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Mexico — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mexico is

2010: 15,000,0001 2
2009: 2,440,4992 3 4 5
2007: 14,761,652
2006: 3,389,077
2005: 15,500,0006 2
2004: 1,793,1852 3 4 5

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Mexico is

2010: 13.51 2
2009: 2.172 7 8 5
2007: 13.5
2006: 3.14
2005: 15.06 2
2004: 1.702 7 8 5

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Mexico, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 2,090,1129

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Mexico, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,090,1599

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Mexico, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 9,456,5259

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 710

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 426

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Mexico, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 0.0%11

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Mexico, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 2.8%11

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Mexico is reported to be

2012: 3,118,5922 12
2010: 2,824,2312 13
2009: 2,033,7492 12
2007: 12,301,3772 9
2006: 2,824,2312 14 15
2005: 4,490,0002 13
2004: 1,494,321

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Mexico is

2012: 2.662 7
2010: 2.48
2009: 1.81
2007: 11.252 7
2006: 2.712 14
2005: 4.212 7
2004: 1.42

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Mexico there are estimated to be

2012: 623,7182 3 16 5
2009: 406,750
2007: 2,460,275
2006: 564,846
2005: 10,000,00013
2004: 298,8642 3 16 5

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

ChartUnlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Mexico the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be

2012: 0.532 7
2009: 0.36
2007: 0.43
2006: 0.52
2005: 9.38
2004: 0.28

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Mexico are reported to have 505,00017 18 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mexico are reported to have 655,00017 19 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 13,50520
2013: 16,119
2012: 18,59820 21
2011: 20,87020
2010: 20,491
2009: 14,661
2008: 10,434
2007: 6,787
2006: 6,989
2005: 6,419
2004: 6,177
2003: 6,523
2002: 6,620
2001: 6,89020 22
2000: 6,95120
1999: 8,253
1998: 9,272

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 11.2323
2013: 13.57
2012: 15.8623 21
2011: 18.0423
2010: 17.96
2009: 13.04
2008: 9.41
2007: 6.21
2006: 6.48
2005: 6.02
2004: 5.87
2003: 6.28
2002: 6.46
2001: 6.81
2000: 6.97
1999: 8.38
1998: 9.55

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 9,413 (up to July)24 25
2015: 12,21126 25
2014: 20,010
2013: 23,063
2012: 25,96726 27 28 25
2011: 27,21326 27 28 29 30 25
2010: 25,75726 27 28 29 31 32 25
2009: 19,803
2008: 14,006
2007: 8,86726 27 28 29 31 32 33 25
2006: 10,452
2005: 9,921
2004: 9,329
2003: 10,087
2002: 10,088
2001: 10,285
2000: 10,737
1999: 12,24926 29 33 25
1998: 13,656
1997: 13,552
1996: 14,505
1995: 15,612
1994: 15,84433
1993: 16,056
1992: 16,605
1991: 15,143
1990: 14,520

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.6423
2015: 10.03
2014: 16.63
2013: 19.4123 34
2012: 22.1423 27 28
2011: 23.5223 27 28 29 30
2010: 22.5823 27 28 29 31 32
2009: 17.6123 27 28 29 31 32
2008: 12.64
2007: 8.11
2006: 9.69
2005: 9.31
2004: 8.87
2003: 9.71
2002: 9.84
2001: 10.17
2000: 10.76
1999: 12.4423 29
1998: 14.06
1997: 14.16
1996: 15.41
1995: 16.86
1994: 17.5835
1993: 17.9523
1992: 18.91
1991: 17.57
1990: 17.16

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 5,586 (up to July)24
2015: 7,59626
2014: 11,944
2013: 14,402
2012: 16,65826 27 21
2011: 18,39826 27 28
2010: 18,19726 27 28 29 36
2009: 12,81126 28 29 36
2008: 8,787
2007: 5,033
2006: 5,73526 28 29 36 37
2005: 5,102
2004: 4,73226 29 36
2003: 5,129
2002: 5,21126 29 36 38
2001: 5,371
2000: 5,45226 29 36 39
1999: 6,53426 29 39
1998: 7,393
1997: 7,58226 29
1996: 8,28526
1995: 9,035

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.5423
2015: 6.34
2014: 9.93
2013: 12.12
2012: 14.2023 21
2011: 15.9023
2010: 15.9523 29 36 32
2009: 11.40
2008: 7.93
2007: 4.60
2006: 5.31
2005: 4.79
2004: 4.50
2003: 4.94
2002: 5.09
2001: 5.31
2000: 5.46
1999: 6.6423 29 39
1998: 7.61
1997: 7.9323 29
1996: 8.8023
1995: 9.76
1994: 9.8840

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Mexico, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 61.7%24
2013: 50.2%34
2012: 64%27
2011: 68%27 28 30
2010: 71%27 28 41
2009: 55%28
2008: 39%
2007: 39%
2006: 31%
2005: 29%
2004: 24.5%29
2003: 23.7%
2002: 19.8%
2001: 25.3%
2000: 26.0%
1999: 60.1%
1998: 46.2%
1997: 29.9%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual handgun homicides total

2015: 14726
2014: 83
2013: 79
2012: 86
2011: 61
2010: 30
2009: 56
2008: 39
2007: 12
2006: 7
2005: 5
2004: 4
2003: 14
2002: 14
2001: 8
2000: 14
1999: 31
1998: 35
1997: 39
1996: 15
1995: 23

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1223
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.03

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual long gun homicides total

2015: 6026
2014: 102
2013: 107
2012: 120
2011: 122
2010: 74
2009: 78
2008: 108
2007: 39
2006: 44
2005: 55
2004: 53
2003: 47
2002: 63
2001: 48
2000: 56
1999: 80
1998: 108
1997: 91
1996: 94
1995: 101

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0523
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.10
1995: 0.11

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual gun homicides (other) total

2015: 7,38926
2014: 11,759
2013: 14,216
2012: 16,452
2011: 18,215
2010: 18,093
2009: 12,677
2008: 8,640
2007: 4,982
2006: 5,684
2005: 5,042
2004: 4,675
2003: 5,068
2002: 5,134
2001: 5,315
2000: 5,382
1999: 6,423
1998: 7,250
1997: 7,452
1996: 8,176
1995: 8,911

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.0723
2014: 9.78
2013: 11.96
2012: 14.03
2011: 15.74
2010: 15.86
2009: 11.28
2008: 7.79
2007: 4.56
2006: 5.27
2005: 4.73
2004: 4.44
2003: 4.88
2002: 5.01
2001: 5.26
2000: 5.39
1999: 6.52
1998: 7.46
1997: 7.79
1996: 8.69
1995: 9.62

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 6,33742
2013: 5,909
2012: 5,549
2011: 5,718
2010: 5,012
2009: 5,19042 43
2008: 4,681
2007: 4,394
2006: 4,27742 43 44
2005: 4,31442 43
2004: 4,117
2003: 4,104
2002: 3,871
2001: 3,81142 43 22
2000: 3,47542 43
1999: 3,33942
1998: 3,342

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 5.2723
2013: 4.97
2012: 4.73
2011: 4.94
2010: 4.39
2009: 4.6223 43
2008: 4.22
2007: 4.02
2006: 3.9623 43 45
2005: 4.05
2004: 3.9123 43
2003: 3.95
2002: 3.78
2001: 3.7723 43 22
2000: 3.4823 43
1999: 3.3923
1998: 3.44
1994: 2.8946

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 52942
2013: 574
2012: 52442 21
2011: 59542
2010: 547
2009: 638
2008: 587
2007: 544
2006: 591
2005: 597
2004: 660
2003: 691
2002: 683
2001: 72042 22
2000: 69342
1999: 731
1998: 728

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4423
2013: 0.48
2012: 0.4523 21
2011: 0.5123
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.53
2007: 0.50
2006: 0.55
2005: 0.56
2004: 0.63
2003: 0.67
2002: 0.67
2001: 0.7123 22
2000: 0.6923
1999: 0.74
1998: 0.75
1994: 0.9147

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 1442
2013: 9
2012: 7
2011: 10
2010: 12
2009: 12
2008: 8
2007: 11
2006: 7
2005: 7
2004: 5
2003: 4
2002: 7
2001: 4
2000: 6
1999: 8
1998: 11

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0123
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 1642
2013: 20
2012: 16
2011: 17
2010: 17
2009: 12
2008: 12
2007: 10
2006: 19
2005: 14
2004: 15
2003: 13
2002: 16
2001: 16
2000: 14
1999: 8
1998: 6

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0123
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 49942
2013: 545
2012: 501
2011: 568
2010: 518
2009: 614
2008: 567
2007: 523
2006: 565
2005: 576
2004: 640
2003: 674
2002: 660
2001: 700
2000: 673
1999: 715
1998: 711

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4123
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.43
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.45
2009: 0.55
2008: 0.51
2007: 0.48
2006: 0.52
2005: 0.54
2004: 0.61
2003: 0.65
2002: 0.64
2001: 0.69
2000: 0.67
1999: 0.73
1998: 0.73

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 48148
2013: 578
2012: 49148 21
2011: 26548
2010: 630
2009: 456
2008: 556
2007: 701
2006: 265
2005: 271
2004: 366
2003: 393
2002: 371
2001: 50148 22
2000: 47748
1999: 568
1998: 714

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4023
2013: 0.49
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.23
2010: 0.55
2009: 0.41
2008: 0.50
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.25
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.38
2002: 0.36
2001: 0.5023 22
2000: 0.4823
1999: 0.58
1998: 0.74
1994: 1.2749

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 348
2013: 1
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 0
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 7

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0023
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 2148
2013: 14
2012: 14
2011: 8
2010: 11
2009: 15
2008: 14
2007: 11
2006: 15
2005: 15
2004: 12
2003: 13
2002: 17
2001: 11
2000: 20
1999: 27
1998: 17

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0223
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 45748
2013: 563
2012: 473
2011: 256
2010: 618
2009: 438
2008: 539
2007: 688
2006: 249
2005: 254
2004: 352
2003: 380
2002: 353
2001: 489
2000: 454
1999: 536
1998: 690

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3823
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.40
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.54
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.49
2007: 0.63
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.24
2004: 0.33
2003: 0.37
2002: 0.34
2001: 0.48
2000: 0.46
1999: 0.54
1998: 0.71

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 55150
2013: 565
2012: 92550 21
2011: 1,61250
2010: 1,117
2009: 756
2008: 504
2007: 509
2006: 398
2005: 449
2004: 419
2003: 310
2002: 355
2001: 298
2000: 329
1999: 420
1998: 437

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4623
2013: 0.48
2012: 0.79
2011: 1.39
2010: 0.98
2009: 0.67
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.37
2005: 0.42
2004: 0.40
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.35
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.43
1998: 0.45

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 250
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 1
2008: 0
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 6
2004: 1
2003: 4
2002: 8
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 1
1998: 33

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0023
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.03

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 250
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 2
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2005: 3
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 5
2001: 3
2000: 6
1999: 6
1998: 5

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0023
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 54750
2013: 564
2012: 920
2011: 1,606
2010: 1,110
2009: 751
2008: 502
2007: 505
2006: 392
2005: 440
2004: 415
2003: 302
2002: 342
2001: 290
2000: 320
1999: 413
1998: 399

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4523
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.78
2011: 1.39
2010: 0.97
2009: 0.67
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.46
2006: 0.36
2005: 0.41
2004: 0.39
2003: 0.29
2002: 0.33
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.32
1999: 0.42
1998: 0.41

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mexico, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Mexico was ranked 'small'59

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$22,273,02268 (2011)69 70

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Mexico was categorized as 'major'71 72 73

Firearm Imports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law60 74 75 62 63 54 64 65 56 66

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$49,024,99668 (2011)76 77 78 79

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Mexico is high80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Mexico, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law51 94

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Mexico include61 95 67 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Mexico scored

2016: 8.7596
2014: 8.2597
2013: 8.7598
2012: 9.0099
2011: 9.25100
2010: 9.25101
2009: 9.75102
2008: 9.50103
2007: 9.75104
2006: 9.50105
2005: 8.75106
2004: 8.25107

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Mexico is categorised as restrictive108

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mexico includes the Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of 1972 (last amended in 2015),109 the Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives,110 and Articles 160 to 163 of the Penal Code54 56

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Mexico are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of the Interior111 112 113 51 and the Federal Registry of Arms114

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mexico, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the Constitution,115 116 117 118 as limited by statute law119 120 121

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, including automatic firearms, sub-machine guns, machine guns, .357 Magnum revolvers and those greater than .38 calibre, handguns greater than 9mm, rifles and carbines of .223, 7mm, 7.62 and .30 calibres, or shotguns with barrels shorter than 635mm or greater than 12 gauge122 123 124

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited122 123 30

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted125 126 127

Regulation of Handguns

In Mexico, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted,125 126 127 with some exceptions122 30

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Mexico, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law125 126 127 30

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Mexico, only registered gun owners114 115 128 30 may lawfully acquire or possess a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Gun owners in Mexico are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting,129 farming,130 collection,131 personal protection, or employment115 132 133 134 54

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Mexico is 18 years135

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Mexico must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, physical and addiction133 134 30 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Mexico, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required to carry pistols and revolvers54

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Mexico, licensing authorities are not required136 137 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Mexico does not stipulate136 137 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Mexico, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required136 137 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Mexico, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years, for carry permits138

Licensing Records

In Mexico, authorities maintain a record139 140 130 141 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess 2 firearms for legitimate defence purposes. To own more than two firearms requires special justification142

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess 500 cartridges in .22 calibre, 1,000 cartridges for shotguns, and 200 cartridges for other permitted firearms143 144 145 146

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Mexico, the law requires112 114 147 128 130 141 148 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed firearm dealers are required149 150 151 152 153 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed gun makers are required149 150 151 55 154 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mexico, State agencies are required114 155 128 156 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Mexico, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited without an extraordinary permit157 158

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Mexico, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful51 152 54 153

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Mexico, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per transaction. To sell individuals more than one gun, dealers must have receive special permission in advance159

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Mexico, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined136 137

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Mexico, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated136 137 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Mexico include160 161 162 129 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Mexico include163 52 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Mexico include156 164 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Mexico include165 166 167 168 169 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Mexico, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law170 171 172 65 55 173 174 154 175

Firearm Tracing

In Mexico, state authorities carry out176 174 177 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not 174 175 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Mexico, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law178 138 133 134 167 179 54 9 30

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Mexico, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited167

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Mexico, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit167

Gun Free Zones

In Mexico, private guns are prohibited in public demonstrations, celebrations, meetings and in deliberative assemblies180

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Mexico, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm181 is three years in prison54 and seven years in prison for illegal carrying182

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Mexico are known to have183 184 185 186 187 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2016: 75,000188
2012: 53,115189

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

ChartIn Mexico, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2012: 55,590190 191
2009: 30,522192
2007: 9,524186

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 8,540193
2013: 14,467194 195
2012: 25,803194 189 196 197 198 190 199
2011: 40,996
2010: 20,917200 194 189 196 197 198 190
2009: 32,407201
2008: 27,721202
2007: 15,330186
2006/09: 38,404202

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 75,000188
2014: 69,108203
2009: 79,074187
2007: 28,302186

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Mexico, it is state policy204 205 206 192 154 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Mexico adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified207 208 by Mexico

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists209 Mexico as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006210 by Mexico.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified211 by Mexico

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified212 by Mexico

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mexico committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects213

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Mexico against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2214 215 216 217 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mexico has submitted one or more national reports218 219 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mexico, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated220 219

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Mexico, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated219

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Mexico submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent219 221

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated219 by Mexico to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided219 to Mexico by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mexico has declared222 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mexico has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945223

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies list224 Mexico as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Mexico, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Mexico ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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Mexico.2015.‘Collections or Museums (Colecciones O Museos).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2262)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Limits on Ammunition Possession (Limites para la Posesión de Cartuchos).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2255)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Limits on Sales of Ammunition (Limites de Municiones para la Venta).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2269)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Firearms Acquisition (Adquisiciones de Armas).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2259)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Detailed Report of Activities (Informe Detallado de las Actividades).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2284)Full Citation

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Mexico.1972.‘Manufacturer and Dealer Reports (Informe de Fabricantes y Comerciantes).’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q11323)Full Citation

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Mexico.1972.‘Records on Sales and Purchases (Libros de Compras y de Ventas).’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q11321)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Transport Permits (Autorizaciones para el Transporte).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2277)Full Citation

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Mexico.1972.‘Article 67.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4518)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Requirements for Individual and Collective Licences (Requisitos para Licencias Colectivas e Individuales).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q11338)Full Citation

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Mexico.2015.‘Carrying Firearms in Public Places (Portar Armas en Lugares Públicos).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2267)Full Citation

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