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Kyrgyzstan — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Kyrgyzstan is 45,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Kyrgyzstan is 0.91 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Kyrgyzstan ranked at No. 1582

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Kyrgyzstan ranked at No. 1561

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Kyrgyzstan is reported to be 15,0002

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Kyrgyzstan is 0.293

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Kyrgyzstan are reported to have 173,7504 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Kyrgyzstan are reported to have 23,8005 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

In Kyrgyzstan, annual deaths resulting from firearms total 2010: 556

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

In Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is 2010: 1.016

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 3497
2010: 779
2009: 400
2008: 417
2007: 416
2006: 4467 8
2005: 417
2004: 4177 9
2003: 419
2002: 4117
2001: 386
2000: 4307 10
1999: 433
1998: 425
1997: 4397 11
1996: 519
1995: 535

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 6.57
2010: 14.6
2009: 7.6
2008: 8.0
2007: 8.17 12
2006: 8.87 8 12
2005: 8.3
2004: 8.37 9 12
2003: 8.4
2002: 8.27
2001: 7.7
2000: 8.77 10 12
1999: 8.8
1998: 8.8
1997: 9.37 11 12
1996: 11.1
1995: 11.7

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 2913
2009: 27
2008: 2313 7
2007: 2213
2006: 41
2005: 39
2004: 17
2003: 16
2002: 31
2001: 38
2000: 44
1997: 3211
1996: 128
1995: 121

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.5313
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.4413 7
2007: 0.4213
2006: 0.79
2005: 0.76
2004: 0.34
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.62
2001: 0.77
2000: 0.9
1997: 0.6911
1996: 2.80
1995: 2.68

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 213
2009: 1
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 1
2005: 7
2004: 2
2002: 3
2001: 7
2000: 3

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0413
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.04
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.06

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual long gun homicides total

2010: 213
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 7
2005: 7
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 7
2001: 9
2000: 7

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0413
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.14
2005: 0.14
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.14
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.14

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 2513
2009: 26
2008: 19
2007: 16
2006: 33
2005: 25
2004: 14
2003: 15
2002: 21
2001: 22
2000: 34

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.4613
2009: 0.50
2008: 0.36
2007: 0.31
2006: 0.64
2005: 0.49
2004: 0.28
2003: 0.30
2002: 0.42
2001: 0.45
2000: 0.70

Suicides (any method)

In Kyrgyzstan, annual suicides by any means total 1999: 55914

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

In Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is 1999: 10.8814

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 415
2009: 6
2008: 4
2007: 3
2006: 6
2005: 5
2004: 6
2003: 16
2002: 8
2001: 14
2000: 11

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0715
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.08
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.12
2005: 0.1
2004: 0.12
2003: 0.32
2002: 0.16
2001: 0.28
2000: 0.23

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual handgun suicides total

2009: 115
2008: 1
2007: 2
2003: 5
2002: 3
2001: 2

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0215
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.04
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.04

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 115
2009: 1
2008: 1
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 2
2003: 6
2002: 4
2001: 5
2000: 3

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0215
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.04
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.08
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.06

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 315
2009: 4
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 4
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 5
2002: 1
2001: 7
2000: 8

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0615
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.16

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 1516
2009: 8
2008: 8
2007: 7
2006: 10
2005: 9
2004: 9
2003: 5
2002: 10
2001: 7
2000: 3

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.2816
2009: 0.15
2008: 0.15
2007: 0.13
2006: 0.19
2005: 0.18
2004: 0.18
2003: 0.1
2002: 0.2
2001: 0.14
2000: 0.06

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2010: 416
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 3
2004: 2
2002: 5
2001: 1
2000: 2

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0716
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.04
2002: 0.10
2001: 0.02
2000: 0.04

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 116
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 2
2004: 3
2003: 3
2002: 3
2001: 3

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0216
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.06
2003: 0.06
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.06

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 1016
2009: 4
2008: 5
2007: 3
2006: 4
2005: 4
2004: 4
2003: 2
2002: 2
2001: 3
2000: 1

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1816
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.08
2005: 0.08
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.04
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.06
2000: 0.02

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 717
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 3
2006: 5
2005: 5
2004: 6
2003: 6
2002: 6
2001: 9
2000: 9

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.1317
2009: 0.06
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.06
2006: 0.10
2005: 0.10
2004: 0.12
2003: 0.12
2002: 0.12
2001: 0.18
2000: 0.18

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 217
2007: 2
2006: 2
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 3
2001: 2
2000: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0417
2007: 0.04
2006: 0.04
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.06
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2008: 117
2006: 2
2005: 2
2004: 1
2003: 1
2002: 1
2001: 2
2000: 2

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.0217
2006: 0.04
2005: 0.04
2004: 0.02
2003: 0.02
2002: 0.02
2001: 0.04
2000: 0.04

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 517
2009: 3
2007: 1
2006: 1
2005: 3
2004: 4
2003: 4
2002: 2
2001: 5
2000: 6

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Kyrgyzstan, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0917
2009: 0.06
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2005: 0.06
2004: 0.08
2003: 0.08
2002: 0.04
2001: 0.10
2000: 0.12

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Kyrgyzstan, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law18

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Kyrgyzstan is reported by Customs to be US$019 (2008)

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Kyrgyzstan, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law18

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Kyrgyzstan is reported by Customs to be US$1,061,58019 (2011)

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Kyrgyzstan, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are not specifically regulated by law18

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200820 by Kyrgyzstan.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed21 by Kyrgyzstan

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed22 by Kyrgyzstan

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Kyrgyzstan committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects23

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Kyrgyzstan has submitted one or more national reports24 25 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Kyrgyzstan, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated26 25

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Kyrgyzstan, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated26 25

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Kyrgyzstan submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is not apparent26 25

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated25 by Kyrgyzstan to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Kyrgyzstan has not declared27 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Kyrgyzstan has been a Member State of the United Nations since 199228

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list29 Kyrgyzstan as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Kyrgyzstan, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Kyrgyzstan ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

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Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

3.

GunPolicy.org.2011.‘Calculated Rates – Kyrgyzstan.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,17 March. (Q4253)Full Citation

4.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q6)Full Citation

5.

Karp, Aaron.2006.‘Trickle and Torrent: State stockpiles.’ Small Arms Survey 2006: Unfinished Business.Oxford:Oxford University Press,1 July. (Q7)Full Citation

6.

WHO.2011.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Total Firearm Death.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,15 September. (Q5684)Full Citation

7.

UNODC.2013.‘Homicide in 207 Countries - Kyrgyzstan.’ Global Study on Homicide 2011: Trends, Context, Data.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,26 June. (Q6326)Full Citation

8.

UNODC.2008.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Tenth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2005-2006).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q10)Full Citation

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UNODC.2006.‘Reported Overall Homicide Numbers and Rates per 100,000 Population for 64 Countries, 2003-04.’ Ninth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (2003 – 2004).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,10 December. (Q9)Full Citation

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UNODC.2004.‘Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed.’ Seventh United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems (1998-2000).Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,19 March. (Q91)Full Citation

11.

UNODC.2001.‘Kyrgyzstan: Total Recorded Intentional Homicides (Completed) and Total Recorded Intentional Homicides Committed With a Firearm.’ Sixth United Nations Survey of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems, covering the period 1995-1997.Vienna:United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime,27 June. (Q1339)Full Citation

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Petrini, Benjamin.2011.‘Europe and Central Asia, 1995-2008, Total Recorded Intentional Homicide, Completed, Rate per 100,000 Population.’ World Bank Homicide Rate Dataset 1995-2008.Washington DC:Social Development Department, World Bank,10 February. (Q3816)Full Citation

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WHO.2012.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Gun Homicide in Kyrgyzstan.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,14 February. (Q6077)Full Citation

14.

Jackson, Thomas.2005.‘Global Gun Deaths.’ NISAT Firearm Mortality Database 2005.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,1 January. (Q12)Full Citation

15.

WHO.2012.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Gun Suicide in Kyrgyzstan.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,29 February. (Q6152)Full Citation

16.

WHO.2012.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Unintentional Gun Deaths in Kyrgyzstan.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,12 March. (Q6191)Full Citation

17.

WHO.2012.‘Inter-country Comparison of Mortality for Selected Cause of Death – Gun Death from Undetermined Cause in Kyrgyzstan.’ European Detailed Mortality Database (DMDB).Copenhagen:World Health Organisation Regional Office for Europe,26 June. (Q6453)Full Citation

18.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

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Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

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GDAV.2006.‘Geneva Declaration.’ Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development.Geneva:Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development Secretariat,7 June. (Q7162)Full Citation

21.

UNODA.2013.‘Towards Entry Into Force.’ Arms Trade Treaty.New York NY:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,2 April. (Q7226)Full Citation

22.

UNGA.2001.‘United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition.’ UN General Assembly Resolution 55/255.New York:UN General Assembly,31 May. (Q17)Full Citation

23.

UNGA.2001.‘Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects.’ United Nations General Assembly.New York:UN General Assembly,20 July. (Q18)Full Citation

24.

Cattaneo, Silvia and Sarah Parker.2008.‘Reporting, NPCs and NCAs, 2002 to 2008.’ Implementing the United Nations Programme of Action on Small Arms and Light Weapons: Analysis of the National Reports submitted by States from 2002 to 2008.Geneva:United Nations Development Programme,1 November. (Q20)Full Citation

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UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) – Implementation Support System.New York:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

26.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

27.

UNODA.2011.‘National Reports on Small Arms Exports.’ United Nations Register of Conventional Arms - The Global Reported Arms Trade.New York:United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs,21 October. (Q14)Full Citation

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UN.2013.‘Member States of the United Nations.’ UN.org Web Site.New York:United Nations General Assembly,7 April. (Q290)Full Citation

29.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation