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Mali — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Mali is 143,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Mali is 1.11 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Mali ranked at No. 1272

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Mali ranked at No. 1491

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Mali there are estimated to be 5,5003

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Mali are reported to have 13,8704 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Mali are reported to have 17,8825 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Mali, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 1,1196
2008: 1,1577

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Mali, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 7.56
2008: 8.07
2004: 18.008
2002: 12.70
1998: 0.71

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Mali, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but not conducted in practice9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Home-made Guns

In Mali, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate10

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Mali, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law22 9 23

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Mali is reported by Customs to be US$337,31624 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Mali, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law22 25 26 27 28 11 29 30 31 13 32 33 34 14 35 36

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Mali is reported by Customs to be US$6,789,58624 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Mali is moderate3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Mali, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law23 37

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Mali is categorised as restrictive38

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Mali includes the Law No. 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Governing Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali, the Decree No 08-681/P-RM of November 11, 2008, Governing the Composition, Functions, Organisation and Functioning of the National Commission for the Fight Against the Proliferation of Small Arms, the Decree No. 05 441/P RM of October 13, 2005, and the Law No 01-075 of July 18, 2001 (Customs Code)39 10 22 27

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Mali are regulated by the Minister of Internal Security, under the cover of the State Representative,28 the Governor of the Region or District of Bamako under the cover of State Representative,29 the representative of the department in charge of urban planning17 40

Right to Possess Firearms

In Mali, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law41 42 43 44

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Mali, civilians are not allowed to possess weapons of war40 45

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Mali, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited40 45

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Mali, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is prohibited40 45

Regulation of Handguns

In Mali, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence40 45

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Mali, only licensed gun owners29 30 31 32 33 46 47 48 40 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Mali are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example demonstrating a need for protection47

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Mali is 18 years old49

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Mali must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental, and addiction49 36 48 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Mali, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required42 43 44

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Mali does not stipulate42 43 44 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Mali, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required42 43 44 for a firearm licence

Licensing Records

In Mali, authorities maintain a record50 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Mali are permitted to possess any number of firearms42 43 44

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Mali are permitted to possess a limited quantity of smoothbore and rifled ammunition fixed by the Minister in charge of Internal Security51

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Mali, the law requires50 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Mali, licensed firearm dealers are required52 53 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Mali, licensed gun makers are required52 53 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Mali, State agencies are not required54 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Mali, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted34 46 32 33 55 56

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Mali, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful28 12 16 17 19 20 21 57 58

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Mali, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined42 43 44

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Mali, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated42 43 44 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Mali do not include42 43 44 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Mali include17 57 58 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Mali do not include54 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Mali do not include42 43 44 37 23 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Mali, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law59 60 18

Firearm Tracing

In Mali, state authorities do not carry out42 43 44 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Mali, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not42 43 44 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Mali, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit29 30 31 47

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Mali, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit29 30 31 47

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Mali, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm61 is 5 years prison and a fine62

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Mali are known to have63 64 65 66 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Mali, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 2,70067 (1995), 85066 (2000-2001), 1,00065 (2004), 81964 (2008) and 2,32663 (2010)

Exchanged in Gun Buyback

In Mali, the total number of firearms exchanged for monetary or in-kind compensation during recent gun buyback and disposal programmes is reported to be 1,00065

Small Arms Destroyed

In Mali, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 3,00068 (1996), 85066 (2000-2001), 1,00065 (2004), 81964 (2008) and 2,32663 (2010)

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Mali, it is state policy64 65 66 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

African Union

In June 2006, as a member of the African Union, Mali adopted an African Common Position to take to the Conference to Review the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA), held in June 200669

Economic Community of West African States

In June 2006, as a member of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Mali adopted the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms and Light Weapons, their Ammunition and other Related Materials. This stipulates strict controls on the transfer, manufacture, possession and security of small arms and light weapons70 71

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200672 by Mali.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified73 by Mali

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified74 by Mali

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Mali committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects75

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Mali against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 1776 77 78 79 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Mali has submitted one or more national reports80 81 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Mali, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated82 81

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Mali, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated82

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Mali submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent82 81

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated81 by Mali to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided81 to Mali by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Mali has not declared83 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Mali has been a Member State of the United Nations since 196084

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list85 Mali as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Mali, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Mali ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

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IRIN (UN News). 2008. ‘Mali: Gun Running Worsening.’ 10 July. (N240) Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

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UNODC.2014.‘Homicides in Mali.’ Global Study on Homicide 2013: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC),10 April. (Q10005)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Mali.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6377)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Sub-Saharan Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington, DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3812)Full Citation

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Mali.2010.‘Manufacture (Fabrication).’ National Report of Mali on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3954)Full Citation

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Mali.2010.‘Home-made Manufacture (Fabrication Artisanale).’ National Report of Mali on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3956)Full Citation

11.

Mali.2004.‘Article 9.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4436)Full Citation

12.

Mali.2004.‘Article 11.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4439)Full Citation

13.

Mali.2004.‘Article 18.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4444)Full Citation

14.

Mali.2004.‘Article 33.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4452)Full Citation

15.

Mali.2004.‘Article 35.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4453)Full Citation

16.

Mali.2005.‘Article 3 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4458)Full Citation

17.

Mali.2005.‘Article 5 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4459)Full Citation

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Mali.2005.‘Article 7 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4460)Full Citation

19.

Mali.2005.‘Article 8 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4461)Full Citation

20.

Mali.2005.‘Article 9 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4462)Full Citation

21.

Mali.2005.‘Article 10 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4463)Full Citation

22.

Mali.2003.‘Legislation - Regulation - Administrative Procedures (La Législation - Réglementations - Procédures Administrative).’ National Report of Mali on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations,24 June. (Q3959)Full Citation

23.

Moreau, Virginie, Cédric Poitevin and Jihan Seniora.2010.‘Comparison of the Main Regulatory Aspects Examined - Mali.’ Arms Transfer Controls: The Example of French-Speaking States in Sub-Saharan Africa.Brussels:Groupe de Recherche et d'Information sur la Paix et la Sécurité (GRIP),1 May. (Q5236)Full Citation

24.

Marsh, Nicholas.2014.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,22 December. (Q16)Full Citation

25.

Mali.2003.‘Import.’ National Report of Mali on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations,24 June. (Q3960)Full Citation

26.

Mali.2003.‘Illegal Import.’ National Report of Mali on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations,24 June. (Q3961)Full Citation

27.

Moreau, Virginie, Cédric Poitevin and Jihan Seniora.2010.‘Comparison of the Main Regulatory Aspects Examined - Mali.’ Arms Transfer Controls: The Example of French-Speaking States in Sub-Saharan Africa.Brussels:Groupe de Recherche et d'Information sur la Paix et la Sécurité (GRIP),1 May. (Q4011)Full Citation

28.

Mali.2004.‘Article 8.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4435)Full Citation

29.

Mali.2004.‘Article 12.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4440)Full Citation

30.

Mali.2004.‘Article 13.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4441)Full Citation

31.

Mali.2004.‘Article 16.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4442)Full Citation

32.

Mali.2004.‘Article 19.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4445)Full Citation

33.

Mali.2004.‘Article 21.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4446)Full Citation

34.

Mali.2004.‘Article 25.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4448)Full Citation

35.

Mali.2005.‘Article 12 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4464)Full Citation

36.

Mali.2005.‘Article 19 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4468)Full Citation

37.

Moreau, Virginie, Cédric Poitevin and Jihan Seniora.2010.‘Transactions and Activities Covered - Imports, Exports, Transit and Brokering.’ Arms Transfer Controls: The Example of French-Speaking States in Sub-Saharan Africa.Brussels:Groupe de Recherche et d'Information sur la Paix et la Sécurité (GRIP),1 May. (Q5013)Full Citation

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Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

39.

Mali.2010.‘Law (Loi).’ National Report of Mali on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Mali to the United Nations,1 January. (Q3952)Full Citation

40.

Mali.2005.‘Article 25 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4471)Full Citation

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Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami, FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

42.

Mali.2004.‘Article 2.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4434)Full Citation

43.

Mali.2005.‘Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005 (Décret No 05-441/P-RM du 13 Octobre 2005).’ Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4457)Full Citation

44.

Mali.2008.‘Decree No 08-681/P-RM of November 11, 2008, Laying Down the Remit, Composition, Organization and Methods of Operation of the National Commission Combating Proliferation of Small Arms.’ Décret No 08-681/P-RM du 11 Novembre 2008 Fixant les Attributions, la Composition, l'Organisation et les Modalités de Fonctionnement de la Commission Nationale de Lutte Contre la Prolifération des Armes Légères.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,11 November. (Q4474)Full Citation

45.

Mali.2004.‘Article 3.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4438)Full Citation

46.

Mali.2004.‘Article 27.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4449)Full Citation

47.

Mali.2005.‘Articles 22 and 23 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4469)Full Citation

48.

Mali.2005.‘Article 24 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4470)Full Citation

49.

Mali.2004.‘Article 32.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4451)Full Citation

50.

Mali.2005.‘Articles 32 and 33 - Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali.’ Decree No 05-441/P-RM of October 13, 2005, for the Implementation of the Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali.Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,13 October. (Q4472)Full Citation

51.

Mali.2004.‘Article 17.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4443)Full Citation

52.

Mali.2004.‘Article 37.’ Act No 04-050 of November 12, 2004, Regulating Arms and Ammunition in the Republic of Mali (Loi No 04-050 du 12 novembre 2004, Régissant les Armes et Munitions en République du Mali).Bamako:Office of the President of the Republic of Mali,12 November. (Q4454)Full Citation

53.

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