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Kosovo — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Kosovo is 415,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Kosovo is 18.88 to 25.732 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Kosovo ranked at No. 883

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Kosovo ranked at No. 301

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Kosovo there are estimated to be 264,4604

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Kosovo there are estimated to be 15.055 illicit firearms per 100 people

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Kosovo, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law6

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Kosovo, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law6

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Kosovo is reported by Customs to be US$1,314,9507 (2010)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Right to Possess Firearms

In Kosovo, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law8

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Kosovo are known to have9 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Small Arms Destroyed

In Kosovo, the total number of firearms destroyed following recent amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be 665 (2001) and 1559 (2003)

MeasuresInternational Controls

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Kosovo, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated10

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Kosovo, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated10

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided11 to Kosovo by other UN Member States

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Kosovo is not a Member State of the United Nations

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list12 Kosovo as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Kosovo ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


Short References

1.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms - Annexe online.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q5)Full Citation

2.

SEESAC.2006.‘South Eastern Europe: Weapons Possession Per 100 Inhabitants.’ South Eastern Europe: Estimates of Weapons Possession (Edition 2).Belgrade:South Eastern Europe Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SEESAC),12 January. (Q3915)Full Citation

3.

Karp, Aaron.2007.‘Completing the Count: Civilian firearms.’ Small Arms Survey 2007: Guns and the City.Cambridge:Cambridge University Press,27 August. (Q4)Full Citation

4.

Gounev, Philip, Marko Hajdinjak and Janosch Witte.2006.‘Gun Ownership Levels.’ The Rifle Has the Devil Inside: Study on Gun Culture in South Eastern Europe.Belgrade:South Eastern and Eastern Europe Clearinghouse for the Control of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SEESAC) / Centre for the Study of Democracy (CSD),22 June. (Q3918)Full Citation

5.

GunPolicy.org.2011.‘Calculated Rates – Kosovo.’ Historical Population Data – USCB International Data Base.Suitland, MD:US Census Bureau Population Division,17 March. (Q4305)Full Citation

6.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q82)Full Citation

7.

Marsh, Nicholas.2013.‘Database of Authorised Transfers of Small Arms and Light Weapons.’ NISAT Small Arms Trade Database.Oslo:Norwegian Initiative on Small Arms Transfers,14 February. (Q16)Full Citation

8.

Sherman, Amy and Tom Ginsburg.2014.‘Gun Rights in National Constitutions.’ Marco Rubio Says Second Amendment Is Unique in Speech to NRA.Miami FL:Miami Herald (PolitiFact Florida),29 April. (Q8507)Full Citation

9.

Hvidemose, Dorte, Astrit Istrefi, Mia Marzouk and Maija Paasiaro.2009.‘Weapons Collection Initiatives in South Eastern Europe.’ Ready or Not? Exploring the Prospects for Collecting Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons in Kosovo.London:Saferworld,1 July. (Q3916)Full Citation

10.

IANSA.2006.‘Reviewing Action on Small Arms 2006: Assessing the first five years of the UN Programme of Action.’ Biting the Bullet 'Red Book' 2006.New York:International Action Network on Small Arms and the Biting the Bullet project,26 June. (Q166)Full Citation

11.

UNODA.2009.‘PoA-ISS Country Profiles.’ UN small arms Programme of Action (UNPoA) – Implementation Support System.New York:United Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs,29 October. (Q1309)Full Citation

12.

Wassenaar Arrangement.1996.‘Introduction: Participating States.’ Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies.Vienna:Wassenaar Secretariat,12 July. (Q19)Full Citation