Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Mexico — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mexico is 15,000,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Mexico is 13.51 2 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 73

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mexico ranked at No. 422

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Mexico is reported to be

2012: 3,118,5924
2009: 2,033,749
2006: 2,824,2315 6

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Mexico is

2012: 2.667
2009: 1.81
2006: 2,715

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Mexico are reported to have 505,0008 9 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mexico are reported to have 655,0008 10 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Mexico, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2001: 4,71811 12

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Mexico, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2001: 4.677

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 27,19911 13
2010: 24,37411 14 15
2009: 19,803
2008: 14,006
2007: 8,86711 14 15 16
2006: 12,078
2005: 11,181
2004: 11,149
2003: 11,741
2002: 11,598
2001: 11,856
2000: 12,295
1999: 14,18611 16
1998: 15,425
1997: 15,080
1996: 15,956
1995: 16,978
1994: 15,84416
1993: 16,056
1992: 16,605
1991: 15,143
1990: 14,520

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 23.711 13
2010: 21.511 14 15
2009: 17.7
2008: 12.7
2007: 8.1
2006: 11.2
2005: 10.5
2004: 10.6
2003: 11.3
2002: 11.3
2001: 11.7
2000: 12.3
1999: 14.411
1998: 15.9
1997: 15.8
1996: 17.0
1995: 18.4
1994: 17.5817
1993: 17.957
1992: 18.91
1991: 17.57
1990: 17.16

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mexico, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 11,30911 18
2009: 8,804
2008: 5,095
2007: 4,040
2006: 3,61011 18 19
2005: 3,209
2004: 2,85811 18
2003: 3,006
2002: 2,60611 18 20
2001: 3,512
2000: 3,60511 18 21
1999: 8,78011 21
1998: 6,572
1997: 5,04411

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 10.011 18 15
2009: 7.9
2008: 4.6
2007: 3.7
2006: 3.3
2005: 3.0
2004: 2.7
2003: 2.9
2002: 2.5
2001: 3.5
2000: 3.6
1999: 8.911 21
1998: 6.8
1997: 5.311
1994: 9.8822

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun (WHO)

The World Health Organisation estimates the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm in Mexico to be 2011: 68%13

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 4,83423
2008: 4,467
2007: 4,211
2006: 4,06523 24
2005: 4,12423
2004: 3,878
2003: 3,940
2002: 3,700
2001: 3,66323 12
2000: 3,42923

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 4.523
2008: 4.2
2007: 4.0
2006: 3.923 25
2005: 4.0
2004: 3.823
2003: 3.9
2002: 3.7
2001: 3.723 12
2000: 3.523
1994: 2.8926

Gun Suicides

In Mexico, annual firearm suicides total 2001: 71412

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.6912
1994: 0.9127

Unintentional Gun Deaths

In Mexico, annual unintentional shooting deaths total 2001: 48412

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mexico, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2001: 0.4712
1994: 1.2728

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Mexico, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total 2001: 812

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Mexico, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 2001: 0.0112

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mexico, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence29 30 31 32

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Mexico is ranked 'small'33

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law34 35 36 37 38 39

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$22,273,02240 (2011)41

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Mexico is categorized as 'minor'42

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Mexico, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law34 35 43 44 37 38 39 32

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mexico is reported by Customs to be US$49,024,99640 (2011)45

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Mexico is high46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Mexico, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law56 57

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Mexico include39 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Mexico was ranked at No. 3558

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Mexico is categorised as restrictive59

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mexico includes the Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives 2004,60 the Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives,61 and Articles 160 to 163 of the Penal Code32

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Mexico are regulated by the Ministry of National Defence and the Ministry of the Interior62 63 64

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mexico, the right to private gun ownership is conditionally guaranteed by the Constitution,65 66 67 as limited by statute law68 69 70

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, civilians are not allowed to possess military grade firearms intended for Army, Navy and Air Force use, including: .357 Magnum revolvers and those greater than .38 calibre, handguns greater than 9mm, rifles and carbines of .223, 7mm, 7.62 and .30 calibres, automatic firearms, or shotguns with barrels shorter than 635mm or greater than 12 gauge71 72 73

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited72 71 13

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Mexico, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence74 75 76

Regulation of Handguns

In Mexico, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence,74 75 76 with some exceptions based on manufacturer and calibre71 13

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Mexico, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law74 75 13

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Mexico, only licensed gun owners77 78 13 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Mexico are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, rodeo riding, collection, personal protection, or employment79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Mexico is 18 years87

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Mexico must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental, physical and addiction79 85 13 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Mexico, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required to carry pistols and revolvers86

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Mexico does not stipulate56 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Mexico, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required56 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Mexico, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two years, for carry permits78

Licensing Records

In Mexico, authorities maintain a record88 84 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess 2 firearms for legitimate defence purposes. To own more than two firearms requires special justification89

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Mexico are permitted to possess only 500 cartridges in .22 caliber, 1,000 cartridges for shotguns and 200 cartridges for other arms90 91

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Mexico, the law requires92 93 94 95 84 62 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed firearm dealers are required96 97 98 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Mexico, licensed gun makers are required99 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mexico, State agencies are required93 100 95 101 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Mexico, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited, except in extraordinary cases102 103 86

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Mexico, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful98 29 86

Limit on Gun Dealer Sales

In Mexico, the number and type of firearms which can be sold by a licensed gun dealer to a single gun owner is limited to one firearm per transaction. To sell individuals more than one gun, dealers must have receive special permission in advance104

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Mexico, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined56

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Mexico, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated56 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Mexico include105 106 107 83 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Mexico include30 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Mexico include108 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Mexico include109 110 111 112 113 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Mexico, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law101 99 114

Firearm Tracing

In Mexico, state authorities carry out101 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Mexico, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are101 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Mexico, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit79 86 75 85 111 13

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Mexico, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit79 86 75 85 111 13

Gun Free Zones

In Mexico, private guns are prohibited in public demonstrations and celebrations and in deliberative assemblies115

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Mexico, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm116 is 7 years prison117

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Mexico are known to have118 119 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Collected and Seized

In Mexico, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number 306,354120 (1994-2012)121 122

Small Arms Destroyed

In Mexico, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 28,302118 (2007), and 79,074119 (2009)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Mexico, it is state policy99 123 124 125 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

Organization of American States

On 14 November 1997, as a member of the Organisation of American States (OAS), Mexico adopted the Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA), a legally binding multilateral treaty of which the OAS is depository. The CIFTA Convention has since been signed and ratified126 127 by Mexico

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

At the resumption of the most recent session of the UN Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice (UNCCPCJ), a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, Mexico was listed as an elected member for a three-year term of office128

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006129 by Mexico.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified130 by Mexico

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified131 by Mexico

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mexico committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects132

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Mexico against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2133 134 135 136 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mexico has submitted one or more national reports137 138 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mexico, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated139 138

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Mexico, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated139 138

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Mexico submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent138 140

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated138 by Mexico to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided138 to Mexico by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mexico has declared141 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mexico has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1945142

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list143 Mexico as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Mexico, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Mexico ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘Estimated Civilian Gun Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8972)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Frontera NorteSur / Mexidata. 2014. ‘The Zooming-Upward Number of Guns Owned by Mexican Citizens.’ 7 April. (N326) Full Citation

5.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Legally Registered Civilian Firearms.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States (OAS),1 July. (Q9208)Full Citation

6.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Civilian Firearms Legally Registered.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5679)Full Citation

7.

GunPolicy.org.2014.‘Calculated Rates - Mexico.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,4 July. (Q4263)Full Citation

8.

Karp, Aaron.2012.‘State Firearms Ownership.’ Measurement and Use of Statistical Data to Analyze Small Arms in the Caribbean and Latin America.Mexico City:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the Center of Excellence, National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI),28 April. (Q8973)Full Citation

9.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

10.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Mexico.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6346)Full Citation

12.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

13.

Butchart, Alexander, Christopher Mikton and Etienne Krug.2014.‘Country Profile: Mexico.’ Global Status Report on Violence Prevention 2014.Geneva:World Health Organisation (WHO), United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP),10 December. (Q9626)Full Citation

14.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide 2000-2011.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States (OAS),1 July. (Q9209)Full Citation

15.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Intentional Homicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5678)Full Citation

16.

Polanska, Malgorzata.2009.‘Homicides by States and Regions (Homicidios por Entidad Federativa y Regiones ).’ Security and Defence Atlas of Mexico 2009 (Atlas de la Seguridad y la Defensa de México 2009).Mexico City:CASEDE - Security Analysis with Democracy Partnership (Colectivo de Análisis de la Seguridad con Democracia),1 July. (Q5507)Full Citation

17.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

18.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Intentional Homicide Committed by Firearms 2000-2010.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States (OAS),1 July. (Q9210)Full Citation

19.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

20.

UNODC.2005.‘Recorded Homicide and Firearm Homicide in 53 Countries, Completed or Attempted.’ Eighth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2001-2002).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,15 April. (Q1077)Full Citation

21.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

22.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

23.

OAS Hemispheric Citizen Security Observatory.2012.‘Suicide 2000-2009.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2012.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States (OAS),1 July. (Q9206)Full Citation

24.

WHO.2010.‘Number of Suicides by Age Group and Gender, Mexico, 2006.’ World Health Organization Mental Health Data.Geneva:World Health Organization,12 September. (Q2468)Full Citation

25.

OAS Observatory on Citizen Security.2011.‘Suicide.’ Report on Citizen Security in the Americas 2011.Washington, DC:Organisation of American States,1 January. (Q5680)Full Citation

26.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

27.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

28.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

29.

Mexico.2004.‘Manufacture, Trade, Import, Export and Related Activities - Preliminary Provisions.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2268)Full Citation

30.

Mexico.1972.‘Articles 34 and 35.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4510)Full Citation

31.

Mexico.2003.‘Manufacture, Possession and Storing.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,16 June. (Q2381)Full Citation

32.

Mexico.2010.‘Legislation (Legislación).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3808)Full Citation

33.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘Ranking of World's Small Arms Producers (By Sales).’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q103)Full Citation

34.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 61.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4516)Full Citation

35.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Import and Export.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2274)Full Citation

36.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Import and Export.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2273)Full Citation

37.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Import and Export.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2276)Full Citation

38.

Mexico.2003.‘Import and Export.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,16 June. (Q2383)Full Citation

39.

Mexico.2010.‘Export Control (Control de las Exportaciones).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3803)Full Citation

40.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

41.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.1: Major Exporters.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8485)Full Citation

42.

Small Arms Survey.2001.‘60 Known Legal Small Arms Exporting Countries, 2001.’ Small Arms Survey 2001: Profiling the Problem.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q867)Full Citation

43.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Import and Export.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2272)Full Citation

44.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Import and Export.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2275)Full Citation

45.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Annexes 8.2: Major Importers.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8486)Full Citation

46.

Diaz, Tom.2009.‘The Role of the U.S. Civilian Firearms Market.’ Iron River: Gun Violence and Illegal Firearms Trafficking on the US-Mexico Border.Washington, DC:Violence Policy Center,1 April. (Q5322)Full Citation

47.

Mayors Against Illegal Guns.2010.‘Top Ten Sources of Traced U.S. Guns Recovered in Mexican Crimes.’ The Movement of Illegal Guns Across the US-Mexico Border.Washington, DC:Mayors Against Illegal Guns,1 September. (Q5323)Full Citation

48.

USGAO.2009.‘Results in Brief.’ Firearms Trafficking: U.S. Efforts to Combat Arms Trafficking to Mexico Face Planning and Coordination Challenges.Washington, DC:United States Government Accountability Office,1 June. (Q5324)Full Citation

49.

Goodman, Colby and Michel Marizco.2010.‘Introduction.’ US Firearms Trafficking to Mexico: New Data and Insights Illuminate Key Trends and Challenges.San Diego, CA:Trans-Border Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, University of San Diego,1 September. (Q2523)Full Citation

50.

Goodman, Colby and Michel Marizco.2010.‘US Government Actions.’ US Firearms Trafficking to Mexico: New Data and Insights Illuminate Key Trends and Challenges.San Diego, CA:Trans-Border Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, University of San Diego,1 September. (Q2526)Full Citation

51.

Goodman, Colby and Michel Marizco.2010.‘US Government Actions.’ US Firearms Trafficking to Mexico: New Data and Insights Illuminate Key Trends and Challenges.San Diego, CA:Trans-Border Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, University of San Diego,1 September. (Q2528)Full Citation

52.

Goodman, Colby and Michel Marizco.2010.‘Types of Firearms Recovered in Mexico.’ US Firearms Trafficking to Mexico: New Data and Insights Illuminate Key Trends and Challenges.San Diego, CA:Trans-Border Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, University of San Diego,1 September. (Q2530)Full Citation

53.

Goodman, Colby and Michel Marizco.2010.‘Introduction.’ US Firearms Trafficking to Mexico: New Data and Insights Illuminate Key Trends and Challenges.San Diego, CA:Trans-Border Institute, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, University of San Diego,1 September. (Q2522)Full Citation

54.

Prensa Latina (Havana). 2008. ‘Mexican Army Seizes 4 Tons Weapons.’ 8 February. (N245) Full Citation

55.

Schroeder, Matt.2013.‘Sources of Illicit Small Arms in Mexico.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8490)Full Citation

56.

Mexico.2004.‘General Rules.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q4907)Full Citation

57.

Mexico.1972.‘General Rules.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4906)Full Citation

58.

Pavesi, Irene and Christelle Rigual.2013.‘Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer 2013.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q6871)Full Citation

59.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

60.

Mexico.2004.‘General Rules.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2249)Full Citation

61.

Mexico.1972.‘General Rules.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4502)Full Citation

62.

Mexico.2003.‘Registration.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,16 June. (Q2380)Full Citation

63.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 3.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4508)Full Citation

64.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2266)Full Citation

65.

Mexico.2004.‘Article 10.’ The Political Constitution of the Mexican United States.Mexico City:National Congress of the United Mexican States / Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas,28 July. (Q8508)Full Citation

66.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

67.

Mexico.2004.‘Article 10.’ The Political Constitution of the Mexican United States.Mexico City:National Congress of the United Mexican States / Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas,28 July. (Q2148)Full Citation

68.

Mexico.2004.‘General Rules.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q8509)Full Citation

69.

Sherman, Amy and David Kopel.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8506)Full Citation

70.

Cook, Philip J, Wendy Cukier and Keith Krause.2009.‘Firearms and Firearm Regulation in North America: Mexico.’ The Illicit Firearms Trade in North America.London:Criminology & Criminal Justice,1 August. (Q5321)Full Citation

71.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2287)Full Citation

72.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2252)Full Citation

73.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2256)Full Citation

74.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2253)Full Citation

75.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2254)Full Citation

76.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession of Arms in the Home.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2261)Full Citation

77.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2263)Full Citation

78.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2264)Full Citation

79.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2265)Full Citation

80.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession of Arms in the Home.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2262)Full Citation

81.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession of Arms in the Home.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2258)Full Citation

82.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 9.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4503)Full Citation

83.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 17.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4505)Full Citation

84.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 24.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4513)Full Citation

85.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 25.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4512)Full Citation

86.

Mexico.1931.‘Articles 161 and 163.’ Federal Penal Code (Código Penal Federal).Mexico City:Congress of Mexico,14 August. (Q4958)Full Citation

87.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q4905)Full Citation

88.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 13.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4515)Full Citation

89.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 21.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4506)Full Citation

90.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2255)Full Citation

91.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 51.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4509)Full Citation

92.

Mexico.2004.‘General Rules.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2250)Full Citation

93.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession and Carrying.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2251)Full Citation

94.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession of Arms in the Home.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2259)Full Citation

95.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 11.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4504)Full Citation

96.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Control and Monitoring.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2284)Full Citation

97.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 50.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4514)Full Citation

98.

Mexico.2003.‘Controls on the Sale of Firearms.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,16 June. (Q2382)Full Citation

99.

Mexico.2003.‘Marking.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,16 June. (Q2384)Full Citation

100.

Mexico.2004.‘Possession of Arms in the Home.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2260)Full Citation

101.

Mexico.2008.‘Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,31 March. (Q2378)Full Citation

102.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Commercial and Industrial Activities and Operations.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2271)Full Citation

103.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 54.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4507)Full Citation

104.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Commercial and Industrial Activities and Operations.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2270)Full Citation

105.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Storage.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2281)Full Citation

106.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Storage.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2282)Full Citation

107.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Storage.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2283)Full Citation

108.

Mexico.2010.‘Stockpile Management (Gestión de los Arsenales).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3801)Full Citation

109.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Transport.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2278)Full Citation

110.

Mexico.2004.‘Of Transport.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2277)Full Citation

111.

Mexico.1972.‘Articles 29 and 30.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4511)Full Citation

112.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 67.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4518)Full Citation

113.

Mexico.1972.‘Article 68.’ Regulation of the Federal Firearms Law and Explosives (Reglamento de la Ley Federal de Armas de Fuego y Explosivos).Mexico City:Presidency of Mexico,6 May. (Q4517)Full Citation

114.

Mexico.2010.‘Marking (Marcado).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3804)Full Citation

115.

Mexico.2004.‘Cases, Conditions, Requirements and Places for the Carrying of Arms.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2267)Full Citation

116.

GunPolicy.org. 2015. ‘Penalty for Unlawful Firearm Possession.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 23 January.
(G93) Full Citation

117.

Mexico.2004.‘Sanctions.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2285)Full Citation

118.

Mexico.2008.‘Achievements made in the Implementation of the Programme of Action.’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,31 March. (Q2379)Full Citation

119.

Associated Press. 2009. ‘Mexico Begins Destroying Over 79,000 Seized Arms.’ 26 August. (N244) Full Citation

120.

Schroeder, Matt.2013.‘Illicit Small Arms in Mexico.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8489)Full Citation

121.

Schroeder, Matt.2013.‘Table 12.1: Illicit Weapons Recovered by the Mexican Military, 2009-12.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8487)Full Citation

122.

Schroeder, Matt.2013.‘Analysing the Data.’ Small Arms Survey 2013: Everyday Dangers.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press and the Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,2 July. (Q8488)Full Citation

123.

Mexico.2004.‘Sanctions.’ Federal Law of Firearms and Explosives, 2004.Mexico City:Ministry of Parliamentary Services,23 January. (Q2286)Full Citation

124.

Mexico.2010.‘Destruction of Surplus Firearms Owned by the State (Eliminación de los Excedentes de Armas Ligeras en Poder del Estado).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3802)Full Citation

125.

Mexico.2010.‘Disarmament (Desarme).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3805)Full Citation

126.

OAS / UNODA.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials / CIFTA.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Organization of American States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 November. (Q3244)Full Citation

127.

OAS.1997.‘Inter-American Convention against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Explosives, Ammunition and Other Related Materials (CIFTA): Signatures and Ratifications.’ Organization of American States, Department of International Law.Washington, DC:Organization of American States,14 November. (Q3262)Full Citation

128.

UNCCPCJ / UNODC.1991.‘Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.’ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Vienna:United Nations Economic and Social Council / United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q3222)Full Citation

129.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

130.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

131.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

132.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

133.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

134.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

135.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

136.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

137.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

138.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

139.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

140.

Mexico.2010.‘Civil Society Cooperation (Cooperación con la Sociedad Civil).’ National Report of Mexico on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mexico to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3807)Full Citation

141.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

142.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

143.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation