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Indonesia — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

The estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Indonesia is 1,000,0001

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

The estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Indonesia is 0.51

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Indonesia ranked at No. 462

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Indonesia ranked at No. 1691

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Indonesia is reported to be 34,1501

Rate of Registered Firearms per 100 Population

The rate of registered guns per 100 people in Indonesia is 0.013

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Indonesia there are estimated to be 16,0004

Estimated Rate of Illicit Firearms per 100 Population

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Indonesia the rate of illicit firearms per 100 people is estimated to be 0.013

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Indonesia are reported to have 900,0005 6 firearms

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Indonesia are reported to have 290,0007 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Indonesia, annual homicides by any means total

2012: 1,4568 9
2011: 1,4678 10
2010: 1,058
2009: 1,311
2008: 1,372
2004: 1,419
2003: 1,635
2000: 2,2048 11
1999: 2,09011
1998: 1,758

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Indonesia, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2012: 0.68 9
2011: 0.68 10
2010: 0.4
2009: 0.6
2008: 0.6
2004: 0.68 10 12
2003: 0.7
2002: 9.4012
2000: 1.18 11
1999: 1.0111
1998: 0.86

ProductionGun Industry

Regulation of Firearm Makers

In Indonesia, the manufacture of small arms, ammunition and/or their components is permitted only if the maker holds a valid licence13

Small Arms Manufacture - World Ranking

In a classification of the world's small, medium and major firearm manufacturers, Indonesia was ranked 'small'14

Home-made Guns

In Indonesia, the prevalence of illicit craft, or 'home-made' firearm manufacture is reported to be moderate15

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

In Indonesia, firearm and ammunition exports are limited by transfer control law16 17

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Indonesia is reported by Customs to be US$2,131,22118 (2011)

Small Arms Exports - World Ranking

In a comparison of the world's major/mid-level/minor/unknown small arms exporters, Indonesia was categorized as 'minor'19

Firearm Imports

In Indonesia, firearm and ammunition imports are limited by transfer control law16 20 17 4

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Indonesia is reported by Customs to be US$27,304,43618 (2011)21 22 23 24 25 26

Smuggling Guns and Ammunition

Reports suggest that the level of firearm and ammunition smuggling in Indonesia is high27 28

Regulation of Arms Brokers

In Indonesia, the activities of arms brokers and transfer intermediaries are specifically regulated by law29 30

End User Certificates

Customs regulations in Indonesia include16 certification of the intended end user of any small arms or ammunition transfer, and/or a written declaration of its intended end use

MeasuresGun Regulation

Firearm Regulation - Guiding Policy

The regulation of guns in Indonesia is categorised as restrictive31

Firearm Law

Guiding gun control legislation in Indonesia includes the Law No. 8/1948 On Firearms, Law No. 62/1960 On Gun Licenses, Emergency Law No. 12/1951 On the Illegal Possession of Firearms and Article 49 of the Criminal Code,32 the Law No. 10 of 1995 on Customs, as amended by the Law No. 17 of 200617 and the Decree of the Head of Indonesian National Police No. SKEP/82/II/200420

Firearm Regulation Authority

Guns in Indonesia are regulated by the Indonesian National Police, the Army and the Customs Department under the Ministry of Finance33

Right to Possess Firearms

In Indonesia, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law34 35

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

In Indonesia, civilians are not allowed to possess military weapons36 37

Regulation of Automatic Weapons

In Indonesia, private possession of fully automatic weapons is prohibited37 9

Regulation of Handguns

In Indonesia, private possession of handguns (pistols and revolvers) is permitted for hunting and shooting only37 9

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Indonesia, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law9

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Indonesia, only high level officials, military and police36 38 9 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Genuine Reason Required for Firearm Possession

Applicants for a gun owner’s licence in Indonesia are required to establish a genuine reason to possess a firearm, for example hunting, target shooting, collection, security, self-defence39 4

Minimum Age for Firearm Possession

The minimum age for gun ownership in Indonesia is 21 years4

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Indonesia must pass a background check which considers criminal, health and mental health4 9 records

Domestic Violence and Firearms

Where a past history, or apprehended likelihood of family violence exists, the law in Indonesia stipulates40 that a gun licence should be denied or revoked

Firearm Safety Training

In Indonesia, an understanding of firearm safety and the law, tested in a theoretical and/or practical training course is required41 for a firearm licence

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Indonesia, the law requires42 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Indonesia, licensed gun makers are required43 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Indonesia, State agencies are required42 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Storage and Transport of Guns and Ammunition

Firearm and Ammunition Storage Regulations - Private

Firearm regulations in Indonesia include44 4 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of private firearms and ammunition by licensed gun owners

Firearm and Ammunition Transport Regulations

Regulations in Indonesia do not include37 written specifications for the lawful safe storage of firearms and ammunition while in transit

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Indonesia, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law45 43 46

Firearm Tracing

In Indonesia, state authorities carry out45 43 46 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Ballistic Record of Firearms and Ammunition

In Indonesia, the ballistic characteristics of each civilian firearm and its ammunition are (only for military and police)46 recorded in a register

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Indonesia, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law9

Carrying Guns Openly in Public

In Indonesia, carrying a firearm in plain view in a public place is allowed, subject to a valid permit37

Penalty for Illicit Firearm Possession

In Indonesia, the maximum penalty for unlawful possession of a firearm47 is 20 years to life imprisonment or the death penalty48 49

Collection, Amnesty and Destruction Programmes

Surrendered in Gun Amnesty

In Indonesia, the number of firearms voluntarily surrendered in recent arms amnesty and collection programmes is reported to be 84050 (2005)

MeasuresInternational Controls

Regional Agreements

United Nations Commission on Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice

The UNCCPCJ, a subsidiary body of the Economic and Social Council mandated to promote action to prevent national and transnational crime, lists51 Indonesia as an elected member

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200652 by Indonesia.

United Nations Arms Trade Treaty

The United Nations Arms Trade Treaty has not been signed53 by Indonesia

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has not been signed54 by Indonesia

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Indonesia committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects55

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Indonesia against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 9256 57 58 59 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Indonesia has submitted one or more national reports60 61 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Indonesia, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated62 61

UNPoA National Coordinating Body

In Indonesia, a National Coordinating Body to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated62

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Indonesia submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent61

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated61 by Indonesia to other UN Member States

UNPoA International Assistance – Recipient

Funds for UNPoA implementation have been provided61 to Indonesia by other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Indonesia has not declared63 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Indonesia has been a Member State of the United Nations since 195064

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list65 Indonesia as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Indonesia, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Indonesia ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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