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Latvia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Latvia is

2005: 280,0001
2003: 66,1942 3 4

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Latvia is

2005: 19.01
2003: 2.855 6 4

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Latvia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 44,6577

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Latvia, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 10,8837

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 1058

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 321

Number of Licensed Firearm Owners

The number of licensed gun owners in Latvia is reported to be 37,5817

Rate of Licensed Firearm Owners per 100 Population

The rate of licensed firearm owners per 100 people in Latvia is 1.625

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Latvia is reported to be 57,5607

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Latvia is 2.485

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Latvia there are estimated to be 8,6342 9 4

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Latvia the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 0.375

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Latvia are reported to have 86,06410 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Latvia are reported to have 8,46211 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2014: 2912 13 14 15
2013: 3312 13 15
2012: 3412 13 15 16
2011: 4212 13 15
2010: 3217
2009: 4312 13 14 15
2008: 47
2007: 48
2006: 5212 13 15
2005: 4312 13 14 15
2004: 47
2003: 58
2002: 69
2001: 72
2000: 69
1999: 92
1998: 103
1997: 120
1996: 126

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 1.445
2013: 1.63
2012: 1.555 16
2011: 1.915
2010: 1.4317
2009: 1.935
2008: 2.09
2007: 2.12
2006: 2.29
2005: 1.88
2004: 2.04
2003: 2.50
2002: 2.95
2001: 3.05
2000: 2.90
1999: 3.84
1998: 4.27
1997: 4.93
1996: 5.12

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 9718
2011: 6918 19
2010: 7018 20
2009: 108
2008: 99
2007: 94
2006: 128
2005: 126
2004: 181
2003: 202
2002: 214
2001: 219
2000: 238
1999: 22920
1998: 250
1997: 272
1996: 268
1995: 288

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 4.718
2011: 3.318 19
2010: 3.318 20
2009: 5.1
2008: 4.618 20 21
2007: 4.3
2006: 5.8
2005: 5.7
2004: 8.0
2003: 8.8
2002: 9.2
2001: 9.3
2000: 10.0
1999: 9.520 21
1998: 10.3
1997: 11.2
1996: 10.9
1995: 11.6

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm homicides total

2014: 1012
2013: 2
2012: 512 16
2011: 712
2010: 412 18
2009: 312 18 20
2008: 9
2007: 7
2006: 15
2005: 13
2004: 912 20
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 36
2000: 31
1999: 34
1998: 48
1997: 55
1996: 55
1995: 5622

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.5012
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.2512 16
2011: 0.3412
2010: 0.1912 5
2009: 0.1412 5 20
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.68
2005: 0.58
2004: 0.4012 20
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.08
2001: 1.54
2000: 1.31
1999: 1.40
1998: 1.96
1997: 2.23
1996: 2.21
1995: 2.2322

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Latvia, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2011: 6%19
2010: 6%18
2009: 5%
2008: 8%
2007: 4%
2006: 3%
2005: 10%
2004: 3.5%20
2003: 8.4%
2002: 12.8%
2001: 16.4%
2000: 13.1%
1999: 14.8%
1998: 17.3%
1997: 13.8%
1996: 15.6%
1995: 16.1%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun homicides total

2014: 312
2011: 2
2010: 1
2008: 1
2006: 4
2005: 1
2002: 1
2001: 7
2000: 3
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 29

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1512
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.04
2008: 0.05
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.30
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 1.16

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual long gun homicides total

2014: 112
2012: 1
2011: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 3
1997: 11
1996: 5

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0512
2012: 0.05
2011: 0.10
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.45
1996: 0.20

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2014: 612
2013: 2
2012: 4
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 12
2004: 8
2003: 19
2002: 22
2001: 28
2000: 25
1999: 28
1998: 44
1997: 42
1996: 21

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.3012
2013: 0.10
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.14
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.37
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.50
2005: 0.54
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.83
2002: 0.95
2001: 1.20
2000: 1.06
1999: 1.15
1998: 1.80
1997: 1.70
1996: 0.84

Suicides (any method)

In Latvia, annual suicides by any means total

1999: 76423

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Latvia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1999: 33.1223

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm suicides total

2014: 1513
2013: 23
2012: 2413 16
2011: 2713
2010: 21
2009: 31
2008: 27
2007: 33
2006: 33
2005: 22
2004: 29
2003: 30
2002: 37
2001: 29
2000: 32
1999: 47
1998: 46
1997: 52
1996: 56

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.7513
2013: 1.14
2012: 1.1813 16
2011: 1.3113
2010: 1.00
2009: 1.45
2008: 1.24
2007: 1.50
2006: 1.49
2005: 0.98
2004: 1.28
2003: 1.31
2002: 1.60
2001: 1.24
2000: 1.35
1999: 1.93
1998: 1.88
1997: 2.11
1996: 2.25

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun suicides total

2014: 113
2013: 4
2012: 6
2011: 4
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 6
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 4
2000: 6
1998: 4
1997: 1
1996: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0513
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.29
2011: 0.19
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.23
2006: 0.27
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.25
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.36

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, the number of long gun suicides is

2014: 913
2013: 4
2012: 5
2011: 13
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 4
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 6
2002: 9
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 4
1998: 11
1997: 14
1996: 20

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.4513
2013: 0.20
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.36
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.39
2001: 0.26
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.45
1997: 0.57
1996: 0.80

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2014: 513
2013: 15
2012: 13
2011: 10
2010: 11
2009: 23
2008: 16
2007: 18
2006: 19
2005: 19
2004: 23
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 19
2000: 19
1999: 43
1998: 31
1997: 37
1996: 27

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.2513
2013: 0.75
2012: 0.64
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.52
2009: 1.07
2008: 0.73
2007: 0.82
2006: 0.86
2005: 0.85
2004: 1.02
2003: 0.92
2002: 1.08
2001: 0.81
2000: 0.80
1999: 1.77
1998: 1.27
1997: 1.50
1996: 1.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2014: 114
2010: 1
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 4
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 2
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 2
1997: 3
1996: 9

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0514
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.19
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.21
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.12
1996: 0.36

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 114
2005: 1
2002: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0414
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2014: 114
2010: 1
2009: 3
2008: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.0514
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.14
2008: 0.05
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 114
2007: 3
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 3
1997: 2
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0414
2007: 0.13
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.12
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.12

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 315
2013: 8
2012: 515 16
2011: 815
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 10
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 7
1997: 10
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1515
2013: 0.40
2012: 0.25
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.46
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.41
1996: 0.24

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 115
2011: 1
2001: 1
1999: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0515
2011: 0.05
2001: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1997: 0.04

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 115
2008: 1
2007: 2
2005: 2
2001: 1
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0515
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2001: 0.04
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.04

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2014: 315
2013: 7
2012: 4
2011: 7
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 9
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 5

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2014: 0.1515
2013: 0.35
2012: 0.20
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.29
2009: 0.23
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.31
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.20

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Latvia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence,24 25 but is not conducted in practise26 27

Home-made Guns

In Latvia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate28

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$230,41040 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Latvia was categorized as 'minor'41

Firearm Imports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law29 30 31 32 42 35 36 37 38

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$5,664,54140 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Latvia is moderate28

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Latvia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law43 44 32 45 46 47

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Latvia include33 34 48 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Latvia is categorised as restrictive49

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Latvia includes the Law on the Handling of Weapons, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 159 of March 1, 2005, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 1665 of December 28, 2009,50 51 42 the Law on Circulation of Weapons and Special Means of 2011, the Law on the Circulation of Goods of Strategic Significance of 2007, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulation No. 1001, the Criminal Law,30 the Cabinet of Ministers regulation No. 939,43 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,52 53 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200354

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Latvia are regulated by the Cabinet55 and the Office for Control of Weaponry of the Department of Security Policy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,56 and the European Commission53

Right to Possess Firearms

In Latvia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law57 58 59

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, civilians are not allowed to possess imitation, sawn-off firearms, automatic category A firearms, military smooth-bore firearms, short-barrelled category B firearms60 61 62 63

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited64 62 63 19

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence64 61 65 66 63

Regulation of Handguns

In Latvia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, up to 9mm64 42 62 65 66 63 19

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Latvia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law64 61 19

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Latvia, only licensed gun owners42 67 68 7 69 62 65 19 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Latvia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection42 70 71 72 64 7 73

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Latvia is 18 years70 73

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Latvia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health, addiction, medical and prohibited military74 73 19 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Latvia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required59

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Latvia does not stipulate59 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Latvia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required71 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Latvia, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years67

Licensing Records

In Latvia, authorities maintain a record75 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess 10 firearms71

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess only 500 cartridges of same calibre71 76

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Latvia, the law requires72 77 78 31 75 79 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Latvia, licensed firearm dealers are required29 78 75 79 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Latvia, State agencies are required78 80 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Latvia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited24

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Latvia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful24 29 42 81 66

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Latvia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined59

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Latvia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated59 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Latvia do not include59 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Latvia include82 83 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Latvia include80 82 83 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Latvia include67 42 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Latvia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law60 27 84 45 85 86

Firearm Tracing

In Latvia, state authorities carry out87 77 85 79 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are77 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Latvia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit88 64 67 19

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Latvia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited60 19

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Latvia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm89 is 10 years in prison90 91 92 93

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 1294 95
2012: 72
2011: 12996 95
2010: 136

Small Arms Destroyed

ChartIn Latvia, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2011: 397
2010: 11

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Latvia, it is state policy98 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Latvia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament99 100

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Latvia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Latvia has yet to submit a national report101 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed102 by Latvia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified103 by Latvia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified104 by Latvia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Latvia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects105

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Latvia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 29106 107 108 109 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Latvia has submitted one or more national reports110 45 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Latvia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated111 45

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Latvia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated111

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Latvia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent45

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated45 by Latvia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Latvia has declared112 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Latvia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1991113

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists114 Latvia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Latvia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Latvia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

GunPolicy.org.2016.‘Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms and of Privately Owned Firearms - Latvia.’ Number of Registered Firearms, Latvia.Sydney:GunPolicy.org,15 December. (Q13227)Full Citation

3.

GunPolicy.org. 2016. ‘Number of Privately Owned Firearms.’ Definition and Selection Criteria.
Sydney School of Public Health, 12 December.
(G1) Full Citation

4.

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