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Latvia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Latvia is 280,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Latvia is 19.01 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Latvia, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 44,6572

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

There are reportedly 10,8832 handguns in civilian possession in Latvia

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 1053

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Latvia ranked at No. 321

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Latvia is reported to be 57,5602

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Latvia is 2.484

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Latvia are reported to have 86,0645 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Latvia are reported to have 8,4626 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 347 8 9
2011: 42
2010: 3210
2009: 437 8 11 9
2008: 47
2007: 48
2006: 527 8 9
2005: 437 8 11 9
2004: 47
2003: 58
2002: 69
2001: 72
2000: 69
1999: 92
1998: 103
1997: 120
1996: 126

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.554
2011: 1.91
2010: 1.4310
2009: 1.934
2008: 2.09
2007: 2.12
2006: 2.29
2005: 1.88
2004: 2.04
2003: 2.50
2002: 2.95
2001: 3.05
2000: 2.90
1999: 3.84
1998: 4.27
1997: 4.93
1996: 5.12

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, annual homicides by any means total

2010: 7012
2009: 108
2008: 99
2007: 94
2006: 128
2005: 126
2004: 181
2003: 202
2002: 214
2001: 219
2000: 238
1999: 229
1998: 250
1997: 272
1996: 268
1995: 288

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2010: 3.112
2009: 4.8
2008: 4.412 13
2007: 4.1
2006: 5.6
2005: 5.5
2004: 7.8
2003: 8.7
2002: 9.1
2001: 9.3
2000: 10.0
1999: 9.5
1998: 10.3
1997: 11.2
1996: 10.9
1995: 11.6

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 57
2011: 7
2010: 4
2009: 37 12
2008: 9
2007: 7
2006: 15
2005: 13
2004: 9
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 36
2000: 31
1999: 34
1998: 48
1997: 55
1996: 55
1995: 5614

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.257
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.137 12
2008: 0.4
2007: 0.31
2006: 0.66
2005: 0.57
2004: 0.39
2003: 0.9
2002: 1.07
2001: 1.53
2000: 1.31
1999: 1.4
1998: 1.96
1997: 2.23
1996: 2.21
1995: 2.2314

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun homicides total

2011: 27
2010: 1
2008: 1
2006: 4
2005: 1
2002: 1
2001: 7
2000: 3
1999: 2
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 29

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.107
2010: 0.04
2008: 0.04
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.30
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 1.16

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 17
2011: 2
2004: 1
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 3
1997: 11
1996: 5

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.057
2011: 0.10
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.09
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.12
1997: 0.45
1996: 0.20

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun homicides (other) total

2012: 47
2011: 3
2010: 3
2009: 3
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 11
2005: 12
2004: 8
2003: 19
2002: 22
2001: 28
2000: 25
1999: 28
1998: 44
1997: 42
1996: 21

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.207
2011: 0.15
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.35
2007: 0.31
2006: 0.48
2005: 0.52
2004: 0.35
2003: 0.82
2002: 0.94
2001: 1.19
2000: 1.05
1999: 1.15
1998: 1.80
1997: 1.70
1996: 0.84

Suicides (any method)

In Latvia, annual suicides by any means total 1999: 76415

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Latvia, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1999: 33.1215

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 248
2011: 27
2010: 21
2009: 31
2008: 27
2007: 33
2006: 33
2005: 22
2004: 29
2003: 30
2002: 37
2001: 29
2000: 32
1999: 47
1998: 46
1997: 52
1996: 56

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.188
2011: 1.31
2010: 0.94
2009: 1.37
2008: 1.19
2007: 1.45
2006: 1.44
2005: 0.96
2004: 1.25
2003: 1.29
2002: 1.58
2001: 1.23
2000: 1.35
1999: 1.93
1998: 1.88
1997: 2.11
1996: 2.25

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 68
2011: 4
2010: 4
2009: 3
2008: 7
2007: 5
2006: 6
2005: 1
2004: 2
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 4
2000: 6
1998: 4
1997: 1
1996: 9

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.308
2011: 0.19
2010: 0.18
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.31
2007: 0.22
2006: 0.26
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.13
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.17
2000: 0.25
1998: 0.16
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.36

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Latvia, the number of long gun suicides is

2012: 58
2011: 13
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 4
2007: 10
2006: 8
2005: 2
2004: 4
2003: 6
2002: 9
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 4
1998: 11
1997: 14
1996: 20

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.258
2011: 0.63
2010: 0.27
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.44
2006: 0.35
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.17
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.38
2001: 0.25
2000: 0.30
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.45
1997: 0.57
1996: 0.80

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual gun suicides (other) total

2012: 138
2011: 10
2010: 11
2009: 2
2008: 16
2007: 18
2006: 19
2005: 19
2004: 23
2003: 21
2002: 25
2001: 19
2000: 19
1999: 43
1998: 31
1997: 37
1996: 27

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of gun suicide (Other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.648
2011: 0.49
2010: 0.49
2009: 1.02
2008: 0.71
2007: 0.79
2006: 0.83
2005: 0.83
2004: 0.99
2003: 0.90
2002: 1.07
2001: 0.81
2000: 0.80
1999: 1.77
1998: 1.27
1997: 1.50
1996: 1.08

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 111
2009: 4
2008: 1
2007: 4
2005: 3
2004: 2
2003: 1
2002: 4
2001: 2
2000: 3
1999: 5
1998: 2
1997: 3
1996: 9

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0411
2009: 0.18
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.18
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.09
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.17
2001: 0.09
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.21
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.12
1996: 0.36

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2007: 111
2005: 1
2002: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.0411
2005: 0.04
2002: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 111
2009: 3
2008: 1
2005: 2
2004: 2
2002: 1
2001: 1
2000: 1
1999: 2
1998: 2
1997: 1
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0411
2009: 0.13
2008: 0.04
2005: 0.09
2004: 0.09
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.04
1996: 0.12

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Latvia, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2009: 111
2007: 3
2003: 1
2002: 2
2001: 1
2000: 2
1999: 3
1997: 2
1996: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (Other) per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0411
2007: 0.13
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.09
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.12
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.12

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 59
2011: 8
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 10
2007: 4
2006: 4
2005: 5
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 5
2000: 3
1999: 6
1998: 7
1997: 10
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.259
2011: 0.39
2010: 0.27
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.18
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.22
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.21
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.25
1998: 0.29
1997: 0.41
1996: 0.24

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2011: 19
2001: 1
1999: 2
1997: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.059
2001: 0.04
1999: 0.08
1997: 0.04

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 19
2008: 1
2007: 2
2005: 2
2001: 1
1998: 1
1997: 2
1996: 1

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.059
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.09
2005: 0.09
2001: 0.04
1998: 0.04
1997: 0.08
1996: 0.04

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Latvia, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 49
2011: 7
2010: 6
2009: 5
2008: 9
2007: 2
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 7
2003: 6
2002: 3
2001: 3
2000: 3
1999: 4
1998: 6
1997: 7
1996: 5

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Latvia, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (Other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.209
2011: 0.34
2010: 0.27
2009: 0.22
2008: 0.40
2007: 0.09
2006: 0.17
2005: 0.13
2004: 0.30
2003: 0.26
2002: 0.13
2001: 0.13
2000: 0.13
1999: 0.16
1998: 0.25
1997: 0.28
1996: 0.20

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Latvia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence (but not conducted in practise)16 17 18

Home-made Guns

In Latvia the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate19

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$230,41029 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Latvia is categorized as 'minor'30

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Latvia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law20 21 31 24 25 26 27

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Latvia is reported by Customs to be US$5,664,54129 (2011)

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Latvia is moderate19

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Latvia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law21 32 32 33 34 35

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Latvia include22 23 36 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Latvia is categorised as restrictive37

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Latvia includes the Law on the Handling of Weapons, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 159 of March 1, 2005, the Cabinet of Ministers Regulations No. 1665 of December 28, 2009,38 39 31 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,40 41 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012 and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200342

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Latvia are regulated by the Cabinet43 and the Office for Control of Weaponry of the Department of Security Policy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs,44 and the European Commission41

Right to Possess Firearms

In Latvia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law45 46

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, civilians are not allowed to possess imitation, sawn-off firearms, automatic category A firearms, military smooth-bore firearms, short-barrelled category B firearms47 48 49 50

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited51 49 50

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Latvia, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted under licence51 48 52 53 50

Regulation of Handguns

In Latvia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted under licence, up to 9mm51 31 49 52 53 50

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Latvia, only licensed gun owners31 54 55 2 56 49 52 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Latvia are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection31 57 58 59 51 2 60

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Latvia is 18 years57 60

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Latvia must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental, addiction, medical and prohibited military61 60 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Latvia, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are not required46

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Latvia does not stipulate46 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Latvia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required58 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Latvia gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every one to five years54

Licensing Records

In Latvia, authorities maintain a record62 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess 10 firearms58

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Latvia are permitted to possess only 500 cartridges of same calibre58 63

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Latvia, the law requires59 64 62 65 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Latvia, licensed firearm dealers are required20 62 65 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Latvia, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited16

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Latvia, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful16 20 31 66 53

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Latvia, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined46

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Latvia, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated46 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Latvia do not include46 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Latvia include67 68 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Latvia include67 68 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Latvia include54 31 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Latvia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law47 32 18 69

Firearm Tracing

In Latvia, state authorities carry out64 69 65 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Marking of Firearms and Ammunition

In Latvia, state authorities employ64 ballistic fingerprinting technology to trace guns and ammunition

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Latvia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit70 51 54

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Latvia, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is prohibited47

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Latvia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm71 is 10 years prison72

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Latvia, it is state policy73 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Latvia is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament74 75

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Latvia is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Latvia has yet to submit a national report76 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was not signed77 by Latvia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified78 by Latvia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified79 by Latvia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Latvia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects80

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Latvia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 2981 82 83 84 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Latvia has submitted one or more national reports85 32 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Latvia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated86 32

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Latvia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated86

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated32 by Latvia to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Latvia has declared87 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Latvia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199188

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists89 Latvia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Latvia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Latvia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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2.

Latvia.2004.‘Statistics on Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons Registered in Latvia.’ National Report of Latvia on its Implementation of the United Nations Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects (UNPoA).New York:Permanent Mission of Latvia to the United Nations,5 May. (Q3476)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

GunPolicy.org.2014.‘Calculated Rates – Latvia.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,1 July. (Q4256)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

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Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

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WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Gun Homicide in Latvia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,20 June. (Q6078)Full Citation

8.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Gun Suicide in Latvia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,20 June. (Q6153)Full Citation

9.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Latvia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,20 June. (Q6449)Full Citation

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WHO.2011.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Total Firearm Death.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 September. (Q5684)Full Citation

11.

WHO.2014.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Unintentional Gun Deaths in Latvia.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,20 June. (Q6192)Full Citation

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UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Latvia.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6267)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Europe and Central Asia, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3816)Full Citation

14.

UNODC.2001.‘Latvia: Total Recorded Intentional Homicides (Completed) and Total Recorded Intentional Homicides Committed With a Firearm.’ Sixth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems, covering the period 1995-1997.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,27 June. (Q1340)Full Citation

15.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

16.

Latvia.2003.‘Regulations Regarding Commercial Handling of Weapons, Munitions, Explosives, Explosive Devices, Special Means and Pyrotechnic Articles.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima,1 January. (Q1836)Full Citation

17.

Latvia.2003.‘Manufacture (Production), Repair and Possession of Weapons and Special Means, as well as Manufacture (Production) and Possession of Munitions, Pyrotechnic Articles, Explosives and Explosive Devices, Provision of Blasting and Pyrotechnic Services.’ Law on the Handling of Weapons.Riga:The Saeima of the Republic of Latvia,1 January. (Q1838)Full Citation

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