Find Gun Policy Facts

Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Mauritius — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mauritius is 180,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Mauritius is 14.71 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mauritius ranked at No. 1202

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mauritius ranked at No. 441

Government Guns

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mauritius are reported to have 1,8803 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mauritius, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 344 5
2010: 33
2009: 38
2008: 485
2007: 45
2006: 506
2005: 37
2004: 355 7
2003: 36
2002: 305
2001: 28
2000: 268
1999: 23
1998: 31
1997: 245
1996: 34
1995: 25

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mauritius, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 2.84 5
2010: 2.7
2009: 3.1
2008: 3.75 9
2007: 3.5
2006: 4.006
2005: 2.98
2004: 2.85 7
2003: 2.95
2002: 2.55
2001: 2.3
2000: 2.198
1999: 1.96
1998: 2.67
1997: 2.15
1996: 3.0
1995: 2.2
1993: 2.3510

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Mauritius, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 04
2010: 1
2009: 0
2006: 16
2005: 0

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Mauritius, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 011
2010: 0.07
2009: 0
2006: 0.086
2005: 0.00
1993: 0.0012

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Mauritius, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 0%4
2010: 3%
2009: 0%
2008: 0%
2007: 0%
2006: 2%
2005: 0%

Suicides (any method)

In Mauritius, annual suicides by any means total 1999: 17413

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mauritius, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 14.2513
1993: 12.9814

Gun Suicides

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Mauritius, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is 1993: 0.0915

Unintentional Gun Deaths

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Mauritius, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is 1993: 0.0916

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Mauritius, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is 1993: 0.0017

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mauritius, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence18

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Mauritius, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law19

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mauritius is reported by Customs to be US$020 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Mauritius, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law19 18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mauritius is reported by Customs to be US$698,24020 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Mauritius, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law19

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mauritius includes the Firearms Act 200621

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Mauritius are regulated by the Commissioner of Police, the Police and Customs Departments21

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mauritius, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law22

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Mauritius, only licensed gun owners21 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Mauritius, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every year21

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Mauritius, the law requires18 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Mauritius, licensed firearm dealers are required18 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mauritius, State agencies are required18 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Mauritius, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law21

Firearm Tracing

In Mauritius, state authorities carry out18 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Mauritius adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200623

Southern African Development Community

As a member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), Mauritius signed the SADC Declaration Concerning Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials in March 2001. This laid the ground for the August, 2001 adoption of the legally binding SADC Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials24

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists25 Mauritius as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200726 by Mauritius.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed27 by Mauritius

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified28 by Mauritius

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mauritius committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects29

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Mauritius against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 13730 31 32 33 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mauritius has submitted one or more national reports34 35 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mauritius, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated36 35

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated35 by Mauritius to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided35 to Mauritius by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mauritius has not declared37 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mauritius has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196838

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list39 Mauritius as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Mauritius ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

4.

UNODC.2014.‘Homicides and Gun Homicides in Mauritius.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q9941)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Mauritius.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6416)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 - 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

9.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

10.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1301)Full Citation

11.

GunPolicy.org.2015.‘Calculated Rates - Mauritius.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,28 May. (Q10093)Full Citation

12.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1297)Full Citation

13.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

14.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1302)Full Citation

15.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1298)Full Citation

16.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1299)Full Citation

17.

Krug, E G, K E Powell and L L Dahlberg.1998.‘Firearm-Related Deaths in the United States and 35 Other High- and Upper-Middle-Income Countries.’ International Journal of Epidemiology.Atlanta:National Centre for Injury Prevention & Control, Centers for Disease Control & Prevention / CDC,16 April. (Q1300)Full Citation

18.

Mauritius.2008.‘Implementation of the Programme of Action.’ National Report of Mauritius on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mauritius to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4633)Full Citation

19.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

20.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

21.

Mauritius.2008.‘Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument.’ National Report of Mauritius on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mauritius to the United Nations,1 January. (Q4632)Full Citation

22.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

23.

African Union / UNODA.2005.‘Windhoek Common Position.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:African Union / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,14 December. (Q3216)Full Citation

24.

SADC / UNODA.2001.‘Protocol on Control of Firearms, Ammunition and Other Related Materials.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York, NY:Southern African Development Community Secretariat / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 August. (Q3217)Full Citation

25.

UNCCPCJ / UNODC.1991.‘Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice.’ United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime.Vienna:United Nations Economic and Social Council / United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,1 January. (Q3222)Full Citation

26.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

27.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

28.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

29.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York, NY:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

30.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Findings - Table 3: Reporting States by Rank and Score.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8752)Full Citation

31.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘What do the PoAIM Scores Represent? How Should the PoAIM Scores Be Interpreted?.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8753)Full Citation

32.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Point Allocation System.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8754)Full Citation

33.

Parker, Sarah and Katherine Green.2012.‘Introduction.’ The Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (Phase 1): Assessing Reported Progress.Geneva:Small Arms Survey, the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies,1 August. (Q8755)Full Citation

34.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

35.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) - Implementation Support System.New York, NY:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

36.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York, NY:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

37.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York, NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

38.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York, NY:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

39.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation