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Italy — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Italy is 7,000,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Italy is 11.91 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 153

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 551

Proportion of Households with Firearms

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 12.9%4
1992/94: 16.1%4 5

Proportion of Households with Rifles

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more rifles is reported to be

2005: 47%6
1992: 10.7%5

Proportion of Households with Shotguns

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more shotguns is reported to be

2005: 19%6
1992: 1.8%5

Proportion of Households with Handguns

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 5.3%4 6
1992/94: 5.5%4 5

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Italy are reported to have 1,600,0007 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Italy are reported to have 420,0008 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2011: 7809
2010: 79810 11 12 13
2009: 76914
2008: 79310 11 12 13
2007: 799
2006: 814
2003: 966
2002: 93710 11 12
2001: 887
2000: 1,026
1999: 1,073
1998: 1,153
1997: 1,17110 11 12 15
1996: 1,17710 11 12

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2011: 1.39
2010: 1.3116
2009: 1.2814
2008: 1.3216
2007: 1.34
2006: 1.37
2003: 1.66
2002: 1.61
2001: 1.53
2000: 1.78
1999: 1.86
1998: 2.00
1997: 2.04
1996: 2.05

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 53017 18
2011: 55217 19
2010: 529
2009: 590
2008: 615
2007: 631
2006: 62517 20
2005: 610
2004: 72017 21
2003: 719
2002: 64417 22
2001: 709
2000: 76617 23
1999: 80523
1998: 876
1997: 87319 24
1996: 953
1995: 1,012

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.917 18
2011: 0.917 19
2010: 0.9
2009: 1.0
2008: 1.0
2007: 1.1
2006: 1.117 20
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.217 21
2003: 1.2
2002: 1.117 22
2001: 1.2
2000: 1.317 23
1999: 1.4023
1998: 1.52
1997: 1.519
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.8
1992: 2.2525

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm homicides total

2012: 21910
2011: 20210 9
2010: 20910
2009: 21810 17
2008: 24610
2007: 269
2006: 26910 19
2005: 40419
2004: 478
2003: 34710 19
2002: 293
2001: 297
2000: 365
1999: 432
1998: 473
1997: 46310
1996: 548

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.3710
2011: 0.3410 9
2010: 0.3510
2009: 0.3610 16
2008: 0.4110
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.4410 19
2005: 0.719
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.6010 19
2002: 0.51
2001: 0.52
2000: 0.64
1999: 0.76
1998: 0.83
1997: 0.8110
1996: 0.96
1992: 1.6626

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Italy, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 45%18
2009: 41%17
2006: 66.7%19
2005: 66.2%
2004: 66.9%
2003: 65.9%
2002: 65.7%
2001: 65.7%
2000: 71.2%
1999: 71.3%
1998: 71.1%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun homicides total

2012: 1310
2011: 19
2010: 25
2009: 31
2008: 30
2007: 31
2006: 39
2003: 40

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.03
2012: 0.0210
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual long gun homicides total

2012: 1510
2011: 28
2010: 23
2009: 20
2008: 23
2007: 18
2006: 30
2003: 40

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0310
2011: 0.05
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2003: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun homicides (other) total

2012: 19110
2011: 155
2010: 161
2009: 167
2008: 193
2007: 220
2006: 193
2003: 267

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.3210
2011: 0.26
2010: 0.27
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.37
2006: 0.33
2003: 0.46

Suicides (any method)

In Italy, annual suicides by any means total

1997: 4,69415

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1997: 8.1715
1992: 8.0027

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm suicides total

2012: 48511
2011: 53311 9
2010: 52511
2009: 485
2008: 477
2007: 460
2006: 459
2003: 539
2002: 603
2001: 542
2000: 614
1999: 614
1998: 648
1997: 626
1996: 585

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.8111
2011: 0.9011 9
2010: 0.8711
2009: 0.81
2008: 0.80
2007: 0.77
2006: 0.78
2003: 0.94
2002: 1.06
2001: 0.95
2000: 1.08
1999: 1.08
1998: 1.14
1997: 1.1
1996: 1.03
1992: 1.1128

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 5811
2011: 60
2010: 76
2009: 74
2008: 107
2007: 86
2006: 94
2003: 104

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1011
2011: 0.10
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.16
2003: 0.18

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, the number of long gun suicides is

2012: 11711
2011: 143
2010: 127
2009: 100
2008: 109
2007: 125
2006: 123
2003: 135

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.2011
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.21
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.21
2003: 0.23

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun suicides (other) total

2012: 31011
2011: 330
2010: 322
2009: 311
2008: 261
2007: 249
2006: 242
2003: 300

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.5211
2011: 0.56
2010: 0.53
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.42
2006: 0.41
2003: 0.52

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2012: 7512
2011: 4112 9
2010: 5312
2009: 49
2008: 61
2007: 60
2006: 64
2003: 57
2002: 41
2001: 48
2000: 47
1999: 27
1998: 32
1997: 38
1996: 44

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.1312
2011: 0.0712 16
2010: 0.0912
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.10
2007: 0.10
2006: 0.11
2003: 0.10
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.08
1992: 0.1129

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2012: 612
2011: 1
2010: 3
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 1
2003: 7

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0112
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2012: 1912
2011: 7
2010: 10
2009: 14
2008: 13
2007: 9
2006: 14
2003: 12

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0312
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2012: 5012
2011: 33
2010: 40
2009: 33
2008: 43
2007: 47
2006: 49
2003: 38

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0812
2011: 0.06
2010: 0.07
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.08
2003: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 213
2011: 413 9
2010: 1113
2009: 17
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 22
2003: 23
1997: 4415

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0013
2011: 0.0113 16
2010: 0.0213
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2003: 0.04
1997: 0.0815
1992: 0.0630

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 213
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2003: 1
1997: 4415

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.0013
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2003: 0.00
1997: 0.0815

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 113
2009: 3
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 2
2003: 4
1997: 4415

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0013
2009: 0.01
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01
1997: 0.0815

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 113
2011: 4
2010: 9
2009: 14
2008: 5
2007: 8
2006: 17
2003: 18
1997: 4415

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0013
2011: 0.01
2010: 0.01
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2003: 0.03
1997: 0.0815

ProductionGun Industry

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Italy was ranked 'medium'31

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 36 37

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Italy is reported by Customs to be US$506,108,19138 (2011)39 40 41 42 43

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Italy was categorized as 'major'44 45 46 47 43 48

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law32 33 34 35 36

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Italy is reported by Customs to be US$91,780,04938 (2011)49 50 51 46 52 53

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Italy is moderate54

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Italy, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law32 55 56

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

ChartIn its annual Small Arms Trade Transparency Barometer, the Small Arms Survey compares public reporting among major arms exporting nations on a scale from strong to weak (25 to zero). In recent years, Italy scored

2016: 15.0057
2014: 16.2558
2013: 16.0059
2012: 16.0060
2011: 15.2561
2010: 15.7562
2009: 15.5063
2008: 14.7564
2007: 15.2565
2006: 14.0066
2005: 14.5067
2004: 14.2568

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Italy includes the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,69 70 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200371 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms72

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Italy are regulated by the European Commission70

Right to Possess Firearms

In Italy, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law73 74

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Italy, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition75 76

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Italy, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited75 76 18

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Italy, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation77 78 76

Regulation of Handguns

In Italy, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation75 77 78 76 18

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Italy, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law18

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Italy, only licensed gun owners79 75 77 18 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Italy are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection80

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Italy is 18 years80

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Italy must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental health81 80 18 records

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Italy are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm82

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Italy, the law requires83 84 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed firearm dealers are required83 85 81 84 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed gun makers are required83 85 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Italy, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful86 78

Background Checks for Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Italy is obliged81 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Italy, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law87 88

Firearm Tracing

In Italy, state authorities carry out83 88 84 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Italy, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law18 2

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Italy is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament89 90

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Italy is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Italy has submitted one or more national reports91 on its arms transfers

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists92 Italy as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200793 by Italy.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified94 by Italy

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified95 by Italy

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Italy committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects96

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Italy against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 7597 98 99 100 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Italy has submitted one or more national reports101 102 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Italy, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated103 102

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Italy, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated103 102

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Italy submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was not apparent102

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated102 by Italy to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Italy has declared104 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Italy has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955105

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists106 Italy as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Italy ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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