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Lebanon — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Lebanon is 750,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Lebanon is 21.01 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Lebanon ranked at No. 582

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Lebanon ranked at No. 281

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Lebanon are reported to have 28,5003 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Lebanon are reported to have 17,6974 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Lebanon, annual homicides by any means total

2010: 955
2009: 81
2008: 252
2007: 108
2006: 855 6
2005: 156
2004: 1235

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Lebanon, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 2.25
2009: 1.9
2008: 6.0
2007: 2.65 7
2006: 2.15
2005: 3.8
2004: 3.1

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Lebanon, annual firearm homicides total

2006: 316
2005: 8

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Lebanon, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2006: 0.766
2005: 0.20

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Lebanon, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice8

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Lebanon, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law9

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Lebanon is reported by Customs to be US$1,063,14310 (2011)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Lebanon, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law9

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Lebanon is reported by Customs to be US$22,495,41510 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Lebanon is low8

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Lebanon, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law11

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Lebanon is categorised as restrictive12

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Lebanon are regulated by the Central Government8

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Regulation of Handguns

In Lebanon, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted without licence, for hunting, protection and security only8

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Lebanon, unlicensed, non-disqualified persons of minimum age8 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Lebanon are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, personal protection, security8

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Lebanon is 21 years8

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Lebanon must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental8 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Lebanon does not stipulate8 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Lebanon, the law does not require8 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Lebanon do not include8 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Lebanon do not include8 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Lebanon, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is not required by law13

Firearm Tracing

In Lebanon, state authorities do not carry out14 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

League of Arab States

As a member of the League of Arab States, Lebanon adopted the Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material in January 200215

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200616 by Lebanon.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed17 by Lebanon

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified18 by Lebanon

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Lebanon committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects19

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Lebanon has submitted one or more national reports20 11 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Lebanon, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated21 11

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Lebanon, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated21 11

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated11 by Lebanon to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided11 to Lebanon by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Lebanon has declared22 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Lebanon has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194523

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list24 Lebanon as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Lebanon, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Lebanon ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

5.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Lebanon.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6283)Full Citation

6.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

7.

Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Middle East and North Africa, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3813)Full Citation

8.

United Nations.1999.‘Analysis of Country Responses.’ United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation.Vienna:UN Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Division,30 August. (Q1)Full Citation

9.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

10.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

11.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) – Implementation Support System.New York:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

12.

Newton, George D and Franklin E Zimring.1969.‘Firearm Licensing: Permissive v Restrictive.’ Firearms & Violence in American Life: A staff report submitted to the National Commission on the Causes and Prevention of Violence.Washington, DC:US Government Printing Office,1 January. (Q22)Full Citation

13.

Lebanon.2008.‘Implementation of the International Tracing Instrument.’ National Report of Lebanon on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Lebanon to the United Nations,1 April. (Q4664)Full Citation

14.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q323)Full Citation

15.

League of Arab States / UNODA.2002.‘Arab Model Law on Weapons, Ammunitions, Explosives and Hazardous Material.’ United Nations Programme of Action Implementation Support System: Regional Organisations.New York:Council of the League of Arab States / United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,1 January. (Q3215)Full Citation

16.

GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

17.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

18.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

19.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

20.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

21.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

22.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

23.

UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

24.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation