9.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

10.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Intentional Homicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5678)Full Citation

11.

Polanska, Malgorzata.2009.‘Homicides by States and Regions (Homicidios por Entidad Federativa y Regiones ).’ Security and Defence Atlas of Mexico 2009 (Atlas de la Seguridad y la Defensa de México 2009).Mexico City:CASEDE - Security Analysis with Democracy Partnership (Colectivo de Análisis de la Seguridad con Democracia),1 July. (Q5507)Full Citation

12.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

13.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

14.

UNODC.2005.‘Recorded Homicide and Firearm Homicide in 53 Countries, Completed or Attempted.’ Eighth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2001-2002).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,15 April. (Q1077)Full Citation

15.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

16.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

17.

WHO.2010.‘Number of Suicides by Age Group and Gender, Mexico, 2006.’ World Health Organization Mental Health Data.Geneva:World Health Organization,12 September. (Q2468)Full Citation

18.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Suicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5680)Full Citation

19.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

20.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

21.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

22.

Mexico.2004.‘Manufacture, Trade, Import, Export and Related Activities – Preliminary Provisions.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2268)Full Citation

23.

Mexico.1972.‘Articles 34 and 35.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4510)Full Citation

24.

Mexico.2003.‘Manufacture, Possession and Storing.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,16 June. (Q2381)Full Citation

25.

Mexico.2010.‘Legislation (Legislación).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3808)Full Citation

26.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

27.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 61.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4516)Full Citation

28.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Import and Export.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2274)Full Citation

29.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Import and Export.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2273)Full Citation

30.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Import and Export.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2276)Full Citation

31.

Mexico.2003.‘Import and Export.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,16 June. (Q2383)Full Citation

32.

Mexico.2010.‘Export Control (Control de las Exportaciones).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3803)Full Citation

33.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

34.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

35.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

36.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Import and Export.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2272)Full Citation

37.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Import and Export.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2275)Full Citation

38.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

39.

Diaz, Tom.2009.‘The Role of the U.S. Civilian Firearms Market.’ Iron River: Gun Violence and Illegal Firearms Trafficking on the US-Mexico Border.Washington DC:Violence Policy Center,1 April. (Q5322)Full Citation

40.

Mayors Against Illegal Guns.2010.‘Top Ten Sources of Traced U.S. Guns Recovered in Mexican Crimes.’ The Movement of Illegal Guns Across the US-Mexico Border.Washington DC:Mayors Against Illegal Guns,1 September. (Q5323)Full Citation

41.

USGAO.2009.‘Results in Brief.’ Firearms Trafficking: U.S. Efforts to Combat Arms Trafficking to Mexico Face Planning and Coordination Challenges.Washington DC:United States Government Accountability Office,1 June. (Q5324)Full Citation

42.

Goodman, Colby and Michel Marizco.2010.‘Introduction.’ US Firearms Trafficking to Mexico: New Data and Insights Illuminate Key Trends and Challenges.San Diego:Trans-Border Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, University of San Diego,1 September. (Q2523)Full Citation

43.

Goodman, Colby and Michel Marizco.2010.‘US Government Actions.’ US Firearms Trafficking to Mexico: New Data and Insights Illuminate Key Trends and Challenges.San Diego:Trans-Border Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, University of San Diego,1 September. (Q2526)Full Citation

44.

Goodman, Colby and Michel Marizco.2010.‘US Government Actions.’ US Firearms Trafficking to Mexico: New Data and Insights Illuminate Key Trends and Challenges.San Diego:Trans-Border Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, University of San Diego,1 September. (Q2528)Full Citation

45.

Goodman, Colby and Michel Marizco.2010.‘Types of Firearms Recovered in Mexico.’ US Firearms Trafficking to Mexico: New Data and Insights Illuminate Key Trends and Challenges.San Diego:Trans-Border Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, University of San Diego,1 September. (Q2530)Full Citation

46.

Goodman, Colby and Michel Marizco.2010.‘Introduction.’ US Firearms Trafficking to Mexico: New Data and Insights Illuminate Key Trends and Challenges.San Diego:Trans-Border Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, University of San Diego,1 September. (Q2522)Full Citation

47.

Prensa Latina (Havana). 2008. ‘Mexican Army Seizes 4 Tons Weapons.’ 8 February. (N245) Full Citation

48.

Schroeder, Matt.2013.‘Sources of Illicit Small Arms in Mexico.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8490)Full Citation

49.

Mexico.2004.‘General Rules.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q4907)Full Citation

50.

Mexico.1972.‘General Rules.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4906)Full Citation

51.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

52.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

53.

Mexico.2004.‘General Rules.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2249)Full Citation

54.

Mexico.1972.‘General Rules.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4502)Full Citation

55.

Mexico.2003.‘Registration.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,16 June. (Q2380)Full Citation

56.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 3.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4508)Full Citation

57.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2266)Full Citation

58.

Mexico.2004.‘Article 10.’ The Political Constitution of the Mexican United States.Mexico City:National Congress of the United Mexican States / Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas,28 July. (Q8508)Full Citation

59.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

60.

Mexico.2004.‘Article 10.’ The Political Constitution of the Mexican United States.Mexico City:National Congress of the United Mexican States / Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas,28 July. (Q2148)Full Citation

61.

Mexico.2004.‘General Rules.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q8509)Full Citation

62.

Sherman, Amy and David Kopel.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8506)Full Citation

63.

Cook, Philip J, Wendy Cukier and Keith Krause.2009.‘Firearms and Firearm Regulation in North America: Mexico.’ The Illicit Firearms Trade in North America.London:Criminology & Criminal Justice,1 August. (Q5321)Full Citation

64.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2287)Full Citation

65.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2252)Full Citation

66.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2256)Full Citation

67.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2253)Full Citation

68.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2254)Full Citation

69.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession of Arms in the Home.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2261)Full Citation

70.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2263)Full Citation

71.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2264)Full Citation

72.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2265)Full Citation

73.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession of Arms in the Home.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2262)Full Citation

74.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession of Arms in the Home.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2258)Full Citation

75.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 9.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4503)Full Citation

76.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 17.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4505)Full Citation

77.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 24.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4513)Full Citation

78.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 25.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4512)Full Citation

79.

Mexico.1931.‘Articles 161 and 163.’ Federal Penal Code (Código Penal Federal).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,14 August. (Q4958)Full Citation

80.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q4905)Full Citation

81.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 13.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4515)Full Citation

82.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 21.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4506)Full Citation

83.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2255)Full Citation

84.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 51.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4509)Full Citation

85.

Mexico.2004.‘General Rules.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2250)Full Citation

86.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2251)Full Citation

87.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession of Arms in the Home.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2259)Full Citation

88.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 11.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4504)Full Citation

89.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Control and Monitoring.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2284)Full Citation

90.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 50.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4514)Full Citation

91.

Mexico.2003.‘Controls on the Sale of Firearms.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,16 June. (Q2382)Full Citation

92.

Mexico.2003.‘Marking.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,16 June. (Q2384)Full Citation

93.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession of Arms in the Home.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2260)Full Citation

94.

Mexico.2008.‘Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,31 March. (Q2378)Full Citation

95.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Commercial and Industrial Activities and Operations.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2271)Full Citation

96.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 54.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4507)Full Citation

97.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Commercial and Industrial Activities and Operations.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2270)Full Citation

98.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Storage.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2281)Full Citation

99.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Storage.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2282)Full Citation

100.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Storage.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2283)Full Citation

101.

Mexico.2010.‘Stockpile Management (Gestión de los Arsenales).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3801)Full Citation

102.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Transport.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2278)Full Citation

103.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Transport.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2277)Full Citation

104.

Mexico.1972.‘Articles 29 and 30.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4511)Full Citation

105.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 67.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4518)Full Citation

106.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 68.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4517)Full Citation

107.

Mexico.2010.‘Marking (Marcado).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3804)Full Citation

108.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2267)Full Citation

109.
110.

Mexico.2004.‘Sanctions.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2285)Full Citation

111.

Mexico.2008.‘Achievements made in the Implementation of the Programme of Action.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,31 March. (Q2379)Full Citation

112.

Associated Press. 2009. ‘Mexico Begins Destroying Over 79,000 Seized Arms.’ 26 August. (N244) Full Citation

113.

Schroeder, Matt.2013.‘Illicit Small Arms in Mexico.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8489)Full Citation

114.

Schroeder, Matt.2013.‘Table 12.1: Illicit Weapons Recovered by the Mexican Military, 2009-12.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8487)Full Citation

115.

Schroeder, Matt.2013.‘Analysing the Data.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8488)Full Citation

116.

Mexico.2004.‘Sanctions.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2286)Full Citation

117.

Mexico.2010.‘Destruction of Surplus Firearms Owned by the State (Eliminación de los Excedentes de Armas Ligeras en Poder del Estado).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3802)Full Citation

118.

Mexico.2010.‘Disarmament (Desarme).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3805)Full Citation

119.

OAS / UNODA.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials / CIFTA.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:Organization of American States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 November. (Q3244)Full Citation

120.

OAS.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA): Signatures and Ratifications.’ Organization of American States, Department of International Law.Washington DC:Organization of American States,14 November. (Q3262)Full Citation

121.

UNCCPCJ / UNODC.1991.‘Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.’ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Vienna:United Nations Economic and Social Council / United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q3222)Full Citation

122.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

123.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

124.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

125.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

126.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

127.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

128.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

129.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

130.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

131.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) – Implementation Support System.New York:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

132.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

133.

Mexico.2010.‘Civil Society Cooperation (Cooperación con la Sociedad Civil).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3807)Full Citation

134.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

135.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

136.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation