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Macedonia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Macedonia is 256,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Macedonia is 12.521 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Macedonia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 96,5872

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 54,7132 handguns in civilian possession in Macedonia

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Macedonia ranked at No. 833

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Macedonia ranked at No. 204

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Macedonia is reported to be 155,9962 4 1

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Macedonia is 7.631

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Macedonia there are estimated to be 100,0005 6 7 1

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Macedonia there are estimated to be 4.908 1 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Macedonia are reported to have 85,4469 7 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Macedonia are reported to have 10,64010 to 36,00011 7 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 3812
2009: 3413 14 15
2008: 35
2007: 49
2006: 50
2003: 54
2002: 52
2001: 110
2000: 32
1999: 2913 14
1998: 4313 14 15
1997: 4113 14 15 16

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.8512
2009: 1.658
2008: 1.70
2007: 2.38
2006: 2.44
2003: 2.65
2002: 2.56
2001: 5.44
2000: 1.59
1999: 1.45
1998: 2.15
1997: 2.07

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 3017 18 19
2010: 4317 18
2009: 2920 17 18
2008: 40
2007: 48
2006: 53
2005: 52
2004: 56
2003: 66
2002: 69
2001: 131
2000: 60
1999: 5020 18
1998: 4520
1997: 43
1996: 45
1995: 28
1994: 33

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.417 18 19
2010: 2.017 18
2009: 1.408 17 18
2008: 1.94
2007: 2.33
2006: 2.58
2005: 2.54
2004: 2.74
2003: 3.24
2002: 3.40
2001: 6.47
2000: 2.98
1999: 2.498 18
1998: 2.26
1997: 2.17
1996: 2.28
1995: 1.43
1994: 1.708

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 1917
2010: 2213 17 18
2009: 1213 21 17 18
2008: 1713 17 18
2007: 30
2006: 2513 22 17 18
2005: 2417 18 22
2004: 2923 18
2003: 3213
2002: 31
2001: 81
2000: 2013 18
1999: 16
1998: 2313
1997: 20
1995: 2824

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.918
2010: 1.0713 8 18
2009: 0.59
2008: 0.83
2007: 1.47
2006: 1.2313 22 8 18
2005: 1.1822 8 18
2004: 1.428 18
2003: 1.5813
2002: 1.53
2001: 3.98
2000: 0.9913 18
1999: 0.79
1998: 1.1513
1997: 1.0
1995: 1.4325

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Macedonia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 63%17 19
2010: 65%17
2009: 37%
2008: 49%
2007: 62%
2006: 54%
2005: 55%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 813
2009: 1
2008: 2
2007: 2
2006: 4

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.3913
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.20

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual long gun homicides total

2009: 113
2007: 1
2006: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0513
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 1413
2009: 10
2008: 15
2007: 27
2006: 20

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.6813
2009: 0.49
2008: 0.73
2007: 1.32
2006: 0.98

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 16720
2008: 161
2007: 159
2006: 165
2005: 143
2004: 179
2003: 136
2002: 149
2001: 151
2000: 148
1999: 169
1998: 151
1997: 155
1996: 143
1995: 130
1994: 128

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 8.088
2008: 7.81
2007: 7.73
2006: 8.05
2005: 6.99
2004: 8.77
2003: 6.68
2002: 7.34
2001: 7.46
2000: 7.35
1999: 8.43
1998: 7.57
1997: 7.81
1996: 7.25
1995: 6.65
1994: 6.61

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 1314
2009: 1814 26
2008: 1714
2007: 18
2006: 19
2004: 2027 28
2003: 1714
2002: 15
2001: 14
2000: 8
1999: 13
1998: 18
1997: 16

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.6314
2009: 0.8814 8
2008: 0.8314
2007: 0.88
2006: 0.93
2004: 0.988
2003: 0.8414
2002: 0.74
2001: 0.69
2000: 0.39
1999: 0.64
1998: 0.9
1997: 0.8

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 214
2009: 6
2008: 4
2007: 5
2006: 5

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1014
2009: 0.29
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.25

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Macedonia, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 114
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 1
2006: 1

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0514
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 1014
2009: 10
2008: 10
2007: 12
2006: 13

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.4914
2009: 0.49
2008: 0.49
2007: 0.59
2006: 0.64

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 315
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 6
2003: 5
2002: 6
2001: 15
2000: 4
1998: 2
1997: 5

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1515
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.29
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.3
2001: 0.74
2000: 0.2
1998: 0.1
1997: 0.25

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2010: 215
2009: 2
2008: 1
2006: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1015
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.05
2006: 0.10

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

In Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 115

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0515

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 215
2007: 1
2006: 4

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1015
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.20

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Macedonia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

1997: 016

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Macedonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1997: 0.0016

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Macedonia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted for makers authorised by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Defence,29 30 31 32 but no operational production companies exist33 34

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Macedonia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law35 36

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Macedonia is reported by Customs to be US$ 94337 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Macedonia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law35

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Macedonia is reported by Customs to be US$963,75337 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Macedonia is high38 39 40 41 42 43

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Macedonia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law44

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Macedonia include36 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Macedonia is categorised as restrictive45

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Macedonia includes the Law on Arms 2005,46 the Law on Weapons,47 and the Law on the Production of, and Trade In, Arms and Military Equipment48

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Macedonia are regulated by the Ministry of Internal Affairs49 50

Right to Possess Firearms

In Macedonia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law51 52

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Macedonia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, military weapons, firearms disguised as non-weapons, silenced firearms, and armour piercing, explosive or incendiary ammunition53 54 55

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Macedonia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited53 54 55 19

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Macedonia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence, subject to strict permissions53 54 55

Regulation of Handguns

In Macedonia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, subject to strict conditions53 54 55 19

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Macedonia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law53 54 55 19

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Macedonia, only licensed gun owners53 19 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Macedonia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport shooting, or collection56 57 58 59 60 61 62

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Macedonia is 18 years57 56

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Macedonia must pass a background check which considers criminal, medical, domestic violence, addiction, residential and various other56 57 63 64 65 66 19 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Macedonia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required52

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Macedonia stipulates65 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Macedonia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required67 60 68 56 57 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Macedonia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two to five years, depending on the age of the applicant69

Licensing Records

In Macedonia, authorities maintain a record70 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Macedonia are permitted to possess only firearms granted specific permission for possession or purchase by the Ministry of Internal Affairs71 72

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Macedonia are permitted to possess a maximum of 50 bullets once in the course of one calendar year and a maximum of 100 bullets for hunting arms73 72

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Macedonia, the law requires74 70 75 76 77 53 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Macedonia, licensed firearm dealers are required78 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Macedonia, licensed gun makers are required70 78 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Macedonia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted71 72 79

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Macedonia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful80

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Macedonia is obliged71 79 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Macedonia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined52

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Macedonia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated52 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Macedonia include81 82 83 84 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Macedonia include85 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Macedonia include86 87 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Macedonia include88 89 90 91 92 85 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Macedonia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law93 94 95 31 33

Firearm Tracing

In Macedonia, state authorities carry out33 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Macedonia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are74 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Macedonia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited91 88 53 19

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Macedonia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited91 88 53 19

Gun Free Zones

In Macedonia, private guns are prohibited in public places (streets, squares, roads, excursion places, ports, airports, railway stations, bus stations, waiting rooms, tourism and trading facilities, handicraft shops, sport stadiums, playgrounds, means of public transportation, cinema halls, theatre or concert halls, exhibition spaces, gardens and similar), as well as other places that at a certain time serve for such purposes91 88

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Macedonia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm96 is a fine of up to 300,000 denars97

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Macedonia are known to have98 99 100 101 102 103 104 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Macedonia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 6,412101 to 7,57198 (2003)

Firearms Collected and Seized

ChartIn Macedonia, firearms voluntarily surrendered for destruction, collected or seized in routine policing are reported to number

2013: 185105
2012: 179
2011: 314
2010: 1,279

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Macedonia, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2010: 9,876104
2005: 5,313103
2004: 7,571102
2003: 6,412101
2001: 3,87599 98 100
2000: 1,51498
1999: 2,61098
1998: 1,274
1997: 1,725
1996: 1,103

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Macedonia, it is not state policy106 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2009107 by Macedonia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified108 by Macedonia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified109 by Macedonia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Macedonia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects110

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Macedonia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 24111 112 113 114 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Macedonia has submitted one or more national reports115 116 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Macedonia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated117 116

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Macedonia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated117 116

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Macedonia submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent117 116 118

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated116 by Macedonia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided116 to Macedonia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Macedonia has not declared119 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Macedonia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1993120

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list121 Macedonia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Macedonia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Macedonia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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