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Armed violence prevention, gun control laws and the small arms trade:

Ireland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Ireland is 300,0001 2

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) in Ireland is 6.353 firearms per 100 people

Number of Privately Owned Rifles

In Ireland, the number of rifles in civilian possession is reported to be 49,0001 4

Number of Privately Owned Shotguns

In Ireland, the number of shotguns in civilian possession is reported to be 118,0001 4

Number of Privately Owned Handguns

In Ireland, the number of handguns in civilian possession is reported to be 1,6201 5 6

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Ireland ranked at No. 987

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Ireland ranked at No. 708

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Ireland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2004/05: 12.4%9

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Ireland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2004/05: 1.0%9

Number of Registered Firearms

ChartThe number of registered guns in Ireland is reported to be

2013: 178,00010
2012: 168,6001 5 4

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

ChartThe rate of registered guns per 100 people in Ireland is

2013: 3.733
2012: 3.57

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Ireland there are estimated to be 150,0002

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Ireland there are estimated to be 3.393 illicit firearms per 100 people

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Ireland are reported to have 57,31211 to 112,00012 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Ireland, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm13

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Ireland are reported to have 3,00014 to 14,39015 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ireland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2013: 4616 17 18 19
2012: 3820 21 22 23 24
2011: 39
2010: 4320 21 22 23 24 25
2009: 5520 21 22 23 24
2008: 52
2007: 41

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.963
2012: 0.80
2011: 0.83
2010: 0.933 25
2009: 1.203
2008: 1.15
2007: 0.93

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Ireland, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 5326 27
2011: 4226 27 28
2010: 53
2009: 56
2008: 5026 29 27 28
2007: 77
2006: 62
2005: 52
2004: 30
2003: 5129 27 28
2002: 59
2001: 58
2000: 56
1999: 4629 28
1998: 51
1997: 3830 28
1996: 42
1995: 43

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 1.123 27
2011: 0.903 27 28
2010: 1.15
2009: 1.22
2008: 1.11
2007: 1.74
2006: 0.743 31 27 28
2005: 1.24
2004: 0.73
2003: 1.273 32 27 28
2002: 1.50
2001: 1.50
2000: 1.47
1999: 1.223 33 28
1998: 1.37
1997: 1.0430 28
1996: 1.16
1995: 1.19
1991: 0.6234

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ireland, annual firearm homicides total

2013: 1016
2012: 1220 16
2011: 11
2010: 2120 16 25
2009: 2020
2008: 1720 16 28
2007: 14
2006: 2728
2005: 22
2004: 929 28
2003: 21
2002: 1029
2001: 9
2000: 12
1999: 1229 28
1998: 4
1997: 930 28
1996: 16
1995: 12

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.2216
2012: 0.2520 16
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.4520 16 25
2009: 0.4420
2008: 0.3820 16 28
2007: 0.32
2006: 0.628
2005: 0.5
2004: 0.2032 28
2003: 0.50
1999: 0.3233 28
1998: 0.08
1997: 0.2530 28
1996: 0.44
1995: 0.33
1991: 0.0335

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Ireland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2008: 42.0%28
2007: 23.4%
2006: 43.5%
2005: 42.3%
2004: 30.0%
2003: 46.7%
1999: 31.6%
1998: 7.9%
1997: 23.7%
1996: 38.1%
1995: 27.9%

Handgun Homicides

ChartIn Ireland, annual handgun homicides total

2013: 116
2012: 220 16
2011: 5
2010: 6
2009: 3
2008: 3
2007: 2

Rate of Handgun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of handgun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0216
2012: 0.0420 16
2011: 0.11
2010: 0.13
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.05

Long Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ireland, annual long gun homicides total

2013: 216
2012: 320 16
2011: 4
2010: 4
2009: 2
2008: 3
2007: 3

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0416
2012: 0.0620 16
2011: 0.09
2010: 0.09
2009: 0.04
2008: 0.07
2007: 0.07

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Ireland, annual gun homicides (other) total

2013: 716
2012: 720 16
2011: 2
2010: 11
2009: 15
2008: 11
2007: 9

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1516
2012: 0.1520 16
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.24
2009: 0.33
2008: 0.24
2007: 0.20

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Ireland, annual suicides by any means total

2012: 50736
2011: 554
2010: 495
2009: 552
2008: 506
2007: 458
1997: 46637

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 10.7436
2011: 11.86
2010: 10.71
2009: 12.05
2008: 11.20
2007: 10.36
1997: 11.7837
1991: 9.8138

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Ireland, annual firearm suicides total

2013: 2917
2012: 2021 17
2011: 27
2010: 1921 17 25
2009: 3121 17
2008: 31
2007: 22
1997: 4437

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.6317
2012: 0.4221 17
2011: 0.58
2010: 0.4121 17 25
2009: 0.6821 17
2008: 0.69
2007: 0.50
1997: 1.1137
1991: 0.9439

Handgun Suicides

ChartIn Ireland, annual handgun suicides total

2012: 021 17
2011: 2
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 1
2007: 1

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0021 17
2011: 0.04
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.02

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Ireland, the number of long gun suicides is

2013: 1417
2012: 721 17
2011: 14
2010: 8
2009: 12
2008: 19
2007: 14

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3017
2012: 0.1521 17
2011: 0.30
2010: 0.17
2009: 0.26
2008: 0.42
2007: 0.32

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Ireland, annual gun suicides (other) total

2013: 1517
2012: 1321 17
2011: 11
2010: 9
2009: 18
2008: 11
2007: 7

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.3317
2012: 0.2821 17
2011: 0.24
2010: 0.19
2009: 0.39
2008: 0.24
2007: 0.16

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ireland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2013: 518
2012: 422 18
2011: 0
2010: 222 18 25
2009: 122 18
2008: 2
2007: 022
1997: 337

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.1118
2012: 0.0822 18
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.04
2009: 0.02
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.0022
1997: 0.0837
1991: 0.1140

Unintentional Handgun Deaths

ChartIn Ireland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by handgun total

2012: 022
2011: 0
2010: 022 18
2009: 122
2008: 0
2007: 0

Rate of Unintentional Handgun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by handgun per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0022
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.0022 18
2009: 0.0222
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.00

Unintentional Long Gun Deaths

ChartIn Ireland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by long gun total

2013: 218
2012: 222 18
2011: 022
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 122 18
2007: 022

Rate of Unintentional Long Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by long gun per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0418
2012: 0.0422 18
2011: 0.0022
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.0222 18
2007: 0.0022

Unintentional Gun Deaths (Other)

ChartIn Ireland, annual unintentional shooting deaths by firearm (other) total

2013: 318
2012: 222 18
2011: 022
2010: 222 18
2009: 0
2008: 122
2007: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death by firearm (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0718
2012: 0.0422 18
2011: 0.0022
2010: 0.0422 18
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.0222
2007: 0.00

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Ireland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 219
2012: 223 19
2011: 1
2010: 123 19 25
2009: 323 19
2008: 2
2007: 5
1997: 037

Rate of Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of unknown-cause shooting deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0419
2012: 0.0423 19
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.02
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.04
2007: 0.11
1997: 0.0037
1991: 0.1441

Handgun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Ireland, annual deaths by handgun in which the cause remains undecided total

2012: 023
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 023 19
2007: 1

Rate of Handgun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of unknown-cause handgun deaths per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.0023
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.00
2008: 0.0023 19
2007: 0.02

Long Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Ireland, annual deaths by long gun in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 119
2012: 123 19
2011: 1
2010: 023
2009: 023 19
2008: 1
2007: 023

Rate of Long Gun Death from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of unknown-cause long gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0219
2012: 0.0223 19
2011: 0.02
2010: 0.0023
2009: 0.0023 19
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.0023

Gun Deaths (Other) from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Ireland, annual deaths by firearm (other) in which the cause remains undecided total

2013: 119
2012: 123
2011: 0
2010: 123 19
2009: 3
2008: 1
2007: 4

Rate of Gun Death (Other) from Undetermined Cause per 100,000 People

ChartIn Ireland, the annual rate of unknown-cause gun deaths (other) per 100,000 population is

2013: 0.0219
2012: 0.0223
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.0223 19
2009: 0.07
2008: 0.02
2007: 0.09

Justifiable Gun Homicides

ChartIn Ireland, annual legal-intervention gun homicides total

2012: 024
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 0
2008: 0
2007: 0

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Ireland, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence, but is not conducted in practice42 43

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Ireland, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Ireland is reported by Customs to be US$1,285,75353 (2011)

Firearm Imports

In Ireland, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law54 47 48 49 50 51

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Ireland is reported by Customs to be US$5,866,93153 (2011)55

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Ireland is low56 57

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Ireland, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law58 59 60 61

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Ireland include44 46 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Ireland is categorised as restrictive62

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Ireland includes the Firearms Act 1925,63 the Firearms (Restricted Firearms and Ammunition) Order 2008,64 the Criminal Justice (Miscellaneous Provisions) Act Number 28 of 2009,65 the firearms (Proofing) Act of 1968,66 the Act of 2008 on Control of Exports and the Order of 2009 on Control of Exports (Goods and Technology),44 58 the Council Directive of 18 June 1991 on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons,67 68 the European Union Firearms Regulation of 2012, and the Common Position on the Control of Arms Brokering of 200369

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Ireland are regulated by the Garda Síochána70 68

Right to Possess Firearms

In Ireland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law71 72 73

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Ireland, civilians are not allowed to possess handguns, military-style weapons, semi-automatic and automatic firearms without appropriate registration74 75 76 77

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Ireland, private possession of fully automatic weapons is restricted74 76 77

Regulation of Semiautomatic Assault Weapons

In Ireland, private possession of semi-automatic assault weapons is restricted74 78 79 77

Regulation of Handguns

In Ireland, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is restricted75 74 5 76 78 79 77

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Ireland, only licensed gun owners80 81 82 76 78 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Ireland are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm83 84

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Ireland is 16 years85

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Ireland must pass a background check which considers criminal, mental health and medical83 86 87 84 records

Reference Required for Firearm Licence

In Ireland, third party character references for each gun licence applicant are required88 89

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Ireland does not stipulate73 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Ireland, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required83 for a firearm licence

Gun Owner Licensing Period

In Ireland, gun owners must re-apply and re-qualify for their firearm licence every three years90

Limit on Number of Guns

Licensed firearm owners in Ireland are permitted to possess any number of firearms73

Limit on Quantity, Type of Ammunition

Licensed firearm owners in Ireland are permitted to possess any quantity of ammunition73 91

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Ireland, the law requires92 93 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Ireland, licensed firearm dealers are required94 95 96 93 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Ireland, licensed gun makers are required42 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Ireland, State agencies are required97 98 99 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Gun Sales and Transfers

Regulation of Private Gun Sales

In Ireland, the private sale and transfer of firearms is prohibited96

Regulation of Dealer Gun Sales

In Ireland, dealing in firearms by way of business without a valid gun dealer’s licence is unlawful96 100 79

Number of Licensed Gun Dealers

ChartThe number of licensed firearm dealers in Ireland is reported to be

2012: 273101
2011: 300
2010: 329
2009: 325
2008: 319
2007: 335
2006: 339101 102
2005: 358101
2004: 350
2003: 410
2002: 430
2001: 423
2000: 440

Waiting Period for Gun Possession

In Ireland, the minimum wait for a lawful firearm purchase to be completed is undetermined73

Regulation of Gun Shows

In Ireland, gun shows and temporary firearm dealing events are not regulated73 in law

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Ireland include103 104 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Dealer

Firearm regulations in Ireland include105 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by licensed arms dealers

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Government

Government regulations in Ireland include98 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition by state entities

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Ireland do not include73 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Ireland, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law99 97 106 66 107 108

Firearm Tracing

In Ireland, state authorities carry out97 107 93 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Ireland, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are not73 109 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Ireland, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed by law, subject to a valid permit.80 No evidence could be found of carry permits being issued.

Carrying Hidden Handguns in Public

In Ireland, carrying a concealed firearm in a public place is allowed by law, subject to a valid permit.80 No evidence could be found of carry permits being issued.

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Ireland, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm110 is six years in prison111 112 113

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Authorities in Ireland are known to have114 implemented voluntary firearm surrender schemes, and/or weapon seizure programmes in order to reduce the number of illicit firearms in circulation

Firearms Surrendered and Seized

ChartIn Ireland, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered, bought back or seized by authorities is reported to be

2013: 624115
2012: 696
2011: 737
2010: 948
2009: 2,281114 115

Small Arms Destroyed

In Ireland, the number of firearms destroyed following amnesty, collection and seizure programmes is reported to be

2015: 10,199116

Destruction and Disposal Policy

In Ireland, it is state policy117 to destroy surplus, collected and seized firearms rather than return them to the secondary arms market

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

European Union

As a member of the European Union, Ireland is bound by the provisions of the ‘EU Firearms Directive’ – the 2007 Legislative Resolution on Control of the Acquisition and Possession of Weapons of the European Parliament118 119

European Union Export Reporting

Under the European Union Common Position on Arms Exports, Ireland is bound to declare its transfers of military technology and equipment. Independent monitoring provides detailed comparisons of arms export reporting compliance across EU member states, and records that Ireland has submitted one or more national reports120 on its arms transfers

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 2006121 by Ireland.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified122 by Ireland

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed123 by Ireland

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Ireland committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects124

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Ireland against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 55125 126 127 128 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Ireland has submitted one or more national reports129 130 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Ireland, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated131 130

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Ireland, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has not been designated131 130

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Ireland submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent130

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been donated132 130 by Ireland to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Ireland has declared133 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Ireland has been a Member State of the United Nations since 1955134

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies lists135 Ireland as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Global Peace Index

To see where Ireland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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