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Liechtenstein — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Liechtenstein, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 01
2010: 1
2009: 0
2008: 1
2007: 0
2006: 02
2005: 0
2004: 11
2003: 0
2002: 0
2001: 0
2000: 0
1999: 1
1998: 0
1997: 0
1996: 0
1995: 0

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Liechtenstein, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.01
2010: 2.8
2009: 0.0
2008: 2.8
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.002
2005: 0.00
2004: 2.91
2003: 0.0
2002: 0.0
2001: 0.0
2000: 0.0
1999: 3.1
1998: 0.0
1997: 0.0
1996: 0.0
1995: 0.0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Liechtenstein, annual firearm homicides total

2008: 11
2007: 0
2006: 02
2005: 0

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Liechtenstein, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2008: 3.01
2007: 0.0
2006: 0.002
2005: 0.00

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Liechtenstein, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice3

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Liechtenstein, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law4

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Liechtenstein is reported by Customs to be US$05 (2007)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Liechtenstein, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law4

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Liechtenstein is reported by Customs to be US$05 (2010 - unknown value)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Liechtenstein is low3

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Liechtenstein, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law4 6

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Liechtenstein is categorised as restrictive7

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Liechtenstein, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence3

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Liechtenstein, only licensed gun owners (for certain arms)3 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Liechtenstein are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, hunting, target shooting, collection, personal protection, security3

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Liechtenstein is 18 years3

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Liechtenstein must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental and domestic violence3 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Liechtenstein, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required3

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Liechtenstein stipulates3 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Liechtenstein, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is not required3 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Liechtenstein, the law requires3 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Liechtenstein, licensed firearm dealers are required8 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Liechtenstein, licensed gun makers are required8 9 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Liechtenstein include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Liechtenstein include3 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Liechtenstein, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law10

Firearm Tracing

In Liechtenstein, state authorities carry out10 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Liechtenstein, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed without a permit, with some restrictions3

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200811 by Liechtenstein.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed, but not yet ratified12 by Liechtenstein

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified13 by Liechtenstein

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Liechtenstein committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects14

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Liechtenstein has submitted one or more national reports15 6 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Liechtenstein, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated16 6

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated6 by Liechtenstein to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Liechtenstein has declared17 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Liechtenstein has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199018

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list19 Liechtenstein as a Participating State


Short References

1.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Liechtenstein.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6252)Full Citation

2.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

3.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

4.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

5.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

6.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) – Implementation Support System.New York:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

7.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

8.

Liechtenstein.2010.‘Military Material – Procedures and Documentation – Record Keeping.’ National Report of Liechtenstein on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Liechtenstein to the United Nations,28 January. (Q4561)Full Citation

9.

Liechtenstein.2010.‘Non-Military Material – Procedures and Documentation – Record Keeping.’ National Report of Liechtenstein on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Liechtenstein to the United Nations,28 January. (Q4562)Full Citation

10.

Liechtenstein.2010.‘Tracing and Marking of SALW.’ National Report of Liechtenstein on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Liechtenstein to the United Nations,28 January. (Q4736)Full Citation

11.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

12.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

13.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

14.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

15.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

16.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

17.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

18.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

19.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation