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Italy — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Italy is 7,000,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Italy is 11.91 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 153

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 551

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 12.9%4
1992/94: 16.1%4 5

Proportion of Households with Rifles

In Italy, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

1992: 10.7%5

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

In Italy, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

1992: 1.8%5

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 5.3%4
1992/94: 5.5%4 5

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Italy are reported to have 1,600,0006 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Italy are reported to have 420,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 7988 9 10 11
2009: 76912
2008: 7938 9 10 11
2007: 799
2006: 814
2003: 966
2002: 9378 9 10
2001: 887
2000: 1,026
1999: 1,073
1998: 1,153
1997: 1,1718 9 10 13
1996: 1,1778 9 10

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.3114
2009: 1.2812
2008: 1.3214
2007: 1.34
2006: 1.37
2003: 1.66
2002: 1.61
2001: 1.53
2000: 1.78
1999: 1.86
1998: 2.00
1997: 2.04
1996: 2.05

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 53015 16
2011: 55215 17
2010: 529
2009: 590
2008: 615
2007: 631
2006: 62515 18
2005: 610
2004: 72015 19
2003: 719
2002: 64415 20
2001: 709
2000: 76615 21
1999: 80521
1998: 876
1997: 87317 22
1996: 953
1995: 1,012

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.915 16
2011: 0.915 17
2010: 0.9
2009: 1.0
2008: 1.0
2007: 1.1
2006: 1.115 18
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.215 19
2003: 1.2
2002: 1.115 20
2001: 1.2
2000: 1.315 21
1999: 1.4021
1998: 1.52
1997: 1.517
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.8
1992: 2.2523

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 2098
2009: 2188 15
2008: 2468
2007: 269
2006: 2698 17
2005: 40417
2004: 478
2003: 3478 17
2002: 293
2001: 297
2000: 365
1999: 432
1998: 473
1997: 4638
1996: 548

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.358
2009: 0.368 14
2008: 0.418
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.448 17
2005: 0.717
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.608 17
2002: 0.51
2001: 0.52
2000: 0.64
1999: 0.76
1998: 0.83
1997: 0.818
1996: 0.96
1992: 1.6624

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 45%16
2009: 41%15
2006: 66.7%17
2005: 66.2%
2004: 66.9%
2003: 65.9%
2002: 65.7%
2001: 65.7%
2000: 71.2%
1999: 71.3%
1998: 71.1%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 258
2009: 31
2008: 30
2007: 31
2006: 39
2003: 40

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.048
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual long gun homicides total

2010: 238
2009: 20
2008: 23
2007: 18
2006: 30
2003: 40

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.048
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2003: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 1618
2009: 167
2008: 193
2007: 220
2006: 193
2003: 267

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.278
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.37
2006: 0.33
2003: 0.46

Suicides (any method)

In Italy, annual suicides by any means total

1997: 4,69413

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1997: 8.1713
1992: 8.0025

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 5259
2009: 485
2008: 477
2007: 460
2006: 459
2003: 539
2002: 603
2001: 542
2000: 614
1999: 614
1998: 648
1997: 626
1996: 585

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.879
2009: 0.81
2008: 0.80
2007: 0.77
2006: 0.78
2003: 0.94
2002: 1.06
2001: 0.95
2000: 1.08
1999: 1.08
1998: 1.14
1997: 1.1
1996: 1.03
1992: 1.1126

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 769
2009: 74
2008: 107
2007: 86
2006: 94
2003: 104

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.139
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.16
2003: 0.18

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 1279
2009: 100
2008: 109
2007: 125
2006: 123
2003: 135

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.219
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.21
2003: 0.23

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 3229
2009: 311
2008: 261
2007: 249
2006: 242
2003: 300

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.539
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.42
2006: 0.41
2003: 0.52

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 5310
2009: 49
2008: 61
2007: 60
2006: 64
2003: 57
2002: 41
2001: 48
2000: 47
1999: 27
1998: 32
1997: 38
1996: 44

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0910
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.1
2007: 0.1
2006: 0.11
2003: 0.1
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.08
1992: 0.1127

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2010: 310
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 1
2003: 7

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0110
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 1010
2009: 14
2008: 13
2007: 9
2006: 14
2003: 12

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0210
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 4010
2009: 33
2008: 43
2007: 47
2006: 49
2003: 38

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0710
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.08
2003: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 1111
2009: 17
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 22
2003: 23
1997: 4413

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0211
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2003: 0.04
1997: 0.0813
1992: 0.0628

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 211
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2003: 1
1997: 4413

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0011
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2003: 0.00
1997: 4413

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2009: 311
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 2
2003: 4
1997: 4413

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.0111
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01
1997: 4413

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 911
2009: 14
2008: 5
2007: 8
2006: 17
2003: 18
1997: 4413

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0111
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2003: 0.03
1997: 4413

ProductionGun Industry

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Italy was ranked 'medium'29

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law30 31 32 33 34 35

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Italy is reported by Customs to be US$506,108,19136 (2011)37 38 39 40 41

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Italy was categorized as 'major'42 43 44 45 41 46

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law30 31 32 33 34

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Italy is reported by Customs to be US$91,780,04936 (2011)47 48 49 44 50 51

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Italy is moderate52

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Italy, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law30 53 54

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Italy scored

2014: 16.2555
2013: 16.0056
2012: 16.0057
2011: 15.2558
2010: 15.7559
2009: 15.5060
2008: 14.7561
2007: 15.2562
2006: 14.0063
2005: 14.5064
2004: 14.2565

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Italy includes the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,66 67 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200368 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms69

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Italy are regulated by the European Commission67

Right to Possess Firearms

In Italy, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law70 71

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Italy, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition72 73

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Italy, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited72 73 16

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Italy, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation74 75 73

Regulation of Handguns

In Italy, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation72 74 75 73 16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Italy, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law16

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Italy, only licensed gun owners76 72 74 16 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Italy are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection77

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Italy is 18 years77

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Italy must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health78 77 16 records

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Italy are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm79

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Italy, the law requires80 81 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed firearm dealers are required80 82 78 81 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed gun makers are required80 82 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Italy, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful83 75

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Italy is obliged78 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Italy, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law84 85

Firearm Tracing

In Italy, state authorities carry out80 85 81 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Italy, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law16 2

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Italy is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament86 87

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Italy is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Italy has submitted one or more national reports88 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists89 Italy as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200790 by Italy.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified91 by Italy

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified92 by Italy

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Italy committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects93

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Italy against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 7594 95 96 97 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Italy has submitted one or more national reports98 99 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Italy, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated100 99

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Italy, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated100 99

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Italy submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent99

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated99 by Italy to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Italy has declared101 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Italy has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955102

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists103 Italy as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Italy ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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