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Iceland — Gun Facts, Figures and the Law

StockpilesGun Numbers

Civilian Guns

Number of Privately Owned Firearms

ChartThe estimated total number of guns (both licit and illicit) held by civilians in Iceland is

2017: 106,0001
2007: 90,0002

Rate of Civilian Firearm Possession per 100 Population

ChartThe estimated rate of private gun ownership (both licit and illicit) per 100 people in Iceland is

2017: 31.701
2007: 30.32

Number of Privately Owned Firearms - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the number of privately owned guns in 178 countries, Iceland ranked at No. 1413

Rate of Privately Owned Firearms per 100 Population - World Ranking

In a 2007 comparison of the rate of private gun ownership in 178 countries, Iceland ranked at No. 152

Proportion of Households with Firearms

In Iceland, the percentage of households with one or more guns is reported to be

2005: 23.5%4

Proportion of Households with Handguns

In Iceland, the percentage of households with one or more handguns is reported to be

2005: 1.4%4

Number of Registered Firearms

The number of registered guns in Iceland is reported to be

2017: 73,0001

Estimated Number of Illicit Firearms

Unlawfully held guns cannot be counted, but in Iceland there are estimated to be

2017: 33,0001

Government Guns

Number of Military Firearms

The defence forces of Iceland are reported to have 6505 firearms

Routine Arming of Police

In Iceland, police officers on routine patrol do not carry a firearm6

Number of Law Enforcement Firearms

Police in Iceland are reported to have 5907 firearms

ImpactsDeath and Injury

Total Number of Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iceland, annual deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 18
2014: 8
2013: 6
2012: 7
2011: 7
2010: 5
2009: 49 10
2008: 411
2007: 612 11
2006: 8
2005: 5
2004: 411
2003: 5
2002: 3
2001: 6
2000: 812 11
1999: 311
1998: 3
1997: 7
1996: 712 11

Rate of All Gun Deaths per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iceland, the annual rate of all gun deaths per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.308
2014: 2.44
2013: 1.85
2012: 2.18
2011: 2.20
2010: 1.57
2009: 1.259 10
2008: 1.3113
2007: 1.99
2006: 2.67
2005: 1.68
2004: 1.36
2003: 1.72
2002: 1.04
2001: 2.11
2000: 2.85
1999: 1.08
1998: 1.09
1997: 2.58
1996: 2.60

Total Number of Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iceland, annual male deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 18
2014: 8
2013: 6
2012: 7
2011: 7
2010: 5

Total Number of Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iceland, annual female deaths resulting from firearms total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Homicides (any method)

ChartIn Iceland, annual homicides by any means total

2015: 314
2014: 1
2013: 3
2012: 115 16
2011: 315 17
2010: 2
2009: 1
2008: 0
2007: 2
2006: 0
2005: 3
2004: 315 18
2003: 0
2002: 415 19
2001: 1
2000: 515 20
1999: 220
1998: 017
1997: 2
1996: 1
1995: 0

Rate of Homicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iceland, the annual rate of homicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.308
2014: 2.44
2013: 1.85
2012: 2.18
2011: 2.20
2010: 1.57
2009: 0.3
2008: 0.0
2007: 0.7
2006: 0.0
2005: 1.0
2004: 1.015 18
2003: 0.0
2002: 1.415 19
2001: 0.4
2000: 1.815 20
1999: 0.7220
1998: 0.017
1997: 0.7
1996: 0.4
1995: 0.0

Male Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iceland, annual male homicides by any means total

2015: 321
2014: 0
2013: 2
2012: 0
2011: 2
2010: 2

Female Homicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iceland, annual female homicides by any means total

2015: 021
2014: 1
2013: 1
2012: 1
2011: 1
2010: 0

Gun Homicides

ChartIn Iceland, annual firearm homicides total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 015
2011: 0
2010: 0
2009: 015 17
2008: 0
2007: 112 15 17
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 018
2003: 0
2000: 112
1996: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iceland, the annual rate of firearm homicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0.0013
2011: 0.00
2010: 0.00
2009: 0.0013 17
2008: 0.00
2007: 0.3212 13 17
2006: 0.33
2005: 0.34
2004: 0.0018
2003: 0.00
2000: 0.3612
1996: 0.37

Proportion of Homicides Committed With a Gun

ChartIn Iceland, the percentage of homicides committed with a firearm is reported to be

2012: 0%15
2011: 0%
2010: 0%
2009: 0%
2008: 0%
2007: 50%
2006: 0%
2005: 0%
2004: 0.0%17
2003: 0.0%

Male Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Iceland, annual male firearm homicides total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Homicide Victims

ChartIn Iceland, annual female firearm homicides total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Long Gun Homicides

In Iceland, annual long gun homicides total

1996: 112

Rate of Long Gun Homicide per 100,000 People

In Iceland, the annual rate of long gun homicide per 100,000 population is

1996: 0.3712

Gun Homicides (Other)

ChartIn Iceland, annual gun homicides (other) total

2007: 112
2006: 1
2005: 1
2000: 1

Rate of Gun Homicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iceland, the annual rate of gun homicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2007: 0.3212
2006: 0.33
2005: 0.34
2000: 0.36

Suicides (any method)

ChartIn Iceland, annual suicides by any means total

2015: 408
2014: 44
2013: 49
2012: 37
2011: 27
2010: 46

Rate of Suicide per 100,000 People (any method)

ChartIn Iceland, the annual rate of suicide by any means per 100,000 population is

2015: 12.058
2014: 13.42
2013: 15.14
2012: 11.54
2011: 8.47
2010: 14.47

Male Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iceland, annual male suicides by any means total

2015: 298
2014: 33
2013: 35
2012: 26
2011: 22
2010: 36

Female Suicide Victims (any method)

ChartIn Iceland, annual female suicides by any means total

2015: 118
2014: 11
2013: 14
2012: 11
2011: 5
2010: 10

Gun Suicides

ChartIn Iceland, annual firearm suicides total

2015: 18
2014: 8
2013: 6
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 5
2009: 411 10
2008: 411
2007: 5
2006: 7
2005: 4
2004: 4
2003: 5
2002: 3
2001: 6
2000: 7
1999: 3
1998: 3
1997: 7
1996: 6

Rate of Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iceland, the annual rate of firearm suicide per 100,000 population is

2015: 0.308
2014: 2.44
2013: 1.85
2012: 2.18
2011: 1.88
2010: 1.57
2009: 1.2511 10
2008: 1.2511
2007: 1.61
2006: 2.3
2005: 1.35
2004: 1.37
2003: 1.73
2002: 1.04
2001: 2.1
2000: 2.49
1999: 1.08
1998: 1.1
1997: 2.58
1996: 2.23

Male Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Iceland, annual male firearm suicides total

2015: 18
2014: 8
2013: 6
2012: 7
2011: 6
2010: 5

Female Gun Suicide Victims

ChartIn Iceland, annual female firearm suicides total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Handgun Suicides

In Iceland, annual handgun suicides total

1997: 111

Rate of Handgun Suicide per 100,000 People

In Iceland, the annual rate of handgun suicide per 100,000 population is

1997: 0.3711

Long Gun Suicides

ChartIn Iceland, the number of long gun suicides is

2009: 411
2008: 3
2007: 1
2006: 6
2005: 3
2004: 1
2003: 5
2002: 1
2001: 3
2000: 4
1999: 2
1997: 2
1996: 3

Rate of Long Gun Suicide per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iceland, the annual rate of long gun suicide per 100,000 population is

2009: 1.2511
2008: 0.94
2007: 0.32
2006: 1.97
2005: 1.01
2004: 0.34
2003: 1.73
2002: 0.35
2001: 1.05
2000: 1.42
1999: 0.72
1997: 0.74
1996: 1.12

Gun Suicides (Other)

ChartIn Iceland, annual gun suicides (other) total

2008: 111
2007: 4
2006: 1
2005: 1
2004: 3
2002: 2
2001: 3
2000: 3
1999: 1
1998: 3
1997: 4
1996: 3

Rate of Gun Suicide (Other) per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iceland, the annual rate of gun suicide (other) per 100,000 population is

2008: 0.3111
2007: 1.28
2006: 0.33
2005: 0.34
2004: 1.03
2002: 0.70
2001: 1.05
2000: 1.07
1999: 0.36
1998: 1.10
1997: 1.48
1996: 1.12

Unintentional Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iceland, annual unintentional shooting deaths total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0

Rate of Unintentional Gun Death per 100,000 People

ChartIn Iceland, the annual rate of unintentional shooting death per 100,000 population is

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Unintentional Male Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iceland, annual unintentional male shooting deaths total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 1
2010: 0

Unintentional Female Gun Deaths

ChartIn Iceland, annual unintentional female shooting deaths total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Iceland, annual shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Male Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Iceland, annual male shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

Female Gun Deaths from Undetermined Cause

ChartIn Iceland, annual female shooting deaths in which the cause remains undecided total

2015: 08
2014: 0
2013: 0
2012: 0
2011: 0
2010: 0

TransfersGun Trade and Trafficking

Firearm Exports

Small Arms Exports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition exports from Iceland is reported by Customs to be US$3,20722 (2011)

Firearm Imports

Small Arms Imports (US$) - Customs

The annual value of small arms and ammunition imports to Iceland is reported by Customs to be US$1,987,80022 (2011)

MeasuresGun Regulation

Right to Possess Firearms

In Iceland, the right to private gun ownership is not guaranteed by law23 24

Restricted Firearms and Ammunition

Law Regulates Automatic Weapons

In Iceland, civilian possession of automatic weapons is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Handguns

In Iceland, civilian possession of handguns is regulated by law16

Law Regulates Long Guns

In Iceland, civilian possession of rifles and shotguns is regulated by law16

Gun Ownership and Possession

In Iceland, only licensed gun owners25 16 may lawfully acquire, possess or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Gun Owner Background Checks

An applicant for a firearm licence in Iceland must pass a background check which considers undefined16 records

Licensing Records

In Iceland, authorities maintain a record25 of individual civilians licensed to acquire, possess, sell or transfer a firearm or ammunition

Firearm Registration

Civilian Gun Registration

In Iceland, the law requires25 that a record of the acquisition, possession and transfer of each privately held firearm be retained in an official register

Gun Dealer Record Keeping

In Iceland, licensed firearm dealers are required26 to keep a record of each firearm or ammunition purchase, sale or transfer on behalf of a regulating authority

Gun Manufacturer Record Keeping

In Iceland, licensed gun makers are required26 to keep a record of each firearm produced, for inspection by a regulating authority

State-Owned Firearm Records

In Iceland, State agencies are required27 to maintain records of the storage and movement of all firearms and ammunition under their control

Marking and Tracing Guns and Ammunition

Firearm Marking

In Iceland, a unique identifying mark on each firearm is required by law28

Firearm Tracing

In Iceland, state authorities carry out29 recognised arms tracing and tracking procedures

Carrying Guns

Law Regulates Firearms in Public

In Iceland, carrying a gun in a public place is regulated by law16

MeasuresInternational Controls

Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development

The Geneva Declaration on Armed Violence and Development, a diplomatic initiative aimed at addressing the interrelations between armed violence and development, was signed in 200730 by Iceland.

Arms Trade Treaty

The Arms Trade Treaty has been signed and ratified31 by Iceland

United Nations Firearms Protocol

The United Nations Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition has been signed, but not yet ratified32 by Iceland

United Nations Small Arms Programme of Action UNPoA

UNPoA Commitment

On 21 July 2001, Iceland committed to a consensus decision of the United Nations to adopt, support and implement the UN Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in Small Arms and Light Weapons in All Its Aspects33

UNPoA Implementation Monitor Score

In its UN small arms Programme of Action Implementation Monitor (PoAIM Phase 1), the Small Arms Survey scored Iceland against its commitments to the PoA, then ranked it at No. 7334 35 36 37 among 159 Member States

UNPoA National Reporting

Under the terms of its 2001 commitment to the United Nations small arms Programme of Action, Iceland has submitted one or more national reports38 39 on its implementation of the UNPoA

UNPoA National Point of Contact

In Iceland, a National Point of Contact to deal with issues relating to the UNPoA has been designated40 39

UNPoA Civil Society Involvement and Support

In National Reports of Iceland submitted to the UN from 2001 to 2010, a history of substantive cooperation with civil society in support of UNPoA activities was apparent39

UNPoA International Assistance – Donor

Funds for UNPoA implementation have not been donated39 by Iceland to other UN Member States

United Nations Small Arms Register

According to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, Iceland has declared41 its small arms exports in one or more annual National Reports on Arms Exports.

United Nations Membership

In the UN List of Member States, Iceland has been a Member State of the United Nations since 194642

Wassenaar Arrangement

The Wassenaar Arrangement on Export Controls and Conventional Arms and Dual-Use Goods and Technologies does not list43 Iceland as a Participating State

BackgroundCountry Profile

Conflict Profile

For a profile of conflict in Iceland, select the Link icon to open an external web page from the UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia at Uppsala University

Global Peace Index

To see where Iceland ranks, select the Link icon to open an external web page at the Global Peace Index


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