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Latvia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Latvia is 280,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Latvia is 19.01 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Latvia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 44,6572

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Latvia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 10,8832

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 1053

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 321

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Latvia is reported to be 57,5602

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Latvia is 2.484

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Latvia are reported to have 86,0645 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Latvia are reported to have 8,4626 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 297 8 9 10
2013: 337 8 10
2012: 347 8 10 11
2011: 427 8 10
2010: 3212
2009: 437 8 9 10
2008: 47
2007: 48
2006: 527 8 10
2005: 437 8 9 10
2004: 47
2003: 58
2002: 69
2001: 72
2000: 69
1999: 92
1998: 103
1997: 120
1996: 126

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.444
2013: 1.63
2012: 1.554 11
2011: 1.914
2010: 1.4312
2009: 1.934
2008: 2.09
2007: 2.12
2006: 2.29
2005: 1.88
2004: 2.04
2003: 2.50
2002: 2.95
2001: 3.05
2000: 2.90
1999: 3.84
1998: 4.27
1997: 4.93
1996: 5.12

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 9713
2011: 6913 14
2010: 7013 15
2009: 108
2008: 99
2007: 94
2006: 128
2005: 126
2004: 181
2003: 202
2002: 214
2001: 219
2000: 238
1999: 22915
1998: 250
1997: 272
1996: 268
1995: 288

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 4.713
2011: 3.313 14
2010: 3.313 15
2009: 5.1
2008: 4.613 15 16
2007: 4.3
2006: 5.8
2005: 5.7
2004: 8.0
2003: 8.8
2002: 9.2
2001: 9.3
2000: 10.0
1999: 9.515 16
1998: 10.3
1997: 11.2
1996: 10.9
1995: 11.6

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 107
2013: 2
2012: 57 11
2011: 77
2010: 47 13
2009: 37 13 15
2008: 9
2007: 7
2006: 15
2005: 13
2004: 97 15
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 36
2000: 31
1999: 34
1998: 48
1997: 55
1996: 55
1995: 5617

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.507
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.257 11
2011: 0.347
2010: 0.197 4
2009: 0.147 4 15
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.68
2005: 0.58
2004: 0.407 15
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.08
2001: 1.54
2000: 1.31
1999: 1.40
1998: 1.96
1997: 2.23
1996: 2.21
1995: 2.2317

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Latvia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 6%14
2010: 6%13
2009: 5%
2008: 8%
2007: 4%
2006: 3%
2005: 10%
2004: 3.5%15
2003: 8.4%
2002: 12.8%
2001: 16.4%
2000: 13.1%
1999: 14.8%
1998: 17.3%
1997: 13.8%
1996: 15.6%
1995: 16.1%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 37
2011: 2
2010: 1
2008: 1
2006: 4
2005: 1
2002: 1
2001: 7
2000: 3
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 29

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.157
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.30
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 1.16

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 17
2012: 1
2011: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 3
1997: 11
1996: 5

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.057
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.10
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.45
1996: 0.20

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 67
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 12
2004: 8
2003: 19
2002: 22
2001: 28
2000: 25
1999: 28
1998: 44
1997: 42
1996: 21

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.307
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.37
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.50
2005: 0.54
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.83
2002: 0.95
2001: 1.20
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.15
1998: 1.80
1997: 1.70
1996: 0.84

Suicides (any method)

In Latvia, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 76418

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Latvia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 33.1218

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 158
2013: 23
2012: 248 11
2011: 278
2010: 21
2009: 31
2008: 27
2007: 33
2006: 33
2005: 22
2004: 29
2003: 30
2002: 37
2001: 29
2000: 32
1999: 47
1998: 46
1997: 52
1996: 56

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.758
2013: 1.14
2012: 1.188 11
2011: 1.318
2010: 1.00
2009: 1.45
2008: 1.24
2007: 1.50
2006: 1.49
2005: 0.98
2004: 1.28
2003: 1.31
2002: 1.60
2001: 1.24
2000: 1.35
1999: 1.93
1998: 1.88
1997: 2.11
1996: 2.25

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 18
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 4
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 6
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 4
2000: 6
1998: 4
1997: 1
1996: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.058
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.19
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.25
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.36

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 98
2013: 4
2012: 5
2011: 13
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 4
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 6
2002: 9
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 4
1998: 11
1997: 14
1996: 20

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.458
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.36
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.39
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.45
1997: 0.57
1996: 0.80

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 58
2013: 15
2012: 13
2011: 10
2010: 11
2009: 23
2008: 16
2007: 18
2006: 19
2005: 19
2004: 23
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 19
2000: 19
1999: 43
1998: 31
1997: 37
1996: 27

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.258
2013: 0.75
2012: 0.64
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.52
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.73
2007: 0.82
2006: 0.86
2005: 0.85
2004: 1.02
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.08
2001: 0.81
2000: 0.80
1999: 1.77
1998: 1.27
1997: 1.50
1996: 1.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 19
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 4
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 2
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 2
1997: 3
1996: 9

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.059
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.21
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.12
1996: 0.36

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 19
2005: 1
2002: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.049
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 19
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.059
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.05
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 19
2007: 3
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 3
1997: 2
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.049
2007: 0.13
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.12
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.12

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 310
2013: 8
2012: 510 11
2011: 810
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 10
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 7
1997: 10
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1510
2013: 0.40
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.46
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.41
1996: 0.24

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 110
2011: 1
2001: 1
1999: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0510
2011: 0.05
2001: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1997: 0.04

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 110
2008: 1
2007: 2
2005: 2
2001: 1
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0510
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2001: 0.04
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.04

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 310
2013: 7
2012: 4
2011: 7
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 9
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 5

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1510
2013: 0.35
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.20

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Latvia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,19 20 but is not conducted in practise21 22

Home-made Guns

In Latvia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate23

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$230,41035 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Latvia was categorized as 'minor'36

Firearm Imports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law24 25 26 27 37 30 31 32 33

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$5,664,54135 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Latvia is moderate23

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Latvia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law38 39 27 40 41 42

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Latvia include28 29 43 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Latvia is categorised as restrictive44

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Latvia includes the Law on the Handling of Weapons, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 159 of March 1, 2005, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 1665 of December 28, 2009,45 46 37 the Law on Circulation of Weapons and Special Means of 2011, the Law on the Circulation of Goods of Strategic Significance of 2007, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulation No. 1001, the Criminal Law,25 the Cabinet of Ministers regulation No. 939,38 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,47 48 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200349

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Latvia are regulated by the Cabinet50 and the Office for Control of Weaponry of the Department of Security Policy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,51 and the European Commission48

Right to Possess Firearms

In Latvia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law52 53 54

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, civilians are not allowed to possess imitation, sawn-off firearms, automatic category A firearms, military smooth-bore firearms, short-barrelled category B firearms55 56 57 58

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited59 57 58 14

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence59 56 60 61 58

Regulation of Handguns

In Latvia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, up to 9mm59 37 57 60 61 58 14

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Latvia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law59 56 14

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Latvia, only licensed gun owners37 62 63 2 64 57 60 14 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Latvia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection37 65 66 67 59 2 68

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Latvia is 18 years65 68

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Latvia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction, medical and prohibited military69 68 14 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Latvia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required54

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Latvia does not stipulate54 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Latvia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required66 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Latvia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years62

Licensing Records

In Latvia, authorities maintain a record70 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess 10 firearms66

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess only 500 cartridges of same calibre66 71

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Latvia, the law requires67 72 73 26 70 74 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Latvia, licensed firearm dealers are required24 73 70 74 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Latvia, State agencies are required73 75 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Latvia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited19

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Latvia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful19 24 37 76 61

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Latvia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined54

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Latvia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated54 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Latvia do not include54 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Latvia include77 78 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Latvia include75 77 78 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Latvia include62 37 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Latvia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law55 22 79 40 80 81

Firearm Tracing

In Latvia, state authorities carry out82 72 80 74 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are72 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Latvia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit83 59 62 14

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Latvia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited55 14

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Latvia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm84 is 10 years in prison85 86 87 88

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 1289 90
2012: 72
2011: 12991 90
2010: 136

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2011: 392
2010: 11

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Latvia, it is state policy93 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Latvia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament94 95

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Latvia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Latvia has yet to submit a national report96 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed97 by Latvia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified98 by Latvia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified99 by Latvia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Latvia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects100

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Latvia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 29101 102 103 104 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Latvia has submitted one or more national reports105 40 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Latvia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated106 40

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Latvia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated106

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Latvia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent40

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated40 by Latvia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Latvia has declared107 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Latvia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1991108

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists109 Latvia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Latvia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Latvia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Latvia.2004.‘Statistics on Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons Registered in Latvia.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York, NY:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,5 May. (Q3476)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Calculated Rates - Latvia.’ Historical Population Data - USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,1 August. (Q4256)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

6.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

7.

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