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Macedonia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Macedonia is 256,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Macedonia is 12.521 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Macedonia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 96,5872

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Macedonia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 54,7132

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Macedonia ranked at No. 833

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Macedonia ranked at No. 204

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Macedonia, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2012: 5.7%5

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Macedonia is reported to be

2012: 157,0006
2005: 156,0004
2004: 156,0001
2003: 155,9962

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Macedonia is

2012: 7.547
2005: 7.63
2004: 7.631
2003: 7.677

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Macedonia there are estimated to be 100,0008 9 10 1

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Macedonia there are estimated to be 4.907 1 illicit firearms per 100 people

Number of Households with Firearms

In Macedonia, the number of households containing one or more guns is reported to be

2012: 86,90211

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Macedonia are reported to have 85,44612 10 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Macedonia are reported to have 10,64013 to 36,00014 10 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 3815
2009: 3416 17 18
2008: 35
2007: 49
2006: 50
2003: 54
2002: 52
2001: 110
2000: 32
1999: 2916 17
1998: 4316 17 18
1997: 4116 17 18 19

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.8515
2009: 1.657
2008: 1.70
2007: 2.38
2006: 2.44
2003: 2.65
2002: 2.56
2001: 5.44
2000: 1.59
1999: 1.45
1998: 2.15
1997: 2.07

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 3020 21 22
2010: 4320 21
2009: 2923 20 21
2008: 40
2007: 48
2006: 53
2005: 52
2004: 56
2003: 66
2002: 69
2001: 131
2000: 60
1999: 5023 21
1998: 4523
1997: 43
1996: 45
1995: 28
1994: 33

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.420 21 22
2010: 2.020 21
2009: 1.407 20 21
2008: 1.94
2007: 2.33
2006: 2.58
2005: 2.54
2004: 2.74
2003: 3.24
2002: 3.40
2001: 6.47
2000: 2.98
1999: 2.497 21
1998: 2.26
1997: 2.17
1996: 2.28
1995: 1.43
1994: 1.707

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual firearm homicides total

2011: 1920
2010: 2216 20 21
2009: 1216 24 20 21
2008: 1716 20 21
2007: 30
2006: 2516 25 20 21
2005: 2420 21 25
2004: 2926 21
2003: 3216
2002: 31
2001: 81
2000: 2016 21
1999: 16
1998: 2316
1997: 20
1995: 2827

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.917
2010: 1.0716 7 21
2009: 0.59
2008: 0.83
2007: 1.47
2006: 1.2316 25 7 21
2005: 1.1825 7 21
2004: 1.427 21
2003: 1.5816
2002: 1.53
2001: 3.98
2000: 0.9916 21
1999: 0.79
1998: 1.1516
1997: 1.0
1995: 1.4328

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Macedonia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 63%20 22
2010: 65%
2009: 37%
2008: 49%
2007: 62%
2006: 54%
2005: 55%
2004: 55.4%21
2000: 47.3%
1999: 35.3%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 816
2009: 1
2008: 2
2007: 2
2006: 4

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.3916
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.20

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual long gun homicides total

2009: 116
2007: 1
2006: 1

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0516
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 1416
2009: 10
2008: 15
2007: 27
2006: 20

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.6816
2009: 0.49
2008: 0.73
2007: 1.32
2006: 0.98

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual suicides by any means total

2009: 16723
2008: 161
2007: 159
2006: 165
2005: 143
2004: 179
2003: 136
2002: 149
2001: 151
2000: 148
1999: 169
1998: 151
1997: 155
1996: 143
1995: 130
1994: 128

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2009: 8.087
2008: 7.81
2007: 7.73
2006: 8.05
2005: 6.99
2004: 8.77
2003: 6.68
2002: 7.34
2001: 7.46
2000: 7.35
1999: 8.43
1998: 7.57
1997: 7.81
1996: 7.25
1995: 6.65
1994: 6.61

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 1317
2009: 1817 29
2008: 1717
2007: 18
2006: 19
2004: 2030 31
2003: 1717
2002: 15
2001: 14
2000: 8
1999: 13
1998: 18
1997: 16

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.6317
2009: 0.8817 7
2008: 0.8317
2007: 0.88
2006: 0.93
2004: 0.987
2003: 0.8417
2002: 0.74
2001: 0.69
2000: 0.39
1999: 0.64
1998: 0.9
1997: 0.8

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Macedonia, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 217
2009: 6
2008: 4
2007: 5
2006: 5

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1017
2009: 0.29
2008: 0.20
2007: 0.24
2006: 0.25

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Macedonia, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 117
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 1
2006: 1

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0517
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.05

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 1017
2009: 10
2008: 10
2007: 12
2006: 13

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.4917
2009: 0.49
2008: 0.49
2007: 0.59
2006: 0.64

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 318
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 6
2003: 5
2002: 6
2001: 15
2000: 4
1998: 2
1997: 5

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1518
2009: 0.20
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.29
2003: 0.25
2002: 0.3
2001: 0.74
2000: 0.2
1998: 0.1
1997: 0.25

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2010: 218
2009: 2
2008: 1
2006: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1018
2009: 0.10
2008: 0.05
2006: 0.10

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

In Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 118

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

In Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0518

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Macedonia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 218
2007: 1
2006: 4

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Macedonia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.1018
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.20

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

In Macedonia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

1997: 019

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

In Macedonia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

1997: 0.0019

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Macedonia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted for makers authorised by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the Ministry of Defence,32 33 34 35 but no operational production companies exist36 37

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Macedonia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law38 39

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Macedonia is reported by Customs to be US$ 94340 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Macedonia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law38

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Macedonia is reported by Customs to be US$963,75340 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Macedonia is high41 42 43 44 45 46

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Macedonia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law47

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Macedonia include39 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Macedonia is categorised as restrictive48

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Macedonia includes the Law on Arms 2005,49 the Law on Weapons,50 and the Law on the Production of, and Trade In, Arms and Military Equipment51

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Macedonia are regulated by the Ministry of Internal Affairs52 53 and the Ministry of Defence54

Right to Possess Firearms

In Macedonia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law55 56 57

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Macedonia, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, military weapons, firearms disguised as non-weapons, silenced firearms, and armour piercing, explosive or incendiary ammunition58 59 60

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Macedonia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited58 59 60 22

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Macedonia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence, subject to strict permissions58 59 60

Regulation of Handguns

In Macedonia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, subject to strict conditions58 59 60 22

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Macedonia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law58 59 60 22

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Macedonia, only licensed gun owners58 22 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Macedonia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport shooting, or collection61 62 63 64 65 66 67

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Macedonia is 18 years62 61

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Macedonia must pass a background check which considers criminal, medical, domestic violence, addiction, residential and various other61 62 68 69 70 71 22 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Macedonia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required57

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Macedonia stipulates70 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Macedonia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required72 65 73 61 62 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Macedonia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every two to five years, depending on the age of the applicant74

Licensing Records

In Macedonia, authorities maintain a record75 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Macedonia are permitted to possess only firearms granted specific permission for possession or purchase by the Ministry of Internal Affairs76 77

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Macedonia are permitted to possess a maximum of 50 bullets once in the course of one calendar year and a maximum of 100 bullets for hunting arms78 77

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Macedonia, the law requires79 75 80 81 82 58 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Macedonia, licensed firearm dealers are required83 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Macedonia, licensed gun makers are required75 83 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Macedonia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is permitted76 77 84

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Macedonia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful85

Background Checks for Private Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm in a private sale in Macedonia is obliged76 84 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Macedonia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined57

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Macedonia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated57 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Macedonia include86 87 88 89 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Macedonia include90 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Macedonia include91 92 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Macedonia include93 94 95 96 97 90 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Macedonia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law98 99 100 34 36

Firearm Tracing

In Macedonia, state authorities carry out36 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Macedonia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are79 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Macedonia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is prohibited96 93 58 22

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Macedonia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited96 93 58 22

Gun Free Zones

In Macedonia, private guns are prohibited in public places (streets, squares, roads, excursion places, ports, airports, railway stations, bus stations, waiting rooms, tourism and trading facilities, handicraft shops, sport stadiums, playgrounds, means of public transportation, cinema halls, theatre or concert halls, exhibition spaces, gardens and similar), as well as other places that at a certain time serve for such purposes96 93

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Macedonia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm101 is a fine of up to 300,000 denars102

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Macedonia are known to have103 104 105 106 107 108 109 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Macedonia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 6,412106 to 7,571103 (2003)

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Macedonia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 185110
2012: 179
2011: 314
2010: 1,279

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Macedonia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2010: 9,876109
2005: 5,313108
2004: 7,571107
2003: 6,412106
2001: 3,875104 103 105
2000: 1,514103
1999: 2,610103
1998: 1,274
1997: 1,725
1996: 1,103

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Macedonia, it is not state policy111 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2009112 by Macedonia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified113 by Macedonia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified114 by Macedonia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Macedonia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects115

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Macedonia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 24116 117 118 119 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Macedonia has submitted one or more national reports120 121 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Macedonia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated122 121

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Macedonia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated122 121

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Macedonia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent122 121 123

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated121 by Macedonia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided121 to Macedonia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Macedonia has not declared124 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Macedonia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1993125

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list126 Macedonia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Macedonia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Macedonia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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