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Mexico — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mexico is 15,000,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Mexico is 13.51 2 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Mexico, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 2,090,1123

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Mexico, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 2,090,1593

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Mexico, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 9,456,5253

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 74

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 422

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Mexico, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 0.0%5

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Mexico, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 2.8%5

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Mexico is reported to be

2012: 3,118,5926
2011: 2,824,2317
2009: 2,033,7496
2007: 2,359,8163
2006: 2,824,2318 9
2005: 4,490,0007
2004: 1,494,321

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Mexico is

2012: 2.6610
2011: 2.44
2009: 1.81
2007: 2.16
2006: 2.718 10
2005: 4.2110
2004: 1.42

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Mexico there are estimated to be 10,000,0007

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Mexico there are estimated to be 9.3810 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Mexico are reported to have 505,00011 12 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mexico are reported to have 655,00011 13 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 13,50514
2013: 16,119
2012: 18,59814 15
2011: 20,87014
2010: 20,491
2009: 14,661
2008: 10,434
2007: 6,787
2006: 6,989
2005: 6,419
2004: 6,177
2003: 6,523
2002: 6,620
2001: 6,89014 16
2000: 6,95114
1999: 8,253
1998: 9,272

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 11.2317
2013: 13.57
2012: 15.8617 15
2011: 18.0417
2010: 17.96
2009: 13.04
2008: 9.41
2007: 6.21
2006: 6.48
2005: 6.02
2004: 5.87
2003: 6.28
2002: 6.46
2001: 6.81
2000: 6.97
1999: 8.38
1998: 9.55

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual homicides by any means total

2016: 9,413 (up to July)18 19
2015: 12,21120 19
2014: 20,010
2013: 23,063
2012: 25,96720 21 22 19
2011: 27,21320 21 22 23 24 19
2010: 25,75720 21 22 23 25 26 19
2009: 19,803
2008: 14,006
2007: 8,86720 21 22 23 25 26 27 19
2006: 10,452
2005: 9,921
2004: 9,329
2003: 10,087
2002: 10,088
2001: 10,285
2000: 10,737
1999: 12,24920 23 27 19
1998: 13,656
1997: 13,552
1996: 14,505
1995: 15,612
1994: 15,84427
1993: 16,056
1992: 16,605
1991: 15,143
1990: 14,520

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2016: 7.6417
2015: 10.03
2014: 16.63
2013: 19.4117 28
2012: 22.1417 21 22
2011: 23.5217 21 22 23 24
2010: 22.5817 21 22 23 25 26
2009: 17.6117 21 22 23 25 26
2008: 12.64
2007: 8.11
2006: 9.69
2005: 9.31
2004: 8.87
2003: 9.71
2002: 9.84
2001: 10.17
2000: 10.76
1999: 12.4417 23
1998: 14.06
1997: 14.16
1996: 15.41
1995: 16.86
1994: 17.5829
1993: 17.9517
1992: 18.91
1991: 17.57
1990: 17.16

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual firearm homicides total

2016: 5,586 (up to July)18
2015: 7,59620
2014: 11,944
2013: 14,402
2012: 16,65820 21 15
2011: 18,39820 21 22
2010: 18,19720 21 22 23 30
2009: 12,81120 22 23 30
2008: 8,787
2007: 5,033
2006: 5,73520 22 23 30 31
2005: 5,102
2004: 4,73220 23 30
2003: 5,129
2002: 5,21120 23 30 32
2001: 5,371
2000: 5,45220 23 30 33
1999: 6,53420 23 33
1998: 7,393
1997: 7,58220 23
1996: 8,28520
1995: 9,035

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2016: 4.5417
2015: 6.34
2014: 9.93
2013: 12.12
2012: 14.2017 15
2011: 15.9017
2010: 15.9517 23 30 26
2009: 11.40
2008: 7.93
2007: 4.60
2006: 5.31
2005: 4.79
2004: 4.50
2003: 4.94
2002: 5.09
2001: 5.31
2000: 5.46
1999: 6.6417 23 33
1998: 7.61
1997: 7.9317 23
1996: 8.8017
1995: 9.76
1994: 9.8834

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Mexico, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2015: 61.7%18
2013: 50.2%28
2012: 64%21
2011: 68%21 22 24
2010: 71%21 22 35
2009: 55%22
2008: 39%
2007: 39%
2006: 31%
2005: 29%
2004: 24.5%23
2003: 23.7%
2002: 19.8%
2001: 25.3%
2000: 26.0%
1999: 60.1%
1998: 46.2%
1997: 29.9%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual handgun homicides total

2015: 14720
2014: 83
2013: 79
2012: 86
2011: 61
2010: 30
2009: 56
2008: 39
2007: 12
2006: 7
2005: 5
2004: 4
2003: 14
2002: 14
2001: 8
2000: 14
1999: 31
1998: 35
1997: 39
1996: 15
1995: 23

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.1217
2014: 0.07
2013: 0.07
2012: 0.07
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.03
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.03
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.02
1995: 0.03

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual long gun homicides total

2015: 6020
2014: 102
2013: 107
2012: 120
2011: 122
2010: 74
2009: 78
2008: 108
2007: 39
2006: 44
2005: 55
2004: 53
2003: 47
2002: 63
2001: 48
2000: 56
1999: 80
1998: 108
1997: 91
1996: 94
1995: 101

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.0517
2014: 0.08
2013: 0.09
2012: 0.10
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.05
2004: 0.05
2003: 0.05
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.05
2000: 0.06
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.11
1997: 0.10
1996: 0.10
1995: 0.11

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual gun homicides (other) total

2015: 7,38920
2014: 11,759
2013: 14,216
2012: 16,452
2011: 18,215
2010: 18,093
2009: 12,677
2008: 8,640
2007: 4,982
2006: 5,684
2005: 5,042
2004: 4,675
2003: 5,068
2002: 5,134
2001: 5,315
2000: 5,382
1999: 6,423
1998: 7,250
1997: 7,452
1996: 8,176
1995: 8,911

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2015: 6.0717
2014: 9.78
2013: 11.96
2012: 14.03
2011: 15.74
2010: 15.86
2009: 11.28
2008: 7.79
2007: 4.56
2006: 5.27
2005: 4.73
2004: 4.44
2003: 4.88
2002: 5.01
2001: 5.26
2000: 5.39
1999: 6.52
1998: 7.46
1997: 7.79
1996: 8.69
1995: 9.62

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual suicides by any means total

2014: 6,33736
2013: 5,909
2012: 5,549
2011: 5,718
2010: 5,012
2009: 5,19036 37
2008: 4,681
2007: 4,394
2006: 4,27736 37 38
2005: 4,31436 37
2004: 4,117
2003: 4,104
2002: 3,871
2001: 3,81136 37 16
2000: 3,47536 37
1999: 3,33936
1998: 3,342

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2014: 5.2717
2013: 4.97
2012: 4.73
2011: 4.94
2010: 4.39
2009: 4.6217 37
2008: 4.22
2007: 4.02
2006: 3.9617 37 39
2005: 4.05
2004: 3.9117 37
2003: 3.95
2002: 3.78
2001: 3.7717 37 16
2000: 3.4817 37
1999: 3.3917
1998: 3.44
1994: 2.8940

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 52936
2013: 574
2012: 52436 15
2011: 59536
2010: 547
2009: 638
2008: 587
2007: 544
2006: 591
2005: 597
2004: 660
2003: 691
2002: 683
2001: 72036 16
2000: 69336
1999: 731
1998: 728

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4417
2013: 0.48
2012: 0.4517 15
2011: 0.5117
2010: 0.48
2009: 0.57
2008: 0.53
2007: 0.50
2006: 0.55
2005: 0.56
2004: 0.63
2003: 0.67
2002: 0.67
2001: 0.7117 16
2000: 0.6917
1999: 0.74
1998: 0.75
1994: 0.9141

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 1436
2013: 9
2012: 7
2011: 10
2010: 12
2009: 12
2008: 8
2007: 11
2006: 7
2005: 7
2004: 5
2003: 4
2002: 7
2001: 4
2000: 6
1999: 8
1998: 11

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0117
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Mexico, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 1636
2013: 20
2012: 16
2011: 17
2010: 17
2009: 12
2008: 12
2007: 10
2006: 19
2005: 14
2004: 15
2003: 13
2002: 16
2001: 16
2000: 14
1999: 8
1998: 6

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0117
2013: 0.02
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 49936
2013: 545
2012: 501
2011: 568
2010: 518
2009: 614
2008: 567
2007: 523
2006: 565
2005: 576
2004: 640
2003: 674
2002: 660
2001: 700
2000: 673
1999: 715
1998: 711

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4117
2013: 0.46
2012: 0.43
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.45
2009: 0.55
2008: 0.51
2007: 0.48
2006: 0.52
2005: 0.54
2004: 0.61
2003: 0.65
2002: 0.64
2001: 0.69
2000: 0.67
1999: 0.73
1998: 0.73

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 48142
2013: 578
2012: 49142 15
2011: 26542
2010: 630
2009: 456
2008: 556
2007: 701
2006: 265
2005: 271
2004: 366
2003: 393
2002: 371
2001: 50142 16
2000: 47742
1999: 568
1998: 714

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4017
2013: 0.49
2012: 0.42
2011: 0.23
2010: 0.55
2009: 0.41
2008: 0.50
2007: 0.64
2006: 0.25
2005: 0.25
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.38
2002: 0.36
2001: 0.5017 16
2000: 0.4817
1999: 0.58
1998: 0.74
1994: 1.2743

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2014: 342
2013: 1
2012: 4
2011: 1
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 2
2006: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 0
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 7

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0017
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.00
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 2142
2013: 14
2012: 14
2011: 8
2010: 11
2009: 15
2008: 14
2007: 11
2006: 15
2005: 15
2004: 12
2003: 13
2002: 17
2001: 11
2000: 20
1999: 27
1998: 17

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0217
2013: 0.01
2012: 0.01
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.01
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.01
2003: 0.01
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.02
1999: 0.02
1998: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2014: 45742
2013: 563
2012: 473
2011: 256
2010: 618
2009: 438
2008: 539
2007: 688
2006: 249
2005: 254
2004: 352
2003: 380
2002: 353
2001: 489
2000: 454
1999: 536
1998: 690

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3817
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.40
2011: 0.22
2010: 0.54
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.49
2007: 0.63
2006: 0.23
2005: 0.24
2004: 0.33
2003: 0.37
2002: 0.34
2001: 0.48
2000: 0.46
1999: 0.54
1998: 0.71

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 55144
2013: 565
2012: 92544 15
2011: 1,61244
2010: 1,117
2009: 756
2008: 504
2007: 509
2006: 398
2005: 449
2004: 419
2003: 310
2002: 355
2001: 298
2000: 329
1999: 420
1998: 437

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4617
2013: 0.48
2012: 0.79
2011: 1.39
2010: 0.98
2009: 0.67
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.47
2006: 0.37
2005: 0.42
2004: 0.40
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.35
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.33
1999: 0.43
1998: 0.45

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 244
2013: 0
2012: 2
2011: 2
2010: 5
2009: 1
2008: 0
2007: 3
2006: 3
2005: 6
2004: 1
2003: 4
2002: 8
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 1
1998: 33

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0017
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.01
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.01
2000: 0.00
1999: 0.00
1998: 0.03

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 244
2013: 1
2012: 3
2011: 4
2010: 2
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2005: 3
2004: 3
2003: 4
2002: 5
2001: 3
2000: 6
1999: 6
1998: 5

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0017
2013: 0.00
2012: 0.00
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2005: 0.00
2004: 0.00
2003: 0.00
2002: 0.01
2001: 0.00
2000: 0.01
1999: 0.01
1998: 0.01

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Mexico, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 54744
2013: 564
2012: 920
2011: 1,606
2010: 1,110
2009: 751
2008: 502
2007: 505
2006: 392
2005: 440
2004: 415
2003: 302
2002: 342
2001: 290
2000: 320
1999: 413
1998: 399

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4517
2013: 0.47
2012: 0.78
2011: 1.39
2010: 0.97
2009: 0.67
2008: 0.45
2007: 0.46
2006: 0.36
2005: 0.41
2004: 0.39
2003: 0.29
2002: 0.33
2001: 0.29
2000: 0.32
1999: 0.42
1998: 0.41

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mexico, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Mexico was ranked 'small'53

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$22,273,02262 (2011)63 64

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Mexico was categorized as 'major'65 66 67

Firearm Imports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law54 68 69 56 57 48 58 59 50 60

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$49,024,99662 (2011)70 71 72 73

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Mexico is high74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Mexico, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law45 88

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Mexico include55 89 61 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Mexico scored

2016: 8.7590
2014: 8.2591
2013: 8.7592
2012: 9.0093
2011: 9.2594
2010: 9.2595
2009: 9.7596
2008: 9.5097
2007: 9.7598
2006: 9.5099
2005: 8.75100
2004: 8.25101

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Mexico is categorised as restrictive102

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mexico includes the Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of 1972 (last amended in 2015),103 the Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives,104 and Articles 160 to 163 of the Penal Code48 50

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Mexico are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence, the Ministry of the Interior105 106 107 45 and the Federal Registry of Arms108

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mexico, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the Constitution,109 110 111 112 as limited by statute law113 114 115

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war, including automatic firearms, sub-machine guns, machine guns, .357 Magnum revolvers and those greater than .38 calibre, handguns greater than 9mm, rifles and carbines of .223, 7mm, 7.62 and .30 calibres, or shotguns with barrels shorter than 635mm or greater than 12 gauge116 117 118

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited116 117 24

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted119 120 121

Regulation of Handguns

In Mexico, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted,119 120 121 with some exceptions116 24

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Mexico, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law119 120 121 24

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Mexico, only registered gun owners108 109 122 24 may lawfully acquire or possess a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Gun owners in Mexico are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting,123 farming,124 collection,125 personal protection, or employment109 126 127 128 48

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Mexico is 18 years129

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Mexico must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, physical and addiction127 128 24 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Mexico, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required to carry pistols and revolvers48

Partner to be Advised or Interviewed

In Mexico, licensing authorities are not required130 131 to conduct interviews with, or to advise an applicant's spouse, partner, or next of kin before issuing a gun licence

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Mexico does not stipulate130 131 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Mexico, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required130 131 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Mexico, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years, for carry permits132

Licensing Records

In Mexico, authorities maintain a record133 134 124 135 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess 2 firearms for legitimate defence purposes. To own more than two firearms requires special justification136

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess 500 cartridges in .22 calibre, 1,000 cartridges for shotguns, and 200 cartridges for other permitted firearms137 138 139 140

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Mexico, the law requires106 108 141 122 124 135 142 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed firearm dealers are required143 144 145 146 147 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed gun makers are required143 144 145 49 148 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mexico, State agencies are required108 149 122 150 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Mexico, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited unless with a special permit151 152

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Mexico, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful45 146 48 147

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Mexico, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per transaction. To sell individuals more than one gun, dealers must have receive special permission in advance153

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Mexico, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined130 131

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Mexico, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated130 131 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Mexico include154 155 156 123 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Mexico include157 46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Mexico include150 158 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Mexico include159 160 161 162 163 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Mexico, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law164 165 166 59 49 167 168 148 169

Firearm Tracing

In Mexico, state authorities carry out170 168 171 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not 168 169 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Mexico, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law172 132 127 128 161 173 48 3 24

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Mexico, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited161

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Mexico, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit161

Gun Free Zones

In Mexico, private guns are prohibited in public demonstrations, celebrations, meetings and in deliberative assemblies174

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Mexico, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm175 is three years in prison48 and seven years in prison for illegal carrying176

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Mexico are known to have177 178 179 180 181 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be

2016: 75,000182
2012: 53,115183

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

ChartIn Mexico, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be

2012: 55,590184 185
2009: 30,522186
2007: 9,524180

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2014: 8,540187
2013: 14,467188 189
2012: 25,803188 183 190 191 192 184 193
2011: 40,996
2010: 20,917194 188 183 190 191 192 184
2009: 32,407195
2008: 27,721196
2007: 15,330180
2006/09: 38,404196

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Mexico, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2016: 75,000182
2014: 69,108197
2009: 79,074181
2007: 28,302180

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Mexico, it is state policy198 199 200 186 148 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Mexico adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified201 202 by Mexico

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists203 Mexico as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006204 by Mexico.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified205 by Mexico

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified206 by Mexico

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mexico committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects207

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Mexico against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2208 209 210 211 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mexico has submitted one or more national reports212 213 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mexico, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated214 213

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Mexico, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated213

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Mexico submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent213 215

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated213 by Mexico to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided213 to Mexico by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mexico has declared216 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mexico has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945217

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies list218 Mexico as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Mexico, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Mexico ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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Mexico.2015.‘Limits on Sales of Ammunition (Limites de Municiones para la Venta).’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives of January 11, 1972 - Last amended in 2015 (Ley Federal de Armas y Explosivos del 11 de enero de 1972 - Última reforma publicada en 2015).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,12 November. (Q2269)Full Citation

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