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Italy — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Italy is 7,000,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Italy is 11.91 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 153

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 551

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 12.9%4
1992/94: 16.1%4 5

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Italy, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 10.7%5

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Italy, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 1.8%5

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 5.3%4
1992/94: 5.5%4 5

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Italy are reported to have 1,600,0006 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Italy are reported to have 420,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2012: 7818 9 10 11
2011: 7808 9 10 11 12
2010: 7988 9 10 11
2009: 76913
2008: 7938 9 10 11
2007: 799
2006: 814
2003: 966
2002: 9378 9 10
2001: 887
2000: 1,026
1999: 1,073
1998: 1,153
1997: 1,1718 9 10 14
1996: 1,1778 9 10

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.2715
2011: 1.2815 12
2010: 1.3115
2009: 1.2813
2008: 1.3215
2007: 1.34
2006: 1.37
2003: 1.66
2002: 1.61
2001: 1.53
2000: 1.78
1999: 1.86
1998: 2.00
1997: 2.04
1996: 2.05

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 53016 17
2011: 55216 18
2010: 529
2009: 590
2008: 615
2007: 631
2006: 62516 19
2005: 610
2004: 72016 20
2003: 719
2002: 64416 21
2001: 709
2000: 76616 22
1999: 80522
1998: 876
1997: 87318 23
1996: 953
1995: 1,012

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.916 17
2011: 0.916 18
2010: 0.9
2009: 1.0
2008: 1.0
2007: 1.1
2006: 1.116 19
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.216 20
2003: 1.2
2002: 1.116 21
2001: 1.2
2000: 1.316 22
1999: 1.4022
1998: 1.52
1997: 1.518
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.8
1992: 2.2524

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 2198
2011: 2028 12
2010: 2098
2009: 2188 16
2008: 2468
2007: 269
2006: 2698 18
2005: 40418
2004: 478
2003: 3478 18
2002: 293
2001: 297
2000: 365
1999: 432
1998: 473
1997: 4638
1996: 548

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.378
2011: 0.348 12
2010: 0.358
2009: 0.368 15
2008: 0.418
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.448 18
2005: 0.718
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.608 18
2002: 0.51
2001: 0.52
2000: 0.64
1999: 0.76
1998: 0.83
1997: 0.818
1996: 0.96
1992: 1.6625

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 45%17
2009: 41%16
2006: 66.7%18
2005: 66.2%
2004: 66.9%
2003: 65.9%
2002: 65.7%
2001: 65.7%
2000: 71.2%
1999: 71.3%
1998: 71.1%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 138
2011: 19
2010: 25
2009: 31
2008: 30
2007: 31
2006: 39
2003: 40

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.03
2012: 0.028
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 158
2011: 28
2010: 23
2009: 20
2008: 23
2007: 18
2006: 30
2003: 40

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.038
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2003: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun homicides (other) total

2012: 1918
2011: 155
2010: 161
2009: 167
2008: 193
2007: 220
2006: 193
2003: 267

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.328
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.27
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.37
2006: 0.33
2003: 0.46

Suicides (any method)

In Italy, annual suicides by any means total

1997: 4,69414

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1997: 8.1714
1992: 8.0026

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 4859
2011: 5339 12
2010: 5259
2009: 485
2008: 477
2007: 460
2006: 459
2003: 539
2002: 603
2001: 542
2000: 614
1999: 614
1998: 648
1997: 626
1996: 585

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.819
2011: 0.909 12
2010: 0.879
2009: 0.81
2008: 0.80
2007: 0.77
2006: 0.78
2003: 0.94
2002: 1.06
2001: 0.95
2000: 1.08
1999: 1.08
1998: 1.14
1997: 1.1
1996: 1.03
1992: 1.1127

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 589
2011: 60
2010: 76
2009: 74
2008: 107
2007: 86
2006: 94
2003: 104

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.109
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.16
2003: 0.18

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, the number of long gun suicides is

2012: 1179
2011: 143
2010: 127
2009: 100
2008: 109
2007: 125
2006: 123
2003: 135

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.209
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.21
2003: 0.23

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun suicides (other) total

2012: 3109
2011: 330
2010: 322
2009: 311
2008: 261
2007: 249
2006: 242
2003: 300

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.529
2011: 0.56
2010: 0.53
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.42
2006: 0.41
2003: 0.52

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 7510
2011: 4110 12
2010: 5310
2009: 49
2008: 61
2007: 60
2006: 64
2003: 57
2002: 41
2001: 48
2000: 47
1999: 27
1998: 32
1997: 38
1996: 44

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1310
2011: 0.0710 15
2010: 0.0910
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.11
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.08
1992: 0.1128

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2012: 610
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 1
2003: 7

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0110
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2012: 1910
2011: 7
2010: 10
2009: 14
2008: 13
2007: 9
2006: 14
2003: 12

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0310
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2012: 5010
2011: 33
2010: 40
2009: 33
2008: 43
2007: 47
2006: 49
2003: 38

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0810
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.08
2003: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 211
2011: 411 12
2010: 1111
2009: 17
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 22
2003: 23
1997: 4414

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0011
2011: 0.0111 15
2010: 0.0211
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2003: 0.04
1997: 0.0814
1992: 0.0629

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 211
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2003: 1
1997: 4414

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0011
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2003: 0.00
1997: 0.0814

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 111
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 2
2003: 4
1997: 4414

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0011
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01
1997: 0.0814

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 111
2011: 4
2010: 9
2009: 14
2008: 5
2007: 8
2006: 17
2003: 18
1997: 4414

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0011
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2003: 0.03
1997: 0.0814

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Italy, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence30

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Italy was ranked 'medium'31

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Italy is reported by Customs to be US$506,108,19140 (2011)41 42 43 44 45

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Italy was categorized as 'major'46 47 48 49 45 50

Firearm Imports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 36 37 38

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Italy is reported by Customs to be US$91,780,04940 (2011)51 52 53 48 54 55

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Italy is moderate56

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Italy, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law57 34 58 59

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Italy include60 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Italy scored

2016: 15.0061
2014: 16.2562
2013: 16.0063
2012: 16.0064
2011: 15.2565
2010: 15.7566
2009: 15.5067
2008: 14.7568
2007: 15.2569
2006: 14.0070
2005: 14.5071
2004: 14.2572

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Italy includes the Royal Decrees No. 773/1931, No. 2482/1935 and No. 635/1940, the Law No. 110/1975, the Law No.146/2006 (Ratification of UN Protocols against organized transnational crime),30 32 the Legislative Decree No. 204/2010,57 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,73 74 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200375 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms76

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Italy are regulated by the European Commission74

Right to Possess Firearms

In Italy, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law77 78

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Italy, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition79 80

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Italy, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited79 80 17

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Italy, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation81 82 80

Regulation of Handguns

In Italy, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation79 81 82 80 17

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Italy, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law17

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Italy, only licensed gun owners83 79 81 17 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Italy are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection84

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Italy is 18 years84

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Italy must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health85 84 17 records

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Italy are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm86

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Italy, the law requires87 88 89 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed firearm dealers are required87 90 85 89 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed gun makers are required87 90 30 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Italy, State agencies are required88 91 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Italy, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful92 82

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Italy is obliged85 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Italy include91 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Italy, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law93 88 94

Firearm Tracing

In Italy, state authorities carry out95 87 94 89 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Italy, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law17 2

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Italy is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament96 97

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Italy is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Italy has submitted one or more national reports98 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists99 Italy as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2007100 by Italy.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified101 by Italy

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified102 by Italy

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Italy committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects103

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Italy against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 75104 105 106 107 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Italy has submitted one or more national reports108 109 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Italy, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated110 109

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Italy, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated110 109

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Italy submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent109

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated109 by Italy to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Italy has declared111 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Italy has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955112

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists113 Italy as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Italy ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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