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Italy — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Italy is 7,000,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Italy is 11.91 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 152

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Italy ranked at No. 551

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Italy are reported to have 1,600,0003 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Italy are reported to have 420,0004 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2010: 7985 6 7 8
2009: 7699
2008: 7935 6 7 8
2007: 799
2006: 814
2003: 966
2002: 9375 6 7
2001: 887
2000: 1,026
1999: 1,073
1998: 1,153
1997: 1,1715 6 7 10
1996: 1,1775 6 7

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 1.3111
2009: 1.289
2008: 1.3211
2007: 1.34
2006: 1.37
2003: 1.66
2002: 1.61
2001: 1.53
2000: 1.78
1999: 1.86
1998: 2.00
1997: 2.04
1996: 2.05

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Italy, annual homicides by any means total

2011: 55212
2010: 529
2009: 590
2008: 615
2007: 631
2006: 62513
2005: 610
2004: 71414
2003: 719
2002: 64415
2001: 709
2000: 74616
1999: 805
1998: 876
1997: 87312 17
1996: 953
1995: 1,012

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2011: 0.912
2010: 0.9
2009: 1.0
2008: 1.0
2007: 1.1
2006: 1.0613
2005: 1.04
2004: 1.2314
2003: 1.24
2002: 1.1215
2001: 1.23
2000: 1.2916
1999: 1.40
1998: 1.52
1997: 1.512
1996: 1.7
1995: 1.8
1992: 2.2518

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm homicides total

2010: 2095
2009: 218
2008: 246
2007: 269
2006: 2695 12
2005: 40412
2004: 478
2003: 3475 12
2002: 293
2001: 297
2000: 365
1999: 432
1998: 473
1997: 4635
1996: 548

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.355
2009: 0.36
2008: 0.41
2007: 0.45
2006: 0.445 12
2005: 0.712
2004: 0.8
2003: 0.605 12
2002: 0.51
2001: 0.52
2000: 0.64
1999: 0.76
1998: 0.83
1997: 0.815
1996: 0.96
1992: 1.6619

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun homicides total

2010: 255
2009: 31
2008: 30
2007: 31
2006: 39
2003: 40

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.045
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.05
2007: 0.05
2006: 0.07
2003: 0.07

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Italy, annual long gun homicides total

2010: 235
2009: 20
2008: 23
2007: 18
2006: 30
2003: 40

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.045
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.03
2006: 0.05
2003: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun homicides (other) total

2010: 1615
2009: 167
2008: 193
2007: 220
2006: 193
2003: 267

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.275
2009: 0.28
2008: 0.32
2007: 0.37
2006: 0.33
2003: 0.46

Suicides (any method)

In Italy, annual suicides by any means total 1997: 4,69410

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

1997: 8.1710
1992: 8.0020

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual firearm suicides total

2010: 5256
2009: 485
2008: 477
2007: 460
2006: 459
2003: 539
2002: 603
2001: 542
2000: 614
1999: 614
1998: 648
1997: 626
1996: 585

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.876
2009: 0.81
2008: 0.80
2007: 0.77
2006: 0.78
2003: 0.94
2002: 1.06
2001: 0.95
2000: 1.08
1999: 1.08
1998: 1.14
1997: 1.1
1996: 1.03
1992: 1.1121

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, annual handgun suicides total

2010: 766
2009: 74
2008: 107
2007: 86
2006: 94
2003: 104

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.136
2009: 0.12
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.14
2006: 0.16
2003: 0.18

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Italy, the number of long gun suicides is

2010: 1276
2009: 100
2008: 109
2007: 125
2006: 123
2003: 135

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.216
2009: 0.17
2008: 0.18
2007: 0.21
2006: 0.21
2003: 0.23

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual gun suicides (other) total

2010: 3226
2009: 311
2008: 261
2007: 249
2006: 242
2003: 300

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.536
2009: 0.52
2008: 0.44
2007: 0.42
2006: 0.41
2003: 0.52

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2010: 537
2009: 49
2008: 61
2007: 60
2006: 64
2003: 57
2002: 41
2001: 48
2000: 47
1999: 27
1998: 32
1997: 38
1996: 44

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.097
2009: 0.08
2008: 0.1
2007: 0.1
2006: 0.11
2003: 0.1
2002: 0.07
2001: 0.08
2000: 0.08
1999: 0.05
1998: 0.06
1997: 0.07
1996: 0.08
1992: 0.1122

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2010: 37
2009: 2
2008: 5
2007: 4
2006: 1
2003: 7

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.017
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2010: 107
2009: 14
2008: 13
2007: 9
2006: 14
2003: 12

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.027
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.02
2003: 0.02

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Italy, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2010: 407
2009: 33
2008: 43
2007: 47
2006: 49
2003: 38

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.077
2009: 0.05
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.08
2006: 0.08
2003: 0.07

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 118
2009: 17
2008: 9
2007: 10
2006: 22
2003: 23
1997: 4410

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.028
2009: 0.03
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02
2006: 0.04
2003: 0.04
1997: 0.0810
1992: 0.0623

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 28
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 3
2003: 1
1997: 4410

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.008
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.01
2003: 0.00
1997: 4410

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2009: 38
2008: 2
2007: 1
2006: 2
2003: 4
1997: 4410

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2009: 0.018
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00
2006: 0.00
2003: 0.01
1997: 4410

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Italy, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2010: 98
2009: 14
2008: 5
2007: 8
2006: 17
2003: 18
1997: 4410

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Italy, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (Other) per 100,000 population is

2010: 0.018
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.01
2007: 0.01
2006: 0.03
2003: 0.03
1997: 4410

ProductionGun Industry

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Italy is ranked 'medium'24

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Regulation of Firearm Exports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 29 30

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Italy is reported by Customs to be US$506,108,19131 (2011)32 33 34

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Italy is categorized as 'mid-level'35 33

Regulation of Firearm Imports

In Italy, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law25 26 27 28 29

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Italy is reported by Customs to be US$91,780,04931 (2011)36

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Italy is moderate37

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Italy, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law25 38 39

Transparency of Small Arms Transfers

In the most recent survey of state transparency in declaring firearm and ammunition exports among major small arms exporting nations, Italy was ranked at No. 840

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Italy includes the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,41 42 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200343 and the Convention of 1 July 1969 on Reciprocal Recognition of Proofmarks on Small Arms44

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Italy are regulated by the European Commission42

Right to Possess Firearms

In Italy, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law45

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Italy, civilians are not allowed to possess automatic firearms, firearms disguised as other objects, and armour-piercing, incendiary and expanding ammunition46 47

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Italy, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited46 47

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Italy, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is permitted only with special authorisation48 49 47

Regulation of Handguns

In Italy, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted only with special authorisation46 48 49 47

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Italy, only licensed gun owners50 46 48 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Italy are required to prove genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example, self-defence, hunting, sport, work or performance of duties, as well as collection51

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Italy is 18 years51

Gun Licence Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Italy must pass a background check which considers criminal and mental52 51 records

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Italy are permitted to possess only ammunition suitable for the intended firearm53

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Italy, the law requires54 55 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed firearm dealers are required54 56 52 55 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Italy, licensed gun makers are required54 56 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

Gun Sales and Transfers

Background Checks on Dealer Gun Sales

The buyer of a firearm from a licensed gun dealer in Italy is obliged52 to pass official background checks before taking possession

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Italy, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful57 49

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Italy, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law58 59

Firearm Tracing

In Italy, state authorities carry out54 59 55 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Italy is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament60 61

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Italy is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Italy has submitted one or more national reports62 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200763 by Italy.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified64 by Italy

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed and ratified65 by Italy

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Italy committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects66

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Italy against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 7567 68 69 70 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Italy has submitted one or more national reports71 72 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Italy, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated73 72

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Italy, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated73 72

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Italy submitted to the UN, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities is apparent72

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated72 by Italy to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Italy has declared74 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Italy has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195575

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists76 Italy as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Italy ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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